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Gas Bahaviour





Two bulbs A and B are identical and they are

connected each other using a long glass tube,
with negligible volume. Initially both bulbs
containing an ideal gas and bulb A is at T1 and
bulb B is at T2 temperature. Common pressure
of both bulbs is P. If both bulbs attains to
room temperature, T without changing the
volume of the bulbs, new common pressure of
(1) (T/2){(P/T1)+(P/T2)}
(2) (2/T){(P/T1)+(P/T2)}
(3) P/(T1 + T2)
(4) P/T x (T1 + T2)
(5) 2PT(T1 + T2)
Two vessels with equal volumes are connected
each other using a capillary tube and they
contain, dry gas with P pressure and at
absolute temperature T1. If absolute
temperature of one vessel was increased to T2
, what is the new pressure?
(1) (PT2/T1)
(2) PT1/(T1+T2)
(3) PT2/(T1+T2)
(4) 2PT1/(T1+T2)
(5) 2PT2/(T1+T2)
P bulb contains an ideal gas with pressure 5 x
105 Pa, at 300 K temperature. P was joined
with Q which has four times more volume
than P, using a thin tube. Q contains an
identical ideal gas with pressure 105 Pa , at
400 K. After connecting bulbs, common
pressure of the system is Y x 105 Pa. What is
the value of P?
(1) 1.0
(2) 1.8
(3) 2.0
(4) 2.6
(5) 3.2
Two bulbs having 200 cm3 and 100 cm3
volume respectively, are connected using a
short tube with porous insulator plug. This
plug allows to have equal pressure inside
booth bulbs, but do not allow to have equal
temperature in both bulbs. Initially both bulbs 48.
are filled with N2 at 27oC and 760 mmHg
pressure. Small bulb was immersed in a
freezing mixture at -73oC. Large bulb was
kept on hearth at 127oC. Which of the
following gives the final pressure of the
system?(mmHg) (Assume that expansion of
bulbs is negligible)

Yomal Amarathunge

1 200 400
760 (
2 300 300
1 200 2 400
3 300 3 300

(1) 760

Unit volume of a certain ideal gas sample

contain N number of molecules. Pressure of
the gas sample is 60 Pa, when temperature is
400 K. Another sample of the same gas has a
pressure of 30 PA, at 300 K temperature.
Number of gas molecules in the second gas
(1) 2N/3
(2) 3N/4
(3) N/3
(4) 3N/2
(5) 4N
A, B, C and D are identical vessels with unit
volume in the same temperature. Volume of
the vessel E at the same temperature is four
units. A, B, C and D vessels contain O2, N2,
CO2 and air respectively. Their pressures are
2, 4, 2.5 and 3.5 Hgcm respectively. If all the
above were put in to E, pressure in E(Hgcm)
(1) 3
(2) 3.5
(3) 12
(4) 46
(5) 2
A, B and C vessels contain 3 gases which do
not react each other. Mass of gases in A, B and
C are m1, m2 and m3 respectively number of
moles are n1, n2 and n3 respectively. Pressure
of gases in A, B and C are p1, p2 and p3
respectively. If all the gases were put in to A,
the new pressure inside A,
(1) p1 + p2 + p3
(2) (p1 + p2 + p3) / 3
(3) 3(p1 + p2 + p3)
(4) (n1p1 + n2p2 + n3p3) / (n1 + n2 + n3)
(5) (m1p1 + m2p2 + m3p3) / (m1 + m2 + m3)
Pressure exerted within 2V volume, when
Oxygen of V volume and P pressure mixed
within 2V volume, with Hydrogen of 2V
volume and P/2 pressure,(Assume that gases
do not react and temperatures are same.)
(1) P / 2
(2) 2P
(3) 3P/2
(4) 2P / 3
(5) P

Gas Bahaviour

A gas mixture equal number of H2 and N2

molecules. Mixture contains other gases too.
What is correct of the following?
(1) Partial pressures of H2 and N2 are equal.
(2) Total mass of H2 is equal to that of N2.
(3) Pressure due to N2 increase rapidly than H2
if temperature was increased at constant
(4) As H2 molecules have low mass , they
have high speeds, while their influence to final
pressure is high as they collide rapidly each 55.
(5) None of the above.

energy of the molecules.

(2) A measurement related to the momentum
of gas molecules.
(3) A measurement related to the mass of gas
(4) A measurement related to the potential
energy of gas molecules.
(5) A measurement related to the number of
collisions of gas molecules per second.


An ideal gas is having pressure P, absolute

temperature T, molecular mass M and
universal gas constant measured in JK-1mol-1
is R. PM/ RT gives
(1) Density of gas
(2) Mass of gas
(3) Volume of gas
(4) Avogadro number
(5) 1/ volume of gas

Which of the following assumption(s) use in

kinetic molecular theory, to explain the
behaviour of an ideal gas?
(A) Intermolecular forces are negligible.
(B) Time taken to a molecular collision is
negligible with respective to the difference of
time between two collisions.
(C) All the molecules move in random motion
with same speed.
(1) Only A
(2) Only B
(3) A and B only
(4) B and C only
(5) All the above


Cylinder called A contains an ideal gas with 56.

pressure 600 kPa. Identical cylinder called B
contains the same ideal at pressure 200 kPa.
Both cylinders are at same temperature.
Density of gas in A
Density of gas in B
is equals to
(1) 1 / 2
(2) 1
(3) 2
(4) 3
(5) 3

Which of the following are not assumptions of

kinetic molecular theory?
(A) Gas molecules are point masses.
(B) Gas molecules have negligible masses and
(C) There are no collisions between gas
(1) Only A
(2) Only B
(3) A and B only
(4) B and C only
(5) A and C only


At the top and bottom of a mountain,

pressures of air are P1 and P2 and absolute
temperatures are T1 and T2 respectively.
Ratio density of air at top to the density of air
at bottom of the mountain is,
(1) P1T1 / P2T2
(2) P2T2 / P1T1
(3) P1T2 / P2T1
(4) P2T1 / P1T2
(5) 1


Consider following statement about absolute

(A) It's temperature in which the kinetic
energy of mono atomic ideal gas become zero.
(B) It's the temperature in which the kinetic
energy of an ideal gas become zero.
(C) It's the temperature of universe.

Which of the following is not a basic

assumption of kinetic molecular theory?
(1) All the gas molecules are in random
motion, while having collisions with each
other and with the walls of the vessel.
(2) All the molecules move with the same
(3) Molecules behave as perfectly elastic
(4) There are no forces act on molecules,
except at collisions.
(5) Volume of molecules is negligible with
respective to the distance between molecules.


Temperature of a gas is,

(1) A measurement related to the kinetic

Yomal Amarathunge

Air was removed from a bell jar, so as to

decrease the pressure inside the bell jar than
atmospheric pressure. What of the following
differences will occur within the remaining
amount of gas, if temperature remain

Gas Bahaviour
(1) Average speed of molecules decrease
(2) Average momentum of molecules increase
(3) Average kinetic energy of molecules
(4) Average value of number of collisions per
second decrease.
(5) There is no influence on behaviour of


Root mean square velocity of molecules of a

gas is
(1) the average of the sum of the velocities
(2) the square root of the average of velocities
(3) the sum of the square roots of velocities
(4) the square root of the sum of the square of
(5 ) the sum of the average of the square of
Density of Oxygen at S.T.P is 1.48 gl-1. What
is the square mean velocity of molecules?
7613610 23


Temperature of a gas is 0oC. What is the

temperature in which it's root mean square
velocity becomes double?
(1) 103oC
(2) 273oC
(3) 819oC
(4) 1092oC
(5) 2000oC


Pressure of a fixed mass of an ideal gas was 68.

decreased to P /2 from P by cooling. What is
the new root mean square velocity , if it's
value is C initially.
(1) C / 4
(2) C / 2
(3) C / 2
(4) 2C
(5) 2C


Volume of a fixed mass of a gas at constant

pressure is V. If temperature was increased so 69.
as it's root mean square velocity becomes four
times, new volume of gas,
(1) V / 2
(2) V / 2
(3) 2V
(4) 2V
(5) 4V

Yomal Amarathunge

Relative atomic masses of Hydrogen and

Oxygen are 1 and 16 respectively. If root
mean square velocity of Hydrogen at 300 K is
1930 ms-1, what is the root mean square
velocity of Oxygen molecules at 1200 K?
(1) 482.5ms-1 (2) 965ms-1 (3) 1930ms-1
(4) 3860ms-1 (5) 8720ms-1
Certain vessel contain a sample of an ideal
gas. By doubling following factors, what
factor makes the maximum increase of
(1) Thermodynamic temperature of the gas
(2) Mass of the gas
(3) Number of gas molecules
(4) Volume of the vessel
(5) Root mean square velocity of gas
A vessel contains a gas under P pressure. If
number of molecules of the gas halved and
root mean square velocity doubled, pressure
of the gas,
(1) P / 4
(2) P / 2
(3) P
(4) 2P
(5) 4P
Constant number molecules of an ideal gas is
present within a box. If volume of the box was
doubled by connecting an identical box,
(A) Temperature of the gas remain constant.
(B) Pressure becomes half of it's initial value.
(C) Total kinetic energy of gas molecules
becomes half of it's initial value.
Which of the above is/ are correct?
(1) A
(2) A and B (C) B and
(4) A and C (5) A, B and C
Average kinetic energy of a mole of an ideal
gas at absolute temperature T, is E = 3RT/2. If
pressure of a unit mass of gas is doubled at
constant volume, E changes by
(1) one times
(2) two times
(3) four times
(4) six times
(5) eight times
If pressure of a fixed mass of an ideal gas is
doubled at constant volume, kinetic energy of
a gas molecule changes by a factor of,
(2) 1/2
(3) 2
(4) 3
(5) 4

Gas Bahaviour

Average value of kinetic energy of a certain

mass of an ideal gas is K. It is found that, it's
pressure decrease by three times , when it is
allowed to expand to increase the volume by
two times. New kinetic energy of the gas,
(1) K / 6
(2) 2K / 3
(3) 3K / 2
(4) K
(5) 6K


What is kinetic energy of a mole of an ideal

gas at 27oC (J) ? (R = 8.3 Jmol-1K-1)
2 8.3

3 300
2 300
3 8.3
3 8.3

2 27


Average kinetic energy of an ideal gas within

a closed vessel at 27oC, doubles at (oC)
(1) 54
(2) 273
(3) 300
(4) 327
(5) 600


When temperature of an ideal gas molecule is

increased from 27oC to 127oC, that factor in
which the average kinetic energy increase is
(1) 127 / 27 (2) (127 / 27)1/2
(3) 4 / 3
(4) (4 / 3)1/2 (5) 16 / 9

Past Paper Essays on Behaviour of gases


Yomal Amarathunge