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# Refrigeration & Air Conditioning

QUESTION BANK

Q.1)
Q.2)
Q.3)
Q.4)

## What is the difference between a refrigerator and a heat pump?

Explain the boot strap air cycle refrigeration system with a schematic and cycle diagrams.
Derive an expression for the COP of Bell- Coleman cycle.
The capacity of a refrigerator is 200 TR when working between 80 C and 260 C.
Determine the mass of ice produced per day from water at 26 0C. Also find the power
required to drive the unit. Assume that the cycle operates on reversed carnot cycle
and latent heat of ice is 335 kJ/kg.

Q.5)

## Explain the importance of Industrial Refrigeration citing specific cases

Q.6)

Distinguish between vapour absorption and vapour compression system and what is the
distinct advantage of vapour absorption over vapour compression system.

Q.7)

Explain the working principle of vapour compression refrigeration system with a neat
diagram and also plot the same on a Ph and T-s diagram

## Q.8)Give a brief description of an ideal cycle of air refrigeration.

Q.9)

Carnot refrigerator and a heat pump are supplied with equal amount of work. The
refrigerator operates between -27 0C and +27 0C and the heat pump operates between +
45 deg C and + 27 degC. The refrigerator absorbs 4000 kJ/ min at -27 0C. The heat pump
absorbs all the heat rejected by the refrigerator and supplies at 45 deg C. Compute

## (i) COP of refrigerator

(ii) COP of heat pump
(iii) Heat available at + 450C and
(iv)Work input to each unit.

Q.10)

## Prove that the COP of a Heat Pump is greater than 1

Q.11)

Determine the temperature ratio for a Carnot refrigerator whose C.O.P is 4. What is the
refrigeration capacity of the machine in tons of refrigeration if the power consumption is
7.5 kW. If the cycle is used as a heat pump, find its COP.

Q.12)

A Bell-Coleman refrigeration cycle works between 1 bar and 6 bar. The adiabatic
efficiency of compression is 90% and expansion is 95%. Find the COP of the system and its
tonnage when the air flow rate is 2 kg/sec. The ambient temperature is 25 0C and refrigerator
temperature is -5 0C.

Q.13)

How is ideal reversed Carnot cycle modified to result in Bell-Coleman cycle? Explain with
sketches.

Q.14)

Explain the working of simple air evaporative cooling system used for air crafts?

Q.15)

The Carnot cycle machine operates between the temperature limits of 470C and -300C.
Determine the C.O.P. when it operates as
1. A refrigerating machine
2. A heat pump and
3. A heat engine

Q.16)

What are the advantages of dense air refrigeration system over an open air refrigerating
system?

Q.17)

A refrigerator works on the carnet cycle in temperature between -70 C and 270 C. It
makes 500kg of ice per hour at -50 C from water at 140 C. Find H.P required to drive the
compressor and C.O.P. of the cycle. Take specific heat of ice as 2.1 kj/kg-k and latent heat as
336kj/kg?

Q.18)

## Prove that for Heat Pump, COP = COPRefrigerator+1

Q.19)

Derive expression for COP of Bell Coleman cycle in terms of Pressure Ratio.

Q.20)

Q.21)

## Explain the importance of Industrial Refrigeration citing specific cases

Q.22)

Distinguish between vapour absorption and vapour compression system and what is the
distinct advantage of vapour absorption over vapour compression system.

Q.23)

Explain the working principle of vapour compression refrigeration system with a neat
diagram and also plot the same on a Ph and T-s diagram

Q.24)

## Give a brief description of an ideal cycle of air refrigeration.

Q.25)

How is ideal reversed Carnot cycle modified to result in Bell-Coleman cycle? Explain with
sketches.