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End of Unit Test

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Name

Class

Date

1 Tick the boxes by four statements that are true for all living organisims.
They all grow.

They all cause diseases.

They all reproduce.

They all respire.

They all get rid of waste.

They all live in water


[2 marks]

2 A few weeks ago, Michael was in bed with measles.

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a One of his symptoms was a high temperature.


Give another symptom of measles.
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
[1 mark]

The graph shows Michaels body temperature over 10 days around the time he had the disease.
b After how many days did Michaels
temperature start to increase?

39.0
Body temperature (C)

38.5

____________________________________
[1 mark]
c What was the highest temperature
that Michaels body reached?

38.0
37.5
37.0
36.5

____________________________________
36.0
0

[1 mark]

4
5
6
Time (days)

10

d Draw another line on the graph to predict what Michaels body temperature
would have been if he had not caught the disease.
[1 mark]

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End of Unit Test (continued)

3 Look at the diagram:


a What are the names of the organs labelled P and Q?
P is the

____________________________________

Q is the

____________________________________

[2 marks]

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b Some of the cells in the lining of organ P are shown below. They are part of your bodys
natural defences against microbes.

mucus producing cell


ciliated epithelial cell

Some cells produce mucus. How do mucus and ciliated epithelial cells defend the body against
disease?
i mucus

__________________________________________________________

ii ciliated epithelial cells

__________________________________________________________
[2 marks]

c What does the organ labelled Q produce in order to defend against microbes that enter the
body attached to food?
___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

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End of Unit Test (continued)

4 Most children in the UK are now


immunised against measles but this
was not always so. The chart shows the
numbers of cases of measles in the UK
over a period of time. A case is counted
as one person catching the disease.
a Suggest a reason for the significant
drop in the cases of measles in 1966.

2000
Number of measels cases in the UK

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1500

1000

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500

___________________________________
0
1963
1966
1969
1973
1977
1981
1985
1961
1965
1967
1971
1975
1979
1983
Year

___________________________________
[1 mark]

b What pattern is shown in the number of cases of measles between 1971-1985?


___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
c Suggest when the next big increase in the number of cases of measles was after 1985.

___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
5 Bacteria in the mouth can cause tooth decay. Toothpaste contains a chemical that helps to kill
bacteria in the mouth. What might this chemical be? Tick one box.
antibiotic

antiseptic

antihistamine

detergent
[1 mark]

6 Choose from the following to answer part a.

influenza
food poisoning
AIDS
tuberculosis

a Which two diseases are caused by bacteria?


____________________________________

and

____________________________________
[1 mark]

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End of Unit Test (continued)

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b What type of microbe causes


i the common cold?
ii athletes foot?

____________________________________

____________________________________
[1 mark]

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7 Bacteria do not reproduce at temperatures below 0 C. They reproduce slowly at cold


temperatures and more quickly when it is warmer.
Three Petri dishes containing one hundred bacteria were placed in different places. One was put
in a freezer, another in a fridge and the third was left at room temperature. The table shows the
numbers of bacteria after two days.
a Complete the table to show where each Petri dish was placed.

Number of bacteria after 2 days

Where the Petri dish was placed

100 000 000


100
5000

[1 mark]
b Milk is stored in the fridge to keep it cool. How will this affect bacteria in the milk?
___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
c Chicken must be cooked thoroughly before it is eaten. How will this affect bacteria in the
chicken?
___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
8 Some viruses can be spread through the air. Name two other ways in which microbes can be
spread to cause diseases.
i

____________________________________

ii

____________________________________
[1 mark]
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End of Unit Test (continued)

Level of antibodies
in the blood

9 The graph shows the change in the numbers of antibodies when a person is infected by the
chickenpox virus.

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8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26
Time (days)

a After the infection, the number of antibodies never goes back to zero. Explain why this is
useful to a person.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
b Draw a line on the graph to predict the increase in antibodies if the chickenpox virus infected
this person again one year later. Start your line at day 0 (when the infection occurs) and label
it antibodies due to chickenpox virus.
[1 mark]

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End of Unit Test (continued)

10 The graph shows the numbers of people getting tuberculosis in London each year.

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Number of cases of TB in London per 100 000 people

45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Year

a Describe the trend shown.


___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
b Suggest a reason for this trend.
___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

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