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End of Unit Test

8G
Name

Class

Date

1 For each substance in the table below, identify whether they are elements, mixtures or
compounds. Write your answer in the table.
Substance

Element, mixture or compound

a air
b copper

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c oxygen
d water

[3 marks]
2 Look at the diagrams below. Match the correct diagram to the description. Write the
letter of the diagram in the table.

Description

Letter

a molecules of an element
b molecules of a compound
c a mixture of different elements
d a mixture of elements and a compound

[4 marks]

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End of Unit Test (continued)

3 Sonia and Aaron were given some solid silver carbonate to carry out some experiments. Silver
carbonate (Ag2CO3) is a compound containing the elements silver, carbon and oxygen.
First they heated the silver carbonate in a test tube. Small beads of silver metal formed and two
gases were given off: carbon dioxide and oxygen.
Then they collected the silver and mixed it with some tin. They heated the metals until they
melted, so they could mix them together.
a Use the above information to write a word equation for the chemical reaction which
happened when the silver carbonate was heated.
___________________________________________________________________________________

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[2 marks]
b How would Sonia and Aaron be able to tell that a chemical reaction was taking place as they
were heating the silver carbonate?
___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
c From the substances in the passage, name one pure compound.
___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
4 Some jewellers make things out of brass,
which is a mixture of copper and zinc.

a What is a mixture of metals called?


____________________________________
b How does adding more zinc to the mixture
affect the melting point?

Melting point (C)

The graph shows how the melting point


of the mixture changes as you add more zinc.

____________________________________
[2 marks]

1600
1500
1400
1300
1200
1100
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
0

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Content of zinc (%)

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End of Unit Test (continued)

5 The graph shows what happens to the temperature of a solid when it was heated
until it melted.
90

_________________________

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_________________________

80
70

Temperature (C)

a What happened to the


temperature in the first 4
minutes?

60
50
40
30
20
10

[1 mark]

0
0

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Time (minutes)

b What happened to the temperature between 4 and 10 minutes?


___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
c What is the temperature after 2 minutes?

____________________________________
[1 mark]

d When did the liquid start to melt?


___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
e What is the melting point of the solid? Give the unit.

__________________________________
[1 mark]

f How can you tell from these results that the solid is probably pure?
___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
g The heat was turned off after 11 minutes and the tube was left to cool.
On the grid above, draw the shape of the graph that you would get.
Continue the line as far as 20 minutes.
[2 marks]

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End of Unit Test (continued)

6 Some of the materials used in jewellery making are shown in the table below.
Material

Symbol/formula Properties

gold

Au

yellow solid, malleable, shiny


when polished, very unreactive

diamonds

colourless solid, see through,


very hard, unreactive

rhinestone

SiO2

colourless solid, see through,


hard, unreactive

silver

Ag

silver solid, malleable, shiny


when polished, unreactive

malachite

CuCO3

green solid, breaks easily, reacts


when heated

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a Which materials in the table are elements?


___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
b Gold and silver are malleable. What does this mean?
___________________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
c How many elements are in rhinestones?

____________________________________
[1 mark]

d When malachite is heated, copper oxide and carbon dioxide are formed.
The chemical name for malachite is copper carbonate. When this mineral is heated two
substances are formed - coper oxide and carbon dioxide.
Write a word equation for the reaction that happens when malachite is heated.
____________________________________

[1 mark]

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