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Level L Chemistry

1516 Chemistry
Term 2 Week 10
Week 10 (Feb. 28 Mar. 03)
AMS : 30021
Sample Questions Exam

1. Which of the following is FALSE?


a) Cations that have a charge of 2+ are magnesium, calcium, barium and lead.
b) Anions that have a charge of 2 are sulfate, carbonate, and chromate.
c) The cation that is made of several atoms is ammonium.
d) SO23 is the sulfate ion.
e) The dichromate ion is Cr2O72.
2.
a. What can you say about the following properties of ionic solids, as NaCl?

b.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

a)

melting an boiling points

Has high melting and boiling points

b)

Electrical and thermal


conductivity

Does not conduct electricity when solid


Conduct electricity when molten or aqueous

c)

Formation of crystals

Form clear or white crystals

Which is FALSE about NaCl?


At room temperature, it is made of NaCl(s) molecules.
At room temperature, it conducts electricity
In the crystalline state, every sodium ion is surrounded by six chloride ions.
Above 808C, it is a liquid that conducts an electric current.
NaCl is its empirical formula, not molecular formula.

3. Which salt is named or written incorrectly?


a) K2Cr2O7 is potassium dichromate.
b) NH4Cl is chloride ammonium.
c) Lead sulfate is PbSO4.
d) K2CO3 is potassium carbonate.
e) Barium hydroxide is Ba(OH)2.

(ammonium chloride)
(Lead (II) ssulphate)

4. Define anion. An anion is a negatively charged ion or an atom that has gained electrons
5. Define cation. A cation is a positively charged ion.
6. The direction of the current in a wire connected to a battery is always
a) away from the positive terminal and towards the negative.
b) away from the negative terminal and towards the positive.
c) the same as the direction of flow of electrons.
d) the same as the direction of flow of protons in the wire.
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e) depending on which end of the wire the battery is connected to.


7. Experiments support the generalisation that the magnitude of the electric force between two charged small
spheres is dependent on the distance between their centres. What is this dependence?
Fr2 = constant (Inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers)
8. According to

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

our model of electricity, which of the following is wrong?


Each electron carries a charge of 1.
Each nucleus carries a charge of +1.
If a neutral atom has 5 electrons going around it, then the charge on its nucleus is +5 units.
If a neutral atom loses 2 electrons the total charge on it becomes +2 units.
If a neutral atom gains 2 electrons the total charge on it becomes +2 units.

9. When scientists call a property "fundamental", what do they mean?


Scientists say that a property is fundamental when it is generally observed but for which search has
failed to yield a useful model.
10. Which of the following liquids completes an electric circuit?
a) Distilled water
b) An aqueous solution of sodium chloride
c) An aqueous solution of sugar
11. When NaCl dissolves in water, we have (identify the correct choices)
a) sodium ions, represented by Na+(aq)
b) chloride ions, represented by Cl(aq)
c) solid sodium chloride forming ions as follows: NaCl(s) Na+(aq)+Cl-(aq)
12. Why does aqueous CaCl2 solution conduct electricity but sugar in water does not?
Which of the following is a part of the explanation?
a) Sugar solution in water forms only one type of ion: Sugar(aq).
b) Calcium chloride forms two types of ions: CaCl2(s) Ca2+(aq) + 2Cl(aq).
c) Calcium chloride provides Ca+(aq) and Cl(aq).
13. One mole of silver nitrate, AgNO3, in water provides how many moles of ions?
a) One mole of Ag+(aq) and one mole of N.
b) One mole of Ag+(aq) and three moles of NO3 (aq).
c) One mole of Ag+(aq) and four moles of negative ions (aq).
d) One mole of Ag+(aq) and one mole of negative nitrate ions, NO3 (aq).
e) Five moles of ions.
14. Which solid is not soluble in water?
a) Silver chloride, AgCl.
b) Silver nitrate, AgNO3.
c) Sodium chloride, NaCl.
d) Calcium chloride, CaCl2.
e) Ammonium chloride, NH4Cl.
15. Balance the three equations below? [Check for charge and atoms]
(1)
MgCl2(s) Mg2+(aq) + 2Cl-(aq)
(2)
Na2Cr2O7(s) 2Na+(aq) + Cr2O72-(aq)
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Cr2O72-(aq) + H2O 2CrO42-(aq) + 2H+(aq)

16. Which of the following points is necessary for an electric current to flow through an aqueous solution?
a) An electric current flows when we have a complete circuit.
b) Current flows outside the battery from the positive terminal to the negative terminal.
c) Inside the battery, the current moves from the negative side to the positive side.
d) In an ionic solution connected to a battery, all positive ions move in the direction of the current,
away from the positive electrode and towards the negative electrode. All negative ions move in a
direction opposite to the current, away from the negative electrode and towards the positive
electrode.
e) All the above are correct
17. Precipitation in chemistry means: The formation of solid from a solution.
For example: Ca2+(aq) + CO32-(aq) CaCO3(s)
18. In the reaction: Ag+(aq) + NO3-(aq) + Na+(aq) + Cl(aq) AgCl(s) + NO3- (aq) + Na+(aq)
The predominant reaction species is / are: Cl(aq) and Ag+(aq)
19. What is an electric current? Electric current is the movement of electric charge.
20.
a) What are aqueous solutions?
Aqueous solutions are solutions in which the solvent is water.
b) Can you have aqueous solutions where the solute is a solid, a liquid or a gas? Yes
Give an example of each case.
1) Salt and water.
(a solution of solid in water)
2) Alcohol and water. (a solution of liquid in water)
3) Carbon dioxide and water. (a solution of gas in water)
21, 26.
a) What does the term 'the molar concentration of a solution' refers to?
Molar concentration of a solution indicates the number of moles of a solute per dm3 of solution.
b) Is this the same thing as molarity? Yes.
c) What does it mean to say that the molar concentration of a sugar solution is 0.25 M?
It means the solution contains 0.25 mole of the solute per dm3 of solution.
22.Explain how you would prepare a 1.00 L of 1.00 M NaCl solution.
a) Calculations:
Find the number of moles needed: n=CV=1.00x1.00=1.00 mole
Find mass needed: m=nM=1.0x58.5=58.5g
b) Laboratory procedure:
1) 58.5g of NaCl is weighed
2) Add solid to 1.00 dm3 volumetric flask and add some distilled water to dissolve the solid. The
mixture is swirled until the salt dissolves completely.
3) Add enough water till the etched mark.
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23. 0.15 dm3 of 2.0 M NaOH solution is to be prepared in a flask. How many moles of NaOH are required?
n = CV = 2.0 x 0.15 = 0.30 mole
24. What is meant by the term solubility?
Solubility is the concentration of a saturated solution at a certain temperature.
It is the concentration of the solution where a fixed amount of solvent has dissolved all the solute it can.
25. What is meant by a saturated solution?
A saturated solution is one in which no more solute can dissolve.
27. Two liters of 1.0 M NaCl solution is prepared in a flask. 500 ml of solution is poured out of the flask into a
beaker. What is the concentration of the salt solution in the beaker? 1.0 M
28. Which mixture is easy to separate by distillation?
a) Salt + sand
b) Salt + sugar
c) Salt + ammonium chloride
d) Nitrogen and oxygen gases
e) Calcium chloride dissolved in water (water is distilled out)
29.
a) Name all the apparatus needed to perform a distillation
1) Condenser
2) Round bottom flask
3) Thermometer
4) Bunsen burner
5) Stand
b) Name the liquid collected at the end of distillation?
Distillate
30. To explain the behavior of an ideal gas, we make all the following assumptions but one.
Which one is not an assumption? Particles of an ideal gas:
a) are point masses.
b) exert no forces on each other.
c) move in straight lines and undergo elastic collisions.
d) move in zigzag motion without colliding with other objects.
e) have (an average) kinetic energy proportional to the absolute temperature.

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Homework : CLH31-WRCC
Level L SAmple HW Chemistry
1516-CLH31-WRCC
1-6.

Name the following:


Chemical Formula
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Chemical Name

AgI
KOH
PbSO4
BaCr2O7
Li2CO3

Silver iodide
Potassium hydroxide
Lead (II) sulfate or Lead (II) sulphate
Barium dichromate
Lithium carbonate

7-12. Write the formulae of the following:


Chemical Name
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Chemical formula

Ammonium nitrate
Lead (II) chromate
Hydrogen fluoride
Barium sulfate
Calcium carbonate

NH4NO3
PbCrO4
HF
BaSO4
CaCO3

13.
a) When solutions of sodium carbonate, Na2CO3, and calcium chloride, CaCl2, are mixed, a white precipitate of
calcium carbonate, CaCO3(s) is obtained. Write balanced equations for this reaction in three different ways.

Overall non-ionic reaction:


Na2CO3(aq) + CaCl2(aq) CaCO3(s) + 2NaCl(aq)
+
Overall ionic reaction: 2Na (aq)+CO32-(aq) + Ca2+(aq) +2Cl-(aq) CaCO3(s) +2Na+(aq) + 2Cl(aq)
Net ionic reaction:
Ca2+(aq) + CO32-(aq) CaCO3(s)
b) When solutions of silver nitrate, AgNO3, and potassium chloride, KCl, are mixed; a white precipitate of silver
chloride, AgCl(s), is obtained. Write balanced equations for this reaction in three different ways.

AgNO3(aq) + KCl(aq) AgCl(s) + KNO3(aq)


Ag+(aq) + NO3-(aq) + K+(aq) + Cl-(aq) AgCl(s) + K+(aq) + NO3-(aq)
Ag+(aq) + Cl-(aq) AgCl(s)

Overall non-ionic reaction:


Overall ionic reaction:
Net ionic reaction:

What mass of ammonium chloride, NH4Cl, are present in 0.20 dm3 of a 0.50 M NH4Cl solution?

14.

Given: V = 0.20 L, [NH4Cl] = 0.50 M

n=CxV=
15.

m = CVM = (0.50)(0.20) (53.5) = 5.35g = 5.4 g

What volume of a 0.250 M K2CrO4, solution contains 38.8 grams of K2CrO4?


Given: m = 38.8 g, [K2CrO4] = 0.250 M

16.

R.T.F.: m = ?

R.T.F.: V =?

= (.)() = 0.800 dm3

2.00 dm3 of a 1.00 M solution contain 73 g of an acid X. What is the molar mass of X?
Given: m = 73 g, [X] = 1.00 M, V = 20 dm3

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R.T.F.: M = ?

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= (.)(.) = 36.5 g

17.
If 1.0 mole of a solute is dissolved in enough water to make 2 dm3 of solution, what is C, the molar
concentration of this solution?
Given: n = 1.0 mole, V = 2 dm3

R.T.F.: Concentration = ????

C=

n 1.0
=
= 0.5M
V 2

18. Given 20 cm3 of 1.5 M solution. How many moles of solute are in the solution?
Given: V = 20 mL, C = 1.5 M

R.T.F.: n = ????

n = CV = (1.5) (2010-3) = 0.030 moles

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Homework : CLH31-WRCC
Concepts Description
No

GRID

Description

Book / Chapter / Section

6.8.2 TG (Minimum Info) Be able to name given ions


or compounds GG

C5.06.008 types of solids

6.8.2 TG (Minimum Info) Be able to name given ions


or compounds

C5.06.008 types of solids

6.8.2 TG (Minimum Info) Be able to name given ions


or compounds

C5.06.008 types of solids

6.8.2 TG Minimum Info) Be able to name given ions or C5.06.008 types of solids
compounds

6.8.2 TG (Minimum Info) Be able to name given ions


or compounds

C5.06.008 types of solids

6.8.2 TG (Minimum Info) Be able to name given ions


or compounds

C5.06.008 types of solids

6.8.2 TG (Minimum Info) Be able to write the formulae C5.06.008 types of solids
of given ions or compounds GG

6.8.2 Be able to write the formulae of given ions or


compounds
TG

C5.06.008 types of solids

6.8.2 Be able to write the formulae of given ions or


compounds
TG

C5.06.008 types of solids

10

6.8.2 TG (Minimum Info) Be able to write the formulae C5.06.008 types of solids
of given ions or compounds

11

6.8.2 TG (Minimum Info) Be able to write the formulae C5.06.008 types of solids
of given ions or compounds

12

6.8.2 TG (Minimum Info) Be able to write the formulae C5.06.008 types of solids
of given ions or compounds

13

6.8.2 (Minimum Info) Know how to write equations of C5.06.008 types of solids
reactions in three ways

14

6.4.3 TG Find mass of solute dissolved given V and [ ] C5.06.004 aqueous solutions
GG

15

6.4.3 G Find V of solution, given mass of solute and


[solution] GG

C5.06.004 aqueous solutions

16

6.4.3 Find M of solute, given its mass volume and


[solution]
GG

C5.06.004 aqueous solutions

17

6.4.3 G Application on C = n/V

C5.06.004 aqueous solutions

18

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6.4.3 G Application on C = n/V

GG

C5.06.004 aqueous solutions