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Caloocan City Science High School

First Quarterly Examination Reviewer

Physics II

Multiple Choice. Read each item carefully. Select the letter of the option that corresponds to the best answer to
the question. Write your answer on the space provided. Write in capital letters only. Answers with erasures or any
form of alteration will be considered wrong.

1. Suppose object C is in thermal equilibrium with object A and object B. The zeroth law of thermodynamics
states _______.
a. That C will always be in thermal equilibrium with both A and B.
c. That A is in thermal
equilibrium with B.
b. That C must transfer energy to both A and B.
d. That A cannot be in thermal
equilibrium with B.
______ 2. In constructing a thermometer, it is necessary to use a substance that _____.
a. Expands with rising temperature
c. Will not freeze
b. Expands linearly with rising temperature
d. undergoes some change when heated or
______ 3. Room temperature is about 20 degrees on _____.
a. Kelvin Scale b. Celsius Scale
c. Fahrenheit Scale
d. Absolute Scale
______ 4. It is more difficult to measure the coefficient of volume expansion of liquid than that of solid because _____.
a. No relation exists between linear and volume expansion coefficients.
b. A liquid expands too little when heated.
c. A liquid expands too much when heated.
d. The containing vessel also expands.
______ 5. Metal pipes, used to carry water, sometimes burst in winter because _____.
a. Metal contracts more than water.
c. Metal becomes brittle when cold
b. Outside of the pipe contracts more than the inside d. Water expands when it freezes.
______ 6. Heat is best described as _____.
a. Energy transferred by virtue of temperature difference.
c. Energy content of an object.
b. Energy transferred by macroscopic work.
d. a temperature difference.
______ 7. The specific heat of the substance is _____.
a. The amount of energy to change the state of one gram of the substance.
b. The amount of energy per unit mass emitted by oxidizing the substance.
c. The amount of energy per unit mass to raise the temperature of the substance by 1 degree Celsius.
d. The amount of energy per unit mass to raise the substance from its freezing point to its boiling point.
______ 8. Which of the following substance has the greatest specific heat given that the same energy Q enters the 4
a. The temperature of 3g substance A increases by 10K c. The temperature of substance C increases by 15 K.
b. The temperature of 4g substance B increases by 4 K d. The temperature of substance D increases by 6 K.
______ 9. The latent heat of the substance is ____.
a. The energy absorbed as heat during a phase transformation. c. The same as specific heat.
b. The energy per unit mass absorbed as heat during phase changes.
d. The same as heat capacity.
______ 10. During the time that latent heat is involved in a change of phase _____
a. The temperature remains constant.
c. A chemical reaction takes place.
b. The substance always expands.
d. Molecular activity remains constant.
______ 11. The formation of ice from water at 0 C is accompanied by ___.
a. Absorption of energy as heat.
c. decrease in volume
b. Temperature increase
d. molecular activity remains constant.
______ 12. According to the first law of thermodynamics, applied to a gas, the increase in the internal energy during
any process _____
a. Equals the heat input minus the work done on the gas.
c. Equals the work done on the gas
minus heat input.
b. Equals the heat input plus the work done on the gas.
d. Is independent of heat input.
13. A system undergoes an adiabatic process in which its internal energy increases by 20 J. Which of the
following statements is true?
a. 20 J of work was done on the system.
c. the system received 20 J of energy as heat.
b. 20 J of work was done by the system.
d. the system lost 20 J of energy as heat.
______ 14. In an adiabatic process _______.
a. The energy absorbed as heat equals the work done by the system on its environment.
b. The energy absorbed as heat equals work done by the environment on the system.
c. The absorbed heat equals the change in internal energy.
d. The work done by the environment on the system equals the change in internal energy.

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______ 15. In a certain process a gas ends in its original thermodynamic state. Of the following, which is possible as
the net result of the process?
a. It is adiabatic and the gas does 50 J of work.
c. The gas does no work but loses 50 J of
energy as heat.
b. The gas does no work but absorbs 50 J of energy as heat.
d. The gas absorbs 50 J of energy and does 50 J
of work.
______ 16. The rate of heat flow by conduction through a slab does not depend upon the _____.
a. Temperature difference between opposite faces of the slab. c. slab thickness
b. Thermal conductivity of the slab
d. specific heat of the slab
______ 17. The rate of heat flow by conduction through slab is P. If the slab thickness is halved, its cross sectional area
halved, and the temperature difference across it doubled, then the rate of heat flow becomes __________.
a. 2P
b. P/2
c. P
d. P/8
18. Inside a room at a uniform comfortable temperature, metallic objects generally feel cooler to touch than
wooden objects do. This is because ______.
a. A given mass of wood contains more heat than the same mass of metal.
c. Heat tends to flow from
metal to wood.
b. Metal conducts heat better than wood.
d. equilibrium temperature of metal is
lower than wood.
______ 19. On a very cold day, a child puts his tongue against a fence post. It is much more likely that his tongue will
stick to a steel post that to a wooden post. This is because _______.
a. Steel has a higher specific heat.
c. Steel has lower specific heat.
c. Steel is better radiator of heat.
d. Steel is better conductor of heat.
20. To help keep buildings cool in the summer, dark colored window shades have been replaced by light
colored shades. This is because light colored shades ______.
a. Are more pleasing to eyes.
c. reflect more sunlight
b. Absorb more sunlight
d. transmit more light.
______ 21. Which of the following statements pertaining to a vacuum flask (Thermos) is NOT correct?
a. Silvering reduces radiation loss
c. Vacuum reduces conduction loss
b. Vacuum reduces convection loss
d. Vacuum reduces radiation loss.
______ 22. Two identical rooms in a house are connected by an open doorway. The temperatures in the two rooms are
maintained at different values. Which room contains more air?
a. The room with higher temperature
c. The room with higher pressure.
b. The room with lower temperature
d. neither, both have same amount of air.
______ 23. An isothermal process for an ideal gas is represented on a P-V diagram by _____
a. A horizontal Line
b. A vertical line
c. A portion of parabola d. A portion of hyperbola
______ 24. During a slow adiabatic expansion of gas.
a. The pressure remains constant.
c. Work is done on the gas
b. Energy is added as heat.
d. No energy enters or leaves as heat.
______ 25. A real gas is changed slowly from state 1 to state 2. During this process, no work is done on or by the gas.
This process must be ____
a. Isothermal b. Adiabatic
c. Isochoric
d. Isobaric
______ 26. A given mass of gas is enclosed in a suitable container so that it may be maintained at constant volume.
Under these conditions, there can be no change in what property of the gas?
a. Pressure
b. Density
c. Internal Energy
d. Temperature
______ 27. Air is pumped into a bicycle tire at constant temperature. The pressure increase because ___.
a. More molecules strike the tire wall per second.
c. The molecule enlarges.
b. The molecules are farther apart.
d. Each molecule is moving faster
______ 28. The temperature of a gas is most closely related to ___.
a. The size of the molecules.
c. the total molecular kinetic energy
b. The average kinetic energy and its molecules
d. the total energy of the molecules
______ 29. If the molecules in a tank of hydrogen have the same RMS speed as the molecules in a tank of oxygen, we
may be sure that
a. The pressure are the same.
c. the hydrogen is at the higher temperature
b. the temperatures are the same.
d. the oxygen is at higher temperature
______ 30. The internal energy of an ideal gas greatly depends on ____.
a. Temperature
b. Pressure
c. Volume
d. Temperature and pressure
31. Bimetallic strips used as adjustable switches in electric appliances consists of metallic strips that must
have different _______
a. Mass
b. length
c. expansion coefficient
d. specific heat
______ 32. Heat is added to a substance, but it temperature does not rise.Which of the following statements provides
the best explanation for this observation?
a. The substance is a gas.
c. The substance undergoes phase change
b. The substance have unusual thermal properties
d. The substance is cooler than the environment
______ 33. The transfer of heat by convection will occur
a. only in vaccum
b. in solids
c. in liquids
d. in fluids
______ 34. Most of the heat that is lost to space from earth occurs by _____.

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a. Radiation
b. Convection
c. Conduction
d. A & B
35. Which is not example of convection?
a. Smoke rising above a fire.
c. A person gets suntan on a beach
b. An electric heater of a room
d. none of these
36. The two ends of an iron rod are maintained at different temperatures. The amount of heat that flows
through the rod by conduction during a given time interval does not depend upon ______.
a. length of the rod
b. thermal conductivity
c. mass of rod d. duration of the time interval.
37. A match is placed in an oxygen filled cylinder that has a moveable piston. The piston moved so quickly
that no heat escapes as the match ignites. What kind of thermodynamic process is being shown?
a. Isobaric
b. Adiabatic
c. Isovolumetric
d. Isothermal


38. An isobaric process is represented on a P-V diagram by which of the following curves?
a. A parabola
b. A hyperbola
c. Vertical lines
d. Horizontal lines.
39. A metal rod 40.0000 cm long at 40 C is heated to 60 C. The length of the rod is then measured to be
40.0105 cm. What is the coefficient of linear expansion of the metal?
a. 13 x 10-6 / C
b. 22 x 10-6 / C
c. 44 x 10-6 / C
d. 53 x 10-6 / C
______ 40. Farhenheit and Kelvin scales agree numerically at a reading of ____
a. -40
b. 0
c. 273
d. 574
______ 41. The coefficient of volumetric expansion for gold is 4.20 x 10 -5 / C. The density of gold is 19300 kg/m 3 at 0
C. What is the density of gold at 1050 C?
a. 20200 kg/m3
b. 19300 kg/m3
c. 19000 kg/m3
d. 18500 kg/m3
______ 42. A 2.00 kg metal object requires 5.02 x 10 J of heat to raise its temperature from 20.0 C to 40.0 C. What
is the specific heat capacity of the metal in J/kgC.
a. 63.0
b. 126
c. 251
d. 502
______ 43. A thermos bottle contains 3.0 kg of water and 2.0 kg of ice in thermal equilibrium at 0 C. How much heat
(in kcal) is required to bring the system to thermal equilibrium at 50 C?
a. 250
b. 310
c. 410
d. 540
44. At what rate is heat lost (in Watts) through a 1.0 m x 1.5 rectangular glass window pane that is 0.5 cm
thick when the inside temperature is 20.0 C and the outside temperature is 5.0 C? The thermal conductivity for glass
is 0.80 W/ mC.
45. The power radiated by the star is 4.2 x 10 27 W, the radius of the star, which may be considered as a
perfect radiator is 1.06 x 1010 m. Determine the surface temperature of the star.
a. 2690 K
b. 4430 K
c. 7240 K
d. 9770 K
______ 46. A sample of monoatomic ideal gas is originally at 20.0 degrees Celsius. What is the temperature of gas if
both the pressure and volume are doubled?
a. 5 degrees Celsius b. 20 degrees Celsius c. 80 degrees Celsius d. 900 degrees Celsius
47. Heat is supplied to a sample of monatomic ideal gas at 40 degrees Celsius. It is observed that the gas
expands until its volume is doubled and the pressure drops to half of its original value. What is the final temperature of
the gas?
a. 273 K
b. 293 K
c. 313 K
d. 353 K
48. An ideal gas is contained in a vessel with a moveable piston. Initially, the gas has a volume of 0.018 m 3,
an absolute pressure of 1.5 atm, and temperature of 30 degrees Celsius. The pressure is 0.75 atm when the volume of
the container is decreased to 0.009 m3. What is the final temperature of the gas?
a. 76 K
b. 98 K
c. 170 K
d. 140 K
49. A Kelvin temperature and a Fahrenheit thermometer both give the same reading for the certain sample.
The corresponding temperature is ____.
a. 574
b. 232
c. 301
d. 614
50. A thin circular disc is made of lead and has a radius of 0.0350 cm at 20 degrees Celsius. Determine the
change in area of a circle if the temperature is increased to 625 degrees Celsius. The coefficient of linear expansion for
lead is 29.0 x 104/ C.
a. 4.33 x 10-5 cm2
b. 1.36x10-4 cm2
c. 1.89x10-4 cm2
x10-4 cm2


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