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SECTION A (8 point)

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer to
indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from
01 to 10.
Early writing and Alphabets
When people first began to write, they did not use an alphabet. Instead,
they drew small pictures to (01) ______ the objects they were writing about. This was
very slow because there was a different picture for (02) ______ word.
The Ancient Egyptians had a (03) ______ of picture writing that was (04)
______ hieroglyphics. The meaning of this writing was forgotten for a very long time but
in 1799 some scientists (05) ______ a stone near Alexandria, in Egypt. The stone had
been there for (06) ______ a thousand years. It had both Greek and hieroglyphics on it
and researchers were finally able to understand what the hieroglyphics meant.
An alphabet is quite different (07) ______ picture writing. It (08) ______
of letters or symbols that represent a sound and each sound is just part of one word. The
Phoenicians, (09) ______ lived about 3,000 years ago, developed the modern alphabets. It
was later improved by the Romans and this alphabet is now used (10) ______ throughout
the world.
Question 1: A. notice

B. show

C. appear

D. mark

Question 2: A. some

B. all

C. every

D. any

Question 3: A. practice

B. manner

C. plan

D. system

Question 4: A. known

B. called

C. described

D. referred

Question 5: A. discovered

B. realized

C. delivered

D. invented

Question 6: A. quite

B. more

C. over

D. already

Question 7: A. at

B. from

C. before

D. between

Question 8: A. consists

B. includes

C. contains

D. involves

Question 9: A. which

B. whose

C. what

D. who

Question 10: A. broadly

B. widely

C. deeply

D. hugely

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs
from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following
Question 11: A. disappearance

B. conversation

C. contaminate

D. government

Question 12: A. eradicate

B. technology

C. incredible

D. pessimist

Question 13: A. conical

B. sacrifice

C. approval

D. counterpart

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to
each of the following questions.
Question 14: One difference between mathematics and language is that mathematics is
precise _________.
A. language is not

B. while language is not

C. but language not

D. while is not language

Question 15: Seldom _________ far enough north to disturb South Pacific shipping
A. Antarctic icebergs will move

B. will Antarctic icebergs move

C. will move Antarctic icebergs

D. move Antarctic icebergs will

Question 16: _________ the United States consists of many different immigrant groups,
many sociologists believe there is a distinct national character.
A. Even though

B. Despite

C. Whether

D. In spite of

Question 17: The article analyzes the impact of the tax base _______ real estate prices
and sales.
A. in

B. on

C. at

D. with

Question 18: She _______ to the station every day but then she suddenly decided to walk
A. used to

B. was used to

C. had used to

D. didnt used to

Question 19: If I ______ following that other car too closely, I would have been able to
stop in the time instead of running into it.
A. wasnt

B. werent

C. hadnt been

D. would have been

Question 20: Our village had _______ money available for education that the schools
had to close.
A. so little

B. such little

C. so much

D. such much

Question 21:

Fort Niagara was built by the French in 1762 on land ______ the Seneca

A. they buy from

B. bought from

C. buying from

D. was bought from

Question 22: Experts ______ feel that they are related to the deep wishes and fears of the
A. study dreams
Question 23:

B. who dream study C. who study dreams

Art critics and historians alike claim that

D. whose dreams study

Van Goghs art ______ from

that of his contemporaries.

A. is a considerable difference

B. is considerably different

C. the difference is considerable

D. is considerably and differently

Question 24: Most countries spend a large portion of their budgets _______ for their
A. education provided

B. provide education

C. to educational provides

D. providing education

Question 25:

Renoir is one of the most popular French impressionist painters. His

paintings _______ masterpieces all over the world.

A. have considered

B. are considering

C. considered

D. are considered

Question 26: Sheila Hammond, who was only twenty-three when she was elected as a
Member of Parliament, said she owed her success all to the way she had been ________
by her mother, Margaret.
A. brought up

B. taken after

C. looked for

D. caught for

Question 27: Ken and Tom are high-school students. They meet each other at a gallery
but Ken is in a hurry.
Ken: Ive got to go, Tom. So long
Tom: So long, Ken. And _______.
A. be careful

B. take care

C. dont hurry

D. dont take it seriously

Question 28: We need _______ actions and interventions of the local authorities to
prevent national parks from being destroyed by pollution.
A. excitedly

B. approximately C. threateningly

D. timely

Question 29: Mike and Lane are neighbors. They are talking about Lanes party.
Mike: Thank you for a lovely evening
Lane: ________
A. It depends on you.

B. Thank you very much indeed.

C. Yeah. Im really looking forward to it.

D. You are welcome.

Question 30: We all seem to have a different opinion, so lets Joey decide, ______?
A. will we

B. do we

C. shall we

D. are we

Question 31: No one can decline the _______ of the Alaskan wildness.
A. breath-taking scene

B. breath-taken view

C. breath-to-take scene

D. breath-taking view

Question 32: A quick look would reveal that France has twice ____________ computers/
A. more television than

B. as many television as

C. as many as television

D. many as television as

(ID:116260)Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word

whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the
following questions.
Question 33: A. academic

B. grade

C. behave

D. examination

Question 34: A. humor

B. honest

C. hotel

D. hurry

(ID:116263)Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s)

CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 35: The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO), was established in 1946.
A. set up

B. found out

C. run through

D. put away

Question 36: Paris is the ideal place to learn French; its a beautiful and hospitable city
with Institutions for high quality linguistic teaching.
A. friendly

B. natural

C. affectionate

D. noticeable

Question 37: Species that have already lost habitat because of deforestation are given
higher priority in the plan because of their greater risk of extinction.
A. a thing that you do often and almost without thinking
B. the place where a particular type of animal or plan is normally found
C. a subject that student dont understand
D. a theme that everyone likes to discuss

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part
that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 38: The scholarship that Wilson received to study history at Cambridge
presented an unique opportunity.
A. that

B. history

C. at Cambridge

D. an

Question 39: Amelia Earhart, the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, disappeared
on June 1937 while attempting to fly around the world.
A. to fly

B. the Atlantic

C. on

D. attempting

Question 40: The closer it gets to December 21, the first day of winter, the short the days
A. gets to

B. first day

C. short

D. become.

Question 41: Alice in Wonderland, first published in 1865, has since being translated into
thirty languages.
A. published

B. has

C. being

D. languages

Question 42: Modern art is on display at the Guggenheim Museum, a building with an
unusually design.
A. Modern art

B. display

C. a building

D. unusually

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on

your answer sheet

to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 52.

A rather surprising geographical feature of Antarctica is that a huge
freshwater, one of the worlds largest and deepest, lies hidden there under four kilometers
of ice. Now known as Lake

Vostok, this huge body of water is located under the ice

block that comprises Antarctica. The lake is able to exist in its unfrozen state beneath this
block of ice because its waters are warned by geothermal heat from the earths core. This
thick glacier above Lake Vostok actually insulates it from frigid temperatures (the lowest
ever recorded on Earth) on the surface.
The lake was first discovered in the 1970s while a research team was
conducting an aerial survey of the area. Radio waves from the survey equipment
penetrated the ice and revealed a body of water of indeterminate size. It was not until
much more recently that data collected by satellite made scientists aware of the
tremendous size of the lake; satellite-borne radar detected an extremely flat region where
the ice remains level because it is floating on the water of the lake.

The discovery of such a huge freshwater lake trapped under Antarctica is of interest to the
scientific community because of the potential that the lake contains ancient microbes that have
survived for thousands upon thousands of years, unaffected by factors such as nuclear fallout and
elevated ultraviolet light that have affected organisms in more exposed areas. The downside of the
discovery, however, lies in the difficulty of conducting research on the lake in such a harsh climate
and in the problems associated with obtaining uncontaminated samples from the lake without actually
exposing the lake to contamination. Scientists are looking for possible ways to accomplish this.

Question 43: The purpose of the passage is to __________.

A .explain how Lake Vostok was discovered
B. provide satellite data concerning Antarctica
C. discuss future plans for Lake Vostok
D. present an unexpected aspect of Antarcticas geography
Question 44:

The word lies in the first paragraph could be best be replaced by

A. sleeps

B. sits

C. tells falsehoods

D. inclines

Question 45: What is true of Lake Vostok?

A. It is completely frozen.
B. It is not a saltwater lake.
C. It is beneath a thick slab of ice
D. It is heated by the sun.
Question 46: Which of the following is closest in meaning to Frigid in the first
A. extremely cold

B. never changing

C. quite harsh

D. rarely recorded

Question 47: All of the following are true about the 1970 survey of Antarctica EXCEPT
that it________.
A. was conducted by air
B. made use of radio waves
C. did not measure the exact size of the lake
D. was controlled by a satellite

Question 48:

It can be interfered


the passage that ice would not be flat if

A. there were no lake

B. the lake were not so big

C. Antarctica were not so cold

D. radio waves were not used

Question 49: The word microbes in paragraph 3 could best be replaced by which of the
A. pieces of dust

B. trapped bubbles

C. tiny organism

D. rays of light

Question 50: The passage mentions which of the following as a reason for the
importance of Lake Vostok to scientists?
A. It can be studied using radio waves.
B. It may contain uncontaminated microbes.
C. It may have elevated levels of ultraviolet light.
D. It has already been contaminated.
Question 51: The word downside in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to_________.
A. bottom level

B. negative aspect

C. underside

D. buried section

Question 52: The paragraph following the passage most probably discusses________.
A. further discoveries on the surface of Antarctica
B. problems with satellite-borne radar equipment
C. ways to study Lake Vostok without contaminating it
D. the harsh climate of Antarctica
(ID:116284) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s)

in each of t he following

Question 53: There have been significant changes in womens lives since the womens
liberation movement.


C. political

D. disagreeable

Question 54: In 1989, a ban was given on all international trade in ivory.
A.a destruction allowance exploitation

D. a prohibition

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your anser sheet to
indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 55 to 64.

Harvard University, today recognized as part of the top echelon of the

worlds universities, came from very inauspicious and humble beginning.
This oldest of American universities was founded in 1636, just sixteen
years after the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth. Included in the puritan emigrants to the
Massachusetts colony during this period were more than 100 graduates of Englands
prestigious Oxford and Cambridge universities, and these universities graduates in the
New Word were determined that their sons would have the same educational
opportunities that they themselves had had, Because of this support in the colony for an
institution of higher learning, the General Court of Massachusetts appropriated 400
pounds for a college in October of 1636 and early the following year decided on a parcel
of land for the school; this land was in an area called Newetowne, which was later
renamed Cambridge after its English cousin and is the site of t he present-day university.
When a young minister named John Harvard, who came from the
neighboring town of Charlestowne, died from tuberculosis in 1638, he willed half of his
estate of 1,700 pounds to the fledgling college. In spite of the fact that only half of the
bequest was actually paid, the General Court named the college after the minister in
appreciation for what he had done. The amount of the bequest may not have been large,
particularly by todays standard, but it was more than the General Court had found it
necessary to appropriate in order to open the college.
Henry Dunster was appointed the first president of Harvard in 1640, and it
should be noted that in addition to serving as president, he was also the entire faculty,
with an entering freshmen class of four students. Although the staff did expand
somewhat, for the first century of its existence the entire teaching staff consisted of the
president and three or four tutors.
Question 55: The main idea of this passage is that_________.
A. Harvard is one of the worlds most prestigious universities.
B. What is today a great university started out small
C. John Harvard was key to the development of a great university
D. Harvard University developed under the auspices of the General Court of
Question 56: The passage indicates that Harvard is___________.

A. One of the oldest universities in the world

B. the oldest university in the world

C. one of the oldest universities in America

D. the oldest university in America

Question 57:

It can be inferred from the passage that the Puritans who traveled to the

Massachusetts colony were__________.

A. Rather well educated

B. rather rich

C. rather supportive of the English government

D. rather undemocratic

Question 58: The pronoun they in the second paragraph refers to_____.
A. Oxford and Cambridge universities

B. university graduates

C. sons

D. educational opportunities

Question 59: The pounds in the second paragraph are probably_______.

A. Types of books

B. college students

C. units of money

D. school campuses

Question 60: The English cousin in the second paragraph refers to a_______.
A. City

B. relative

C. person

D. court

Question 61: Which of the following is NOT mentioned about John Harvard?
A. What he died of

B. Where he came from

C. Where he was buried

D. How much he bequeathed to Harvard

Question 62: The word fledgling in the third paragraph could be best replaced by
which of the following?
A. Newborn

B. flying

C. winged

D. established

Question 63: The passage implies that_______.

A. Henry Dunster was an ineffective president
B. Someone else really served as president of Harvard before Henry Dunster
C. Henry Dunster spent much of his time as president managing the Harvard faculty
D. The position of president of Harvard was not merely an administrative position in the
early ears
Question 64: The word somewhat in the last paragraph could best be replaced
A. Back and forth

B. to and pro

C. side by side

D. more or less

Section B (2 points)
Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the
sentence printed before it. Write your answers on your answer sheet.

Question 1: I dont know what you are talking about, George said to me.
George said to me that_________________________________________
Question 2: They have just sold the last ticket for the performance to a student.
The last ticket_____________________________________________
Question 3: The school children sowed some seeds, but they forgot to water them so they
didnt grow.
If the school children__________________________________________
Question 4: Collecting stamps from foreign countries is one of Janes interests.
Jane is______________________________________________
Question 5: The Roman coins are now on display in the national Museum. A local farmer
came across them in a field.
The Roman coins which_______________________________________
II. In about 140 words, write a paragraph about an important choice you had to
make in your life. Write your paragraph on your answer sheet.
The following questions might be helpful to you:
* When did you have to make this choice?
* Was it a good choice?
* How did you feel when you made this choice?