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MUALLAF CENTER WHICH INFLUENCE MUALLAF PSYCHOLOGICAL

CONDITION
Dimas Bagus Tri Sutrisno

Undergraduate student Of Architecture Department


Faculty Of Science and Technology
Maulana Malik Ibrahim State Islamic University
Malang, East Java, Indonesia
dimaz_245@yahoo.com

Abstract
Muallaf center are designed for the answer of much issues are happened to muallaf.
designing of this building are use closing method about psychological condition of the user
(muallaf) which the challenge are to recover and to refresh the mental and psychology of
muallaf. Using climate condition and making atmosphere of room for making interaction
between human and God Almighty. The basics of the design are the three connectivity that
is interaction between human and God (Hablumminallah); interaction between human and
nature (Hablumminalalam); interaction between human and the same human
(Hablumminannas) and that connectivity are represented from Al Qur'an and Al Hadits. The
human task is to keep the nature and prevent the destruction so designing with looking
around are the important too. Designing with environmental friendly, renewable energy,
and sustainability are needed for resulting a building which are connected with nature.
keywords: Muallaf Center, Muallaf Psychological Issue, Green Design

Introduction
This design project session is about Muallaf Center. Muallaf center is a public place which focusing
on center of islamic studies for muallaf and the center place that any people who wants to be a
muallaf. Muallaf is a someone who decided to converting his/her religion to the way of Islam.
Muallaf center are the answer about many issues are happened to muallaf. Function of Muallaf
Center is giving the learning to muallaf about islamic education, making a group discussion between
mu'alim and muallaf and between muallaf and muallaf to share his experience. And the goal is to
make muallaf understand about islam, the important of defending islamic religion, learning from
nature, and the main goal is to make an interact between Allah and his servants (Hablumminallah).
Many ways that muallaf make his deciding to choose Islam like from dreaming, married, and other
else. Everything ways that Allah The Most Merciful gave Hidayah to this muallaf and makes he/she
has walking on the right side. But in a several cases, the man who converts his religion to Islam is
not as soft as he/she imagined, there some conflicts and several issues can makes the muallaf been
hesitate, but remember that Allah are very closely to His faith servants, so certainly many ways to
solve his/her problem because Allah are The Most Merciful. Talking about the issues, there are so
many issues likes muallaf receives ultimatum from his ex pray friends or his family who dislikes
his/her converting to Islam or the people around him. Issues accordingly did not comes from the
people but can be inferred from government like the regulation of his/her country are force every
people on that country whose converting to Islam, his/her must adding Islam name on his full
name, in several culture like a chinese culture, this regulation are difficult to accepted because
his/her name was the name of his/her clan. The next issues are issues comes from his/herself like
he/she has difficulties of Learning Islam so he/she need much learning Islam, and many more issues
out there. But in this paper, the writer specifically analyzing an issue that is more closeable to
muallaf psychological condition and focusing on recovery the muallaf psychological condition that
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later has undecided, depress, or need to refresh. Because this issue are so important and many
problem and other issues can cause the change of mentality the muallaf, so the challenge is how to
makes an interior which influences about muallaf psychological condition, because every human
can't separate with room and spaces, so the best way to recovery muallaf psychological condition is
designing the room and spaces.

(a)

(b)
Fig 1. (a) Several issues possibly being on muallaf
(b) Name issue in Malaysia
Source: (a) http://www.newmuslimsproject.net/
(b) http://www.bbc.com/indonesia/majalah/

Methodology
The method are using to write this paper are finding much references from many source like book
and internet and submitting many data from literary study at the same function object, this
method need a tools like a book and computer are connected with Internet.
Discussion and Findings
This part is focusing to discuss about fact and analyze. Fact about issues and writer's analyze
a. The Story To Be A Muallaf
There are many muallaf stories about his journey to the way of Islam. Like the statement of
Muhammad Aman Hobohm a missionary and diplomat from Germany, he said that he decide to
converting his religion to Islam because Islam is only religion can offering a human to thinking
rationally1. Many other stories and more reasons like dreaming, married a muslim or muslimah, and
many more. The journey to islam can inspiring a first step design which that design can implement
"a journey to the truth."
This things are explained from Al Qur'an Surah An Nahl (16) verse 93



The Meaning : ''Dan kalau Allah menghendaki, niscaya Dia menjadikan kamu satu umat (saja),
tetapi Allah menyesatkan siapa yang dikehendaki-Nya dan memberi petunjuk kepada siapa yang
dikehendaki-Nya. Dan sesungguhnya kamu akan ditanya tentang apa yang telah kamu kerjakan.''
That verse are explain that Allah will open the heart of His elected servants. And Allah will give the
clue for His elected servants.
1

Adopted from book "Mengapa Kami Memilih Islam" written by Rabithah Alam Islamy Makkah, translated by Bachtiar Affandie on
Indonesian language

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Fig 2. Way to islam


Source: www.solopos.com

b. The Impact From An Issue Are Possibly Being On A New Muslim


There are many issues can makes muallaf been undecided, and many more impact, so the design of
muallaf Center focusing on recovery the psychological condition of the muallaf and making him
truth that he/she are on the right way. And he/she more recoverable with islamic learning.
This things are explained from Al Qur'an Surah An Nahl (16) verse 96




The Meaning : "Apa yang di sisimu akan lenyap, dan apa yang ada di sisi Allah adalah kekal. Dan
sesungguhnya Kami akan memberi balasan kepada orang-orang yang sabar dengan pahala yang
lebih baik dari apa yang telah mereka kerjakan."

Fig 3. Come closer to Allah


Source: www.google.com

c. A Muallaf Need To Know More About Islam


With knowing more about islamic learning, the Muallaf will know that defending the truth on the
way of Islam is the important thing no matter how problem and issues because he/she believe that
Allah will protect him in every condition from sleep, wake up, and sleep again. This imagined that
how important designing islamic learning on muallaf center.
This things are explained from Al Qur'an Surah An Nahl verse 90

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The Meaning : "Sesungguhnya Allah menyuruh kamu berlaku adil dan berbuat kebijakan, memberi
kepada kamu kerabat, dan Allah melarang dari perbuatan keji, kemungkaran dan permusuhan. Dia
memberi pengajaran kepadamu agar kamu dapat mengambil pelajaran."

Fig 4. Studying in a majelis


Source: www.asianews.it

d. Muallaf Believe That Islam as Hidayah


Muallaf believe that he/she are deciding the truth for choosing Islam as his/her way of life, because
he/she converting to Islam are his/her step from the dark to the light and everything are Hidayah
from Allah, so that Muallaf can be learning together in a group of discussion, share about Hidayah
are given to his/her in one majlis. That's implement from Hablumminannas concept.
This things are explained from Al Qur'an Surah Al Mujadalah verse 11









The Meaning : "Wahai orang-orang yang beriman! Apabila dikatakan kepadamu berlapanglapanglah pada majlis-majlis, maka lapangkanlah, niscaya Allah akan melapangkan bagi kamu. Dan
jika dikatakan kepada kamu ; Berdirilah ! ", maka berdirilah Allah akan mengangkat orang-orang
yang beriman di antara kamu dan orang~rang yang diberi ilmu beberapa derajat ; Dan Allah
dengan apapun yang kamu kerjakan adalah Maha Mengetahui."

Fig 5. Sujud
Source: http://rs723.pbsrc.com

e. Case Study
Pondok Pesantren Pabelan Magelang Indonesia
Pondok Pesantren Pabelan are located at the south of Magelang city, exactly at Pabelan village,
average the length is about 12 km from Magelang city. This place are located at the center of this
village. Pondok pesantren pabelan is an islamic study center which this building was awarded by
Aga Khan Award For Architecture. The unique of this pesantren is the building. Because the building
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is truly integrate with nature. From the first sight we will see the building of this pesantren is adopt
from traditional javanese house called "rumah joglo" this was signed by the roof which this form of
the roof like prism. Not only by the roof but also the main structure for any building at the complex
of pesantren are using traditional structure called "saka guru".

Fig 6. Building Typology


Source: Aga Khan Award For Architecture

Fig 7. Roof Structure


Source: Aga Khan Award For Architecture

This pesantren had a complete islamic educational facilities like Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTS) or as
grade as junior high school, Madrasah Aliyah (MA) or as grade as senior high school and Kulliyatul Al
Mu'alimin Al Islamiyah (KMI) as grade as higher education for islamic department. The student
called santri are varied from. these from several region from java until abroad student. The
founding father of this pesantren is Kyai Hammam Dja'far at year 1965. The building of the
pesantren are designed by Amin Arraihani and Fanani whose are experienced building designers.
Arraihani and Fanani were graduated of Yogyakarta college. This building of the pesantren are
consist of : Masjid, office and guest house, library, meeting hall and health center, classrooms,
Dormitories and Kyai's family house, and service buildings.

Fig 8. Zoning at Pesantren Pabelan (1976)


Source: Aga Khan Award For Architecture

Service Area

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Officers Area Student Dormitory

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(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)
Fig 9. (a) Mosque (1976)
(b) School Dormitory (1976)
(c) Mosque Interior and activity (1976)
(d) Classroom interior and activity (1976)
(e) Preparing the construction (1965)
Source: Aga Khan Award For Architecture

Recommendations
A. Recommendation Based On Issue
1) Making Community In a Box
Making a community in a space will make an interaction between human and human on a majelis.
They can sharing together about their knowledge, experience, also sharing about their problem to
find the answer of their problems. Not only that, this community are useful to makes the muallaf
and the other will more introduce their self exactly more to unite a muallaf in a different culture
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that can possibly happened. Because that communication, will make their mental are fast to
recover because they found a place to expresses their problems.
2) Muallaf islamic study center
Muallaf need a place that can answer about their problem. the important issue is about studying
islam because they are newbie and need more lecture to fulfill their must do to be a good servant.
With muallaf study center, they will know more about islam like Al Qur'an, Hadits, and also history
of islam. With that knowledge, they will have a spirit to develop their knowledge and more come
closer to Allah SWT.
3) Unite Will Make Stand
There a wise man saying that "unite will make stand". That's totally true because if we separate will
make crush. This mean that Muallaf is a part of muslim so they need a claiming from the other
muslims. What are claiming that they needs ? They need to staying together with other muslims
around them. Praying together, studying together, and sharing together and the important is not to
distinguish between new muslim and old muslim because everything same in front of Allah and the
different is Amal n Ibadah from the servant.
B. Design Concept Recommendation
1) Room and Space are integrated with nature
With room and space are integrated with nature, the user can have an interaction between him and
nature and user can amaze with Allah's made. This are implement of Hablumminal Alam concept
that this concept are give an interaction between human and nature. This things are explained
from Al Qur'an Surah Ar Ra'd verse 2




The Meaning : "Allah-lah Yang meninggikan langit tanpa tiang (sebagaimana) yang kamu lihat,
kemudian Dia bersemayam di atas Arasy, dan menundukkan matahari dan bulan. Masing-masing
beredar hingga waktu yang ditentukan. Allah mengatur urusan (makhluk-Nya), menjelaskan tandatanda (kebesaran-Nya), supaya kamu meyakini pertemuan(mu) dengan Tuhanmu"

Fig 10. Integrated with nature


Source: www.cdn.home-reviews.com

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2) Green Design
Green design is a design concept which focuses on efficiency and sustainability. This concept is the
answer about environmental crisis like limited energy exploration when every year the needs of
energy are growth higher, and many more issues are happened to the environment.
With green design, the building are friendly to the environment, that also the implement of
Hablumminal Alam concept, because human task for keeping nature and preventing the
destruction. The criteria about green design are renewable energy, ecological friendly, and
sustainability which are influences on economic, social, and exactly the environment to make high
performance building with efficiently use of energy, minimize the exploration and comfortable.
The motivation of green design are explained based from Al Qur'an Surah Ar-Rum verse 41


The Meaning : "Telah nampak kerusakan di darat dan di laut disebabkan karena perbuatan tangan
manusia, supaya Allah merasakan kepada mereka sebagian dari (akibat) perbuatan mereka, agar
mereka kembali (ke jalan yang benar)."

Fig 11. Green Design


Source: www.minimalisti.com

From that picture, we can see that building are exposed many natural materials like wood and
bamboo to gain the aesthetic. The use of glasses is use for saves energy and much use the
environmental potent. The use of landscapes is to gain much oxygen from the environment to the
building. So the concept of this design is to make building more efficiently like energy efficient,
economic efficient and exactly the environmental friendly.
3) Making Interior Atmosphere
Designing the interior can influence the human psychological condition. Using climate condition on
designing the interior are good thing and environmental friendly, Every human can't separated with
room because he/she much doing activity on room. And much human have interaction with God
Almighty on the room like on mosque, so interior can be use to connecting the human and God to
implement Hablumminallah concept. This idea are basedly from Al Qur'an Surah Ar Ra'd verse 28
which contain the meaning that remembering Allah will makes heart becomes conveniently.




The Meaning : "Orang-orang yang beriman dan hati mereka menjadi tenteram dengan berzikir
(mengingat) Allah. Ingatlah, hanya dengan mengingat Allah hati menjadi tenteram"

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(a)

(b)
Fig 12. (a) Office interior with natural lighting
(b) Mosque interior
Source: (a) image.architonic.com
(b) desainarsitekmalang.files.wordpress.com

Conclusion
Muallaf center is the answer about many issues happened to muallaf. With muallaf center, hopes
the muallaf can more knowing about islam, because islam is Hidayah and opening his/her dark way
into the light way. And designing muallaf center must implement the three connectivity that is
Hablumminallah, Hablumminal Alam, and Habluminannas. User can interact with God Almighty,
with nature, and with the same human, everything are held on muallaf center. With closely to
muallaf psychological condition is the challenge for recover and refresh the mental and
psychological condition of muallaf. Designing with environmental friendly are good thing because
the human task for keeping nature and preventing the destruction.
References
[1] http://www.newmuslimsproject.net/
[2] http://www.bbc.com/indonesia/majalah/
[3] Islamy, Rabithah Alam, 1981, Mengapa Kami Memilih Islam, Bandung: Al Ma'arif
[4] Pondok Pesantren Pabelan,1976, The Aga Khan Award For Architecture Design Proposal
[5] QS 16 : [90, 93, 96]
[6] QS 22 : [11]
[7] QS 13 : [28, 12]
[8] Howe, J Cullen, 2010, Chapter One Overview Of Green Buildings, Scientific journal, Not publicated.

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