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OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY & HEALTH

(CLD 20002)
GROUP ASSIGNMENT

PREPARED BY:
ABDUL ADDAHARY BIN ABDUL YAHYA (55102215027)
CALVIN JAMES (55102215034)
TUTORIAL GROUP:
L01-T1

LECTURER:
ZAINAL ABIDIN MOHD YUSOF
SUBMISSION DATE:
11/03/2016
Objective
This report is written in partial fulfilment of the requirements in CLD 20002. The
contents represent the opinion of the group members and not the MICET, UniKL

To identify hazard in laboratory


To identify types of hazard in laboratory

Introduction
Safety is a top priority in any laboratories. Even if every attempt has been
made to minimize hazards in a laboratory, it still possible that an accident can occur in
a laboratory when it is used improperly. To make sure the laboratory remains safe
workplace, the rules and regulations must be followed and understand how to operate
the equipment in the laboratory safely and properly. Ensuring the safety of others is as
important as ensuring own safety. In this mini project, the laboratory in MICET that
being choose is Laboratory Operation 7. This laboratory basically conduct the
experiment such as experiment of reactor test rig, batch reactor, continuous stirred
reactor.
The fundamentals of lab safety are simple, and involve: teaching and
performing science safely, watching out for yourself and everyone else in the lab,
anticipating problems and preventing them, and being careful and aware of your
surroundings. This lab safety should be practice in order to create a safer lab
environment and prevent any hazard from occurred. The bottom line is that it's vital to
remember safety is a state of mind, and is about understanding risk, eliminating or
minimizing hazards as much as possible, and being aware of the hazards that cannot
be eliminated.

Hazard Identification Technique


This report is written in partial fulfilment of the requirements in CLD 20002. The
contents represent the opinion of the group members and not the MICET, UniKL

The hazard identification methods had been done in the laboratory in order to
identify the lab safety. Hazard identification is based on the observation of checklist
review. The checklist comprises of a series of question to determine if the laboratory
conforms the regulation and methods of best practice or not. The purpose of this
checklist is to help reduce risks and hazards for students or workers in the
laboratories, to verify the effectiveness of the protection which is offered to
professionals and students involved in laboratory activities, and to promote the
understanding of the risks associated with dangerous substances and biological agents
Control methods also play an important role in the safety industry as it help
reduce a great amount of injuries, accidents, and fatalities. Through theoretical
research, preventions and controls aid to control occupational hazards, prevent
workers/experimenters from being exposed to potential hazards, and to provide better
understanding on the emergency preparedness and responses. Basic steps include,
explaining the dos and donts of the whole process and what to and not to do during
the experiment. This way, the process of conducting experiments in the lab will be
much safer and more systematic and can prevent any hazard. Furthermore, by
labelling the chemicals and instruments will help specify the type of hazard and
danger and also gives direct and easy guidelines for all the user in handling hazardous
materials.

Types of hazard
This report is written in partial fulfilment of the requirements in CLD 20002. The
contents represent the opinion of the group members and not the MICET, UniKL

There are many hazard that have been identified in the lab. A hazard is a
situation that poses a level of threat to life, health, property, or environment. Most
hazards are dormant or potential, with only a theoretical risk of harm; however, once a
hazard becomes "active", it can create an emergency. Through findings and research,
it was found (based on occupational safety and health terms) that there are many
active hazards present in the lab, including instrumentations and chemicals. Potential
hazards were spotted all around the lab mostly are physical and chemical hazards.
Relating to spotting physical hazards in the laboratory, slippery floor might
happen on the laboratory floor because there is a water pipe at the lab. A slippery floor
may lead to disastrous results. For example, slipped down while holding chemical
substances will lead to breakage of flasks and tubes and the chemicals might be
exposed to the person holding it and will cause injury . Next, using ladder also might
cause injury if not used correctly, people may fall from high places if they were not
carefull and can cause serious injury or even fatality
Futhermore, chemical hazards is the major hazard in the operation laboratory.
Chemicals present are mostly hazardous which in turn need special care and it usually
needs to be taken care with safety measures. It is recommended to use protection such
as gloves as protection from leakage or exposure of chemicals to the skin while
handling chemical.
There is also a biological hazard might present in the lab. Biological hazard
are biological agents that can cause harm to the human body. The drain in the
operation lab has stagnant water, mosquito larvae might be found in the stagnant
water and if not cleaned , mosquito will breeding and can cause dengue fever.
Ergonomic hazard also could happen when lifting object or handling
equipment. For example, uncomfortable position such as akward posture and bad
sitting posture will cause musculoskeletal injuries to the experimenter or worker.

Good practices & area of improvements


This report is written in partial fulfilment of the requirements in CLD 20002. The
contents represent the opinion of the group members and not the MICET, UniKL

Through observations, Operation lab has good practices that can be look up to.
The lab holds to the 5S Methodology Seiri (Sort), Seiso (Straighten), Seiton (Shine),
Seiketsu (Standardize), and Shitsuke (Sustain). (Sort) In the lab, it can be seen that all
the chemicals and instruments are sorted accordingly. (Straighten) all the equipment is
arranged nicely. (Shine) The workplace is constantly kept clean and tidy.
(Standardize) The steps of sorting, straightening, and shine are made. (Sustain) Lastly,
is to main the established procedure. All of these methods of 5S are seen to be
practiced in the lab. This practice promotes safety. This lab also has proper lighting.
The proper lighting makes the experimenter easy to see and the light comfortable to
the eyes. Ideally the surrounding area also slightly lower in luminous background.
Other than that, protection also been provided in this lab such as first aid kit to aid any
injury that happen and gloves for handling chemical. Lastly, all labs have work
permits. In order to be permitted to use the lab, safety declaration forms or job safety
analysis (JSA) forms have to be filled up as an acceptance to the responsibilities of
ones actions while in the laboratory (Appendices-Safety declaration and job safety
analysis forms). Once permitted, experiments must be conducted with extra care and
focus. Briefing must be done before the experiment initializes.

Conclusion
This report is written in partial fulfilment of the requirements in CLD 20002. The
contents represent the opinion of the group members and not the MICET, UniKL

In conclusion, it can be seen that this lab applies safety measures. Even though
there are numerous hazards present in the lab, the technician doesnt just leave them
as they are. Control methods were used to prevent further harm such as making PPE
compulsory to students prior to entering the lab. Not just that, the chemicals,
instruments, and the users, all hold to the concept of safety. Labelling and segregation
of chemicals & instruments are made. There is also many hazard sign and warning to
alert people in the lab.

This report is written in partial fulfilment of the requirements in CLD 20002. The
contents represent the opinion of the group members and not the MICET, UniKL