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ANALYS OFF VIBRATORY STRESS

OF ISB FOR MECHANICAL DRIVE


STEAM TURBINE

ADVANCED INTEGRAL SHROUD BLADE


Blades are continuously coupled by blade
deformation due to centrifugal force.
Applied to control as well as intermediate stage
blades.

Operation concept of Control Stage

INTEGRAL SHROUD BLADE cont.

Assembling : Each blade inserted into the groove on the slant.


Blades coupled during rotation

ANALYSIS OF VIBRATORY STRESS


DUE TO NOZZLE BLADE INTERACTION
CAUSES OF VIBRATORY STRESS
Excitation force due to interaction between nozzle and
blades

Resonant response of the blade due to nozzle wake


excitation force calculated using 3D CFD and FEA.
Resonant condition and stress due to nozzle wake
excitation force given by:

ANALYSIS OF VIBRATORY STRESS cont.

Pressure fluctuation on the blade surface obtained in the form of time history wave
using unsteady 3D CFD.
Magnitude and phase of pressure fluctuation with the fundamental frequency (rotor
speed x vane count) calculated by Fourier analysis.
Eigen value analysis of bladed disk carried out by 3D FEA.
Resonant stress calculated by an equation.
Magnitude and phase of the excitation force obtained by pressure fluctuation x effective
area . Calculated value used for blade damping

ANALYSIS OF VIBRATORY STRESS cont.


Natural frequencies of the system and the Campbell diagram can be obtained
using the FE software.
Using the information, blade designer can identify dangerous vibration modes in
the operating speed range.

ANALYSIS OF VIBRATORY STRESS cont.


DUE TO NOZZLE SHOCK LOAD
Cause: due to rapid load increase and
decrease during partial admission

ANALYSIS OF VIBRATORY STRESS cont.


SAMPLE ANALYSIS
Analysis carried out for ISB structure and
Conventional grouped blades structure.

ANALYSIS OF VIBRATORY STRESS cont.


Pressure fluctuations during the
operation of the control stage blades

Safety Factor Comparison of ISB and


Grouped Blade structure for shock loads for
25 % Steam admission.

VERIFICATION OF THE ANALYTICAL


METHOD FOR VIBRATORY STRESS
Rotating Vibratory test carried out verify the analytical methods
Setup consisted of rotor with 3 ISB structures
Blades excited by air jet to completely measure resonating stress
Natural frequency of blades measured by Conventional telemetry system.
Campbell diagram measured in
the test, almost matches the
Campbell diagram predicted by
FEA Analysis.

CONCLUSION
CFD & FEA Software is a useful tool to analyze the
Vibratory stresses induced in the turbine blades.
The Shock load strength / resistance to shock loads of the
ISB structure was compared with the conventional Grouped
blade structure and was found superior.

REFERENCE
Yasutemo Kaneko (Senior Engineering Research
Manager), Kazushi Mori (Chief Research Engineer),
Toshihiro Miyawaki (Senior Research Engineer)
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd (Hyogo, Japan) &
Satoshi Hata (Group Manager-Turbomachinery
engineering D0epartment, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Ltd., Hiroshima, Japan), 2007, ANALYSIS OF
VIBRATORY STRESS OF INTEGRAL SHROUD
BLADE FOR MECHANICAL DRIVE STEAM
TURBINE, Proceedings of the thirty sixth
turbomachinery symposium.