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THI TH I HC LN 1 NM 2014
Thi gian lam bai : 90 pht, khng k thi gian pht

( thi c 05 trang)

M thi 01

H, tn th sinh: .......................................................................
S bo danh: ............................................................................
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following
Question 1: In recent years, more and more people _______ for things with credit cards.
A. pay
B. paid
C. are paying
D. have been paying
Question 2: I have bought a present for my mother, and now I need some ______ .
A. paper wrapper
B. wrap paper
C. wrapped paper
D. wrapping paper
Question 3: Argentina ________ Mexico by one goal to nil in the match.
A. beat
B. scored
C. won
D. knocked
Question 4:
Anne : Thanks for the nice gifts!
John: _________ .
A. In fact, I myself dont like it
B. Youre welcomed.
C. Im glad you like it.
D. But do you know how much it costs?
Question 5: While southern California is densely populated, _____ live in the northern part of the state.
A. a number people
B. many people
C. few people
D. a few of people
Question 6: Hes a very __________ person because he can make other workers follow his advice.
A. influential
B. creative
C. deciding
D. effective
Question 7:
- Mum, Ive got 600 on the TOEFL test
- _________
A. Good way!
B. You are right
C. Oh, hard luck!
D. Good job!
Question 8: The referee ________the coin to decide which team would kick the ball first.
A. cast
B. tossed
C. threw
D. caught
Question 9: We couldnt fly ______ because all the tickets had been sold out.
A. economical
B. economy
C. economic
D. economics
Question 10: Susans doctor insists _________ for a few days
A. that she is resting
B. her resting
C. that she rest
D. her to rest
Question 11: _______ of the students in her class could finish the assignment yesterday.
A. Neither
B. None
C. Either
D. Not much
Question 12: The teacher had to explain the lesson very clearly ___ .
A. in order that his students to understand it.
B. so that his students to understand it
C. in order that his students could understand it D. for his students to understand it.
Question 13: Please ________ your cigarette. Im allergic to smoke.
A. put out
B. put down
C. put up
D. put aside
Question 14: Her coat is ________ on the floor.
A. laying
B. lying
C. flowing
D. setting
Question 15: - Dont fail to send your parents my regards.
- ________.
A. Yourre welcome
B. Good idea, thanks C. Thanks, I will
D. Its my pleasure
Question 16: Buy me a newspaper on your way back, _________ ?
A. will you
B. dont you
C. cant you
D. do you
Question 17: Opposite our house is a nice park ________ there are trees and flowers.
A. which
B. where
C. whose
D. that
Question 18: John has taken __________ swimming as he wants to keep fit.
A. up
B. on
C. in
D. off
Question 19: You smell awful! Its about time you _______ a bath.
A. have
B. will have
C. had
D. to have
Question 20: - Should we bring a lot of money on the trip?
- Yes.___________we decide to stay longer
A. So that
B. Though
C. Because
D. In case
Question 21: Is she a friend of ________ ?
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A. yours
B. you
C. your
Question 22: We have to _________ allowance for this difficult circumstance.
A. do
B. make
C. work
Question 23: Mr. Black: Id like to try on these shoes, please?.
Salesgirl: ____________
A. Why not?
B. By all means, sir.
C. Thats right, sir.
Question 24: __________ ourselves, Jack is a drug addict.
A. For
B. Among
C. Between
Question 25: We live in the _______ .
A. brick house old large
B. large old brick house
C. old brick large house
D. brick large old house

D. youre
D. act
D. Id love to
D. With

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to
the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 26: The consequences of the typhoon were disastrous due to the lack of precautionary measures.
A. damaging
B. benificial
C. severe
D. physical
Question 27: Vietnams admission to the World Trade Organization(WTO) has promoted its trade relations with other
A. boosted
B. expanded
C. restricted
D. balanced
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to
the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 28: These were the people who advocated using force to stop school violence .
A. openly criticised
B. publicly said
C. publicly supported
D. strongly condemned
Question 29: As tourism is more developed, people worry about the damage to the flora and fauna of the island .
A. flowers and trees
B. plants and animals
C. mountains and forests
D. fruits and vegetables
Question 30: It is such a prestigious university that only excellent students are entitled to a full scholarship each year.
A. have the right to refuse
B. are refused the right to
C. are given the right to
D. have the obligation to
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on you answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the
following questions.
Question 31: You should have finished the report by now, John told his secretary.
A. Johned reproached his secretary for not having finished the report.
B. Johned said that his secretary had not finished the report.
C. Johned reminded his secretary of finishing the report.
D. Johned scolded his secretary for not having finished the report.
Question 32: Cigarette? he asked. No, thanks. I said.
A. He asked for a cigarette, and I immediately refused.
B. He mentioned a cigarette, so I thanked him.
C. He offered me a cigarette, but I promptly declined.
D. He asked if I was smoking, so I thanked him.
Question 33: The critics undervalued his new book.
A. The critics rejected his new book.
B. The critics were fed up with his new book.
C. The critics had a low opinion of his new book.
D. The critics turned down his new book.
Question 34: He survived the operation thanks to the skilful surgeon.
A. He survived the operation because he was a skilful surgeon.
B. Though the surgeon was skilful, he couldnt survive the operation.
C. There was no skilful surgeon, so he died .
D. He wouldnt have survived the operation without the skilful surgeon.
Question 35: No sooner had she put the telephone down than her boss rang back.
A. As soon as her boss rang back, she put down the telephone.
B. Scarcely had she put the telephone down when her boss rang back.
C. Hardly she had hung up, she rang her boss immediately.
D. She had hardly put the telephone down without her boss rang back.

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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of
the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 36:
Question 37:
Question 38:
Question 39:
Question 40:

A. calculator
A. challenge
A. astonished
A. advertiser
A. alternative

B. language
B. counter
B. obstacle
B. history
B. impetus

C. comprehend
C. guardian
C. disposal
C. difficulty
C. ancestry

D. institute
D. explain
D. apparent
D. adventurous
D. dividend

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the
following questions.
Question 41: Some studies show that young babies prefer the smell of milk to those of other
Question 42: Plants absorb water and nutrients and anchoring themselves in the soil with their
Question 43: In the last 10 years, Mexican government has reduced the number of its stateowned companies to about half.
Question 44: Psychologists at the University of Kansas has studied the effects of the color of a
room on people's behavior.
Question 45: Montaigne, the illustrious French philosophy, was elected mayor of Bordeaux,
which was his hometown.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on you answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of
sentences in the following questions.
Question 46: David drove so fast; it was very dangerous.
A. David drove so fast , which was very dangerous.
B. David drove so fast and was very dangerous.
C. David drove so fast , then was very dangerous.
D. David drove so fast that was very dangerous.
Question 47: He cannot lend me the book now. He has not finished reading it yet.
A. Having finished reading the book, he cannot lend it to me.
B. He cannot lend me the book until he has finished reading it
C. Not having finished reading the book, he will lend it to me.
D. As long as he cannot finish reading the book, he will lend it to me.
Question 48: They drove fifteen miles off the main road. Also, they had nothing to eat for the day.
A. Not only did they drive fifteen miles off the main road, they also had nothing to eat for the day.
B. Driving fifteen miles off the main road, they eventually had something to eat for the day
C. They neither drove fifteen miles off the main road, nor had anything to eat for the day
D. They drove fifteen miles off the main road, they also had nothing to eat for the day.
Question 49: The coffee was not strong. It didnt keep us awake.
A. The coffee was very strong, but it couldnt keep us awake.
B. We were kept awake because the coffee was strong.
C. The coffee was not strong enough to keep us awake.
D. The coffee was so hot that it didnt keep us awake.
Question 50: Everyone was watching the little dog. They were greatly amused at it.
A. Everyone felt great and amused when the little dog was watching them.
B. The little dog was watching everyone with great amusement.
C. Everyone was greatly amused at the little dog they were watching .
D. The little dog was greatly amused by the way everyone was watching it.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to
each of the questions, from 51 to 60.
Traditionally in America, helping the poor was a matter for private charities or local governments.
Arriving immigrants depended mainly on predecessors from their homeland to help them start a new
life. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries , several European nations instituted public-welfare programs.
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But such a movement was slow to take hold in the United States because the rapid pace of industrialization
and the ready availability of farmland seemed to confirm the belief that anyone who was willing to work
could find a job.
Most of the programs started during the Depression era were temporary relief measures, but one of
the programs - Social Security - has become an American institution. Paid for by deductions from the
paychecks of working people, Social Security ensures that retired persons receive a modest monthly
income and also provides unemployment insurance, disability insurance, and other assistance to those who
need it. Social Security payments to retired persons can start at age 62, but many wait until age 65, when
the payments are slightly higher. Recently, there has been concern that the Social Security fund may not
have enough money to fulfill its obligations in the 21st century, when the population of elderly
Americans is expected to increase dramatically. Policy makers have proposed various ways to make up the
anticipated deficit, but a long-term solution is still being debated.
In the years since Roosevelt, other American presidents have established assistance
programs.These include Medicaid and Medicare; food stamps, certificates that people can use to purchase
food; and public housing which is built at federal expense and made available to persons on low incomes.
Needy Americans can also turn to sources other than the government for help. A broad spectrum of
private charities and voluntary organizations is available. Volunteerism is on the rise in the United States,
especially among retired persons. It is estimated that almost 50 percent of Americans over age 18 do
volunteer work, and nearly 75 percent of U.S. households contribute money to charity.
Question 51: New immigrants to the U.S. could seek help from ____________.
A. the people who came earlier
B. the US government agencies
C. only charity organizations
D. volunteer organizations
Question 52: It took welfare programs a long time to gain a foothold in the U.S. due to the fast growth of ______.
A. industrialization
B. urbanization
C. modernization
D. population
Question 53: The word "instituted" in the first paragraph mostly means ________.
A. "executed"
B. "studied"
C. "introduced"
D. "enforced"
Question 54: The Social Security program has become possible thanks to _________.
A. deductions from wages
B. people's willingness to work
C. donations from companies
D. enforcement laws
Question 55: Most of the public assistance programs ________ after the severe economic crisis.
A. were introduced into institutions
B. did not become institutionalized
C. functioned fruitfully in institutions
D. did not work in institutions
Question 56: That Social Security payments will be a burden comes from the concern that _________.
A. elderly people ask for more money
B. the program discourages working people
C. the number of elderly people is growing
D. younger people do not want to work
Question 57: Persons on low incomes can access public housing through ________.
A. low rents
B. state spending
C. donations
D. federal expenditure
Question 58: Americans on low incomes can seek help from __________.
A. federal government
B. government agencies
C. state governments
D. non-government agencies
Question 59: Public assistance has become more and more popular due to the ____________.
A. young people's voluntarism only
B. volunteer organizations
C. people's growing commitment to charity
D. innovations in the tax system
Question 60: The passage mainly discusses ____________.
A. public assistance in America
B. immigration into America
C. funding agencies in America
D. ways of fund-raising in America
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for
each of the blanks, from 61 to 70.
The wind controls our planet's weather and climate. But how much do we understand about this
complex force (61) ___can kill and spread fear?
On the night of October 15, 1987, the south of England was (62)___ by strong winds. Gusts of over
130 km/h (63)___ through the region. Nineteen people were killed, 1.5-billion worth of damage was (64)___ and
19 million trees were blown down in just a few hours.
Athough people thought of this (65)___ a hurricane, the winds of 1987 were only a (66) ___7 storm. They
remain far better known than the much more serious storms of January 25, 1990, (67)___ most of Britain was hit
by daytime winds of up to 173 km/h. On this occasion, 47 people were killed, even though, (68)___ in 1987, the
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weather forecasters issued accurate warnings.

Extreme weather events such as these are dramatic (69)___ of the power of the wind. It is one part of the
weather that people generally do not give a second (70)___ to, but across the world the wind plays a crucial role
in people's lives.
Question 61: A. what
B. which
C. when
D. where
Question 62: A. attacked
B. besieged
C. struck
D. beaten
Question 63: A. ran
B. blew
C. flew
D. spread
Question 64: A. paid
B. created
C. resulted
D. caused
Question 65: A. like
B. unlike
C. same
D. as
Question 66: A. strength
B. length
C. power
D. force
Question 67: A. until
B. why
C. when
D. what
Question 68: A. when
B. like
C. unlike
D. such as
Question 69: A. recalls
B. remains
C. memories
D. reminders
Question 70: A. help
B. think
C. care
D. thought
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to
each of the questions, from 71 to 80.
A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon moves in front of the Sun and hides at least
some part of the Sun from the earth. In a partial eclipse, the Moon covers part of the
Sun; in an annular eclipse, the Moon covers the center of the Sun, leaving a bright
ring of light around the Moon; in a total eclipse, the Sun is completely covered by the
It seems rather improbable that a celestial body the size of the Moon could
completely block out the tremendously immense Sun, as happens during a total
eclipse, but this is exactly what happens. Although the Moon is considerably smaller in
size than the Sun, the Moon is able to cover the Sun because of their relative distances
from Earth. A total eclipse can last up to 7 minutes, during which time the Moon's shadow
moves across Earth at a rate of about 6 kilometers per second.
Question 71: This passage mainly___
A. describes how long an eclipse will last
B. gives facts about the Moon
C. explains how the Sun is able to obscure the Moon
D. informs the reader about
solar eclipses
Question 72: In which type of eclipse is the Sun obscured in its entirety?
A. A partial eclipse
B. An annular eclipse
C. A total eclipse D. A celestial
Question 73: The word "ring" in line 3 could best be replaced by___.
A. piece of gold
B. circle
C. jewel
D. bell
Question 74: A "celestial body" in line 5 is most probably one that is found
A. somewhere in the sky
B. within the Moon's shadow
C. on the surface of the Sun
D. inside Earth's atmosphere
Question 75: What is the meaning of "block out" in line 5?
A. square
B. cover
C. evaporate
D. shrink
Question 76: According to the passage, how can the Moon hide the Sun during a total
A. The fact that the Moon is closer to Earth than the Sun makes up for the Moon's
smaller size.
B. The Moon can only obscure the Sun because of the Moon's great distance from
the earth.
C. Because the Sun is relatively close to Earth, the Sun can be eclipsed by the
D. The Moon hides the Sun because of the Moon's considerable size.
Question 77: The word "relative" in line 7 could best be replaced by___.
A. familial
B. infinite
C. comparative
D. paternal
Question 78: The passage states that which of the following happens during an eclipse?
A. The Moon hides from the Sun.
B. The Moon is obscured by the Sun.
C. The Moon begins moving at a speed of 6 kilometers per second.
D. The Moon's shadow crosses Earth.
Question 79: The word "rate" is closest in meaning to___.
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A. form
B. speed
C. distance
D. rotation
Question 80: Where in the passage does the author mention the rate of a total eclipse?
A. Lines 1-2
B. Lines 2-6
C. Lines 6-7
D. Lines 8-9
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