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react to a situation to avoid a collision. It takes about 3s for a driver having

0.1% alcohol in his system to do the same. If such drivers are traveling on a

straight road at 30 mph (44 ft/s) and their cars can decelerate at 2ft/s2 ,

determine the shortest stopping distance d for each from the moment they

see the pedestrians.

RECTILINEAR KINEMATICS

Moein Mehrtash

Plan:

=

, =

=

=

s0(reaction)

d (braking)

RECTILINEAR KINEMATICS

Solution:

Normal driver:

1. Reaction travel distance (s0)

s vt 44 ft / s 0.75s 33 ft

0

vdv ads v v 2as s

v

v0

a cons tan t

s0

0 44 ft / s 2 2 ft / s d 33 ft d 517 ft

2

Moein Mehrtash

s0(reaction)

Solution:

Drunk driver:

s vt 44 ft / s 3s 132 ft

0

d (braking)

RECTILINEAR KINEMATICS

0 44 ft / s 2 2 ft / s d 132 ft d 616 ft

2

Moein Mehrtash

the as graph of the motion and determine the time needed for the

motorcycle to reach the position s=400ft

Moein Mehrtash

RECTILINEAR KINEMATICS

Plan:

=

, =

=

=

= =

Solution:

RECTILINEAR KINEMATICS

v 0.2 s 10 ft / s a v

dv

ds

ds

v 50 ft / s a v

dv

d

50 50 0

ds

ds

Moein Mehrtash

Plan:

Time can be obtained using the v-s graph and the kinematic relation v=ds/dt

=

, =

=

=

= =

Solution:

RECTILINEAR KINEMATICS

v 0.2 s 10 ft / s dt

dt

T

ds

ds

v 0.2 s 10

ds

t 5 ln0.2 s 10 5 ln 10 sec

0.2s 10

At s=200 ft

t 5 ln0.2200 ft 10 5 ln 10 8.05 sec

Moein Mehrtash

ds ds

ds

s

v 50 ft / s dt

dt

t 4.05 sec

v 50

50

50

8.05

200 ft

At s=400 ft

400 ft

t

4.05 12.0 sec

50

Moein Mehrtash

RECTILINEAR KINEMATICS

assumed that the car path is sinusoidal and that the maximum lateral

acceleration is 0.7g. If the testers wish to design a slalom through which the

maximum speed is 80 km/h, what cone spacing L should be used?

Moein Mehrtash

CURVILINEAR KINEMATICS

Plan:

kinematic to find a curvature that cause this acceleration at the max

velocity. Based on the obtained curvature, the cone spacing can be arranged

y

Solution:

defined as

y A sin x

T

L

v

a

CURVILINEAR KINEMATICS

T=2L

o

an

at

of the curvature must be minimized

Moein Mehrtash

3. The minimum of the curvature radius locates at T=/4 and this radius can

be found from

1 dy / dx 1 A cos x

d y/d x

A sin x

2

3/ 2

3/ 2

dy / dx A cos x

d y / dx A sin x

2

at T=/4

CURVILINEAR KINEMATICS

2 T

cos

1

T

T 4

2 T

A 4 A

A sin

T 4

3/ 2

min

80kmh / 3.6

a 0.7 g 0.79.81m / s

T / 4 3m

2

n max

min

T

T 92.3m L 46.1m

2

Moein Mehrtash

10

path of a rocket which is coasting in unpowered

flight above the atmosphere. For the instant

when = 30, the tracking data give r = 25(104)

ft, = 4000 ft/sec, and = 0.80 deg/sec. The

acceleration of the rocket is due only to

gravitational attraction and for its particular

altitude is 31.4 ft/sec2 vertically down. For these

conditions determine the velocity v of the rocket

and the values of r and .

Moein Mehrtash

CURVILINEAR KINEMATICS

11

Plan:

atmosphere (no aerodynamic drag)

Gravity is the only source of kinematic

changes

Use cylindrical (polar) coordinate system

CURVILINEAR KINEMATICS

Solution:

v r v 4000 ft / s

r

v r 2510 0.8

3490 ft / s

180

4

v v v

2

2

Moein Mehrtash

12

CURVILINEAR KINEMATICS

Solution:

a 31.4 cos 30 27.2 ft / s

a r r r 25 10 m 0.8

rad / s 27.2 ft / s r 21.5 ft / s

180

a r 2r 25 10 m 24000m 0.8

rad / s 15.7 ft / s

180

3.8410 rad / s

4

Moein Mehrtash

13

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