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ENGLISH

MODULE
SPM
Project of StriLence

NAMA :
KELAS : ..

COMMON
WORDS

SAMPLE SENTENCES

SOTHIPISCATED
WORDS

List of Bombastic
Words

Attractive

The interior design of her bedroom was


stunning
attractive.
Beautiful
The scenery was beautiful.
spectacular
Big
We spent six hours at the big shopping
colossal
mall.
Busy
We left the busy town after lunch.
bustling
Clean
The beach was clean.
pristine
Sentence
connectors
Meaning
Examples
Clear
The sea was clear.
crystalline
To
show similarity The sky was cloudy.
My two uncles havesunless
opened a business in
Cloudy
Similarly
Begitu
juga
Kuala
Lumpur.
Similarly,
I will open one after
Colourful
The buildings were colourful.
resplendent
Likewise
my
studies.
Cool
The wind from the mountain was cool.
breezy
She was late and I, likewise was delayed.
Crowded
The stadium was crowded on Sunday.
jam-packed
Dangerous
The road to the apartment was dangerous.
perilous
To show contrast
Ali worked hard. On the other hand/ in
Dark
It
was
dark
outside.
pitch-black
- On the other
contrast / however,
Halim hardly did any
Dirty hand
The public
was dirty. work at all.
filthy
- toilet
Berbeza
Famous
a famous resort.
renowned
- In contrast We stayed atdengan
Fresh
The air was
invigorating
- However
- fresh.
Walau
Mr and Mrs Kana are
old, nevertheless they
Grand
The
hotel
lobby
was
grand.
majestic
- Nevertheless
bagaimanap are still very active.
Great
waterfalls
magnificent
- Despite that The
/
unwere great.
- Namun
Instead, he looked
High this
We took photos
of the high Ahmad
tower. did not answer.
soaring
Instead
out
of
the
taxi
window.
Hot
We ran under the hot sun.
scorching
- Although
Isolated
The camping site was isolated.
secluded
Although
Kim
Long
sprained his ankle, he
Noisy
Our school canteen was noisy during
deafening
came
to
school.
recess.
Peaceful
The village was peaceful.
serene
To show result
Polluted
The air in the city centre was polluted.
impure
- As a
- Akibatnya
He passed his examination. Therefore / Thus
RoughconsequenceThe countryside
rough./ Hence / Accordingly
rugged
- Ataswas
sebab
/ Consequently, he
Special
The
chalets
architecture
was
special.
distinguished
- For this reason
ini
had some good news
to tell his parents.
Strange
The man-made
park
peculiar
- Therefore
- Oleh
itu was strange.
Strong
- As a result The wooden bridge was strong.
He lacks motivationindestructible
to practise music.
Wonderful
The
Disneyland
was
wonderful.
fantastic
- Consequently
Therefore, he can't become a good musician.
- Hence
Sample sentence
Sophisticated
- Thus
Living in a big city offers
good job
adjective
Because
of
this
opportunities.
Also,
it
provides
good
Active
She was an active student.
agile
educational
opportunities.
Adventurous
He was an adventurous person.
bold
Beautiful
His bride was very beautiful.
appealing
Brave
My father was very brave.
bold
Careful
We were careful in making decisions.
meticulous
Clever
The clever boy smiled at me.
brainy
Committed
devoted Besides/ Also,
To
show addition / He was a committed employee.
Ali plays football. Moreover/
Confident
I
was
confident
we
would
win.
optimistic
listing
Lagi pun
he plays tennis.
Cooperative
Everyone
was cooperative
accommodating
- Moreover
Tambahan
pula
Famous
She wasPertama
a famous singer. Mei Mei writes shortcelebrated
- Besides
stories. In addition, she
Friendly
The receptionist
- Also
Sebagai was friendly.
writes articles for a amiable
newspaper.
- In addition My granduncle
permulaannya
Funny
was funny.
hilarious
- Furthermore The manager
Keduawas generous.
To complete his homework,
Jack went through
Generous
philanthropic
First
/
first
of
Ketiga
various
history
books.
Furthermore,
he took
Glamorous
He led a glamorous life.
dazzling
all
/
firstly/
to
notes
from
several
encyclopedias.
Good
His son had good personalities.
virtuous
begin
with
Great
His mother was a great lawyer.
eminent
- Secondly
I prefer to buy fruit and vegetables in the
Hardworking
The workers were hardworking.
industrious
- Thirdly
open market because they are quite cheap
Helpful
My best friend was helpful.
obliging
there. Besides, they are much fresher than
Honest
I admired the honest tour guide.
trustworthy
those sold at the greengrocers.
Kind
The district officer was kind.
benevolent
Special
We had a special guest.
notable
Owning a car has some
advantages. Firstly, it
Strict
Her husband was a strict man.
rigid
gives you comfort. Secondly,
it saves you a
Strong
He fought with a strong man.
mighty
Successful
The successful team was great.
triumphant
Tidy
Her tidy look impressed us.
well-groomed

Sentence

To show time
- Afterwards
- First .then
- At first
- In the meantime
- Meanwhile

Selepas itu
Mula-mula
kemudian
Pada
mulanya,
Dalam pada
itu

lot of time. Thirdly, it gives you great


freedom of movement.
I read the morning papers for a while.
Afterwards, I took a shower.
First pick up the receiver and then insert a
coin into the coin-box.
At first, I had great difficulty with grammar.
Later, however , I was able to overcome the
difficulty by studying hard.
The party is on Tuesday, but in the
meantime I have to shop and prepare the
food.
They'll be here soon. Meanwhile, let's have
coffee.

To show example
- For example
- For instance

To explain
- In other words

To show negative
condition
- or else
- Otherwise

Sebagai contoh

There are many uses of water, for example,


drinking, cooking, irrigation and running
industrial plants.

Dengan perkataan
lain

The brochure dealt with travelling in Morocco.


That is/In other words/Namely, it
discussed transportation, currency, and
language.

atau tidak
Kalau tidak

You should stop teasing the poor little boy, or


else, Ill tell your mother of your act.
You must study hard. Otherwise, youll fail.

To summarize
- In summary
- In brief
- In short
- In conclusion
- To sum up
- In a nut shell

Secara ringkasnya
Kesimpulannya

In summary/In brief/In short/In


conclusion/To sum up, there are a lot of
advantages of having a healthy food fair in the
school.

List of Idioms

PHRASAL VERBS : NOTES

PHRASAL VERB

MEANINGS IN

MEANINGS IN

ENGLISH

MALAY

abide by

follow

Ikut

ask for

request

Minta

ages ago

long ago

masa lampau

break/broke into

enter/entered by force

masuk tanpa kebenaran

break/ broke down

stop / stopped because of a


fault

Rosak

bring down

Reduce

kurangkan

call off

cancel

batalkan

carry on

continue

sambung tugas/kerja

carry forward

postpone

bawa ke depan

close shave

narrow escape

nyaris

come up

produce (idea)

beri (idea)

come across

find by chance

terjumpa

cut down

reduce

kurangkan

cut off

stop supplying

hentikan

crash into

hit

melanggar

drop in / by

visit

melawat

end up

finish up / wind up

siapkan / tamatkan

fall behind

fail to keep up

ketinggalan

figure out

understand

Faham

get along with

be friendly with

berkawan

get ready

hurry

Cepat

get through

pass

Lulus

get over

recover (feelings)

lupakan (perasaan)

go for

choose

pilih

go over

review / check

Semak

join in

to take part

mengambil bahagian

laugh at

take lightly

Ejek

listen to

pay attention to

memberi perhatian

look into

investigate

menyiasat

look out

be careful

berhati-hati

look forward

expect with pleasure

Ternanti-nanti

look after

take care of

menjaga

look up to

respect

menghormati

look through

check

menyemak

mad at

angry

Marah

map out

plan

rancang

make up

to create

Mereka-reka

make up

to resolve a quarrel

Berbaik semula

make up for

to substitute

mengganti

make up ones mind

to decide

membuat keputusan

make out

understand

faham

pass away

die

mati

pass out

fainted

pengsan

put off

postponed

ditangguhkan

put forward

propose

mencadangkan

put up

to build

mendirikan

put up with

to be patient

bersabar dengan

rely on

depend on

bergantung

run into

meet

terserempak

running out

lacking

kehabisan

running around

busy

sibuk /berkeliaran

run over

hit

Langgar

set off

start a journey

bertolak

set up

organize

menganjurkan

sign up

register

mendaftar

spruce up

clean

mencuci

step up

increase

meningkatkan

step forward

move ahead

kehadapan

tag along

accompany

mengekori

take up

to enter into (profession)

memilih jurusan

take after

inherit

Warisi

taken aback

shocked

Terkejut

talk about it

discuss

bincang

think about

consider

mempertimbangkan

turn down

reject

menolak

turn up

attend

Hadir

watch out

be careful

hati-hati

work out

plan

merancang

work out

exercise

bersenam

write down

list

Tulis

work against

oppose

melawan

IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS : Notes

IDIOMATIC
EXPRESSIONS

MEANINGS

MEANINGS IN MALAY

A bookworm

One who likes to read

Ulat buku

A close shave

A narrow escape

Nyaris / hampir-hampir tidak


berjaya

A red letter day

An important day

Hari yang penting

A white elephant

Useless possession

Barang yang mahal tetapi tidak


berguna / fungsinya sebagai
hiasan

Apple of the eye

Favourite person

Anak emas / orang yang


disayangi

Around the corner

Coming soon

Akan datang

At the eleventh
hour

At the last minute

Pada saat-saat akhir

Bear in mind

Remember

Mengingat

Black sheep

Person who is an
embarrassment

Seseorang yang memalukan /


membawa masalah

Blow ones trumpet

To boast

Cakap besar

Burn the midnight


oil

Study until late at night

Belajar hingga lewat malam

Butter fingers

Slippery fingers

Cemerkap / kecuaian

By hook or by
crook

By all means

Dengan apa cara sekalipun

By leaps and
bounds

Greatly

Dengan besar / jaya

Call it a day

To end

Menamatkan

Caught red handed

Caught in the act

Tertangkap ketika sedang


melakukan kesalahan

Come on foot

Walk

Berjalan

Could kill myself

Furious with myself

Marah dengan diri sendiri

Count me in

Include me

Libatkan saya

Crack of dawn

Early in the morning

Fajar

Crying over spilt


milk

Regretting

Menyesal

Day in and day out

Everyday without
exception

Setiap hari

Dont lose heart

Dont be discouraged

Jangan putus asa

Down to earth

Humble/Honest

Rendah diri

Drive me up the
wall

Make me very angry

Membuat saya sangat marah

Drop a line

Write

Menulis surat / menelefon

Easier said than


done

Easier to talk about an


idea than carry it out

Senang bercakap dari


melakukan sesuatu

Eye catching

Attractive

Menarik perhatian

Flying colours

Good grades

Lulus dengan cemerlang

Getting on my
nerves

Making me
annoyed/irritated

Menguji kesabaran

Give it a go

Try it

Cuba

Green with envy

Jealous

Cemburu

Grown out of them

Have gotten used to


them

Sudah biasa / lali

Have green fingers

Good at gardening

Pandai dalam berkebun

Heart and soul

Commitment

Penglibatan sepenuh hati

Hold his head up

Be proud

Bermegah / berbesar hati

I am all ears

I am listening

Sudi mendengar

In a twinkling of an
eye

Very quickly

Secepat kilat / sangat pantas

In high spirits

Happy

Gembira

In hot water / soup

In trouble

Dalam kesusahan / menghadapi


masalah

Keep an eye

To watch

Tengok-tengokkan

Keep your word

Keep your promise

Tepati janji

Kept in mind

Remembered

Ingat

Lame excuse

Poor reason

Alasan tidak munasabah

Lend a hand

Help

Menolong

Let the cat out of


the bag

Let a secret out

Bocorkan rahsia

Let you off

Let you go / excuse you

Mengecualikan anda

Not kidding

Not joking

Tidak bergurau

Not my cup of tea

Not to my liking

Tidak meminati

Not ones day

Unlucky day

Hari yang malang

Once in a blue
moon

Rarely

Jarang-jarang

Out of the blue

Unexpectedly

Tanpa disangka-sangka

Piece of cake

An easy task

Sangat mudah

Practice makes
perfect

You will be good if you


do it often

Alah bisa tegal biasa

Put your mind to it

Concentrate

Tumpukan perhatian

( latihan membawa kepada


kecekapan)

Raining cats and


dogs

Raining heavily

Hujan lebat

Reduced it to ashes Completely burning it

Bakar keseluruhan

Rome was not


built in a day

It takes time to succeed

Mengambil masa untuk berjaya

Searched high and


low

Looked everywhere

Mencari merata tempat

Soft spot

Fondness

Rasa sayang / kesukaan

Stand on their own


feet

Be independent

Berdikari

Stayed away from

Avoided

Menghindari

Strike while the


iron is hot

Grab opportunities

Rebut peluang

Spick and span

Clean and tidy

Bersih

The early bird


catches the worm

Those who are early will


benefit

Siapa cepat dia dapat

Throw in the towel

Give up

Putus asa

To be in the same
boat

To be in the same
circumstances

Mengalami nasib yang sama

To believe your
ears

To believe what you hear

Percaya apa yang didengar

To face the music

To take the punishment


or scolding

Menerima hukuman

To keep ones
fingers crossed

To hope for the best

Mengharap yang terbaik

To live from hand


to mouth / to make
ends meet

To live in hardship

Sangat miskin

To paint the town


red

To enjoy oneself

Menghiburkan diri

To sit on the fence

To take no sides in a
debate/ a quarrel

Tidak menyebelahi

Took to heart

Be upset by

Ambil hati / tersinggung

Turn over a new


leaf

To change for the better

Insaf / berubah sikap menjadi


lebih baik

Under the weather

Slightly ill

Tidak sihat / sakit

mana-mana pihak

Where theres a
will, theres a way

When you are


determined, you will
succeed

Di mana ada kemahuan di situ


ada jalan

Sample of Essays
ARTICLE: Description on a Person
A Prominent Malaysian Leader

As the fourth and most dynamic Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Dr. Mahathir
bin Mohamad will indelible impression on the sands of Malaysia for many years to
come. He held the post for 22 years from 1981 to 2003, making him Malaysia's
longest-serving Prime Minister, and one of the longest-serving leaders in Asia.
Born on 20th December, 1925 in Alor Setar, Dr. Mahathir is the son of a
teacher. He is the youngest of nine children of a school teacher and a housewife. His
father, Mohamad Iskandar, was of Indian descent, being the son of a Muslim and a
Malay mother, while Mahathir's own mother, Datin Wan Tempawan Wan Hanafi, was
Malay. He is married to Tun Dr. Siti Hasmah binti Haji Mohamad Ali, they have seven
children, four sons and three daughters. From an early age, Tun Mahathir had the
importance of education drummed into him by his father, who was also a strict
disciplinarian.
After his early education at the Maktab Sultan Abdul Hamid in Alor Setar, he
enrolled at the King Edward VII College of Medicine in the University of Singapore.
Armed with a MBBS degree in medicine, he set up his own clinic, the Maha Clinic in
Alor Setar. As a doctor, Tun Mahathir came into close contact with people from variety
of social strata and enjoyed a close rapport with them. He understood their problems.
Thus, when he was thrust into the politic limelight, he strove to fulfil the needs of the
people.
He was first catapulted into the world of politics when he became the Member of
Parliement for Alor Setar in 1964. After holding a number of portfolios, including
Minister of Education, Minister of Trade and Industry and Deputy Prime Minister, he
finally became the Prime Minister on 16th July, 1981. The country flourished with Dr.
Mahathir at the helm of the government. His contributions to the nation are so
immense and par excellence. He has left his mark in every aspect in politics,
economy or education.
Realizing that government-owned enterprises are neither efficient nor profitable, he
initiated the privation policy in 1983. This had immediate effect of cutting down
bureaucratic ineptitude and operational cost while at the same time generating more
revenue.
With collapse of the prices of agricultural commodities in the eighties, Tun Mahathir
decided that it was time to shift the nations focus to more profitable areas. Thus, he
started the industrialization programme. Reputed as the countrys top salesman, he
showcased Malaysia to investors abroad in a bid to woo them. As a result of the
heavy industrialization drive, major projects like national car project or PROTON and
the steel company, PERWAJA, together with other mega project were launched one
after another. Next, realizing that industrialization would require a good infrastructure,
he set about improving it. The Mahathir era saw a successful completion of the NorthSouth Highway, the East-West Highway, the Multimedia Super Corridor, the Kuala
Lumpur International Airport in Sepang and many more.

An astute politician, he charted the growth of the countrys progress from the day he
took office. He envisages that Malaysia can only attain the status of a fully developed
country if it becomes an industrialization one and this ambition has been his main
agenda during his tenure. With this in mind, he announced Vision 2020, his most
ambitious vision.
Frank and outspoken by nature, Tun Mahathir speak without fear nor favour. This has
been the hallmark of thus much respected statesman. The inefficiency of local and
international organizations has always come under his scrutiny and critism.It has been
almost two decades since Tun Mahathir took over reins of the government. It has
undoubtedly been the golden era for Malaysia with many notable achievements.
630 words
Descriptive - Description of a Scene
A Road Accident
Road accidents are reported in newspaper and on television every day. There
are more frequently caused by reckless drivers rather than faulty vehicles. Last
Saturday, while I was travelling from Ipoh, I witnessed a serious accident. The scene of
the accidents was vivid in my mind.
A motorcyclist was following behind was taxi very closely. He was so impatient
that he was trying to overtake my taxi even near a sharp bend. At that critical
moment, there was an oncoming car. The taxi driver swerved to the roadside and I got
a terrible jolt. It was too late for the motorcyclist to avoid the car. His motorcycle ran
against the bumper of the car and smashed its windscreen. The motorcyclist
somersaulted over the car and was found lying in a pool of blood. It was a scene to
chill the flesh! The car driver, who was cut by the flying glass, was in a state of shock.
All that happened in split second and fear overwhelmed us.
The taxi driver stopped his taxi and I quickly ran to the nearest to the nearest
telephone booth to inform the police and the hospital. From a distance I could see
some people trying to help the injured motorcyclist and the car driver. They carried
them into one of the onlookers car and sent them to the hospital for treatment.
Meanwhile the taxi driver tried to control and directs the traffic. Soon the police
arrived and they promptly took some measurements and evidence. After that they
moved the damaged car and the motorcycle to the roadside to ease the traffic
congestion. They also took down the evidence provided by witnesses and onlookers.
Some sweepers were clearing the debris and the blood stains on the road.
When the taxi finally continued the journey, I silently thanked God for my
narrow escape. I learned a good lesson that impatience and recklessness would bring
harm and danger. I was happy to see that Malaysians are public-spirited and they
render help to others readily. Since then I remember and follow the saying more
haste less speed and prevention is better than cure. I believe good road manners
and roads safety campaigns can help to reduce the number of road accidents which
cause injuries, loss and lives and properties.
381 words
NARRATIVE WRITING Title Given

My Most Embarrassing Situation


Everyone has been embarrassed at one time or another. It is that moment in
time when you wish the earth would open up and swallow you. The anxiety and
discomfort felt during that time which may only last a few seconds feels like time has
stood still.
I remember so well when I had my most embarrassing moment. I was in Form
4 and it was during the school recess. The minute the bell rang for recess, I rushed to
the toilet because I had been controlling my urges since class started. I didnt want to
miss class because the lesson taught that morning was to include tips for the
forthcoming examination.
Without realising, I had rushed to the girls toilet. The prolonged control and an
upset stomach made worse by two glasses of cold milk in the morning made me grunt
and groan in what I thought in what I thought was the privacy of the cubicle. I thought
I heard giggling outside and wondered why the giggles sounded unusually near. A few
minutes later I came out the cubicle and discovered my horror that I had entered the
girls toilet. To make matters worse, the few girls standing outside didnt even turn
away when I came out. Instead they looked down at me, then only they turned quickly
away. Horror of horrors, I had forgotten to zip up! No beetroot could have matched the
colour of my face at this point in time!
They news of my predicament spread like wild fire throughout school. I was
truly the talk of the town. I felt like I could either walk around feeling perpetually selfconscious and embarrassed or I could turn the situation round, perhaps even to my
advantage. I remembered my mothers words that if you cant beat them, join them.
So I decided to make fun of myself, to laugh at myself too. It works. Everyone got
bored after a while and nobody teased me after that.
It was indeed an eye-opening experience for me. I have learnt that when
people laugh at you, you should laugh along. You must not take yourself seriously.
Learn to look at yourself through other peoples eyes and you will realise that most of
the time when they laugh at you, they just want to have some fun. They mean no
harm. If you can make people laugh, its like bringing sunshine into their lives and as
someone said, those who bring sunshine to the lives of others cannot keep it from
themselves.
421 words

CONTINUOUS: ARGUMENTATIVE
Which do you prefer, living in the countryside or living in the city?
Countryside
I think living in the countryside is far better than living in the city. There are
numerous of reasons why living in countryside is the better than the city. The scenery,
the streets, the people and the paced are totally different compare to the city.
The first outstanding characteristic about the countryside is that it is beautiful
and peaceful. The air is fresh and the surroundings green. This is because the
countryside is free from pollution, be it air, land or noise pollution. There no such
perfect peaceful view that you can see other than in the countryside.

There are no crowded streets and heavy traffic in the countryside. Thus there
are no fumes from cars and smoke from factories buildings to pollute the air. The trees
surrounded the countryside help the people from inhaling the polluted air. The
freshness smell of plant somehow helps the people of the countryside to have a
healthy life.
Furthermore, people in the countryside are more conscious of keeping their
surroundings clean and so there is little throwing of rubbish everywhere, only at
designated places. This is unlike the cities where if the garbage trucks do not collect
the rubbish disposed by household or restaurants, the city will be overflowing with
rubbish! This will attract the mosquitoes, fly, rats and wild dogs to pollute their
surrounding that will cause them to have diseases like dengue and cholera.
Thirdly, heavy traffic and crowded streets increase the level of noise pollution.
The honking of cars in the streets is continuous and the crowds on the roads increase
the hub of activity. There are also sound of the machine used in manufacturing
factories, loud radio in and out the mall. These add to the noise of the city. Even if one
lives in residential areas, one is never far from busy streets.
However, in the countryside, life is slow-paced. There is no need to rush around
because there are not too many places to go. Most places are close by and people can
walk or cycle. Less vehicle used, so less fumes is released.
The most heart-warming thing about the countryside is the attitude of people.
People are friendly and helpful. If there are any happy or festive occasions, everyone
pitches in to help. This feeling of cooperation and neighbourliness is what separates
the countryside from the city.
In the city, people are too busy to take note of the people around. Some hardly
even know their neighbours. So they would not even be bothered about what happens
to people around. This is why the crime rate is increasing in the city because
bystanders do not rush in to help if a crime is committed on the streets.
The pace of life in the countryside is slow so people have more time to enjoy life
as the day goes on. Thus, for me to enjoy the quality of life, I prefer to live in the
countryside.
489 words
City
In my opinion, one has not experienced life until one has lived in the city. There
is so much to see and experience in the bright lights of the city that you cannot get in
the countryside. Here in the city, you can learn about how to get along with people of
different types, encounter varied situations and solve problems. All these help a
person to grow in maturity. After all, experience is the best teacher.
In the countryside, however, you only move around people you are used to. So,
you seldom encounter strangers or new and demanding situations. Life is more
mundane and routine-like. Staying in a secure, safe place does not allow for one to
gain new experiences and grow in maturity.
Furthermore, young people need a life that is exciting and pleasurable. It is the
city that offers you entertainment- cinemas, parks and eating places. Here you can

hang out with friends and family members. Life as fast-paced and this keeps you
active and alert all times. And when it comes to educational opportunities, the city
abounds in this. There are good school and libraries that are necessary for your
mental development. Furthermore, there are places like museums and educational
centres where you can go, to increase your knowledge.
Such places that offer you entertainment or learning opportunities are of course
not available in the countryside. For entertainment, there is only the occasional
festive celebration or marriage feast or fishing outing. Some may find this appealing
but not me. Moreover, opportunities to widen your knowledge are limited in the
countryside.
Another point in support of living in the city is the available of jobs. In the city,
you can find a job that suits your qualification or interest. If you find a job unsuitable,
you can always move to another. This, naturally, increases your earning power and
you have better chances of a more comfortable life. Of course, one may argue that
one can live in the countryside and work in the city but this will only incur extra
expenses and unnecessary inconveniences.
Thus, for all the reasons mentioned above, I think that life in the city is better
than living in the countryside. After all, you are young only once.
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CONTINUOUS: EXPOSITORY
Social Networking Website
A large number of internet users have joined social networking websites. A
social network service is an online service, platform, or site that focuses on building
and reflecting of social networks or social relations among people. For example is for
those who wants to share interests and, or activities. A social network service
essentially consists of a representation of each user which known often as a profile,
his or her social links, and a variety of additional services.
Most social network services are web based and provide means for users to
interact over the internet, such as e-mail and instant messaging. Online community
services are sometimes considered as a social network service. In a broader sense,
social network service usually means an individual-centered service whereas online
community services are group-centered. Social networking sites allow users to share
ideas, activities, events, and interests within their individual networks.
In the last five years, they have been growing up more and more popular. This
increase in their popularity has led to a large number of members.
One of the many reasons why Yahoo!, MySpace and Facebook social networking
websites have increased in popularity is due to the fact that they cover a wide variety
of different topics, issues and interest. They do not just focus on one particular group
of individuals or one particular issue. Their policy is to invite as many types of internet
users to join as possible. By this, it gives members a wide selection of online friends to
choose from.
If you are looking to join a social networking website that is more focused on
creating friendships or partnerships between internet users preferable with the same

interests, then you will want to focus on social networking websites. They have a
particular focus. The prevalent websites focus on important issues, topics and
hobbies, such as pet owners, religion travel and others. So before you join, think of an
issue you are interested in and sign up for the website that focuses on that issue.
What really sets them apart from other websites? What is so special about
them? These are questions which have been asked by many who show interest in
joining. Primarily, it is the community. As mentioned, such social networking sites tend
to focus on a particular topic, issue or hobby. This means that if you are a keen
traveller and you would like to speak to other keen travellers, you will want to join a
travellers networking sites.
The difference between these social networking sites and traditional ones is that
you will automatically be paired with hundreds, if not thousands, of other internet
users who share the same interests, views or beliefs as you. This is a big bonus to the
members.
Another benefit to joining the social networking website is that you are, in a
way, safer than those who are members of other networks. Most of them require
activation before joining the site. Before activation can occur, many users are required
to state their reasons for wanting to join the network or they may be required to fill
out a small questionnaire pertaining to determine whether or not they have a genuine
interest in the topic focused on by the network in question. By pairing you with a
group of individuals who share the same beliefs, views and interests as you do is
advantageous to members. It means that you do not have to spend hours researching
a person or speaking to them just to learn what they are or are not interested in.
Therefore, this enables you to jump right in and start making friends, almost as soon
as you are granted access to the site that you have chosen. This service gives the
social networking websites a great edge over other websites.
629 words
CONTINUOUS: ONE-WORD ESSAY
Pollution
Pollution is an issue of concern in the modern world that we live in today. There
are many types of pollution, namely air, water and noise. Pollution in our environment
will undoubtedly affect our quality of life. Our naturally beautiful world becoming ugly
because it is suffering from the effects of environmental pollution. Pollution can also
cause various health problems and other negative effects.
Air pollution is caused by the emission of toxic gases from vehicles, factories and open
burning. Nowadays, there are more and more vehicles on the road as society gets
more affluent. More and more people strive to have a better quality of life by having
the convenience of driving to their destinations instead of taking public
transportation. Automobiles provides transport to millions people around the world to
enable them to travel to their workplace, school and other places, therefore, the air
around us is getting more polluted by the carbon dioxide that is emitted. Carbon
monoxide is another type of gas which harmful to the environment as it can cause the
reduction of oxygen in the bloodstream.
Another example of contributor to the air pollution is the manufacturing factories. The
manufacturing of products in factories to meet the growing demand of society is also
causing air pollution. Factories release toxic gases to the environment. Some factories

also use coal to generate heat and energy. As a result from the burning of coal, carbon
dioxide is released into the environment.
Besides factories, many people are still practising open burning as a way of
disposing their household wastes. Although burning our household wastes is a
convenient way of getting rid of our rubbish, it is harmful to the environment as it
contributes to the worsening of the air quality. As a result, air pollution causes people
to suffer from health problems such as chest pain and asthma. In extreme cases,
people can contract lung cancer.
Water pollution is also a problem that we are currently facing. The marine life
is the first to suffer from water pollution as they depend on the nutrients in the water
to survive. As a result, we are robbed of beautiful sea corals and unique species of
fishes. Besides ruining our marine heritage, the disappearance of marine life will
affect the livelihood of fishermen, not to mention our source of food. Water pollution is
caused by harmful waster from industries, farms and sewerage systems which are
dumped into our sources of water such as rivers and lakes. This irresponsible act
contaminates our drinking water and can cause serious health problems and can even
culminate in death.
Noise pollution is another form of pollution. Noise from heavy machinery and
vehicles can cause hearing problems and in extreme cases, deafness. As there is
growing number of vehicles on the road, we are exposed to noise pollution every day.
The government in advanced countries encourage their citizens to take the public
buses and trains by providing an affordable and efficient transportation system. This
effort discourages people from driving their private vehicles and consequently reduces
the number of vehicles on the road.
We must work together to reduce pollution so that the future generations can
live in a healthy, unpolluted environment. As the saying goes, precaution is better
than cure. Lets hands on hands together by recycle and conserve the world for the
better future.
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DIRECTED: REPORT Book Report
As a class project, you have been asked to write a book report. You decide to write a
report of a book you have just read.
Use
-

the following notes in your report:


author
title
setting
synopsis
main characters
themes
response

The Story of My Life is an autobiography written by Helen Keller. It tells us how


Helen Keller, who was deaf, blind and mute, defied the odds to become one of the
most celebrated personalities in the world. The story was set in Alabama in 1997.
In the first half of the book, Helen Keller writes about how she was afflicted
with scarlet fever while she was still a baby and how illness left her deaf, blind and
mute. The story outlines the frustration Helen Keller experienced as a child alone in
a dark and silent world unable to communicate with anybody. The author then goes

on to say how her life changed with the arrival of her new-employed teacher and
nanny, Anne Mansfield Sullivan.
The second part of the book relates how Helen Keller studied the deaf and
dumb language and learnt how to write using Braille and then went to college and
graduated. The story goes on to say how she spent the rest of her life helping the deaf
and dumb all over the world.
I enjoyed reading every page of the book. I found some sections of the book,
especially those that deal with the early part of her life, poignant and touching. It
made me realize how difficult life must be for the handicapped. It also made me
realize how fortunate I was. It has made me more sympathetic towards the plight of
those who are less fortunate than I am, especially the handicapped who has given up
hope in the face of misfortune, and the severely handicapped who have lost the will to
live.
The story is very touching and informative. It arouses the feelings of the
readers. I admire Helen Keller for her determination and diligence. I appreciate the
painstaking efforts taken by the teacher. The book has a good moral lesson for all. It
shows the triumph of the human spirit in the face of indomitable obstacles. It makes
us wonder whether Helen Keller was just another victim of fate or whether her birth
has a special significance. Was Helen Keller fortunate or unfortunate? Helen Keller was
unfortunate to have suffered the cruel twist of fate but the world is fortunate to have
had a person like her. Her life shining example to prove the adage, where there is a
will, there is a way.
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ARTICLE: Article for School Magazine / Newsletter
As Chairperson of the English Language Society, you are going write an article in the
school newsletter. In the article you have to tell the students the importance of
studying the language. Your article is given in the point form below:
- will help you to further your studies
- will help you to get a job
- will help you in your job
- will help you to enjoy many interesting programmes in television
- will help you to appreciate many of the worlds most beautiful literary works
The Importance of Studying English
It is a big concerned for teenagers nowadays as they are unaware of the
importance of English language as they tend to ignore to learn the language.
Students attitude towards the language is also crucial to make sure that these
teenagers can face the future world better by learning English language as it is an
international language.
Although the government has repeatedly told us of the importance of English,
many students are still not bothered about studying it seriously. There is also a
campaign that still on to make all the Malaysian becomes a better English learner,
which is Enhance Proficiency in Bahasa Malaysia, Strengthen the English. English is
the most important and the most useful language in the world today. There are many
reasons why you should study the language properly.

First and foremost, English will definitely help you a lot when you want to
further studies. Almost all books at university are written in English in all subjects.
Plus, it is a compulsory for any candidate to pass English with credit before entering
any universities. So, if you are poor in English, you will blow you chance for better
education or worse, you are going to have a big problem studying at university.
The second reason why you have to study English well is that it will help you to
get a job. When you go for a job interview, the interviewer will surely talk to you in
English. The first impression you should give in order to success and have the job is,
to respond in English fluently. Your chances of getting the job are very slim if you
stutter while interviewing.
A good command in of English will also help you greatly in your job. If the
company you work is actively involved in international trade, you have to speak to
prospective customers in English. Miscommunication might occur if your English is
bad. And this will put your company at risk and you will likely be dismissed if this
happen.
Good English will also help you a lot when you travel. Every country in the
world studies English. Even the roadside stall-holders in China speak fairly good
English! At least some of the people you meet on your travels in other countries can
understand English. The language is certainly practical when you are lost in your trip.
Communication problem will not happen if you can converse well in English.
Inevitably, English is one of the languages used in any airport in the world in making
announcement. Knowing English well, therefore, make travelling overseas easier.
Besides all these, entertainment is one of the major advantages you will
experience if you good in English. You will enjoy televisions best programmes. We
must admit that many of the best programmes are produced by the Americans and
British companies. High self confidence influenced by the programmes will indirect
inculcate in yourself when you are fluent in the language. Quality time is worthily
spent if you understand and enjoy the programmes.
Based from all the above elaboration, I hope that students will see the
importance and realise how importance the language is for their own future. Although
it is a second language in our country, it is now a main language all over the world.
544 words