You are on page 1of 29

Industry- Academia Workshop on

S,H&E management in Oil Refinery &


Pipeline Transportation

OISD Standards on Design &


Ind

Operation Safety
18.4.2015
Dy. General Manager (H,S &E))
Pipelines Head Office , Noida

PLHO,HSE

18.4.2015

Presentation Outline
1. Recent Incident in Pipeline
2. Regulations
3. About OISD
4. OISD Standard 117 /116

PLHO,HSE

5.

OISD Standard - 118

6.

OISD Standard - 141


2

18.4.2015

PLHO,HSE

18.4.2015

PLHO,HSE

18.4.2015

Indian Regulatory System- Pipelines


Offshore

Pipelines:

Single Points Mooring System and connected


Pipelines from / to onshore.
Pipelines from Field to platforms / onshore
location.
On

shore Pipeline system:

On land pipelines from the boundary limit of


installations including installations with or
without storage facilities.

PLHO,HSE

18.4.2015

Regulatory Frame Work Offshore


Pipelines
Oilfields (Regulation and
Development) Act,1948
(ORDA)

Petroleum and Natural Gas


Rules, 1959
(PNG Rules)

Petroleum and Natural Gas


(Safety in Offshore Operations)
Rules, 2008

MoP& NG assisted
by Director General
Hydrocarbons (DGH).
PLHO,HSE

OISD

18.4.2015

1. Petroleum & Minerals Pipelines (Acquisition of Right of


User in Land) Amendment Act2011 (P&MP)
2. The Petroleum Act, 1934
The Petroleum Rules (Amendment), 2011

3.

The Explosives Act,1884


Static & Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unfired) Rules, 1981
Gas Cylinder Rules, 2003
For 2 & 3- Chief Controller of Explosives, Petroleum & Explosives and
Safety Organisation (PESO) is empowered to ensure compliance with the
provisions of these Rules.

4.

The Electricity Act, 1910


Electricity Rules, 1976- compliance by CEA
5. Petroleum & Natural Gas Regulatory Act,2006
Compliance enforcement by PNGRB

PLHO,HSE

18.4.2015

PLHO,HSE

Factories Act1948.
DG, Factory Advisory & Labour Institute
Chief Inspector of Factories
Contract Labour Act1970.
State Lab. Commissioner
The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
The Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986
Manufacturing, Storage & Import of Hazardous Chemical
Rules(MSIHC), 1989
Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules,
1989
The Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning,
Preparedness and Response) Rules, 1996
Respective State Pollution Control Boards are empowered
to ensure compliance with the provisions of these Rules.
8

18.4.2015

PLHO,HSE

18.4.2015

OISD Standards

PLHO,HSE

OISD has so far developed and issued 117


standards for implementations by the industry.
This include 5 new standards approved in
recent safety council meeting of MoP&NG on
9.12.2014 (234,235,236 ,237 and 244)
Out of 117, more than 30 Standards are
related to pipelines.
Out of the 117 Standards, 11 Standards are
Statutory in nature
Out of the 11 statutory Standards, 6 standards
form part of Petroleum Rule 2002 (Amended in
2011): OISD-std-105,116,117,118,141 and 156
5 Standards are included in
Gas Cylinder
Rules OISD-Std-144, 150, 169, 179 & 210
10

18.4.2015

OISD Standards
116 : Fire protections facilities for Petroleum Refineries
and Gas Processing Plants.
117: Fire protections facilities for Petroleum Depots,
Terminal, Pipeline Installations and Lube Oil
Insulations
118 : Layout for Oil and Gas Installation.
141 : Design & Const. & Inspection requirements for liquid
hydrocarbon pipelines .
156 : Fire protection for Port Terminals
192 : Safety Practices during construction
207 : Contractor Safety
214 : LPG Pipelines
226 : Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines and City
Gas Distribution Networks.
PLHO,HSE

11

18.4.2015

OISD Standards
105
: Work Permit system
119-122: Pumps, compressors, prime movers
129
: Inspection of Storage Tanks
130
: Inspection of Pipes, valves and fittings
135
: Inspection of loading and unloading Hoses.
139
: Offshore Pipelines & SPMs
140
: Inspection of Jetty Pipelines.
144
: LPG Installations
149
: Safety In Electrical System.
150
:Design & Safety Requirement for LPG mounded
storage
169
PLHO,HSE

: Guideline for small LPG botling plan


12

18.4.2015

OISD Standards
179 : Safety requirement on compression, storage,
handling and refueling of Natural Gas for
use in automotive sector.
188 : Corrosion Monitoring of offshore & onshore
pipelines
195 : Gas Compressor stations & Terminal.
210 : Storage, handling and refueling of LPG for
automotive use.
233 : Non Piggable Pipeline
244 : Storage and handling of Petroleum products
at Depots and terminals including standalone
crude oil storage facilities.
PLHO,HSE

13

18.4.2015

OISD STD-116 :
Fire protections facilities for Petroleum
Refineries and Gas Processing Plants.

OISD STD-117 :
Fire protections facilities for Petroleum
Depots, Terminal, Pipeline Installations
and Lube Oil Installations.

PLHO,HSE

14

18.4.2015

OISD-Std-117
Latest revised in July 2012
Minimum requirement of fire protection facilities
Fire water system, foam system, clean agent system,
first aid, CO2, DCP, fire detection, alarm and
communication
Fire water system design- 2 major fire in case storage
is more than 30,000 kl(A+B+C), no requirement if
storage is less than 1000 kl except AFS and Pipeline
installation
Fixed water spray system not required in case total
storage is less than 5000 kl and tank dia is upto 9 m
Rim seal fire protection system for all class A floating
roof tanks
Cooling rate is 3 LPM / 1 LPM / m2 of tank shell area.
Pipeline pump station 10.2 LPM / m2 plus 144 kl/hr
PLHO,HSE

15

18.4.2015

OISD STD-118
Layout for Oil & Gas Installation

PLHO,HSE

16

18.4.2015

OISD-Std-118
Latest revised in July 2008
Minimum requirement of layout within the plant
boundary for refineries, Oil & gas production and
processing plants, LPG facilities, Petroleum storage,
pipeline installation, Marketing depots and terminals,
Aviation storage facilities
Control room should be located in non hazardous area
Minimum separation distance specified and given in
Table form
In a dyke aggregate capacity for group of tanks (fixed
roof) should not be more than 60,000 KL
In a dyke aggregate capacity for group of tanks
(floating roof) should not be more than 1,20,000 KL

PLHO,HSE

17

18.4.2015

OISD STD-141 :
Design,
Construction
and
inspection
requirements for Cross country Liquid
Hydrocarbon Pipelines.
Standard is Statutory as per Petroleum Rule 2002.

PLHO,HSE

18

18.4.2015

DOES NOT COVER WELL FLOW PIPELINES.


PLHO,HSE

19

18.4.2015

Design Factor
(i)
(ii)

Main Pipelines:
: 0.72
Road Xing Crossings : 0.72 #
without casing
(iii) Rail
: 0.60

(iv) Pipelines on bridges

: 0.50

(v) River Crossings


(Vi) Stations piping .

: 0.72
: 0.72

# At these locations, pipes of heavier wall thickness


shall be used.
Min. Pipe Dia 4 NB / Wall thickness- 0.219 (5.5 mm)
Max . D / t Ratio : 100.

PLHO,HSE

20

18.4.2015

S. No

From / To

10

11

12

13

14

Booster/Mainl Pump shed

16

16

30

30

30

16

30

30

2
3

SL / SR Receiver
Filtrs / Meter / Sampling
point / Sump Tanks
CRoom UPS / SCADATelecom/ Office building
Fire Pump House/ Fire
water storage tanks.
Compound wall
Elect Substation,/ Switch
Yard / Transformers
MC / PC Centre/VFD

16

16

30

16

16

16

30

16

16

30

16

30

16

30

16

16

16

16

16

16

30

16

16

16

16

30

30

30

16

12

16

60

30

30

30

30

16

16

16

12

16

16

16

16

30

16

30

16

30

30

30

16

16

16

16

16

16

30

30

30

30

30

30

60

16

30

30

30

16

16

16

16

16

16

x
x
x
x

x
x
x
x

x
x
x
x

16
16
16
16

x
30
30
30

5
16
16
16

16
30
30
30

16
16
30
30

x
30
30
x

16
16
16
16

x
x
x
x

x
x
x
x

x
x
x
x

x
x
x
x

4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

API Oil Water Separators


(open type)
Service Building(Stores /
Amenities)
Station Block Valves
Metering System
Sump tank (U/G)
API Separator (closed type)

- Safety distances as per OISD-STD-118.

For other station facilities not covered in the above shall be governed by
OISD- STD- 118.
X - Any distance suitable for constructional and operation convenience.
- At pipelines loop line terminal location, distance between scraper barrel
and compound wall shall not be less than 5 meter.

PLHO,HSE

21

18.4.2015

SCADA including leak detection system for pipeline length


of 50 km and above or pipeline having line fill 5000 kl and
above (CL 5.3.5)

3 m + 0.6 m CC high compound wall for all installation.


CCTV camera / Intrusion alarm.

Max. spacing between SV station- 50 km


Pigging facilities for 10 km and above .

Safety Instrumentation system for Pump, Motor & Engines.


Clause 6.2.5.1

Low suction / High Discharge Pressure

Tripping of Pump at No flow / less than MCF

High Casing temp/ bearing temp

Emergency Exit gate at all Station.


PLHO,HSE

22

18.4.2015

PSV setting Operating pressure + 10%


or MAOP+ 2 Kg/cm2.

Corrosion Control Requirements


Cathdic Protection system.

Requirement of Electrical bonding.

Pressure limiting device TRVs / SRVs

Dedicated communication system.

PLHO,HSE

23

18.4.2015

Storage Tanks at delivery terminals .

High, High-High level alarm in PLC

The audio visual alarm at local panel


and the pipeline control room.

Pipeline delivery MOV / ROVs shall


close on actuation of High-High level
alarm.

Low Pressure Protection System

PLHO,HSE

24

18.4.2015

No dwelling with 15 m of pipeline.

No blasting activity allowed within 15 m of


pipeline.

15 m from edge of highway when laid parallel to


highway.

5 Mtr. Horizontal Sep. Distance between HT


cable and pipeline. 3 Mtr for Transmission Tower
footings.

Pipeline laid through populated area shall have


higher wall thickness. In high consequence area
opr pr. not more than 40% SMYS.

PLHO,HSE

25

18.4.2015

S.N.

Locations

Minimum
Cover (m)

i)

Agricultural, limited or no human


activity, Industrial, commercial and
residential area

1.2
1.0(Rocky)

ii)

Minor Water Crossing

iii)

HDD Below scour

2.5

iv)

HDD Canal below bed

4.0

v)

Major river crossings (below scour )

2.5

vi)

River with rocky bed (below scour )

1.0

vii)

Marshy Land / Creek area

1.5

viii)

Cased/Uncased road crossing

1.2

ix)

Railway crossing

1.7

1.5

1.0 (Rocky)

Pipe Cut piece of not less than 2 m not permitted.

Allowed dent size in pipe 5 mm (for 12) and 2 %


for more than 12 OD

Hydro testing - 1.25 x Design Pr for 24 Hrs.

Station piping 1.25 x Design Pr. For 4 Hrs.

Acceptable criteria for Pr testing

Leak Test for station piping.

EGP for Pipeline after Hyd. Testing.

Preservation of pipeline in case commissioning


delayed beyond 6 months.

Post Commissioning Coating surveys.

PLHO,HSE

27

18.4.2015

Line Patrolling 2 times a week, 1 in a year by


officers.

Pigging Crude Oil 1 in qtr, ATF- 1 in Year,


Other 1 in 6 months.

IPS 1 in 10 Years.

Coating Survey 1 in 5 Years.

Non Piggable Pipeline Hydro testing 1 in 5


years for 24 hrs.

UT measurement Sour crude / product line


every 3 years. Sweet Crude / product- every 4
years.

PLHO,HSE

28

18.4.2015

THANK
YOU
PLHO,HSE

29

18.4.2015