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EXPLANATION OF TEMS

Figure above is the layout display of TEMS Investigation 2.03 on the Map worksheet.
Here, is the explanation of the elements in every windows on that worksheet.

1. Map
The Map window is used for displaying a map of your test area and present your
drive test route graphically on this map. Data on cell sites, events and information
elements are shown along the route in symbolic form (numerical values can also be
easily accessed).
A map here, usually consist of several map layers. Layer is, a set of data from
particular category, which have two types, map layers and presentation layers. Map
layers, are the layers that build up the map itself. The presentation layers containing
information relating to cellular network.
In map, also have the workspace, special type workspace, to gain all the map
layers, called a Geoset.

2. Current Channel

Time
Show current time refers to computer time. Time format is hh:mm:ss.ss
CGI
Cell Global Identity. Consists of Mobile Country Code, Mobile Network Code, Location
Area Code and Cell Identity. Presented on the format "MCC MNC LAC C".
MCC
Mobile Country Code.
Example: 510 for Indonesia
MNC
Mobile Network Code.
900 MHz: 00, ..., 99
1800 MHz: 00, ..., 99
1900 MHz: 000, ..., 999.
Example: 10 for Telkomsel
LAC
Location Area Code.
CI
Cell Identity
Display the Cell Identity of the current serving cell..

BSIC
Base Station Identity Code
Displaying the BSIC of the current serving cell.
BCCH ARFCN
Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number of Broadcast Control Channel.
Mode
Mode here, representing the MS mode of measurement. It display with code number, as
follows:
1: No service
2: Idle mode
3: Dedicated mode.
TCH ARFCN
Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number of Traffic Channel.
Valid only in dedicated mode and only for channels where no frequency hopping is used.
Time slot
Timeslot used for current call. Valid only in dedicated mode.
Channel Type
Channel Type indicating which speed coder is used.
Channel Mode
Representing activity on channel:
1."Signalling only",
2.speech transmission (e.g. "Speech full rate version 1") or
3.data transmission (e.g. "Data 12.0 Kbit/s radio interface rate").
Sub Channel Mode
Number of subchannel used in SDCCH or TCH half-rate channel
Hopping Channel
Indicating the use of frequency hoping (YES or NO)
Hopping Frequencies
The hopping frequency list in text format, for example "f1, f2, f3, f4".
MAIO
Mobile Allocation Index Offset. Valid only if hopping is used. Indicates where in the
hopping frequency list to start.
HSN
Hopping Sequence Number indicating which hopping frequency list to use.

3. Port Configuration

4. Serving + Neighbors

Cellname
Name of serving cell. Present only if a cell definition file is used.
Calculated using five different algorithms.
BSIC
Base Station Identity Code.
BSIC of the serving cell and also the neighbors.
ARFCN
Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number
ARFCN of the serving cell and its neighbors.
RXLev
Received signal strength.
Received signal strength of the serving cell and its neighbors

5. Radio Parameters

RxLev
Level of Received signal strength.
RxQual
Received signal quality level, measured base on BER (bit error rate). The value is
between 0-7, the lower the better.
FER
Frame erasure rate
1. Frame erasure rate (FER) Full (%). Calculated as:
(number of erased block/total number of blocks)*100
A block is erased when the parity check (CRC, Cyclic Redundancy Check) fails
2. FER Sub (%).
Frame erasure rate, but calculated only on the blocks that the base station has to
send (i.e. total number of blocks is 2: 1 TCH with SID information and 1
SACCH). See FER Full (%).
Such sub values are useful mainly when downlink DTX is used.
SQI
Speech Quality Index.
The parameter used by TEMS to measure Speech Quality. SQI has been designed to
cover all factors that RxQual lack to measure.
SQI computation considers the factors:
- the bit error rate (BER)
- the frame erasure rate (FER)

data on handover events


statistics on the distribution of these parameters.

The range depends on the speech codec used:


FR (Full Rate): -19 ... 22
EFR (Enhanced Full Rate): -20 ... 30.
TxPower
Transmit Power of mobile station. Valid only in dedicated mode.
DTX
Use of DTX (Discontinuous Transmission). Calculated as:
2 mandatory blocks are always sent using DTX: 1 TCH (with SID information) and 1
SACCH.
The function of DTX is to reduce the interference level in the network. This feature,
will reduce transmit power, when a person uses MS, not talking, while in dedicated
mode.
TA
Timing Advance. Valid only in dedicated mode.
The function of TA is to measure how far the distance of MS, from BTS or serving
cell. Its also can be used to limit a maximum distance that a cell can serve.
RL Timeout Counter (Act)
Uses the "leaking bucket principle". Each decoded block increases the counter by 1
(if it is not already at max) and each failed block decreases the counter by 2. The call
is terminated when the counter drops to 0.
RL Timeout Counter (Max)
Initial value of Radio Link Timeout counter.
C1
Path loss criterion parameter.
C2
Cell reselection criterion parameter.
MS Behavior Modified
Indicates whether the mobile station'
s behavior has been changed from the default:
0: No modification of mobile behavior
1: Modification of behavior not related to channel selection (the information elements
Multiband Reporting, Adjacent Scan, Forced Power Class, Band Control, Channel
Quality)

2: Modification of channel selection behavior (the information elements Ignore Cell


Barred, Serving Cell List Active, Prevent Handover List Active, Disable Handover,
Target Handover).