12 views

Uploaded by lilengahmoi

maths

- JGBS Course QT
- History of Mathematics in India
- mta 6th math syllabus
- Working With Numbers
- Unit 10 Test Review Solutions
- MPM1D1 - EQAO Preparation Questions v2.0 (1)
- A Cultural Paradox Fun in Mathematics - Jeff Zilahy
- 007 Dimension
- productFlyer-LAAM_978-3-319-70631-3
- BSTATsample2010
- A Cultural Paradox Fun in Mathematics
- Partition of Arithmetic/Geometric Progression
- ams6
- Instructor: Kelley Eggert Project 2: Mass: Form
- CEERS
- Cat 2009 QuantTest 85
- Mathematics T 2_scheme
- EJAD
- Mountain Board
- 1-1

You are on page 1of 2

Quantity

The study of quantity starts with numbers, first the familiar natural numbers and integers

("whole numbers") and arithmetical operations on them, which are characterized in

arithmetic. The deeper properties of integers are studied in number theory, from which come

such popular results as Fermat's Last Theorem. The twin prime conjecture and Goldbach's

conjecture are two unsolved problems in number theory.

As the number system is further developed, the integers are recognized as a subset of the

rational numbers ("fractions"). These, in turn, are contained within the real numbers, which

are used to represent continuous quantities. Real numbers are generalized to complex

numbers. These are the first steps of a hierarchy of numbers that goes on to include

quaternions and octonions. Consideration of the natural numbers also leads to the transfinite

numbers, which formalize the concept of "infinity". Another area of study is size, which leads

to the cardinal numbers and then to another conception of infinity: the aleph numbers, which

allow meaningful comparison of the size of infinitely large sets.

Structure

Many mathematical objects, such as sets of numbers and functions, exhibit internal structure

as a consequence of operations or relations that are defined on the set. Mathematics then

studies properties of those sets that can be expressed in terms of that structure; for instance

number theory studies properties of the set of integers that can be expressed in terms of

arithmetic operations. Moreover, it frequently happens that different such structured sets (or

structures) exhibit similar properties, which makes it possible, by a further step of abstraction,

to state axioms for a class of structures, and then study at once the whole class of structures

satisfying these axioms. Thus one can study groups, rings, fields and other abstract systems;

together such studies (for structures defined by algebraic operations) constitute the domain of

abstract algebra.

By its great generality, abstract algebra can often be applied to seemingly unrelated problems;

for instance a number of ancient problems concerning compass and straightedge

constructions were finally solved using Galois theory, which involves field theory and group

theory. Another example of an algebraic theory is linear algebra, which is the general study of

vector spaces, whose elements called vectors have both quantity and direction, and can be

used to model (relations between) points in space. This is one example of the phenomenon

that the originally unrelated areas of geometry and algebra have very strong interactions in

modern mathematics. Combinatorics studies ways of enumerating the number of objects that

fit a given structure.

Combinatori

cs

Number

theory

Group

theory

Graph

theory

Order theory

Algebra

Space

Trigonometry is the branch of mathematics that deals with relationships between the sides

and the angles of triangles and with the trigonometric functions; it combines space and

numbers, and encompasses the well-known Pythagorean theorem. The modern study of space

generalizes these ideas to include higher-dimensional geometry, non-Euclidean geometries

(which play a central role in general relativity) and topology. Quantity and space both play a

role in analytic geometry, differential geometry, and algebraic geometry. Convex and discrete

geometry were developed to solve problems in number theory and functional analysis but

now are pursued with an eye on applications in optimization and computer science. Within

differential geometry are the concepts of fiber bundles and calculus on manifolds, in

particular, vector and tensor calculus. Within algebraic geometry is the description of

geometric objects as solution sets of polynomial equations, combining the concepts of

quantity and space, and also the study of topological groups, which combine structure and

space. Lie groups are used to study space, structure, and change. Topology in all its many

ramifications may have been the greatest growth area in 20th-century mathematics; it

includes point-set topology, set-theoretic topology, algebraic topology and differential

topology. In particular, instances of modern-day topology are metrizability theory, axiomatic

set theory, homotopy theory, and Morse theory. Topology also includes the now solved

Poincar conjecture, and the still unsolved areas of the Hodge conjecture. Other results in

geometry and topology, including the four color theorem and Kepler conjecture, have been

proved only with the help of computers.

- JGBS Course QTUploaded byVignesh Vicky
- History of Mathematics in IndiaUploaded bypmindramsc
- mta 6th math syllabusUploaded byapi-16910482
- Working With NumbersUploaded byAngy Miraco
- Unit 10 Test Review SolutionsUploaded bySandra Miller
- MPM1D1 - EQAO Preparation Questions v2.0 (1)Uploaded bydeejesh00
- A Cultural Paradox Fun in Mathematics - Jeff ZilahyUploaded byluismv2009
- 007 DimensionUploaded byNeoHooda
- productFlyer-LAAM_978-3-319-70631-3Uploaded byRonny Ivan Geronimo Adames
- BSTATsample2010Uploaded byHimansu Mookherjee
- A Cultural Paradox Fun in MathematicsUploaded bymouhabalde
- Partition of Arithmetic/Geometric ProgressionUploaded byAnonymous 0U9j6BLllB
- ams6Uploaded byxpgong
- Instructor: Kelley Eggert Project 2: Mass: FormUploaded bykeggert
- CEERSUploaded byRyan Cirera
- Cat 2009 QuantTest 85Uploaded bycomplore
- Mathematics T 2_schemeUploaded bySyafiq Jamil
- EJADUploaded byKiNah Xp
- Mountain BoardUploaded byVicky Satria Pramudita
- 1-1Uploaded bysarasmile2009
- Algebra SolUploaded byHrithik Goyal
- Larouche - Children of Satan 1Uploaded byjesse dean
- History of MathUploaded byGerHern
- Add Mathematics 2011Uploaded byAfham Azizan
- Median Grade Fa 07Uploaded bySohan Jain
- math lbs 400Uploaded byapi-310514578
- Problem A4Uploaded byela
- - Deputy Assistant DirectorUploaded byTahmidHossain
- int13 alc proposalUploaded byapi-245590476
- Numerical Hw 2Uploaded byhamsander

- CoverUploaded bylilengahmoi
- 6 Panduan Pemantau PBPPPUploaded bylilengahmoi
- 1INSTRUMEN_GENERIKUploaded byMin Palmin
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- 2instrumen Pdp GuruUploaded byNaseebah Yaacob
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- sejarahUploaded bylilengahmoi
- 1. Pelaksanaan PBPPPUploaded byzulafida
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 11.docxUploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 1Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 1Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 1Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 1Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 1Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 1Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 1Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 11Uploaded bylilengahmoi
- Rujuk 1Uploaded bylilengahmoi

- Chapter 17Uploaded byJuve Cuenca
- Paper 23Uploaded byDeniz
- buckling analysis of composite shell.pdfUploaded byPrakash Gadidesh
- Design Optimization of a Centrifugal Compressor Impeller Using Radial Basis Neural Network MethodUploaded bynascosannascosan
- MB0032 Operations ResearchUploaded bySaurabh MIshra12
- Renormalization.pdfUploaded byRaul Fraul
- Evaluating Double IntegralsUploaded byVinod Mogan
- Exponential-and-Logarithmic-Functions_0.pptUploaded byRommel Cruz
- Hsc 2013 March MathsUploaded byYash Chaudhaury
- 11_DifferentialKinematicsUploaded byHeikki Aalto
- MathematicsUploaded byRUPAM
- TestSolution-DPS MATH Mock Test Periodic Test-1 (SAT-A) Class-X 0110Uploaded byamartya
- Methods of Structural ReliabilityUploaded bymgrubisic
- HW1_446Uploaded bysteve chen
- 27157453 8 Time Domain AnalysisUploaded byMark Zacharoni Hamilton
- 2 VUMAT@ABAQUS User Subroutine Instruction (Reference Manual)Uploaded bypcncku1215
- L Stability of Large Scale SystemsUploaded byBinhMinh Nguyen
- Simple_Chaotic_Circuit.pdfUploaded bymenguemengue
- 1201 Complex Fourier SeriesUploaded byMertYakar
- DN2255L_5a_11Uploaded byJimmy
- Abstract AlgebraUploaded byLouis_Molina_7205
- o DenotesUploaded byzcapg17
- Outlier Sample, Tasneem AhmadUploaded byProf. Dr. Tasneem Ahmad
- Project Semester 2 Year 9.docUploaded byZhi Ying Phor
- Study Island Practice 14 Relations and FunctionsUploaded byمحمد أحمد عبدالوهاب محمد
- Adi algorithm...numerical analysisUploaded byAghna Tiyas Mandal
- Lecture 18 -- Maxwell's Equations in Fourier SpaceUploaded byEdwin Okoampa Boadu
- Understanding PolyfitnUploaded byTerry Ligard
- chap05_mom_150Uploaded byIppo Hajume
- Lect Notes 4Uploaded bythavaselvan