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PETROLOGY

MINING ENGINEERING
ENGINEERING FACULTY
HASANUDDIN UNIVERSITY
GOWA
2014

Classification
and
Nomenclature
of
Igneous Rocks

Classification of
Igneous Rocks

Based On

The Occurrence

Color Index

Chemical
content

Rock Texture

Noor (2008)

Classification Of Igneous Rocks


Classification Based on Occurrence

Plutonic/Intrusive Igneous Rock = frozen below the surface of the earth


Example : Granit, Diorit, Granodiorit, Syenit, Peridotit, etc.

Simon and Schuster (1988)

Simon and Schuster (1988)

Mawaleda (2010)

Hypabisal Igneous Rock = Freezes in a


crack alley or the earth's crust
Example : Diabas, Aplit, Pegmatit, etc.

Simon and Schuster (1988)

Volcanic/Extrusive Igneous Rock = Freezes on


the surface of the earth
Example : Basalt, Riolit, Andesit, Trakit,
Obsidian, etc.

Simon and Schuster (1988)

Mawaleda (2010)

Classification Of Igneous Rocks


Classification Based on Color Index
Name of Rock

Color Index

Example

(mafic mineral)
Leucocratic Igneous

< 30 % mafic minerals

Granit

30 % - 60 % mafic

Diorit

Rock
Mesocratic Igneous
Rock

Melanocratic Igneous
Rock

minerals

60 % - 90 % mafic

Gabro

minerals

Hypermalanic Igneous > 90 % mafic minerals

Peridotit

Rock

Mawaleda (2010)

http://geology.com/rocks.shtml, diakses pada tanggal 6 September2014

Classification Of Igneous Rocks


Classification Based on Chemical Content (SiO2)
Name of Rock

Chemical Content (SiO2)

Example

Acid Igneous Rocks

> 66%

Granit, Riolit

Intermediate Igneous

52 66%

Diorit, Andesit

Basic Igneous Rocks

45 52%

Gabro, Basalt

Ultrabasic Igneous

< 45%

Peridotit, Picrite

Rocks

Rocks

Mawaleda (2010)

Classification Based On Rock Texture


Phaneritic, the igneous rock composed almost entirely of minerals coarse

Example : Granit, Gabro


Porphyritic, the igneous rock composed of the mineral coarse and fine
Example : Pegmatit, Granit porfiri
Aphanitic, the igneous rocks are almost entirely composed of fine-sized
mineral
Example : Riolit, Basalt

Kaharuddin (1998)

Composition of Igneous Rocks

http://miningblogspotcom-mining.blogspot.com/2012/03/batuan.html

RHYOLITE

GRANITE

ANDESIT

DIORITE

BASALT

GABRO

PICRITE

PERIDOTIT

Noor (2008)

Classification of Igneous Rocks According to Geologists


Classification of Igneous Rocks According to Fenton
Classification of Igneous Rocks According to Rosenbusch
Classification of Igneous Rocks According to Russell B. Travis
Classification of Igneous Rocks According to Hamblin and Howard

Kaharuddin (1998)

Classification of Igneous Rocks According to Rosenbusch

Kaharuddin (1998)

Classification of Igneous Rocks According to Russell B. Travis

Kaharuddin (1998)

REFERENCE :
http://www.dakotamatrix.com, diakses pada tanggal 6 September 2014

http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki, diakses pada tanggal 6 September2014


http://geology.com/rocks.shtml, diakses pada tanggal 6 September2014
http://miningblogspotcom-mining.blogspot.com/2012/03/batuan.html,
diakses pada tanggal 6 September2014
Kaharuddin,1998. Penuntun praktikum petrologi edisi ke 2. Ujung Pandang
Mawaleda, Musri.2010. Pengantar petrologi Batuan Beku. Makassar
Noor, Djauhari.2008.Pengantar Geologi.Makassar.
Simon and Schuster.1988.Rocks and Minerals.New York : A Fireside Book

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