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The educational system is a complex structure that should be continuously aligned and

abreast with the needs of the society, especially in the context of the fast paced
succession of the 21st century where almost every intervention and reform is treated as
a common scenario. By virtue of Republic Act 10533 also known as the Enhanced
Basic Education Act of 2013 it enabled the implementation of K to 12 in the country.
The program is more than just an expansion of two years for it may change the
landscape of Philippine education in the years to come including both basic and tertiary
education. Thus, this new program will redefine and reshape the 21 st century Filipino
As of the moment, its too early to determine the impact of K to 12 to the Filipino
students and to the economy since we havent produced graduates of the new system
yet. Instead of waiting for few more years, I decided to study and analyse the policy. It is
a must to have a continuous monitoring and evaluation of the said program to ensure its
enhancement and adaptability to the present and future situations. Based on the 2011
NCAE results there will be about 2.03 Million public and 670,000 private Grade 11 and
Grade 12 enrolees by year 2017 in authorized schools. According to a study conducted
by ADB last 2012 about 860,000 public and private Higher Education Institutions in the
country may be used for Senior High School program for S.Y. 2016-2017. Approximately
it is equivalent to 21,600 classrooms and expected to increase for the following school
year. Distribution and availability of the classrooms may vary in each region. Knowing
the fact that various regions are habited by different ethnic groups and minorities, the
government, particularly Department of Education, should assure that such differences
will be addressed and properly catered by the program.
Aside from facilities, availability and competence of the faculty that will handle the
Senior High School is also a big concern. Note that the policy allows Higher Education
Institution faculty to teach Senior High School even if they have not passed the
Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET). Since they will be offering highly specialized
subjects the government should also consider the utilization of our resources including
the State Universities and Colleges. It is obvious that the government will need to
adjust the fund for education to fully implement the program in line with the goals of the
Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, now that the term of the incumbent
administration will end by 2016, there is no assurance that the upcoming administration
will continue all programs mandated by the previous one. Since Philippines used to
have the shortest education cycle in the world (14 years 6+4+4), the government is now
implementing a new policy. The question is, will the policy be the best solution to solve
or at least alleviate the problems being faced by our educational system or we are just
trying to comply to the APEC Trade Agreement which will have its deadline in 2020 and
UNESCO Education for All Plan of Action. In this study I would like to tackle the nature
of the problem that the policy is trying to solve and present past and present policies
mandated to give solution to the problem; its valuable outcomes and future outcomes,
as well as the alternative solution implemented towards it. And give recommendations

on how to enhance the policy based on the given realities and figures involved in the
present situation.