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Campaign special

20 April 2010
120 100

Party policies on infrastructure
The three main political parties launched their election manifestos last week in the hope that one would become a blueprint for government after 6 May 2010. As part of its long-standing strategy the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) has been promoting and engaging with key figures to communicate official ICE policy positions to the parties. Infrastructure investment, the planning process, energy, transport and international development will all be some of the core areas the next government will have to grapple with over the next Parliamentary term. Ensuring Ministers, Members of Parliament, civil servants and society has access to the expertise ICE holds when developing and delivering policy will continue to remain a priority. The first chart in this document reveals how the nature of the political discourse has changed regarding infrastructure related areas since the 2005 election. The chart represents the number of keywords mentioned in each document. These numbers are not definitive but provide clear indications of the rising importance of dominance of the issues in each manifesto.

80

60

The number of instances where relevant policy keywords have been mentioned, in the appropriate context, in each manifesto for the 2005 and 2010 general elections is detailed.
40 20 0 Labour 2005 Labour 2010

Conservative 2005

Conservative 2010

Lib

2005 Labour manifesto: 24,126 word Conservative manifesto: 7,470 words Liberal Democrat manifesto: 16,496 words
120 100

2010 Labour manifesto: 30,227 words Conservative manifesto: 28,678 words Liberal Democrat manifesto: 21,672 words

52

28

80

26

60

8
47

40 1 10

Total 132 0 2005
7

20

25
Labour 2010 Conservative 2005 Conservative 2010

Labour 2005

Lib Dems 2005

Total 296 2010 (224% of 2005
Lib Dems 2010

6 35

13 52

28

120
26

100
47

8
Total 132 2005

47

123

80

1 10

60
7

25

40
6 35

Total 296 2010 (224% of 2005)

20

13

0

Labour 2005

Labour 2010

Conservative 2005

Conservative 2010

Lib Dems 2005

Lib Dems 2010

123

Manifesto 52 pledges Transport Infrastructure

28
Labour 2005 15 4 10 0 2010 12 21 33 4 10 3 13 Conservatives 2005 4 2010 5 9 46 5 6 4 22 Liberal Democrats 2005 28 2 20 7 7 1 14 2010 11 17 44 4 9 1 17

8Energy
Waste

47

0 5 0 1 0 1

25

Total 296 Renewables 2 Flood / Flooding 20100 Climate change 11 (224% of 2005)

13

Manifesto grid 2010
20 April 2010
The table below compares and contrasts the policy commitments of each of the three main parties and grades them according to how they align with current ICE policy and influence objectives as laid out in the 2010 ICE Manifesto. Key Green – Pledge is in line with ICE public policy objectives Amber – Pledge makes progress towards ICE policy objectives and provides further opportunity for ICE engagement and influence on this area of policy Red – Pledge goes against ICE policy recommendations

ICE call Infrastructure investment Call for a National Infrastructure Investment Bank to increase the availability of infrastructure funding and reduce its costs. Providing capital or guarantees where private financial markets are unwilling or unable to provide all the funds required for projects which have high social, environmental and economic benefits. Planning Preserve National Policy Statements (NPSs) and the special consent regime for infrastructure projects of strategic national importance.

Labour position Would create a Green Investment Bank with £2 billion funding. The government’s stake funded by the sale of infrastructure assets.

Conservative position Would create a Green Investment Bank to finance ‘new green technology start-ups’. Will create green Individual Savings Accounts to help provide the financial backing we need to create a low carbon economy. Will ‘abolish’ IPC and replace it with democratically accountable system which provides fast track for major infrastructure projects. Also implies Parliamentary vote. Transitional arrangements for move from IPC to new system. Note: They will also abolish regional planning systems, including the Regional Spatial Strategies and building targets.

Lib Dem position Would create a United Kingdom Infrastructure Bank. This would be an institution with focus on reducing cost of long term funding and increasing volume of private funds available for long term infrastructure investment.

NPS would be preserved, role of Parliament not mentioned, but directly implied with support for “democratically determined framework”.

Abolish the Infrastructure Planning Commission and return decision-making, including housing targets, to local people. Would create a third-party right of appeal in cases where planning decisions go against locally agreed plans.

Low carbon economy Commitment to a guaranteed floor on carbon price and the development of standard measures for counting carbon in all phases of infrastructure projects.

No mention of floor on carbon price. But there is line “we have begun the shift to a different type of economic future”

Commitment to a ‘credible and sustainable’ price of carbon through reform of the Climate Change Levy. Will create 20,000 additional young apprenticeships.

40 per cent of UK electricity to come from clean, noncarbon-emitting sources by 2020 underpinned by guaranteed price support.

Skills ‘Further support’ for Support Apprenticeships and increase number apprenticeships including of university places for STEM students Skills Accounts for workers and expand technician-level apprenticeships.

Fund 15,000 new places on Foundation Degree courses and fully fund the off-the-job Will redirect funding to create costs of adult 400,000 work pairing, apprenticeships, which apprenticeship, college and currently have to be met by Pledge to “support university training places over two employers, for one year. research through the Higher years. Education Innovation Fund, Will create a National Bursary and through the development No mention of STEM Scheme awarded both on the of a new University Enterprise University places but offer basis of studying strategic Capital Fund” with proceeds to pay off student loans subjects (such as sciences of success going back into of STEM graduates if they and mathematics) and the higher education sector.” go into teaching. Also will financial hardship. But no explicit reference to encourage a better ‘focus’ of university places. schools on STEM.

Manifesto grid 2010
20 April 2010

ICE call Research and development Continue with government action to support commercialisation of research ideas and the development of new products and services.

Labour position Would have the Growth Capital Fund focus on SMEs which need capital injections of between £2 and £10 million. The Innovation Investment Fund would focus on the needs of high-tech firms. Supports High Speed 2. Clear commitment to rail investment for both passenger and freight class.

Conservative position Will encourage the establishment of joint university-business research and development institutes.

Lib Dem position Ensure that the decisions on the funding of research projects are “made on the basis of peer review not Whitehall interference”. Recognise the need for government to identify broad strategic priorities in a transparent manner.

Transport Investment in rail in order to increase rail capacity for both passengers and rail freight and longer rail franchises to help encourage investment. Examine the advantages of the Transport for London model, where a single authority has responsibility for all transport modes and is able to define the public transport network – including bus routes, and consider its use in other areas. Establish a consensus on long-term transport investment priorities Energy Security of supply should be at the very top of the agenda. Energy must also be affordable, and low carbon and sustainable where possible.

Supports High Speed 2. Investment in HS2 for passengers, but no mention of freight.

Supports High Speed 2. Investment in rail capacity and high speed, supported by UKIB. No mention of rail franchises. Emphasis on local decision making for transport schemes.

They will grant “longer, more Considering reform of flexible rail franchises” to bidding process for franchises encourage private sector to improve “fairness”. investment. Would have a major devolution of power to City Regions to shape local transport and skills. Security of supply recognised as priority. No reference to CHP, though district heating is promoted. Would encourage partnerships between bus operators and local authorities” Security of supply recognised as priority. No reference to CHP, though district heating is promoted. Will encourage delivery of offshore energy grid and two Marine Energy Parks. No mention of Severn tidal scheme. Will increase gas storage capacity.

A serious omission with no mention of security of supply. Set out a renewables ‘routemap’ to 2050, covering grid access and investment in electricity networks, and development of new incentives to promote renewable heat. Would invest up to £400 million in refurbishing shipyards for manufacturing offshore wind turbines and other marine renewable energy equipment. No mention of gas storage. Would stop major new housing developments in major flood risk areas. Refers to improved procurement in other sectors (ICT, defence)

Policy should facilitate the nationwide roll-out Increasing commitment to of technologies proven in UK conditions. renewable technologies. Support for combined heat and power (CHP) Committed to review of schemes. Severn tidal scheme. The Severn tidal power feasibility study should No mention of gas storage. continue. The UK’s shortfall in gas storage facilities must be urgently rectified.

Flooding Support strategic approach to flood risk management and increase funding Procurement and cost Promote best practice guides, standards to deliver best value procurement across government such as NEC and ICE Client Best Practice Guide. Promote the need for transparent procurement and contractual systems.

Will bring forward legislation for flood water management. Will cut “inefficiency in procurement” in a general context. No specifics.

Commitment to take forward findings of Pitt Review. Will publish in full government contracts for goods and services worth over £25,000 Publishing online all government tender documents for contracts worth over £10,000

Manifesto grid 2010
20 April 2010

ICE call Critical infrastructure ICE recommends that the government creates a single point of authority for strategic level defence of critical infrastructure. Waste management Call for government to commission a study on waste on the scale of the Eddington Review of the transport sector.

Labour position No mention of single point of authority. However, Labour Government has already established Infrastructure UK and will not abolish it.

Conservative position Refers to creation of a National Security Council to “oversee all aspects of our security”

Lib Dem position No mention of single point of authority.

Commitment to ‘zero waste’, Will reward people by encouraging councils to pay banning recyclable and biodegradable materials from people to recycle. landfill. Will put a floor under the standard rate of landfill tax until 2020 Would have “universal water metering in areas of water stress”. No mention of metering, but says “We will reform the water industry, and bring in new measures to encourage businesses and households to value this precious resource”

Set targets for ‘zero waste’, aiming to end the use of landfill. Increase in anaerobic digestion to generate energy from food and farm waste. “Crack down” on waste from the water companies and introduce compulsory smart meters in areas of shortage.

Water and waste water Legislation is needed to allow mandatory water metering, even in areas not experiencing an immediate shortage.

International development Recognise how infrastructure and its delivery mechanisms can deliver development outcomes. Systems approach when dealing with such issues as sustainable development, post-disaster and conflict reconstruction, climate change and poverty reduction. Building domestic capacity at all levels in engineering and technology to support economic growth in developing countries.

Systems approach used Will ensure British aid money recognising interrelated is published in full on the nature of development issues. DfID website. This will include spending data on a projectby-project basis. Commitment to promote free education £8.5 billion End current system of Export over eight years to help more Credit Guarantee Department children go to school. to redirect investment in new green energy technology to in £1 billion commitment to developing countries. water and sanitation by 2013.

Systems approach used recognising interrelated nature of development issues. Mention of ‘preparing’ developing world to deal with consequences of climate change, adaptation and mitigation measures are financed by industrialised nations on top of existing aid commitments.

To find out more contact
Public Affairs Office Vernon Hunte t +44 (0)20 7665 2265 e vernon.hunte@ice.org.uk ice.org.uk