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Course Review

Chapter 1 Polynomial Functions 8. Determine an equation for each function.

a) y
1. a) What is meant by even symmetry? 40
odd symmetry?
b) Describe how to determine whether a
function has even or odd symmetry. x
4 2 0 2 4
2. Describe two key differences between polynomial 20
functions and non-polynomial functions.
3. Compare the end behaviour of the following
functions. Explain any differences. 60

f(x)  3x2 g(x)  5x4 h(x)  0.5x3

4. Determine the degree of the polynomial b) y
function modelling the following data. 40

x y 20
2 17
6 4 2 0 2 x
1 3
0 3 20

1 1 40
2 33
3 177
9. Given the function f(x)  2x2  1, describe
5. Determine an equation and sketch a graph the slope and the change in slope for the
of the function with a base function of appropriate intervals.
f(x)  x4 that has been transformed by
2f(x  3)  1. Chapter 2 Polynomial Equations and Inequalities
6. Sketch the functions f(x)  x3 and 10. Perform each division. Write the statement that
1 can be used to check each division. State the
g(x)   _ (x  1)(x  2) on the same
2 restrictions.
set of axes. Label the x- and y-intercepts.
a) (4x3  6x2  4x  2)  (2x  1)
State the domain and range of each function.
b) (2x3  4x  8)  (x  2)
7. Consider the function
c) (x3  3x2  5x  4)  (x  2)
f(x)  2x4  5x3  x2  3x  1.
d) (5x4  3x3  2x2  4x  6)  (x  1)
a) Determine the average slope between the
points where x  1 and x  3. 11. Factor, if possible.
b) Determine the instantaneous slope at each a) x3  4x2  x  6
of these points. b) 2x3  x2  16x  15
c) Compare the three slopes and describe how c) x3  7x2  11x  2
the graph is changing.
d) x4  x2  1

Course Review • MHR 479

12. Use the remainder theorem to determine the 18. For each function,
remainder for each. i) determine equations for the asymptotes
a) 4x3  7x2  3x  5 divided by x  5 ii) determine the intercepts
b) 6x4  7x2  2x  4 divided by 3x  2 iii) sketch a graph
iv) describe the increasing intervals and the
13. Use the factor theorem to determine whether
decreasing intervals
the second polynomial is a factor of the first.
v) state the domain and the range
a) 3x5  4x3  4x2  15; x  5 1 4
a) f(x)  __ b) g(x)  __
b) 2x3  4x2  6x  5; x  1 x4 x2
x1 2x  3
14. Solve. c) h(x)  __ d) i(x)  __
x3 5x  1
a) x4  81  0 10
_ 3
e) j(x)  2 f) k(x)  ___
b) x3  x2  10x  8  0 x x2  6x  27
c) 8x3  27  0 19. Analyse the slope and the change in slope
d) 12x  7x  6x  16x  0
4 2 3 for the appropriate intervals of the function
f(x)  ___ 1 . Sketch a graph of the
15. A family of quartic functions has zeros 3, x2  4x  21
1, and 1 (order 2). function.
a) Write an equation for the family. State two 20. Solve algebraically.
other members of the family. 5
a) __  4
b) Determine an equation for the member of x3
the family that passes through the point 2 4
b) __  __
(2, 6). x1 x5
c) Sketch the function you found in part b). c) ___ 2
x  4x  7
d) Determine the intervals where the function
in part b) is positive. 21. Solve each inequality. Illustrate the solution on
a number line.
16. Solve each inequality, showing the appropriate 3
steps. Illustrate your solution on a number line. a) __  5
a) (x  4)(x  3)  0 x2  8x  15
b) ___ 0
b) 2x2  x  6  0 x2  5x  4
c) x3  2x2  13x  10 22. A lab technician pours a quantity of a chemical
into a beaker of water. The rate, R, in grams
Chapter 3 Rational Functions per second, at which the chemical dissolves can
be modelled by the function R(t)  __ 2t ,
17. Determine equations for the vertical and
t2  4t
horizontal asymptotes of each function. where t is the time, in seconds.
a) f(x)  __ a) By hand or using technology, sketch a graph
x2 of this relation.
b) g(x)  __ b) What is the equation of the horizontal
asymptote? What is its significance?
c) h(x)  __ c) State an appropriate domain for this relation
x2  9
1 if a rate of 0.05 g/s or less is considered to
d) k(x)  __ be inconsequential.
x 4

480 MHR • Advanced Functions • Course Review

Chapter 4 Trigonometry 32. Sketch a graph of each function for one period.
Label the x-intercepts and any asymptotes.
23. Determine the exact radian measure for
each angle. a) f(x)  sin (x  π)  1
a) 135° b) 60° [(
b) f(x)  3 cos 4 x  _ π
2 )]
24. Determine the exact degree measure for
each angle. (
c) f(x)  sec x  _π
2 )
π 9π
a) _ b) _ 33. Solve for
∈ [0, 2π].
6 8

a) 2 sin
25. A sector angle of a circle with radius 9 cm
5π . What is the perimeter of the sector? b) 2 sin
measures _
12 c) csc2
 2  csc

26. Determine the exact value of each 34. The blade of a sabre saw moves up and down.
trigonometric ratio. Its vertical displacement in the first cycle is

a) cos _ 3π
b) sin _ shown in the table.
6 2
c) tan 4π
_ d) cot 11π
_ Time (s) Displacement (cm)
3 4 0 0
27. Use the sum or difference formulas to find the 0.005 0.64
exact value of each. 0.01 1.08
a) cos _ π 11π
b) sin _ 0.015 1.19
12 12 0.02 0.92
28. Prove each identity. 0.025 0.37
a) sec x  tan x  __1  sin x
cos x 0.03 0.30
0.035 0.87
b) (csc x  cot x)  1  cos x
2 __
0.04 1.18
1  cos x
__tan A 0.045 1.12
c) sin 2A 
sec2 A 0.05 0.71
d) cos (x  y) cos (x  y)  cos2 x  cos2 y  1 0.055 0.08
1 and sin y  _ 5 , where x and y 0.06 0.58
29. Given sin x  _
5 6 0.065 1.05
are acute angles, determine the exact value of 0.07 1.19
sin (x  y).
5π  sin y, first express _ 5π as a) Make a scatter plot of the data.
30. Given that cos _
8 8 b) Write a sine function to model the data.
a sum of _ π and an angle, and then apply a
2 c) Graph the sine function on the same set of
trigonometric identity to determine the axes as in part a).
measure of angle y. d) Estimate the rate of change when the
displacement is 0 cm, to one decimal place.
Chapter 5 Trigonometric Functions
31. a) State the period, amplitude, phase shift, Chapter 6 Exponential and Logarithmic
and vertical translation for the function Functions

f(x)  3 sin 2 x  _
2 )]
π  4. 35. Express in logarithmic form.
a) 72  49 b) ab  c
b) State the domain and the range of f(x).
c) 83  512 d) 11x  y

Course Review • MHR 481

36. a) Sketch graphs of f(x)  log x and 44. Solve, correct to four decimal places.
g(x)  _1 log (x  1) on the same set of a) 2x  13 b) 52x  1  97
axes. Label the intercepts and any asymptotes. c) 3x  19 d) 43x  2  18

b) State the domain and the range of each 45. Solve. Check for extraneous roots.
function. a) log5 (x  2)  log5 (2x  1)  2
b) log4 (x 3)  log4 (x  4)  _1
37. Express in exponential form.
a) log3 6561  8 b) loga 75  b 46. Determine the point(s) of intersection of the
c) log7 2401  4 d) loga 19  b 1 log (x  1).
functions f(x)  log x and g(x)  _
38. Evaluate. 47. Bismuth is used in making chemical alloys,
a) log2 256 b) log15 15 medicine, and transistors. A 10-mg sample of
c) log6 √
6 d) log3 243 bismuth-214 decays to 9 mg in 3 min.

e) log12 12 f) log11 __1 a) Determine the half-life of bismuth-214.

121 b) How much bismuth-214 remains after 10 min?
39. Solve for x.
c) Graph the amount of bismuth-214 remaining
a) log3 x  4 b) logx 125  3
as a function of time.
c) log7 x  5 d) logx 729  6
d) Describe how the graph would change if
e) log _1 128  x f) log _1 64  x the half-life were shorter. Give reasons for
2 4

40. A culture begins with 100 000 bacteria and your answer.
grows to 125 000 bacteria after 20 min. What 48. The volume of computer parts in landfill sites
is the doubling period, to the nearest minute? is growing exponentially. In 2001, a particular
41. The pH scale is defined as pH  log [H], landfill site had 124 000 m3 of computer parts,
where [H] is the concentration of hydronium and in 2007, it had 347 000 m3 of parts.
ions, in moles per litre. a) What is the doubling time of the volume of
a) Eggs have a pH of 7.8. Are eggs acidic computer parts in this landfill site?
or alkaline? What is the concentration of b) What is the expected volume of computer
hydronium ions in eggs? parts in this landfill site in 2020?
b) A weak vinegar solution has a hydronium 49. The value of a particular model of car
ion concentration of 7.9 104 mol/L. depreciates by 18% per year. This model of
What is the pH of the solution? car sells for $35 000.
a) Write an equation to relate the value of the
Chapter 7 Tools and Strategies for Solving
car to the time, in years.
Exponential and Logarithmic Equations
b) Determine the value of the car after 5 years.
42. Solve each equation. Check for extraneous roots.
c) How long will it take for the car to depreciate
a) 32x  3x  21  0 to half its original value?
b) 4x  15(4)x  8 d) Sketch a graph of this relation.
43. Use the laws of logarithms to evaluate. e) Describe how the shape of the graph would
a) log8 4  log8 128 
b) log7 7 √7 change if the rate of depreciation changed
to 25%.
d) log6 √
c) log5 10  log5 250 6

482 MHR • Advanced Functions • Course Review

Chapter 8 Combining Functions 56. Solve. Illustrate each inequality graphically.
a) sin x  0.1x2  1
50. Consider f(x)  2 π and g(x)  2 cos (4x) for
x ∈ [0, 4π]. Sketch a graph of each function. b) x  2 2x
a) y  f(x)  g(x) b) y  f(x)  g(x) 57. A Ferris wheel rotates such that the angle of
f(x) rotation,
, is defined by
 _ πt , where t is the
c) y  f(x)g(x) d) y  _ 15
time, in seconds. A rider’s height, h, in metres,
51. Given f(x)  2x2  3x  5 and g(x)  x  3, above the ground can be modelled by the
determine each of the following. function h(
)  20 sin
a) f(g(x)) b) g(f(x)) a) Write an equation for the rider’s height in
c) f(g(3)) d) g(f(7)) terms of time.
1 b) Sketch graphs of the three functions, on
52. If f(x)  _
x and g(x)  4  x, determine each separate sets of axes, one above the other.
of the following, if it exists.
c) Compare the periods of the graphs of h(
a) f(g(3)) b) f(g(0)) and h(t).
c) f(g(4)) d) g(f(4))
58. An office chair manufacturer models its weekly
53. Find expressions for f(g(x)) and g(f(x)), and production since 2001 by the function
state their domains. N(t)  100  25t, where t is the time, in years,
a) f(x)  √
x, g(x)  x  1 since 2001, and N is the number of chairs. The
b) f(x)  sin x, g(x)  x2 size of the manufacturer’s workforce can be
modelled by the function W(N)  3 √ N.
c) f(x)  x , g(x)  x2  6
a) Write the size of the workforce as a function
d) f(x)  2x  1, g(x)  3x  2
of time.
e) f(x)  (x  3)2, g(x)  √
b) State the domain and range of the function
f) f(x)  log x, g(x)  3x  1 in part a) that is relevant to this problem.
54. Consider f(x)   _ 2 and g(x)  √
x. Sketch its graph.
a) Determine f(g(x)). 59. An environmental scientist measures the
b) State the domain of f(g(x)). pollutant in a lake. The concentration, C(P),
in parts per million (ppm), of pollutant can be
c) Determine whether f(g(x)) is even, odd,
modelled as a function of the population, P,
or neither.
of the lakeside city, by C(P)  1.28P  53.12.
55. Verify, algebraically, that f (f1(x))  x for The city’s population, in ten thousands, can be
each of the following. modelled by the function P(t)  12.5 2 20 ,
a) f(x)  x2  4 where t is the time, in years.
b) f(x)  sin x a) Determine an equation for the concentration
c) f(x)  3x of pollutant as a function of time.
d) f(x)  __1 b) Sketch a graph of this function.
c) How long will it take for the concentration
to reach 100 ppm?

Course Review • MHR 483