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CCARRD Publications 2005

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This study aimed to showcase a community of direct seeded rice farmers utilizing ecologically sound, sustainable and affordable crop, nutrient, & pe technology verification and promotion that tailored to their needs. New technologies for organic production system were integrated for maximum ut constraints in rice farming were identified. High infestation of white stemborer (WSB) that resulted in as high as 68% whiteheads, greatly affected rice yie of farmer cooperators was 4.31 t/ha with a gross income of P 40,600.00 while in June – November 2004 cropping season, the yield attained in Ecolog months of WSB population were in April to May and October to November. The yield in the fertilizer trial showed comparable results with the use of EM

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Caraga Region was surveyed to assess the status of its ITPS – based industries. The survey used total enumeration among the sawmills, the matc analysis of data.

The profile of the ITPS – based industries in Caraga reveals most of them as micro in scale (83%), single proprietorship (79%) and with an averag organizations, 22% have extended social services to certain areas, while only 3% have undertaken research.

The said industries consume 18,408.76 cu.m. per year. The sawmills generate lumber at 380,228 - 713,422 bdft per year. The matchsplints manu blockboard, 726,578 panels of plywood/plyboard and 40,162 panels of core plywood on the aggregate.

The major markets of the industries are the provinces of Caraga, Metro Manila, Cebu, Davao and Cagayan de Oro City. Singapore and Mala 52,541,897 per year and ROI of 0.07 – 6.82), liquidity (CA/CL = undefined to > 1) and solvency (Asset to equity = 1 to 4.16 except for one medium sawm

The strengths of the ITPS – based industries are attributed to their business experience, acquired capital, asset ownership, and profitable opera part of their weaknesses. The tedious process of obtaining permits related to wood processing is the most common threat to the operations of the ITPS –

AGRONOMIC CHARAC

The study Agronomic Characteristics of Corn (Zea mays) as Affected by Different Levels of Potassium Fertilizer Application was conducted at t corn: 1.) To evaluate the Growth Performance of Corn under SSPSC San Miguel Condition as affected by different levels of potassium fertilizer; 2.) Serve

Results of the study revealed a non-significant effects on plant height at 15, 45, and a maturity and other parameters including days to tass potassium applied the lesser is its return of investment per peso invested due to increase in fertilizer inputs.

CULTURAL MANAGEMENT FOR WHITE STEM

1

Supervising Science Research

3

Studies on the management of white stem borer (WSB), Scirpophaga innotata Walker were conducted at PhilRice Agusan, Basilisa, Remedios T. Romua removal and chemical control on WSB damage and crop yield, and conduct economic analysis on the profitability of egg mass removal versus chem for November to April and July 1 for May to October cropping season. In a related field experiment, PSB Rc82 rice variety sown during the last quarte significantly reduced WSB damage (deadhearts and whiteheads), which resulted in higher yield and income than the untreated control. In addition, th

EFFECT OF LENGTH OF TAP

The study was laid out in Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 4 treatments with 3 replicates and a total of 12 observations. Height increments at 90, 180, 210 and 240 DAT as well as the total increments were significantly influenced by root pruning. Height incre The monthly increments on stem diameter were not significantly affected by root pruning however, its effect was manifested on the stem diameter increment. No significantly differences were observed on the average number of leaves, root: shoot ratio and percentage survival of mahogany w

EPIDEMIOLOGY

The study is about the epidemiology of abaca bunchy-top and mosaic diseases in Brgy. Kauswagan, Sibagat, Agusan del Sur. Specifically it so methods of eradication. Data collection was done through actual fields visits. The statistical analysis to facilitate the interpretation of the findings was w

The study revealed that there were only 19 farmers and equivalent to 19 fields farms of abaca in the Brgy. under study. There was a total of 9 diseases incidence accounted to 64.41% and a disease prevalence of 100%. All the 19 farm fields were infected with the diseases.

At present some of the farmers employed the chemical method of disease eradication with the use of environmental friendly “green label” “ro

The disease therefore is prevalent in all abaca plantation and farmers incurred plantation loss evidently an income from abaca. The situation and possibility of changing crops which are high value such as fruit trees and other fiber crops.

GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF BROILER CHICKEN (Gallus d

WITH

A total of 45 heads of day-old chicks were randomly assigned to five treatments with three birds per replication per treatment following a com + homemade ration, T 4 = 75 ml/liter of water + homemade ration, and T 5 = 25 ml/liter of water + homemade ration.

The study was conducted to determine the effect of supplementation of indigenous microorganism from fermented cooked rice could enhan efficiency, water intake and cost and return analysis. Results revealed final weight, total weight gain, average daily gain, feed conversion efficiency experimental birds as well as the investment return of production.

PERFORMANCE OF THREE CHICKEN BL

The study used one hundred thirty five heads of 30-day old chickens with three bloodlines (Sasso, Kabir, and native). These were subjected to arranged in a 3x3 Factorial in Complete ly Randomized Design(CRD) with levels of oil palm berries ( 0, 10, 20 %), and chicken bloodlines as Factor A an

A highly significant difference (P<0.01) was observed on the final weight of the three chicken bloodlines. Both Sasso and Kabir strains exhibited

Non-significant difference was observed on the total weight gains of the experimental birds fed with varying levels of oil palm berries.

Significant difference (P<0.05) was observed on the total feed intake (as fed) of three chicken bloodlines where Sasso birds had the highest tot

Feed conversion efficiency showed a highly significant difference among experimental birds. The best feed conversion efficiency (FCE) was ob

No significant variations among treatment means were observed in all parameters measured (weights, feed intake, feed conversion, meat yield

There is significant difference in terms of dressing percentage on the three chicken bloodlines. Kabir had the highest dressing percentage.

A highly significant difference was observed in the odor/aroma and juiciness ratings of the broiled breast of the three chicken bloodlines. Sasso h

Return above feed cost was positively high on experimental birds without oil palm berries supplementation as well as on Sasso and Kab

No nutritional deficiencies or other negative effects were observed with regards to feeding of oil palm berries to the experimental birds. Based o palm berries on the laying performance of the chicken (4mos. – I yr. old); and as a roughage feed source for swine and ruminants.

ROOTING CAPABILITY AND SURVIVAL O

Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) significantly influenced the number and length of roots of air layered or marcotted rambutan branchlets. The

Other parameters such as the rooting percentage and percent survival of rooted branchlets were not significantly influenced by Naphthalene

COMPARATIVE ASSESSM

An assessment of the physico chemical characteristics of the Langaran and Layawan Rivers was conducted in April 2004 representing the dry of the physico chemical parameters were significantly increasing from upstream to downstream stations consistently during dry and wet season. Spea Langaran River, there was no significant correlation of the measured parameters from upstream to downstream stations consistently during dry and w revealed that levels of TDS and conductivity in Layawan River are significantly higher than Langaran River during dry season. High conductivity value is TSS, pH, DO, NH4, NO3 and PO4 in Layawan and Langaran River stations during dry and wet seasons were within the DENR standards. Layawan and La Langaran river to improve the water quality.

The approach of “feeding” rice with the right nutrients at the right time, known as Site-Specific Nutrient Management (SSNM) was pilot tested in the response of rice to different fertilizer recommendations based on the target yield of 5 t/ha in wet season (WS) and 7 t/ha in dry season (DS). The SSN time” N application based on crop need.

Based on MOET, nitrogen and potassium were the most limiting soil nutrients in all sites. Sulfur was also deficient in Sanghan. Zn was no longer cri Likewise, the IPS in all sites were sufficient to support the yield of 3 – 5 t ha -1 in WS and 5 - 7 t ha -1 in DS. Potassium, However, was the most deficient nu

ha -1 for the WS and DS, 51 and 72 kg K 2 O ha -1 for WS and DS, and LCC-based N (application of 23 kg N ha -1 during WS and 35 kg ha -1 during DS wh

reduced by taking into account the sufficient indigenous nutrient supply and climatic condition. Results showed that application of LCC based N, 10.5

OCCURRENCE OF THE EGG P

1Supervising Science Research Specialist

2Science Aide, Philippine R

Monitoring of the natural enemies was done to determine the occurrence of predators and parasitoids of White stemborer (WSB), Scirpopha enemies include wasps, spiders, damselflies and coccinellid beetle, Micraspis crocea. Sampling of stemborer egg masses showed that WSB eggs we parasitism/egg mass. Percentage egg parasitism was negatively correlated with the number of eggs per egg mass.

Field release of T. japonicum at the rate of 5g/ha during panicle initiation resulted in significant increase in egg parasitism from 12% to 32% eg whiteheads and yields of 4.19t/ha. In contrast, fields not released with T. japonicum obtained 21.50% whiteheads and 2.68t/ha yield. Net added bene

A vegetation analysis was conducted from April 2004 to February 2005 to provide baseline information on the status of Cabitoonan Forest in Cantila dominance and importance value.

Fifty-six 10 x 10 m plots in six transect lines supported 1,767 plants in 99 species, 82 genera and 41 families. Trees constituted 57.5% of the total numbe Type.

Sampling plots with high density indices were ecotonal. Plot no. 3 had the highest Shannon Index (2.77) and Simpson’s Dominance Index(0.069). Fift secondary growth, with luxurious Macaranga tanarius and species of Ficus, Antidesma and Alstonia.

Acces to forest is open to community folks for their domestic and commercial needs. Conservation status of 23 tree species was evaluated ba

Ma. Arc

One of the primary concerns of the Department of Agriculture’s Research in Caraga Region is the control of “bugtok” disease of cardaba which has greatly reduced the income of banana growers.

Wrapping the male bud at bending stage before the bract opens (technically known as bagging) is one of the recommended measures

The result of the study gains interest among the neighboring farmers. That is why, in Cabadbaran, the study has expanded from an initial o

Though farmers are convinced on the practice of bagging, problems arise in bagging the male bud. This observation is attributed to two facts

Considering the above premises, the Research, Development and Extension Farm Mechanization Core Group of Caraga Region is tasked to d

Effective weed management strategies in rice in the Caraga region were determined at PhilRice RTR, Basilisa, RTRomualdez, Agusan del Nort and continuously flooded) were evaluated. Succeeding weed control actions were based on Weed Control Action Indicator (WCAI). Nineteen wee fresh weight. Butachlor + 2,4-D and water management controlled other weeds except S. zeylanica, P. stratiotes, H. zeylanica, and P. distichum. Hand herbicides(metsulfuron + chlorimuron 4g, metsulfuron + chlorimuron 3g, butachlor + 2,4-D, fenoxaprop-p-ethyl + ethoxysulfuron, cyhalofop, bispyribac ethyl + ethocysulfuron provided a very good broad-spectrum control with long residual effect until 60 DAT. Bispyribac sodium controlled many weeds and 20 DAT. Similarly, mechanical weeding was effective in controlling emerging weeds at 10 and 20 DAT, or weeds at 3 – 5 leaf-stages, but failed to c had the lowest yield. In WS 2003, similar yields were obtained in different weed management strategies, except plots treated with metsulfuron + chlori hectare of rice. The use of herbicide would reduce weed management cost by 40 - 70%.

GENDER RO

Women and youth have a separate direct and indirect participation on irrigation development. When an irrigation system is establishe progresses, the roles of the farmers wider and accelerates, as well as of the household members. The introduction of the certain forms of irrigation may

Gender analysis looks separately at how proposed intervention might impact on how men, women and youth relate to each other th household gender relations are connected with the wider socio-economic structures and process of the community. This study aims then, to see in larg

SPECIES-SITE MATCH MAPPING FO

The project aimed at applying and making use of the many years of research results in species-site matching by actual survey and growing recognition and need of local tree farmers in Caraga for a more scientific method of tree farming. Existing practice of jst planting trees that ar

Using GIS as a tool, information derived from secondary and actual site surveys of two municipalities of Agusan del Sur (Bunawan and Rosario w areas for survey and validation. Data input, cleaning and species-site attributes were undertaken. A decision matrix model was designed using the th Growing Hardwoods of PCARRD.

Using the simple overlay analysis of the ArcvView GIS, thematic maps were integrated and analyzed. The result was a single electronic file entit

In terms of soil variability, results of actual soil survey and analysis conducted showed no significant difference compared with the available so from plantations in the target area. Final output of the project was packaged into a customized version understandable to laymen especially to tree fa

White lauan (Shorea contorta), Mayapis (Shorea palosapis) and Mangsimoro (Shorea assamica forma koordersi) rooted cuttings outplanted g

TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATIO

Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is widely grown in the region specifically in the municipalities of Carmen, Agusan del Norte because of its favora poor quality of fruits caused by insect pests and diseases. In order to showcase appropriate technology on cultural practices in caraao mango produc

The study was conducted in Carmen, Agusan del Norte (Tagcatong and Vinapor) from November 1998 to December 2001 to determine the e

Different induction periods (February-May, March-June, June-September, August-December, September-January and November to March ha varieties of fruits coming from different parts of the country while February-June to June-September induction has less pest and disease incidence and c

A significant yield of mango was observed in the demo following the proper timing of chemical flower induction, pruning, fruit bagging and pr

An effective and efficient researcher is not necessarily an effective and efficient supervisot and yet majority of the R&D institutions in the Philipp presents actual hands-on experience of the author who is a rank-and-file researcher turned supervisor. The advantages and disadvantages of being a is discussed. The characteristics of an ideal supervisor as a leader and the different skills needed to be successful, effective and efficient are also prese

ROOTING CAPABILITY AND SURVIVAL OF RA

A study on the Rooting Capability and survival of Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L. ) Through air layering as influenced by Naphthalene Ac This study carried out in Randomized Complete Block Design ( RCBD ) with four treatments replicated three times. Napthalene ACETIC acid ( NAA ) significantly influence the number and length of roots of marcotted rambutam branchlets. The application of Other parameter such as the rooting percentage and percent survival of rooted branchlets were not significantly influence by Naphthalene A

Decomposition rate of different treatments of banana peelings was determined based on the moisture content ( % ) and dry weight ( % ) o fungus (BP1). The decomposition rate of BPo was similar to BP1. The fresh or undecomposed banana peelings, the resulting composts and dried chicken manure were analyzed for organic matter, N, P, K, banana peelings. The effect of compose as organic fertilizer on mango seedlings was monitored based on the height and diameter growth of the seedlings. Sta containing chicken manure (T7) have lower growth in height than those seedlings grown in soil: sand (control) and in different levels of banana peeling manure to the variations in growth in height of mango seedlings. Findings on the effect of composts on the diameter growth of seedlings are not includ

A survey on the severity of disease of bromeliad plants was conducted at Valencia, Bukidnon, Davao City and Kabacan, Cotabato to assess t

Curvularia lunata (Wak.) Boedj. isolated from Mary Hyde and Red Scarf varieties showed leaf spotting. It was significantly controlled Ridomill, M comparable disease severity after inoculated with the pathogens. Pestalotia palmarum Cke. Exhibited tip and leaf blight inYamamoto-10 and Ojo Rojo varieties. Benlate and Rover significantly controlled the showed comparable disease severity after inoculation.

Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. was isolated from Fire Ball and Ojo-Rojo varieties that exhibited leaf spotting and leaf blighting. Benlate sig

May Hayde, Fire Ball and Black Mistic showed comparable disease severity after inoculated with Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz from Ojo

Least disease infection was observed in plants inoculated with Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz treated with Tranzeb and Paecilomyces Lla

Pestalotia palmarum Cke from Ojo-Rojo variety was significantly controlled by Aspergillus sp. with 30% disease infection followed by Captan wi

Phytotoxic effect such as yellowing on the leaf margin and tip blighting were noted after fungicidal application.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

VILLAGE LEVEL INTEGRATION OF CROP MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGIES IN DIRECT-SEEDED RICE THE SOCIOECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE ITPS – BASED INDUSTRIES IN CARAGA REGION AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF CORN (Zea mays) AS AFFECTED BY DIFFERENT LEVELS OF POTASSIUM FERTILIZER APPLICATION

CULTURAL MANAGEMENT FOR WHITE STEM BORER, SCIRPOPHAGA INNOTATA WALKER (LEPIDOPTERA: PYRALIDAE) IN IRRIGATED LOWLAND RICE IN AGUSAN D EFFECT OF LENGTH OF TAPROOT PRUNING ON THE GROWTH AND SURVIVAL OF MAHOGANY WILDLINGS (Swieternia macrophylla King.) EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ABACA BUNCHY-TOP AND ABACA MOSAIC IN BRGY. KAUSWAGAN, SIBAGAT, AGUSAN DEL SUR GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF BROILER CHICKEN (Gallus domesticus) FED WITH MADE RATION SUPPLEMENTED WITH VARYING LEVELS OF INDIGENOUS MICROORGANISMS FROM FERMENTED COOKED RICE

8. 9.

PERFORMANCE OF THREE CHICKEN BLOODLINES FED WITH HOME-MADE RATION AT VARYING LEVELS OF FRESH CHOPPED OIL PALM (Elaeis guineensis) BERRI

ROOTING CAPABILITY AND SURVIVAL OF RAMBUTAN (Nephelium lappaceum L.) THROUGH AIR LAYERING AS INFLUENCED BY NAPHTHALENE ACETIC ACID A

10. COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE LANGARAN AND LAYAWAN RIVERS IN MISAMIS 11. TARGETTING ON-FARM RICE YIELD USING SITE- SPECIFIC NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT (SSNM) IN AGUSAN DEL NORTE 12. OCCURRENCE OF THE EGG PARASITOID, TRICHOGRAMMA JAPONICUM ASHMEAD AND ITS UTILIZATION IN WHITE STEMBORER MANAGEMENT

13. VEGETATION ANALYSIS OF CABITOONAN FOREST IN CANTILAN, SURIGAO DEL SUR 14. DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF A MECHANICAL MALE BUD BANANA BAGGER 15. WEED MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES IN RICE IN CARAGA REGION 16. GENDER ROLES IN THE CONTEXT OF IRRIGATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGY FARM ACTIVITIES IN CARAGA REGION

17. SPECIES-SITE MATCH MAPPING FOR INDUSTRIAL TREE SPECIES PLANTATION DEVELOPMENT IN SELECTED MUNICIPALITIES OF AGUSAN DEL SUR, CARAGA REGIO 18. FIELD TESTING OF ROOTED DIPTEROCARP CUTTINGS 19. TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION ON IMPROVED CULTURAL MANAGEMENT FOR CARABAO MANAGO UNDER CARMEN, AGUSAN DEL NORTE CONDITION 20. WHEN A RANK-AND FILE RESEARCHER BECOMES A SUPERVISOR: A DISADVANTAGE?

21. ROOTING CAPABILITY AND SURVIVAL OF RAMBUTAN ( Nephelium lappaceum L. ) THROUGH AIR LAYERING AS INFLUENCED BY NAPHTHALENE ACETIC ACID A 22. DECOMPOSED BANANA PEELINGS AS ORGANIC FERTILIZER OF MANGO SEEDLINGS 23. SURVEY, IDENTIFICATION AND INTEGRATED CONTROL OF BROMELIAD DISEASES

[1] Ma. Arceli C. Soria, Luzviminda Panes, Juarlito Garcines, Edward Abalos and Ma. Luz C. Bangalisan are BS in Agriculture major in Farm Mechanization graduates (2004) of NORMISIST. [2] Alan C. Nonan and David L. Dumaluan are professors in the College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources of NORMISIST.