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COLLEGE OF NURSING JPMC KARACHI PRESENTATION

INTRODUCTION OF PSYCHOLOGY & ITS BRANCHES
FACULTY

MADAM NAHEED

DISCIPLINE:

"PSYCHIATRIC NURSING"

PRSENTED BY GROUP "A" 1MUHAMMAD UMAIR 2SHAFIQUE DILBEER 3WAQAS AHMEED 4NAZAKAT ALI 5GHULAM MOIH-UD-DIN 6HAIDER ALI

OBJECTIVES:

1.INTRODUCTION 2.DEFINITION 3.BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY

•Abnormal Psychology •Behavioral Psychology •Biopsychology •Cognitive Psychology •Comparative Psychology •Developmental Psychology •Educational Psychology •Experimental Psychology •Forensic Psychology •Personality Psychology •Social Psychology

Psychology
WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY?
As the science of behavior and mental processes, psychology is an extremely broad discipline. It seeks to both describe and explain every aspect of human thought, feelings, perceptions, and actions

Psychology as Science:
As a science, psychology relies on the scientific method to find answers to questions. This method involves careful observation and collection of data, efforts to explain observations by developing theories about relationships and causes, and the systematic testing of hypotheses (or predictions) to rule out theories that aren't valid. Pseudoscience's, such as astrology or palm-reading, do not base their practices and theories

Psychology:
The systematic, scientific study of behaviors & mental processes makes use of the scientific method empirical - relies on evidence

Branches of Psychology
There are a number of unique and distinctive branches of psychology. Each branch looks at questions and problems from a different perspective. While each branch has its own focus on psychological problems or concerns, all areas share a common goal of studying and explaining human thought and behavior. The following are some of the major branches of psychology within the field today.

1. Abnormal psychology is the branch of psychology that looks at psychopathology and abnormal behavior. The term covers a broad range of disorders, from depression to obsessioncompulsion to sexual deviation and many more. Counselors, clinical psychologists, and psychotherapists often work directly in this field. 2 Behavioral psychology, also known as behaviorism, is a theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. While this branch of psychology dominated the field during the first part of the twentieth century, its hold loosened during the 1950s. However, behavioral techniques remain a mainstay in therapy, education and many other areas. 3. The branch of psychology focused on the study of how the brain influences behavior is often known as biopsychology, although it has also been called physiological psychology, behavioral neuroscience and psychobiology.

Abnormal Psychology

. Behavioral Psychology

Biopsychology

4 Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on internal states, such as motivation, problem solving, decision-making, thinking, and attention. This area of psychology has continued to grow since it began taking hold in the 1960s.

. Cognitive Psychology

5 Comparative psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the study of animal behavior. The study of animal behavior can lead to a deeper and broader understanding of human psychology.

. Comparative Psychology

6. This branch of psychology looks at development throughout the lifespan, from childhood to adulthood. The scientific study of human development seeks to understand and explain how and why people change throughout life. This includes all aspects of human growth, including physical, emotional, intellectual, social, perceptual, and personality development. Topics studied in this field include everything from prenatal development to Alzheimer's disease. 7. Educational psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with schools, teaching psychology, educational issues, and student concerns. Educational psychologists often study how students learn or work directly with students, parents, teachers and administrators to improve student outcomes. 8. Experimental psychology is the branch of psychology that utilizes scientific methods to research the brain and behavior. Many of these techniques are also used by other areas in psychology to conduct research on everything from childhood development to social issues. 9 Forensic psychology is a specialty area that deals with issues related to psychology and the law. Forensic psychologists perform a wide variety of duties, including providing testimony in court cases, assessing children in suspected child abuse cases, preparing children to give testimony and evaluating the mental competence of criminal suspects. 10. This branch of psychology is focused on the patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behavior that make a person unique. Some of the best-known theories in psychology have arisen from this field, including Freud's stage theory of psychosexual development and Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. 11. Social psychology seeks to explain and understand social behavior and looks at diverse topics including group behavior, social interactions, leadership, nonverbal communication and social influences on decision-making.

Developmental Psychology

Educational Psychology

Experimental Psychology

. Forensic Psychology

Personality Psychology

Social Psychology