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Presented€by€Suhail Iqbal 1

Edward€de€Bono’s€ 6€Thinking€Hats A€Revolutionary€New€Framework Course€for€Leaders,€Teams Course for Leaders, Team s and€Individuals Thinking(Hats) + Action(Shoes) = Value(Medals) 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 2

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Trainer: Suhail Iqbal Research Scholar(Strategic and Project Management), MS(Computer Science), MBA(MI S), MBA(Mkt), MA(English), BE(Civil Engineering), LI’05 Grad MBCS(UK), MIEEE(USA ), MACM(USA) MASPRS(USA), MASQ(USA), MCSP(Pak), MBCS(UK) MIEEE(USA) MACM(USA), M ASPRS(USA) MASQ(USA) MCSP(P k) I Eng MICE(UK), MIE(Pak), PE(Pak), PMP, MCT, MCSE 2000+I, MCDBA, A+, Network+, iNet+ Presented€by€Suhail€Iqbal 4

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About Edward de Bono About€Edward€de€Bono 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 6

• Dr. de Bono was born in Malta. Dr.€de€Bono€was€born€in€Malta.€ • Rhodes€Schola r€at€Oxford,€holds€an€MA€in€ py psychology€and€physiology€from€Oxford,€a€ gy p y gy , D.€Phil.€in€Medicine€and€also€a€Ph.D.€from€ Cambridge.€ • Held€faculty€app ointments€at€the€ universities€of€Oxford,€Cambridge,€London€ and€Harvard.€ d d • Nominated€for€the€Nobel€Prize€for€ Economics€in€2005 E i i 2005 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 7

• Leading authority in the field of creative Leading€authority€in€the€field€of€c reative€ thinking,€innovation€and€the€direct€ teaching€of€thinking€as€a€skill.€ • Renowned€for€his€development€of€the€Six€ Thinking€Hats€technique€and€the€Direc t€ Attention€Thinking€Tools.€ • Originator€of€the€concept€of€Lateral€ Thinking,€ which€is€now€part€of€language€ h k h h fl and€is€listed€in€the€Oxford€English€ D ictionary.€ Dictionary 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 8

• Background€in€self‐organizing€systems€led€him€to€ g g g y derive€an€understand ing€which€he€then€applied€to€ the€neural€networks€of€the€brain€(see€The€ Mechani sm€of€Mind€1969€‐ Penguin€books).€ Mechanism of Mind 1969 Penguin books) • His€i nstruction€in€thinking€has€been€sought€by€ many€organizations:€IBM,€Prudential,€ GM,€BT€(UK),€ NTT€(Japan),€Nokia€(Finland),€Mondadori€(Italy),€ Total€(France),€ Siemens€(Germany),€Bosch€ (Germany),€Ericsson€(Sweden)€and€many€others.€ (German y) Ericsson (Sweden) and many others • His€methods€are€now€mandatory€in€the€scho ol€ curriculum€in€many€countries€and€widely€used€in€ others.€ 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 9

ACHIEVEMENTS • • • • • • Lateral€Thinking Lateral Thinking Direct€Teaching€of€Thinking Langua ge Ideas Games Movements 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 10

PUBLISHED€WORKS€(67+€Books) PUBLISHED WORKS (67+ Books) • • • • • • • • • • • • The€Use€of€Lateral€Thinking (1967)€ISBN€0‐14‐013788‐2€ N ew€Think ( (1967,€1968)€ISBN€0‐380‐01426‐2 ) The€Five‐Day€Course€in€Thinking (19 68) The€Mechanism€of€the€Mind (1969),€ISBN€0‐14‐013787‐4 Lateral€Thinking:€Creat ivity€Step€by€Step,€(1970),€ISBN€0‐06‐090325‐2 Lateral Thinking: Creativity Step by Step (1970) ISBN 0 06 090325 2 The€Dog‐Exercising€Machine (1970) Technology€ Today (1971) Practical€Thinking Practical Thinking (1971) Lateral€Thinking€for€M anagement (1971) Po:€A€Device€for€Successful€Thinking (1972),€ISBN€0‐671‐21338‐5 Children€Solve€Problems (1972)€ISBN€13‐978‐0060110246,€ISBN€10‐ ( ) , 006011024 4 Po:€Beyond€Yes€and€No (1973),€ISBN€0‐14‐021715‐0 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 11

• PUBLISHED€WORKS€(67+€Books) PUBLISHED WORKS (67+ Books) Eureka!:€An€Illustrated€ History€of€Inventions€from€the€Wheel€to€the€Computer (1974) • Teaching€Thinking (1976) • The€Greatest€Thinkers:€The€Thirty€Minds€That €Shaped€Our€Civilization (1976),€ISBN€ 0‐399‐11762‐8 • Wordpower (1977) • The€Ha ppiness€Purpose (1977) • Opportunities :€A€handbook€for€business€opportunity€sea rch (1978) • Future€Positive (1979) • Atlas€of€Management€Thinking (1981) • De€B ono s€Course€in€Thinking (1982) • Learn‐To‐Think:€Coursebook€and€Instructors€Man ual (1982),€ISBN€0‐88496‐199‐0 • Tactics:€The€Art€and€Science€of€Success (1985) • Conflicts (1985) • Masterthinker s€Handbook (1985) • Six€Thinking€Hats (1985)€ ISBN€0‐316‐17831‐4 • I€Am€Right,€You€Are€Wrong:€From€This€to€the€New€Renaissance :€From€Rock€Logic€to€ Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 10/22/2008 12 Water€Lo gic (1990)€ISBN€0‐14‐012678‐3

 

 

PUBLISHED€WORKS€(67+€Books) PUBLISHED WORKS (67+ Books) • • • • • • • • • • • • • Handbook€for€the€Positive€Revolution (1991)€ISBN€0‐14‐ 012679‐1 Serious€Creativity:€Using€the€Power€of€Lateral€Thinking€to€Create€New€I deas (1992)€ISBN€0‐00‐255143‐8 Sur/Petition (1992)€ISBN€0‐88730‐543‐1 Teach€Your self€How€to€Think Teach Yourself How to Think (1995) How€to€Be€More€Interesting (1998) Simplicity (1999) Thinking€in€the€New€Millennium (1999) g ( ) Why€I€Want€ To€Be€King€of€Australia (1999) How€to€Have€A€Beautiful€Mind (2004) Six€Value€Med als (2005) H+€(Plus):€A€New€Religion (2006) How€to€Have€Creative€Ideas (2007) Fr ee€or€Unfree?€:€Are€Americans€Really€Free? (2007)€ISBN€1597775444 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 13

De€Bono€Material De Bono Material • The€New€CoRT€Thinking€Lessons€CD • The€CoRT€Thinking€Lessons€video€by€Edward€ h h k d b d d de€Bono • The€New€Six€Thinking€Hats€for€Schools€CD • The€Six€Think ing€Hats€video€by€Edward€de€ g y Bono • The Six Thinking Hats for Schools video by The€Six€Thinking€Hats€for€Schools€video€by€ Edward€de€Bono • Training Courses by Peter de Bono Training€Courses€by€Peter€de€Bono 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 14

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About€The€Course About The Course “Six Thinking Hats” Six€Thinking€Hats 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 17

Learn€How€to€Immediately… Learn How to Immediately… Look€at€Problems€&€Decisions€Systematically Look at Problems & Decisions Systema tically Think€Clearly€&€Objectively Generate€More€&€Better€Ideas€Quickly G & d Q i kl Minimise€Conflict Make€Meetings€Much€Shorter€&€More€ Productive • Confiden tly€Find€the€Best€Solutions • Make Thorough Evaluations Make€Thorough€Evaluation s • • • • • 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 18

What€You€will€Learn What You will Learn • The process encourages your people to The€process€encourages€your€people€to€ s eparate€fact€from€opinion,€to€look€fully€at€ both€positive€and€negative€options€ and€to€get€ both positive and negative options and to get hidden€agendas€that€ca n€sabotage€any€ meeting€on€the€table.€ meeting on the table • It€stimulates€thei r€innate€creativity€and€helps€ them€discover€how€to€turn€seemingly€ them discove r how to turn seemingly insoluble€problems€into€real€opportunities. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 19

Who€should€attend? Who should attend? • Strategy teams Strategy€teams, • Project€managers, • Managers€and€Executives€w ho€want€greater€ d i h levels€of€innovation€and€creativity,€ • Individual€contri butors€and€ • Teams€working€in€highly€competitive€or€ g g y p changing€environme nts. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 20

IMAGINE€€IT! IMAGINE IT! • Your team has the skills and techniques they Your€team€has€the€skills€and€tech niques€they€ need€to€make€the€best€decision. • Fast Smart Efficient Fast.€Smart. €Efficient. • It’s€not€impossible. • In€fact,€it’s€simple. • Once€they€know€how. € y • That’s€where€Dr.€Edward€de€Bono’s€Six€ Thinking€Hats comes in Thinking Hat s®€comes€in. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 21

SKILLS€AND€TOOLS SKILLS AND TOOLS • This systematic method of thinking in a This€systematic€method€of€thinking€in€ a€ completely€new€and€different€way€will€provide€ your€employees€with€skills€and €tools€that€they€ your employees with skills and tools that they can€apply€immed iately!€See€results€in€days,€ not€months. not months 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 22

AS€A€MODEL AS A MODEL • Exploring different perspectives towards a Exploring€different€perspectives€to wards€a€ complex€situation€or€challenge. • Seeing things in various ways is ofte n a good Seeing€things€in€various€ways€is€often€a€good€ idea€in€strategy€formati on€or€complex€ decision‐making€process. decision making process 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 23

PERCEPTION,€LOGIC€&€WISDOM PERCEPTION, LOGIC & WISDOM • Perception is€how€we€see€the€world€around€ us. us • Logic is€how€we€make€the€b est€use€of€those€ perceptions. • Wisdom is€directly€based€on€perception.€It’s€ t he€ability€to€take€in€many€things. • Two€main€aspects€of€perception are:‐ p p p – Breadth – How€broad€a€view€in€taken? – Change – Ability to look at exactly the same thing Ability€to€look€at€exactly€the€same€thing€ but€in€a€different€way 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 24

COLLECTIVE€WISDOM COLLECTIVE WISDOM The€difference€between€brilliant€ and€medioc re€teams€isn’t€so€ much€in€their€collective€mental€ m ch in their collecti e men tal capacity,€but€in€how€well€they€ p y, y can€tap€into€their€collective€ wisdom €and€how€well€they€ id dh ll th function€together. function together. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 25

PERSPECTIVES • To help individuals adopt a variety of To€help€individuals€adopt€a€variety€of€ perspectives€on€a€subject€that€may€be€very€ different€from€the€one€that€they€mi ght€most€ different from the one that they might most naturally€assume. • Each o f the hats is named for a color that is Each€of€the€hats€is€named€for€a€color€th at€is€ mnemonically€descriptive€of€the€perspective€ one€adopts€when€wearing€the€ particular€hat.€ one adopts when wearing the particular hat 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 26

SIX€DISTINCT€CATEGORIES SIX DISTINCT CATEGORIES • Simple,€effective€technique€ • Helps€you€become€more€productive.€ • Learn€how€ to€separate€thinking€into€six€distinct€ p g categories.€ • Each category is iden tified with its own Each€category€is€identified€with€its€own€ colored€metaphoric al€"thinking€hat.” • By mentally wearing and switching “hats ”€you€ By€mentally€ wearing€and€switching€ hats, you can€easily€focus€or€redirect€thoughts,€the€ con versation,€or€the€meeting. conversation or the meeting 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 27

After€training€you’ll€be€able€to: • Hold€critical€meetings€without€emotions€or€egos€ making€bad€decisions g • Avoi d€the€easy€but€mediocre€decisions€by€knowing€ how€to€dig€deeper g p • Increase€p roductivity€and€even€more€€important€– be€ more€effective • Make€creative€soluti ons€the€norm g p g • Maximize€and€organize€each€person’s€thoughts€and€ ideas • G et€to€the€right€solution€quickly€and€with€a€shared€ vision 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 28

REFERENCE€MATERIAL • “SIX€THINKING€HATS”€by€Edward€de€ Bono • “SIX€THINKING€HATS €‐ WORKBOOK€1”€by€ Edward€de€Bono • “SIX THINKING HATS ‐ WORKBOOK 2”€by€ SIX€THI NKING€HATS€‐ WORKBOOK€2 by Edward€de€Bono • “TEACH€YOUR€CHILD€HOW€TO€THINK” by€ Edward€de€Bono 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 29

CONTENTS • • • • • Module€I€‐ Introduction Module€II€‐ Thinking€with€Six€Hats Module€III€ ‐ Six€Thinking€Hats€Explained M d l III Si Thi ki H t E l i d Module€IV€‐ Hat€Pa irs Module€V€‐ Sequence€Use 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 30

CONTENTS • Tools€and€techniques€focusing€on€each€hat • Frameworks€for€structuring€meeting s€and€ focusing€meetings g g • How€to€turn€disagreements€into€positive€ contribu tions • Techniques€for€opportunity€thinking • P Programming€meetings€for€a€succe ssful€ i ti f f l outcome • Creating€the€action€plan 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 31

INTRODUCTION MODULE€I MODULE I 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 32

Introduction • • • • • • • • Adversarial€and€Parallel€Thinking Do€not€think€everything,€All€a t€Once. Think€each€idea€in€Turn Brain€chemical€settings€– Brains€within€Brain Se parate€€Ego€€from€Performance Separate Ego from Performance Be€Respectful Allow€ Thinking€about€Thinking Treat€like€a€Game Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 33 10/22/2008

Adversarial€VS€Parallel€Thinking Adversarial VS Parallel Thinking • ADVERSARIAL THINKING ADVERSARIAL€THINKING • PARALLEL€THINKING Refer to Page 6 of Workbook 2 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 34

Parallel€Thinking Parallel Thinking • Parallel€Thinking€with€the€six€Thinking€Hats • In€contrast€to€traditional€argu ment€or€ adversarial€thinking.€ g • Argument€is€relied€on€because€we€believe€tha t€ if€you€remove€what€is€wrong;€you€will€be€left€ if you remove what is wrong; y ou will be left with€what€is€right.€ • Parallel Thinking offers practical altern ative It Parallel€Thinking€offers€practical€alternative.€It€ encourages€co‐opera tion,€exploration€and€ innovation.€ innovation 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 35

Parallel€Thinking Parallel Thinking • With€Parallel€Thinking€either€sides,€or€all€ parties,€are€thinking€in€parallel ,€using€the€same€ i hi ki i ll l i h style€of€thinking€simultaneously.€ • There€ is€co‐operative€and€coordinated€ thinking.€ • The€style€of€thinking€used€can€be€ changed€in€ order€to€give€a€balanced,€objective€view€of€the€ g , j situation. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 36

THINKING€ ALL€AT€ONCE THINKING ‐ ALL AT ONCE • Trying€to€do€too€much€at€once Refer to “All at Once” on Page 6 of Workbook 2 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 37

THINKING€ EACH€IN€TURN THINKING ‐ EACH IN TURN Refer to “Each in Turn” on Page 6 of Workbook 2 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 38

EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 3€minute TRADITIONAL€THINKING EXERCISE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 5€minutes Describe€you€current€style€of€Thinking?______ D ib t t l f Thi ki ? What€are€you r€Thinking€Strengths?_________ What€are€your€Thinking€Weaknesses?_______ How€is€ it€Working€for€you?________________ How is it Working for you? Where€did€you€do€ your€best€Thinking?_______ Do€some€Thinking€around€“Stone€Ages”_____ D Thi ki d “St A ” Any€observations€on€your€thinking€techniques? Refer to Page 8 & 9 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 1” 39

THINKING€WITH€SIX€HATS THINKING WITH SIX HATS MODULE€II MODULE II 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 40

Thinking€with€Six€Hats Thinking with Six Hats • Playacting. IF€YOU€ACT€AS€A€THINKER€YOU€ WILL€BECOME€ONE WILL BECOME ONE • Put ting€on€a€hat.€A€VERY€DELIBERATE€ PROCESS • Intention€and€performance p f • Role ‐Playing.€An€Ego€Holiday • The Melancholy and Other Fluids The€Melancholy€and€Ot her€Fluids • The€Purpose€of€with€six€thinking€hats • Six€Hats,€Six€Colors 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 41

PLAYACTING • IF YOU ACT AS A THINKER IF€YOU€ACT€AS€A€THINKER€ YOU€WILL€BECOME€ONE • Rodin’s “THE THINKER” Rodin s€ THE€THINKER • Throw€yourself€into€that€ pose • Emotions€ will€catch€up€ with€Motions p p f • Adopt€a€pose€of€a€thinker Refer to Page 5, Chapter 1 of “Six Thinking Hats” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 42

PUTTING€ON€A€HAT PUTTING ON A HAT • A VERY DELIBERATE PROCESS A€VERY€DELIBERATE€PROCESS • Not€an€excuse€for€inacti on€but€a€way€ to€get€better€action to get better action • A€real€thinking€hat • Walking‐Talking‐Breathing€or€ Deliberate€Thinking • Reactive€Thinking€and€Mapmak ing Action€Thinking€ OPERACY • Action Thinking “OPERACY”€– Refer to Page 8, Chap ter 2 of “Six Thinking Hats” directing€attention 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 43

INTENTION€AND€PERFORMANCE INTENTION AND PERFORMANCE • With a true intention performance will follow With€a€true€intention,€performan ce€will€follow. • Intention€is€not€enough,€go€through€the€ motions. motions • Do €you€want€to€be€a€Thinker? • Intelligence€and€Thinking€(operating€skill) • Not€a lways€right,€clever,€or€problem€solving. y g , , p g • The€mask€is€followed€by€t he€substance. • Un wrinkle your brow and Think Un‐wrinkle€your€brow€and€Think. Refer to Page 15, Chapter 3 of “Six Thinking Hats” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 44

ROLE PLAYING ROLE‐PLAYING • • • • • • • AN€EGO€HOLIDAY AN EGO HOLIDAY Role€gives€Freedom Devil’s€Advocate il’ d Character€€Parts€or€Color€Printing Ego€is€protected€by€the€role Ego€is€inv olved€in€playing€the€role Ego is involved in playing the role Ego€can€choose€a€p referred€route Refer to Page 20, Chapter 4 of “Six Thinking Hats” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 45

MELANCHOLY€AND€OTHER€FLUIDS MELANCHOLY AND OTHER FLUIDS • Melancholy€means€“black€bile”€from€Greek. • Body€fluids€affecting€mood€and€moo d€ d fl d ff d d d affecting€thinking. • Balance€of€chemicals • Physiological€re sponses€and€conditioning€ y g p g signal • Active and Passive Information System s – Active€and€Passive€Information€Systems€ Information€organizes€itself€€into€p atterns • Active Self Organizing Information System Active€Self‐Organizing€Infor mation€System 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan Refer to Page 23, Chapter 5 of “Six Thinking Hats” 46

BRAIN • Brain is designed to be Brilliantly Uncreative Brain€is€designed€to€be€Brillia ntly€Uncreative.€ They€form€and€use€fixed€patterns. • Remains imprisoned by the sequence of their Remains€imprisoned€by€the€sequence€of€their€ experience. • E E motions€are€an€essential€part€of€our€thinking€ i i l f hi ki ability. • We€have€ different€brains€within€our€Brain. g g ff • Unscramble€€thinking€through€differe nt€hats. Refer to Page 26, Chapter 5 of “Six Thinking Hats” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 47

THE€PURPOSE THE PURPOSE • • • • • Defined€Role playing Defined Role‐playing Attention€Directing Convenie nce C i Possible€basis€in€brain€chemistry Establishing€the€Rules€of€the€Game Refer to Page 29, Chapter 6 of “Six Thinking Hats” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 48

The€Six€Thinking€Hats€(or€modes) The Six Thinking Hats (or modes) • The White Hat Information known or needed The€White Hat.€Information€known€or€ needed. • The€Red Hat.€Feelings,€hunches,€and€intuition. Red • The€Black Hat.€Ju dgment—the€devil’s€ h Black l k d h d il’ advocate€or€why€something€may€not€work . • The€Yellow Hat.€Brightness€and€optimism. Yellow • The€Green Hat.€Creativity: €the€possibilities,€ Green y p , alternatives,€and€new€ideas. The€Blue Hat.€Mana ge€the€thinking€process. • The Blue Hat. Manage the thinking process Refer to Page 31, Chapter 7 of “Six Thinking Hats” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 49

BENEFITS • Allow€to€say€things€without€risk • Create€awareness€that€there€are€multiple€ p erspectives€on€the€issue€at€hand • Convenient€mechanism€for€‘switching€gears’ • Rules for the game of thinking Rules€for€the€game€of€thinking • Focus€thinking • L d Lead€to€more€creative€thinking i hi ki • Improve€communication • Improve€de cision€making 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 50

THINKING€WITH€SIX€HATS THINKING WITH SIX HATS MODULE€II€(EXERCISES) MODULE II (EXERCISES) 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 51

SIX€HATS€EXERCISES SIX HATS EXERCISES REMEMBER 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 52

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Exercise€on€the€Six€Thinking€Hats Exercise on the Six Thinking Hats • Discuss the Six thinking hat method Discuss€the€Six€thinking€hat€method€ in€ge neral€and€in€particular€the€ role‐playing€aspect. EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 1€minute DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 4€minutes 4 minutes Refer to Page 79 of “Teach your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 54

Exercise€on€the€Six€Thinking€Hats Exercise on the Six Thinking Hats • In what sort of situations do In€what€sort€of€situations€do€ you€think€the€met hod€would€be€ most€useful? EXERCISE€ TIME:€ • Give examples of thinking Give€exa mples€of€thinking€ 1€minute situations€where€you€yourself,€ DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ T IME: 4€minutes might€like€to€use€one€or€the€ other€of€the€hats. other of the hat s. Refer to Page 79 of “Teach your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 55

Exercise€on€the€Six€Thinking€Hats Exercise on the Six Thinking Hats • Do you think the six thinking Do€you€think€the€six€thinking€ hats€method€would €be€easy€to€ use€in€practice? • What would the difficulties be? What€would€the€d ifficulties€be? • Why€might€some€people€object€ to€the€use€of€the€hats? 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 1€minute DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 4€minutes 4 minutes Refer to Page 79 of “Teach your Child How to Think” 56

Exercise€on€the€Six€Thinking€Hats Exercise on the Six Thinking Hats • Guess the hat speaker is wearing at Guess€the€hat€speaker€is€wearing€at€ the€t ime€of€following€remark:‐ “This€car€can€accelerate€to€60€mph€in€ just€0€seconds. €The€fuel€ just 0 seconds The fuel consumption€is€25€miles€per€gallon€ in€traffi c.” Refer to Page 79 of “Teach your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 57 EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 5€seconds

Exercise€on€the€Six€Thinking€Hats Exercise on the Six Thinking Hats • Guess the hat speaker is wearing at Guess€the€hat€speaker€is€wearing€at€ the€t ime€of€following€remark:‐ “Why€don’t€we€sell€the€factory€and€ then€lease€it€back ? then lease it back?” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 5€seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 79 of “Teach your Child How to Think” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 58

Exercise€on€the€Six€Thinking€Hats Exercise on the Six Thinking Hats • Guess the hat speaker is wearing at Guess€the€hat€speaker€is€wearing€at€ the€t ime€of€following€remark:‐ “At€this€point€we€should€list€the€ options€we€have. op tions we have ” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 5€seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 79 of “Teach your Child How to Think” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 59

Exercise€on€the€Six€Thinking€Hats Exercise on the Six Thinking Hats • Guess the hat speaker is wearing at Guess€the€hat€speaker€is€wearing€at€ the€t ime€of€following€remark:‐ “I€don’t€like€him€and€I€don’t€want€to€ work€with€him. work with him ” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 5€seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 79 of “Teach your Child How to Think” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 60

Exercise€on€the€Six€Thinking€Hats Exercise on the Six Thinking Hats • Guess the hat speaker is wearing at Guess€the€hat€speaker€is€wearing€at€ the€t ime€of€following€remark:‐ “I€don’t€think€that€putting€up€the€ price€of€gasoline€ will€make€people€ price of gasoline will make people drive€more€carefully.” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 5€seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 79 of “Teach your Child How to Think” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 61

Exercise€on€the€Six€Thinking€Hats Exercise on the Six Thinking Hats • Guess the hat speaker is wearing at Guess€the€hat€speaker€is€wearing€at€ the€t ime€of€following€remark:‐ “If€I€don’t€get€asked€to€his€birthday€ party€then€I€do n t€have€to€spend€ party then I don’t have to spend money€buying€a€present.” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 5€seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 79 of “Teach your Child How to Think” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 62

Exercise€on€the€Six€Thinking€Hats Exercise on the Six Thinking Hats • Guess the hat speaker is wearing at Guess€the€hat€speaker€is€wearing€at€ the€t ime€of€following€remark:‐ “Is€it€not€possible€to€climb€over€that€ wall? wall?” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 5€seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 79 of “Teach your Child How to Think” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 63

SIX TS€EX X€HAT XERCISE OBSERVATION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 64

Question€for€BLUE€ Question for BLUE Hat BLUE€Hat • In which order In€which€order€ should€the€group€ go€through€the€ hats?€ hats? ________________ ________________ 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds 30 seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes 65

Questions€for€WHITE€ Questions for WHITE Hat WHITE€Hat • Whose bat is in the picture? Whose€bat€is€in€the€picture?€ ___________________ _____________ • How€much€does€it€cost?€ ________________________________ • How€m any€bats€of€that€edition€exist?€ ________________________________ EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds 10/22/2008 DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 66

Questions€for€RED Questions for RED Hat • How€does€looking€at€the€picture€ make€you€feel?€________________ • Would you l ike to own such a bat? Would€you€like€to€own€such€a€bat?€ ______________________ ______ EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds 10/22/2008 DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 67

Question€for€GREEN€ Question for GREEN Hat GREEN€Hat • List 3 ways that you could go about List€3€ways€that€you€could€go€about€ acqui ring€such€a€bat,€assuming€that€it€ is€not€for€sale.€ 1. _______________________________________ _____________________________________ __ 2. _______________________________________ __________________________________ _____ EXERCISE€ DISCUSSION€ 3. _______________________________________ TIME:€ TI ME:€ _______________________________________ 30€seconds 2€minutes 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 68

Questions€for€BLACK Questions for BLACK Hat • Of€the€3€ways€mentioned€above,€which€ is€the€least€practical?€€Why?€ i h l i l ? Wh ? ________________________________ ________________________________ • Which if any is immoral? Which,€if€any,€is€immoral?€ ________________________________ DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 69 EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds 10/22/2008

Question€for€YELLOW€ Question for YELLOW Hat YELLOW€Hat • Of the options mentioned by the Of€the€options€mentioned€by€the€ green€hat,€wh ich€seems€the€best€ one?€ ______________________________ _______________________ _______ EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds 10/22/2008 DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 70

SIX€THINKING€HATS€ SIX THINKING HATS EXPLAINED MODULE€III MODULE III 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 71

THE€BLUE THE€ THE BLUE HAT MODULE€III 1 MODULE III‐1 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 72

The€BLUE€ The BLUE Hat (Observer) BLUE€Hat€(Observer) • • • • • • • Sky Cool Overview CONTROL€of€PROCESS,€STEPS OTHER€HATS OTHER HATS Chairperson,€organizer Thinking€about€thinking Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 10/22/2008 73

The€BLUE€ The BLUE Hat (Observer) BLUE€Hat€(Observer) • CONTROL OF THE THOUGHT CONTROL€OF€THE€THOUGHT –Thinking€about€thinking. –Instructions€for€thinking. –The€organization€of€think ing. The organization of thinking –Control€of€the€other€hats Refer to Page 170, Chapter 42 of “Six Thinking Hats” g p g 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 74

Thought€of€BLUE€ Thought of BLUE Hat BLUE€Hat • • • • FOCUS PROGRAM€DESIGN SUMMARIES€AND€CONCLUSIONS CONTROL€AND€MONITORING 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 75

Thought€of€BLUE€ Thought of BLUE Hat BLUE€Hat • FOCUS –To€ask€the€right€questions. –To€define€the€problem. –Setting€the€thinking€tasks . Setting the thinking tasks Refer to Page 176, Chapter 43 of “Six Thinking Hats” g p g 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 76

Thought€of€BLUE€ Thought of BLUE Hat BLUE€Hat • PROGRAM DESIGN PROGRAM€DESIGN –Step€by€step. –The€software€of€thinking. –Choreography. Choreography Refer to Page 181, Chapter 44 of “Six Thinking Hats” g p g 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 77

Thought€of€BLUE€ Thought of BLUE Hat BLUE€Hat • SUMMARIES AND CONCLUSIONS SUMMARIES€AND€CONCLUSIONS –Observations€and€overview. –Comment. –Summaries,€conclusions,€harvesting€ Summa ries conclusions harvesting and€reports. Refer to Page 187, Chapter 45 of “Six Thinking Hats” g p g 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 78

Thought€of€BLUE€ Thought of BLUE Hat BLUE€Hat • CONTROL AND MONITORING CONTROL€AND€MONITORING –The€Chairperson –Discipline€and€Focus –Who€is€in€Charge? Who is in Charge? Refer to Page 190, Chapter 46 of “Six Thinking Hats” g p g 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 79

Summary€of€the€Thoughts Summary of the Thoughts Refer to Page 195, Chapter 47 of “Six Thinking Hats” • Hat of Control. Organizes thought. Hat€of€Control.€Organizes€thought. • Think€ about€the€thought,€necessary€to€investigate€ the€subject. j • Conductor.€Propose s€or€calls€to€use€of€the€other€hats. Defines€the€subjects€towards€which€the€thou ght€must€ • Defines the subjects towards which the thought must go.€ – – – – 10/22/2008 Establishes€the€center.€ Defines€the€problems€ Elaborates€the€questions.€ Determ ines€the€thought€tasks€to€develop. g p Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 80

Summary€of€the€Thoughts Summary of the Thoughts Refer to Page 195, Chapter 47 of “Six Thinking Hats” • Responsible€for€the€synthesis,€the€global€vision€and€the€ p f y , g conclusion s.€ • Monitors€a€blue€hat€thought€and€assures€the€respect€of€the€ rules€of€the€g ame. l f th • Stops€discussion,€it€insists€on€the€cartographic€thought.€ Reinfor ces€and€applies€the€discipline. f pp p • Choreography.€Possible€interruptions.€E stablish€a€gradual€ sequence€of€operations€of€thought€that€must€be€respected€ • Blue€Hat€assigns€the€specific€rolls.€Roll€is€open€to€propose€ commentaries€or€su ggestions. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 81

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES • Managing€the€ Thinking • Setting€Out€the€ Agenda • Deciding€Next€Steps • Defin ing the Focus Defining€the€Focus • Looking€at€Alternative€ Definitions • Taking€ Requests 10/22/2008 • Managing€Contingent€ Agenda • Maintaining€Discipline • M it i th Monitoring€th e€ Thinking • Asking for Summaries Asking€for€Summaries • Noting€Conclusions Org anizing€Decisions ii D ii • O • Interrupting€the€Flow. 82 Refer to “The BLUE Hat Roles” on Page 9 of Workbook 2 The Roles Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “MANAGING€THE€THINKING” EXAMPLES “Wearing€my€blue€hat,€I€suggest€we€list€ our€pr iorities€at€this€point.” Refer to Examples on Page 10 of Workbook 2 “I€want€to€make€a€blue€hat€comment:€I€ feel€we€are€spending€too€much€time€in€ f l di h i i detail€and€not€enough€on€the€main€ problem.” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 83

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “SETTING€OUT€THE€AGENDA” EXAMPLES “First€of€all,€Let’s€put€together€a€BLUE€ BLUE €Hat€ Agenda.” “BLUE Hats€now‐‐‐Let’s€set€out€our€ BLUE planned€steps€in€the€thi nking€process.” l d i h hi ki ” Refer to Examples on Page 10 of Workbook 2 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 84

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “DECIDING€NEXT€STEPS” EXAMPLES “What€should€we€do€next?€Let’s€have€ some€BLUE€ B LUE€Hat€Thinking.” “We€seem€to€keep€going€round€and€round.€ I€suggest€some€BLUE H Thi ki I BLUE Hat€Thinking€to€ decide€what€thinking€we€do€next.” Refer to Examples on P R f t E l Page 11 of W kb k 2 f Workbook 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 85

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES Th BLUE HAT ROLES “DEFINING€THE€FOCUS” • Making€clear€the€focus€of€the€Thinking:‐ – What is the subject? What€is€the€subject? – What€are€we€thinking€about? – With what do we want to end up? With€what€do€we€want€to€end€up? – What€is€the€desire d€outcome? •T b i t Two€basic€types€of€Thinking€Focus f Thi ki F – Area€Focus Refer to “Goals and Outcomes on Page 11 of Workbook 2 Goals Outcome s” – Purpose€Focus 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 86

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “DEFINING€THE€FOCUS” EXAMPLES “I€want€to€do€some€thinking€in€the€general€ area€o f€teeth€cleaning€at€home.” “I need some better designs for the head I€need€some€ better€designs€for€the€head€ of€a€toothbrush.” “I€need€some€stronger€material€fo r€ “I d i lf making€the€handles€of€toothbrushes.” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 87 Refer to Examples on Page 11 of Workbook 2

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “LOOKING€AT€ALTERNATIVE€DEFINITIONS” EXAMPLES “Do€we€want€to€reduce€street€crime €or€just€ the€fear€of€street€crime?€Or,€do€we€just€ want€to€be€seen€as€doing€som ething€ g g about€street€crime.” “Wearing the BLUE Hat I would like to Wearing€t he BLUE€ BLUE€Hat.€I€would€like€to€ restate€the€purpose€of€this€meeting.” Refer to Examples on P R f t E l Page 12 of W kb k 2 f Workbook 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 88

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “LOOKING€AT€ALTERNATIVE€DEFINITIONS” EXAMPLES “Do€we€want€to€find€ways€of€reduci ng€our€ selling€price€or€of€making€our€goods€ seem€more€attractive€to€the€consum ers?€ Or€do€we€want€the€consumer€to€feel€that€ he€or€she€is€getting€a€value€whic h€may€ he or she is getting a value which may not€be€repeated€later?” Refer to Examples on Page 12 of Workbook 2 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 89

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “TAKING€REQUESTS” Page 12 of Workbook 2 Refer to Examples on EXAMPLES “I€feel€we €ought€to€consider€the€ constraints€at€this€point.” “Should we be consulting the regulations Should€we€be€consulting€the€regulations€ about€waste€disposal?” “I€ suggest€we€focus€on€the€acceptability€of€ “I f h bili f this€proposal.” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 90

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “MANAGING€CONTINGENT€AGENDAS” EXAMPLES “It€may€be€useful€to€start€with€the€RED€ RED€ Hat€to€get€the€feelings€of€those€present€ out€on€the€table.€If€negative,€we ll€do€ out on the table. If negative, we’ll do some€BLACK Hat€Thinking€to€give€ logic€ BLACK to€these€feelings,€but€if€positive,€we ll€do€ to these feelings but if positive we’ll do some€YELLOW Hat€Thinking.” YELLOW Refer to Examples on Page 13 of Workbook 2 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 91

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “MAINTAINING€DISCIPLINE”13 of Workbook 2 Refer to Examples on Page EXAMPLES “There€is€a€BLACK Hat€comment,€and€right€now€ BLACK we€are€using€the€YELLOW Hat. ” i h YELLOW ” “If€you€cannot€give€any€reasons€to€support€your€ feeling€then€the y€are€RED Hat€rather€than€ RED BLACK Hat.” “Under€the€RED Hat,€you€do€not€have€t o€explain€ RED or€justify€your€feelings.€Just€give€us€your€ j fy y f g g y feeli ngs.” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 92

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “MONITORING€THE€THINKING”of Workbook 2 Refer to Examples on Page 14 EXAMPLES “It€seems€to€me€that€we€have€only€considered€ the€customer’s€point€of€view€and€n ot€that€of€ h ’ i f i d h f the€retailers.” “We€have€focused€on€the€inefficiency €of€on€the€ inefficiency€of€a€system€that€allows€ individuals€to€be€inefficient. ” g f y “The€thinking€so€far€has€not€been€very€ practical.” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 93

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “ASKING€FOR€SUMMARIES” EXAMPLES “I€would€like€to€sum€up€our€thinking€so€far.” “Can€we€pause€and€recap€what€we€ha ve€ decided? decided?” Refer to Examples on Page 14 of Workbook 2 p g 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 94

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “NOTING€CONCLUSIONS” EXAMPLES “The€conclusion€has€been€reached€that€we€ should€not€open€any€new€hotels€right€n ow.” h ld h l i h ” “The€conclusion€seems€to€be€that€we€do€not€ g f yf have€enou gh€information€to€reach€any€firm€ conclusion€at€this€meeting.” Refer to Examples on Page 15 of Workbook 2 p g 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 95

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “NOTING€CONCLUSIONS” EXAMPLES “The€conclusion€is€that€we€are€unable€to€agree€ on€a€new€pricing€policy.” i i li ” “The€conclusion€is€that€each€sales€area€should€ p p decide€on€its€own€promoti on€and€price‐ cutting€policy.” Refer to Examples on Page 15 of Workbook 2 p g 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 96

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “ORGANIZING€DECISIONS” EXAMPLES “It€is€now€time€we€made€a€decision€on€this.” “Can€we€reach€a€decision€on€this?” “We should now focus on reaching a decision ” We€should€now€focus€on€reaching€a€ decision. Refer to Examples on Page 16 of Workbook 2 p g 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 97

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES Th BLUE HAT ROLES “INTERRUPTING€THE€FLOW” • In€the€course€of€a€meeting,€a€person€may€interrupt€ with€the€use€of€the€BLUE H at€for€several€reasons: with the use of the BLUE Hat for several reasons: – – – – – To€reduce€the€focus. To€ask€about€the€process€being€used€at€the€moment . To ask about the process being used at the moment To€suggest€a€process€for€use . To€comment€on€the€thinking. g To€ask€for€a€summary. Refer to “Reasons to Pause” on Page 17 of Workbook 2 g 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 98

The€BLUE HAT€ROLES The BLUE HAT ROLES “INTERRUPTING€THE€FLOW” EXAMPLES “Putting€on€my€BLUE Hat,€I€would€like€to€ BLUE summarize€our€progress€so€far.” i f ” “Putting€on€my€BLUE Hat,€I€would€like€to€ask€ BLUE pp g what€we€are€suppose d€to€be€doing€now?” Refer to Examples on Page 17 of Workbook 2 p g 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 99

Refer to Page 18 of Workbook 2 for Exercise A THE€BLUE THE BLUE HAT EXERCISE€€A • You€are€asked€to€invent€some€BLUE Hat€ BLUE remarks€that€may€have€been€made€du ring€ k h h b d d i the€BLUE Hat€Part€of€a€meeting.€€€€€€€€€€€ BLUE ____________ _________________________ _____________________________________ ________________ _____________________ DISCUSSION€ _____________________________________ TIME:€ E XERCISE€ TIME:€ 1€minute 10/22/2008 4€minutes Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 100

EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds Refer to Page 19 of Workbook 2 for Exercise B(1) THE€BLUE THE BLUE HAT EXERCISE€€B • Use€the€BLUE Hat€to€set€out€a€“Thinking€ BLUE Agenda”€for€each€of€the€followin g€subjects.€ g f f f g j This€thinking€agenda€should€make€use€of€the€ Six€Thinki ng€Hats€but€may€also€be€ g y supplemented€by€other€procedures€(which€ y may€come €under€the€hats€but€also€be€ specified€directly.)€ DISCUSSION TIME:€ 2€minutes 2 i t 10/22/2008 1. A€sudden€increase€in€absenteeism€at€ 1 A sudden increase in absenteeism at wo rk.€ Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 101

EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds Refer to Page 20 of Workbook 2 for Exercise B(2) THE€BLUE THE BLUE HAT EXERCISE€€B 1. A€sudden€increase€in€absenteeism€at€work.€ DISCUSSION TIME:€ 2€minutes 2 i t 2. A new entrant in the field is A€new€entrant€in€the€field€is€ attempting€to€bu y€market€share€by€ lowering€the€price€to€the€point€where€ lowering the price to the point where no€profits€are€being€made. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 102

THE€WHITE THE€ THE WHITE HAT MODULE€III 2 MODULE III‐2 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 103

The€WHITE€ The WHITE Hat (Observer) WHITE€Hat€(Observer) • • • • • • White€Paper White Paper Neutral Focus€on€Information€available Objec tive€FACTS What€is€needed? What is needed? How€it€can€be€achieved? Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 104 10/22/2008

The€WHITE€ The WHITE Hat (Observer) WHITE€Hat€(Observer) Refer to Page 34, Chapter 8 of “Six Thinking Hats” • FACTS and FIGURES FACTS€and€FIGURES –Can€you€role‐play€being€a€computer? –Just€give€the€facts€in€neutral€and€ object ive€manner. objective manner –Never€mind€the€interpretation:€just€the€ facts€ple ase. –#What€are€the€facts€in€this€matter? f 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 105

Thoughts€of€WHITE€ Thoughts of WHITE Hat WHITE€Hat • • • • FACT,€PROBABILITY€OR€BELIEF FACT PROBABILITY OR BELIEF DISCUSSION,€IDEA€ OR€MAP FACTS,€TRUTH€And€PHILOSOPHERS WHO€HAS€PUT€ON€THE€HAT? 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 106

Thought€of€WHITE€ Thought of WHITE Hat WHITE€Hat Refer to Page 40, Chapter 9 of “Six Thinking Hats” • FACT PROBABILITY OR BELIEF FACT,€PROBABILITY€OR€BELIEF –Is€it€a€fact€or€a€probability/likelihood? –Is€it€a€fact€or€a€belief? –Are€there €any€facts? Are there any facts? 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 107

Thought€of€WHITE€ Thought of WHITE Hat WHITE€Hat Refer to Page 44, Chapter 10 of “Six Thinking Hats” • DISCUSSION IDEA OR MAP DISCUSSION,€IDEA€OR€MAP –Discussion,€argument€and€consensus. –If€nothing€is€available,€where€do€ideas€ c ome€from? come from? –Draws€up€a€map. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 108

Thought€of€WHITE€ Thought of WHITE Hat WHITE€Hat Refer to Page 47, Chapter 11 of “Six Thinking Hats” • FACTS TRUTH And PHILOSOPHERS FACTS,€TRUTH€And€PHILOSOPHERS –How€true€is€a€fact? –Value€of€the€Fact€and€Philosophers –Truths Truths • Absolute€ • "in€general" and€ 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 109

Thought€of€WHITE€ Thought of WHITE Hat WHITE€Hat Refer to Page 52, Chapter 12 of “Six Thinking Hats” • WHO HAS PUT ON THE HAT? WHO€HAS€PUT€ON€THE€HAT?€ –Puts€on€your€own€hat. –Asks€someone€to€put€on€the€hat. –Asks€everyone€to€put€on €the€hat. Asks everyone to put on the hat –Choose€the€answer€with€the€hat€on. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 110

Summary€of€the€Thoughts Summary of the Thoughts Refer to Page 54, Chapter 13 of “Six Thinking Hats” • Neutral and objective Neutral€and€objective.€ q • Frame€questions€to€obtain€ i nformation. • D bl Double€system€of€information.€ t fi f ti –Facts€verified€and€proven.€ f p –True,€but€still€not€been€verified. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 111

Summary€of€the€Thoughts Summary of the Thoughts Refer to Page 54, Chapter 13 of “Six Thinking Hats” • Variable credibility from Variable€credibility€from€ –“always€true"€to€ –“never€true€".€ • U bl l l Usable€levels,€such€as€ h –"in€general€", g , –“sometimes€",€and –"€in€occasional€form". "i i lf " 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 112

RANGE€OF€ACCURACY RANGE OF ACCURACY Refer to Page 21 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” • • • • • • • • • • Hard€facts€which€can€be€checked€by€anyone. f y y Hard€facts€which€are€restricted €and€cannot€be€checked€easily. Information€which€depends€on€“general€acceptance” . Information€which€depends€on€the€credibility€of€source. Information€which€is€o nly€the€matter€of€“belief”. Information€which€depends€on€hearsay€or€rumor. Infor mation€which€is€a€reasonable€guess. Information€which€is€less€reasonable€guess. Information which is less reasonable guess Information€which€is€known€to€be€doub tful. Information€which€is€very€likely€to€be€untrue. Information which is very l ikely to be untrue. Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 113 10/22/2008

TYPES€OF€INFORMATION TYPES OF INFORMATION Refer to Page 22 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” • • • • • • • Disputed€Information Disputed Information Other€People’s€Feelings What€Informati on€is€Available? h f i i il bl ? What€Information€Would€We€Like€to€Have? What€In formation€Do€We€Need? What€Information€Is€Missing? What Information Is Missing? How€Are€We€Going€to€Get€the€Missing€ Information? Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 114 10/22/2008

TYPES€OF€INFORMATION “DISPUTED€INFORMATION” EXAMPLES “You€said€it€was€two€years€ago,€but€I€think€it€ was€four€years€ago.” “I€do€not€b elieve€that€car€weighs€2.4€tons.” g Refer to Page 22 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 115

TYPES€OF€INFORMATION “OTHER€PEOPLE’S€FEELINGS” (WHITE€ WHITE€HAT) “I€have€heard€him€say€that€he€disliked€the€idea€ intensely.” (RED HAT) RED “I€do€not€like€this€idea€at€all.” Refer to Page 23 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” EXAMPLES 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 116

TYPES€OF€INFORMATION “WHAT€INFORMATION€IS€AVAILABLE” “The€applicant’s€resume€shows€that€this€person€ has€been€with€the€same€company€f or€20€ has been with the same company for 20 years.” “There€has€been€no€increase €in€sales€this€ quarter.” Refer to Page 23 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” EXAMPLES 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 117

TYPES€OF€INFORMATION TYPES OF INFORMATION “WHAT€INFORMATION€WOULD€WE€LIKE€TO€HAVE?” EXAMPLES “It€would€be€nice€to€know€how€our€competitors€ will€respond€to€our€raising€price s.” will respond to our raising prices ” “If€only€we€knew€the€interest€rates€a€y ear€from€ now,€life€would€be€easier.” Refer to Page 24 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 118

TYPES€OF€INFORMATION TYPES OF INFORMATION “WHAT€INFORMATION€DO€WE€NEED?” EXAMPLES “We€do€not€know€what€salary€she€expects.” “We€do€not€know€who€the€decision€maker €is.” Refer to Page 24 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 119

TYPES€OF€INFORMATION TYPES OF INFORMATION “WHAT€INFORMATION€IS€MISSING?” EXAMPLES€ EXAMPLES (same€as€earlier) “We€do€not€know€what€salary€she€expects.” “We€do€not€know€who€the€decision€maker €is.” Refer to Page 25 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 120

TYPES€OF€INFORMATION TYPES OF INFORMATION “HOW€ARE€WE€GOING€TO€GET€THE€MISSING€INFORMATION?” EXAMPLES “The€information€should€be€available€in€the€ patent€files.” patent files ” “We€c ould€ask€the€people€who€have€worked€ with€her€in€the€past.” “The€only€way€we€are €going€to€get€that€ information€is€to€try€it€out.” Refer to Page 25 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 121

THE€WHITE€ THE WHITE HAT WHITE€HAT EXERCISE • Invent€ten€remarks€or€statements€that€might€ be€made€under€the€WHITE€ be made under the WHITE HAT WHITE€HAT. DISCUSSION – Topic:€Hiring€a€new€employee. – EXAMPLE: TIME:€ 5€minutes 5 minutes “We€know€the€candidate€has€a€four‐year€degree€in€ mathematics. mathematics ” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 2€minutes 2 minutes 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 26 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 122

THE€RED THE€ THE RED HAT MODULE€III 3 MODULE III‐3 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 123

The€RED Hat€(Self,€Other) The RED Hat (Self, Other) • • • • Fire,€Warmth Fire Warmth EMOTIONS,€FEELINGS Intuition,€Hunches Present€v iews€without€explanation,€ Justification 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 124

The€RED Hat€(Self,€Other) The RED Hat (Self, Other) Refer to Page 56, Chapter 14 of “Six Thinking Hats” • EMOTIONS AND FEELINGS EMOTIONS€AND€FEELINGS – Opposed€to€neutral,€objective€information. – Pre‐sentiments,€hunches,€intuitio ns,€ impressions. – It€does€not€need€justification – It does not need to give re asons or It€does€not€need€to€give€reasons€or€ foundations/basis 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 125

Thought€of€RED Thought of RED Hat • PLACE OF THE EMOTIONS IN PLACE€OF€THE€EMOTIONS€IN€ THINKING • INTUITION€AND€HU NCHES • MOMENT TO MOMENT MOMENT€TO€MOMENT • USE OF THE EMOTIONS USE€OF€THE€EMOTI ONS • LANGUAGE€OF€THE€EMOTIONS 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 126

Thought€of€RED Thought of RED Hat Refer to Page 58, Chapter 15 of “Six Thinking Hats” • PLACE OF THE EMOTIONS IN PLACE€OF€THE€EMOTIONS€IN€ THINKING – Do€emotions€confuse€the€thought€or€they€ part€of€the€thought? – At€what€moment €the€emotions€be€used? – Can emotional people be good thinkers? Can€emotional€pe ople€be€good€thinkers? 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 127

Thought€of€RED Thought of RED Hat Refer to Page 62, Chapter 16 of “Six Thinking Hats” • INTUITION AND HUNCHES INTUITION€AND€HUNCHES€ –How€valid€are€the€intuitions? –How€valuable€are€they? –How€they€must€be€used? H ow they must be used? 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 128

Thought€of€RED Thought of RED Hat Refer to Page 67, Chapter 17 of “Six Thinking Hats” • MOMENT TO MOMENT MOMENT€TO€MOMENT –To€react€and€getting€upset. –This€is€what€I€feel€about€this€meeting. –To€show€y ou€or€To€hide€the€feelings. To show you or To hide the feelings 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 129

Thought€of€RED Thought of RED Hat Refer to Page 70, Chapter 18 of “Six Thinking Hats” • THE USE OF EMOTIONS THE€USE€OF€EMOTIONS – Can€thinking€change€emotions? – The€emotional€background. – Emotions€like€posi tions€to€negotiate. p g – Emotions,€values€and€options/choices. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 130

Thought€of€RED Thought of RED Hat Refer to Page 75, Chapter 19 of “Six Thinking Hats” • THE LANGUAGE OF EMOTIONS THE€LANGUAGE€OF€EMOTIONS –Emotions€need€neither€be€coherent€ (consistent)€nor€logical. –Emotions can be h armonized with Emotions€can€be€harmonized€with€ language€to€match. –Resist€tempt ation€to€justify€the€ f emotions. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 131

Summary€of€the€Thoughts Summary of the Thoughts Refer to Page 78, Chapter 20 of “Six Thinking Hats” Feel€respect€for€the€subject. Feel respect for the subject Legitimize€the€emotio ns€and€the€feelings€. Makes€the€feelings€visible. Provides€an€advisable€method€t o€enter€€ Provides an advisable method to enter and€to€leave€the€emotional€way. • Explore€the€feelings€of€the€others€when€ asked. • • • • 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 132

Summary€of€the€Thoughts Summary of the Thoughts Refer to Page 78, Chapter 20 of “Six Thinking Hats” • Never need to justify the feelings or to base them on Never€need€to€justify€th e€feelings€or€to€base€them€on€ the€logic. • Covers€two€ample€types€with€feeling. € p yp f g – Common€emotions€ • fear • misfortune,€ if t • suspicion.€ – Complex€judgments • • • • • pre‐feelings,€ intuitions,€ sensations,€ aesthetic€preferences,€ feeli ngs.€ 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 133

USING€THE€RED€ USING THE RED HAT RED€HAT Refer to Page 27 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” • • • • • • • • Signals€Feelings. Signals Feelings No€Explanation€Needed. Validity€of€Feelings. lidi f li Ingredient€in€Decision€Making. States€Feelings€Right€Now. Explores€a€R ange€of€Feelings. Explores a Range of Feelings Allows€Qualifications. Brief€Time €Allowed. B i f Ti All d Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 134 10/22/2008

USING€THE€RED€ RED€HAT “SIGNALS€FEELINGS” EXAMPLES “Wearing€my€RED€ RED€Hat,€I€think€we€behave€badly€ toward€our€customers.” “My€RE D€ y RED€Hat€feeling€is€that€she€is€the€wrong€ f g g sort€of€person€for€this€job .” Refer to Page 28 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 135

USING€THE€RED€ RED€HAT “NO€EXPLANATION€NEEDED” EXAMPLES “This€is€my€feeling:€I€think€it€is€a€terrible€idea.” “I€just€love€the€idea.” Refer to Page 28 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 136

Often€Valid “She feels like a good person ”€(Intiution) She€feels€like€a€good€pe rson. (Intiution) But€Not€Always€Valid “I€think€the€next€roll€of€dice€would€be€a €sixer.”€ f (Probability) Refer to Page 29 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” USING€THE€RED€ RED€HAT “VALIDITY€OF€FEELINGS” EXAMPLES 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 137

USING€THE€RED€ RED€HAT “INGREDIENT€IN€DECISION€MAKING” EXAMPLES “As€a€chairperson,€I€feel€we€are€slipping€back.” “My RED€Hat€Thinking€is€that€th is€wage€ RED€ ff increase€will€not€be€sufficient.” Refer to Page 30 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 138

USING€THE€RED€ RED€HAT “STATES€FEELINGS€RIGHT€NOW” EXAMPLES “Right€now,€my€feelings€are€that€it€is€a€ worthwhile€idea.” “At€this€time€I€woul d€have€difficulty€accepting€ ff y p g this€Idea.” Refer to Page 30 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 139

USING€THE€RED€ RED€HAT “EXPLORES€A€RANGE€OF€FEELINGS” EXAMPLES “I€dislike€the€idea€intensely.” I€am€very€excited€and€enthused€about€exploring€ the€idea.” I€am€not€sure€about€this€idea.” I€am€mildly€interested€in€this€idea.” y Refer to Page 31 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 140

USING€THE€RED€ RED€HAT “ALLOWS€QUALIFICATIONS” EXAMPLES “I€don’t€like€the€idea€of€a€‘punctuality€officer’€ unless€that€person€is€chosen€ by€the€workers€ unless that person is chosen by the workers themselves.” “I€want €to€know€how€you€feel€about€the€idea€as€ it€stands.” Refer to Page 32 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 141

USING€THE€RED€ USING THE RED HAT RED€HAT “BRIEF€TIME€ALLOWED” • Keep€RED€ RED€Hat€Short –A h As€short€as€20€seconds 20 d – Simple€expression€of€feelings€not€justificati ons • Longer€Times – Sometimes€much€longer€time€may€be€allocated – When€exploration€of€feelings€and €intuitions€ Refer to Page 32 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” needed€ 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 142

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? DISCUSSION€ DIS CUSSION “Tax€on€advertising” TIME:€ 1€minute EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 33 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 143

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 1€minute • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? “Moving€a€facto ry€offshore€to€get€lower€labor€ costs” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 33 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 144

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? DISCUSSION€ “Fl extime€at€Work” TIME:€ 1€minute EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 33 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 145

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 1€minute • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? “Abolishing€ret irement€– people€are€reassigned€ as€their€abilities€change” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 33 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 146

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 1€minute • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? “TV€advertising €limited€to€five€minutes€in€an€ hour” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 33 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 147

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 1€minute • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? “Compulsory€com munity€service€for€young€ people” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 33 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 148

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? “Ban€on€cars€in €city€centers” DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 1€minute EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 33 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 149

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 1€minute • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? “Abolition€of€c ompetitive€exams€in€schools” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 34 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 150

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 1€minute • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? “Term€limits€fo r€politicians” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 34 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 151

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? “More€use€of€el ectronic€mail” DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 1€minute EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 34 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 152

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 1€minute • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? “Mobile€telepho nes” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 34 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 153

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 1€minute • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? “Free€public€ed ucation€at€university€level” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 34 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 154

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 1€minute • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? “Background€mus ic€in€restaurants” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 34 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 155

THE€RED€ THE RED HAT RED€HAT EXERCISE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 1€minute • For€each€of€the€following€suggestions€or€ situations,€what€is€your€immediate€R ED€ situations what is your immediate RED Hat RED€Hat€ response? “Office€romance s” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 20€seconds 20 seconds 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 34 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 156

THE€YELLOW THE€ THE YELLOW HAT MODULE€III 4 MODULE III‐4 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 157

The€YELLOW€ The YELLOW Hat (Self, Other) YELLOW€Hat€(Self,€Other) • • • • • Sunshine Optimism p LOGICAL€POSITIVE€view Looks€for€benefits What s€go od? What’s good? 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 158

The€YELLOW€ The YELLOW Hat (Self, Other) YELLOW€Hat€(Self,€Other) Refer to Page 110, Chapter 27 of “Six Thinking Hats” • SPECULATIVE – POSITIVE SPECULATIVE€– – Positive€thinking. – Yellow€is€for€sunshine€and€brightness. – Optimism. p – Co ncentrate/Focus€on€benefit. – Constructive thinking; making things Constructive€ thinking;€making€things€ happen. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 159

Thoughts€of€YELLOW€ Thoughts of YELLOW Hat YELLOW€Hat • THE POSITIVE SPECTRUM THE€POSITIVE€SPECTRUM • REASONS€AND€LOGICAL€ ENDORSEMENT /SUPPORT • CONSTRUCTIVE THINKING CONSTRUCTIVE€THINKING • SPECULATION • RELATION€ TO€CREATIVITY 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 160

Thoughts€of€YELLOW€ Thoughts of YELLOW Hat YELLOW€Hat Refer to Page 114, Chapter 28 of “Six Thinking Hats” • THE POSITIVE SPECTRUM THE€POSITIVE€SPECTRUM –When€is€optimism€foolishness? –From€the€hopeful€to€the€logical. –What€is€realis m? What is realism? 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 161

Thoughts€of€YELLOW€ Thoughts of YELLOW Hat YELLOW€Hat Refer to Page 118, Chapter 29 of “Six Thinking Hats” • REASONS AND LOGICAL REASONS€AND€LOGICAL€ ENDORSEMENT/SUPPORT – On€what€one€has€based€the€positive€point€of€ view? – Why€do€you€think€it€will€ happen€this€way? – Background reasons for the optimism Background€reasons€for€th e€optimism. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 162

Thoughts€of€YELLOW€ Thoughts of YELLOW Hat YELLOW€Hat Refer to Page 120, Chapter 30 of “Six Thinking Hats” • CONSTRUCTIVE THINKING CONSTRUCTIVE€THINKING –Things€happen€as€you€ACT. –Proposals€and€suggestions. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 163

Thoughts€of€YELLOW€ Thoughts of YELLOW Hat YELLOW€Hat Refer to Page 125, Chapter 31 of “Six Thinking Hats” • SPECULATION –Looking€into€the€future. –The€value€of€"if". –The€best€possible€scenario. The b est possible scenario 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 164

Thoughts€of€YELLOW€ Thoughts of YELLOW Hat YELLOW€Hat Refer to Page 138, Chapter 32 of “Six Thinking Hats” • RELATION TO CREATIVITY RELATION€TO€CREATIVITY –Difference€between€constructive€and€ creative. –Effectiveness and change Effect iveness€and€change. –New€ideas€and€old€ideas. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 165

Summary€of€the€Thoughts Summary of the Thoughts Refer to Page 133, Chapter 33 of “Six Thinking Hats” • Positive and constructive Positive€and€constructive.€ – Takes€care€of€the€positive€evaluation€as€black€hat€ took€care€of€the€negative€ evaluation. took care of the negative evaluation – Positive€phantom€that€goes€fr om€logical€practical€ aspect€to€the€dreams,€visions€and€hopes. aspect to the dre ams visions and hopes – Investigates,€explores€and€logically€endorses€the€ value €and€benefit.€ value and benefit. – Show€a€well‐founded€optimism€which€is€not€ l imited. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 166

Summary€of€the€Thoughts Summary of the Thoughts Refer to Page 133, Chapter 33 of “Six Thinking Hats” • Constructive and generative Constructive€and€generative.€ – Concrete€proposals€and€suggestions.€ – The€effectiveness€is€the€objective€of€t he€constructive€ ff j f thought€of€yellow€hat. – Can€be€speculative€and€seeking€ of€opportunities.€ – Allows€visions€and€dreams. • Does€not€take€care€of€the€mere€positive€ euphoria€(red€hat)€nor€either,€direct ly,€of€the€ creation€of€new€ideas€(hat€green). 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 167

FOCUS€AREAS FOCUS AREAS Refer to Page 36 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” • • • • • • • Reasons€for€Optimism Reasons for Optimism Feasibility Benefits Values Competitiv e€Advantage Sense€of€Potential Concepts Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 168 10/22/2008

FOCUS€AREAS “REASONS€FOR€OPTIMISM” “It€should€be€possible€to€get€wekend€ visitors€at€this€hotel€because€it€is€not€t oo€ isitors at this hotel beca se it is not too far€out€of€town€and€yet€it€is€fa r€enough€ to€give€the€feeling€of€going€to€another€ place.” Refer to Page 36 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” EXAMPLES 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 169

FOCUS€AREAS “REASONS€FOR€OPTIMISM” “Optional€flextime€should€be€attractive€to€ those€people€who€have€family€things€ to€ those people ho ha e famil things to look€after€or€who€like€getting€up€early € and€avoiding€the€traffic€congestion.” EXAMPLES Refer to Page 36 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 170

FOCUS€AREAS “FEASIBILITY” “Is€there€any€way€in€which€banks€could€be€ used€to€make€welfare€payments.” sed t o make elfare pa ments ” “Can€we€make€the€idea€of€tradable€ permits€for€pollutio n€work.” Is€there€a€feasible€way€in€which€we€could€ Is there a feasible way in w hich we could reward€ambition.” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 171 EXAMPLES Refer to Page 37 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” g g

FOCUS€AREAS “BENEFITS” “I€can€see€the€bonus€system€motivating€ people€to€take€more€interest€in€the€ peo ple to take more interest in the company€they€work€for.” “Internet€banking€will€ benefit€everyone€ who€cannot€easily€get€to€a€bank€or€an€ who cannot easily get t o a bank or an ATM€machine.” Refer to Page 38 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” g g 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 172 EXAMPLES

FOCUS€AREAS “VALUES” “Could€this€idea€lead€to€cost€reduction€in€ any€way?” an a ?” “Would€this€idea€h ave€any€useful€impact€ on€customer€satisfaction? on customer satisfaction?” Refer to Page 39 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” g g EXAMPLES 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 173

FOCUS€AREAS “COMPETITIVE€ADVANTAGE” “This€new€packaging€would€allow€us€to€ get€more€onto€the€supermarket€shelves.” g et more onto the s permarket shel es ” Locating€in€this€delightful€place€would€ give€us€an€advantage€in€recruiting€high‐ give us an advantage in recruiting high ‐ quality€staff.” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan EXAMPLES Refer to Page 39 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” g g 174

FOCUS€AREAS “SENSE€OF€POTENTIAL” “This€idea€of€using€retired€people€have€ potential€value.” potential al e ” “Usi ng€the€dead€hours€of€the€night€for€ downloading€TV€material€must€have€a€ downloa ding TV material must have a value€somewhere.” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan EXAMPLES Refer to Page 40 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” g g 175

FOCUS€AREAS “CONCEPTS” “This€idea€is€not€very€attractive,€but€the€ underlying€concept€of€using€customer s€as€ underlying concept of using customers as sales€agents€has€a€lot€of€potenti al.” “The€background€concept€of€relating€ “Th b k d t f l ti information€to€last €year’s€mileage€is€ interesting,€but€a€reliance€on€the€honesty€of€ i t ti b t li th h t f motorists€seems€weak.” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan EXAMPLES Refer to Page 40 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” g g 176

THE€YELLOW€ THE YELLOW HAT YELLOW€HAT EXERCISE • Part€1.€Put€together€a€checklist€of€10€frames€of€ value,€such€as€cost€saving,€ competitive€ value such as cost saving competitive advantage€and€simplicity.€Lis t€your€points€in€ Column€A€on€the€chart€on€page€42€of€ Column A on the chart on page 42 of DISCUSSION€ Workbook€2. TIME:€ 2€minutes EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 1€minute 1 minute 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 41 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” g g Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 177

THE€YELLOW€ THE YELLOW HAT YELLOW€HAT EXERCISE • Part€2.€Now,€systematically€apply€each€of€ these€frames€to€the€subject€on€page €41€ these frames to the subject on page 41 Workbook€2.€See€which€YELLOW€Hat€poi nts€ you€can€extract.€You€should€focus€on€YELLOW€ you can extract You should foc us on YELLOW Hat€points€only.€(no€negatives) DISCUSSION€ EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 1€minute 1 minute 10/22/2008 TIME:€ TIME: 2€minutes Refer to Page 41 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” g g Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 178

THE€YELLOW€ THE YELLOW HAT YELLOW€HAT EXERCISE • SUBJECT.€An€insurance€company€offers€a€ living€benefits policy Which means tha t if a “living benefits”€policy.€Which€means€that€if€a€ policyholder€is€diagnose d€as€having€an€illness€ that€might€be€terminal,€the€insurance€ that might be ter minal the insurance company€will€immediately€pay€out€75%€of€the€ benefits€which€ would€have€become€payable€ benefits which would have become payable upon€the€dea th€of€the€policytaker. Refer to Page 41 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” g g 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 179

THE€BLACK THE€ THE BLACK HAT MODULE€III 5 MODULE III‐5 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 180

The€BLACK Hat€(Self,€Other) The BLACK Hat (Self, Other) • • • • • Stem€judge€wearing€black€robe Stem judge wearing black robe Judgmental g Critical Why€something€is€wrong? LOGICAL€NEGATIVE€View LOGICAL NEGATIVE View 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 181

The€BLACK Hat€(Self,€Other) The BLACK Hat (Self, Other) Refer to Page 80, Chapter 21 of “Six Thinking Hats” • WHAT IS WRONG WITH IT? WHAT€IS€WRONG€WITH€IT? – logical‐negative. – Why€it€will€not€work. – It does not fit in our knowledge a nd It€does€not€fit€in€our€knowledge€and€ experience. – A l i /C iti l J d Analys is/Critical€Judgement t – Pessimistic€point€of€view. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 182

Thought€of€BLACK Thought of BLACK Hat • SUBSTANCE AND METHOD SUBSTANCE€AND€METHOD • PAST€AND€FUTURE€SUBSTANCE • COMPLA CENT€REFUSAL/NEGATIVE€ INDULGENCE • FIRST THE NEGATIVE OR THE FIRST€THE€NEGATIVE €OR€THE€ POSITIVE? 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 183

Thought€of€BLACK Thought of BLACK Hat Refer to Page 86, Chapter 22 of “Six Thinking Hats” • SUBSTANCE AND METHOD SUBSTANCE€AND€METHOD –Errors€of€thinking. –Why€one€thing€does€not€follow€ another. another –Guideline s€for€tests/Rules€of€Evidence. –Possible€conclusions. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 184

Thought€of€BLACK Thought of BLACK Hat Refer to Page 91, Chapter 23 of “Six Thinking Hats” • PAST AND FUTURE SUBSTANCE PAST€AND€FUTURE€SUBSTANCE –How€does€it€fit€my€past€experience€ patterns? –Is this So? Is€this€So? –Which€a re€the€risks? 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 185

Thought€of€BLACK Thought of BLACK Hat Refer to Page 99, Chapter 24 of “Six Thinking Hats” • COMPLACENT REFUSAL/NEGATIVE COMPLACENT€REFUSAL/NEGATIVE€ INDULGENCE –It€is€much€easier€to€be€negative. –It€is€more€amusing€to€be€negative. It is mor e amusing to be negative –Yes...€but... 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 186

Thought€of€BLACK Thought of BLACK Hat Refer to Page 104, Chapter 25 of “Six Thinking Hats” • FIRST THE NEGATIVE OR THE FIRST€THE€NEGATIVE€OR€THE€ POSITIVE? –Should€the€yellow€hat€precede€the€ black€hat? black hat? –Fear€and€security/saf ety. –Curiosity€and€exploration. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 187

Summary€of€the€Thoughts Summary of the Thoughts Refer to Page 108, Chapter 26 of “Six Thinking Hats” • An objective attempt to map the negative An€objective€attempt€to€map€the€negat ive€ elements. • Indicate the errors in the process of thought Indicate€the€erro rs€in€the€process€of€thought. • Can€confront€an€idea€with€the€past€ • Stops€to€v erify€if€it€fits€with€already€known. • Can€project€an€idea€in€the€future€if€it€c ould€fail€ p j f f f or€go€badly. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 188

Summary€of€the€Thoughts Summary of the Thoughts Refer to Page 108, Chapter 26 of “Six Thinking Hats” • Can raise negative questions Can€raise€negative€questions. • Not€used€to€conce al€complacent€negative€ refusal€or€feelings€(use€the€red€hat). • The judgment po sitive is for the yellow The€judgment€positive€is€for€the€yellow€ hat.€ • Y ll h t i l Yellow€hat€is€always€used€before€the€ db f th black. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 189

KEY€FUNCTIONS KEY FUNCTIONS Refer to Page 44 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” • • • • • • • Note€Ways€that€Something€Does€Not€Fit Note Ways that Something Does Not Fit Look €at€Faults Look€at€Potential€Problems Speculate€About€the€Future Speculate About the Future Find€the€Errors€of€Logic Make€Assessments Must€Be€Applied€Thoroughly Must Be Applied Thoroughly Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 190 10/22/2008

KEY€FUNCTIONS “NOTE€WAYS€THAT€SOMETHING€DOES€NOT€FIT” EXAMPLES “This€project€does€not€fit€the€new€ regulations€on€toxic€waste€disposal.” reg la tions on to ic aste disposal ” “This€selling€price€does€not€fit€our€ projected€c osts. projected costs ” Refer to Page 45 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2 Six 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 191

KEY€FUNCTIONS “NOTE€WAYS€THAT€SOMETHING€DOES€NOT€FIT” EXAMPLES “That€is€totally€contrary€to€our€corporate€ culture.€People€will€not€know€what€t o€ c lt re People ill not kno hat to do.” “That does not fit our policy of focus ing That€does€not€fit€our€policy€of€focusing€ on€cost‐reduction.” Refer to Page 45 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2 Six 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 192

KEY€FUNCTIONS “LOOK€AT€FAULTS” “It€would€be€easy€to€forge€those€gift€ vouchers.” o chers ” “Those€loose€pieces€ could€be€swallowed€ by€children. by children ” Refer to Page 45 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2 Six 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 193 EXAMPLES

KEY€FUNCTIONS “LOOK€AT€POTENTIAL€PROBLEMS” “If€we€are€too€successful,€others€may€be€ tempted€into€the€market.€Then€we€will€ tempted into the market Then e ill have€more€competition.” “If€too€many€people€ accept€our€offer,€how€ are€we€going€to€cope? are we going to cope?” Refer to Page 46 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2 Six 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 194 EXAMPLES

KEY€FUNCTIONS “SPECULATE€ABOUT€THE€FUTURE” “If€we€raise€our€prices,€a€newcomer€in€the€ field€could€come€in€under€our€price€ and€ field co ld come in nder o r price and take€out€our€market.” “If€you€fire€h er,€everyone€will€think€it€is€ because€she€disagreed€with€you. because she disag reed with you.” Refer to Page 46 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2 Six 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 195 EXAMPLES

KEY€FUNCTIONS “FIND€THE€ERRORS€OF€LOGIC” “You€say€that€if€we€raise€prices,€sales€will€fall.€I€ think€the€product€will€be€ see€as€more€ think the product will be see as more exclusive€and€will€have€a€pre stige€value.” “You€said€that€sales€figure€show€that€older€ “Y id th t l fi h th t ld people€do€not€buy€life€insurance.€This€may€be€ because€there€is€no€product€ out€there€which€ b th i d t t th hi h suits€their€needs.” Refer to Page 47 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2 Six 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 196 EXAMPLES

KEY€FUNCTIONS “MAKE€ASSESSMENTS” “We€all€like€the€idea,€now€let’s€BLACK€ BLACK€Hat€it.” “Before€we€move€into€acti on,€we€need€to€ consider€the€possible€problems.€This€means€a€ BLACK€Hat€assessme nt.” BLACK€ Refer to Page 47 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2 Six 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 197 EXAMPLES

KEY€FUNCTIONS “MAKE€ASSESSMENTS” “Let’s€have€some€BLACK€ BLACK€Hat€thought€on€how€ the€new€customer€complaint€sys tem€has€ the new customer complaint system has worked.” “How€has€she€been€doing€ in€the€new€job?€ YELLOW Hat€then€BLACK€ BLACK€HAT.” Refer to Page 47 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2 Six 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 198 EXAMPLES

KEY€FUNCTIONS “MUST€BE€APPLIED€THOROUGHLY” “Right€now€we€are€using€the€BLACK€ BLACK€Hat,€so€you€ must€make€a€real€effort€to €come€up€with€the€ must make a real effort to come up with the risks€and€dangers €we€will€face?” “I€know€you€like€the€idea,€but€we€must€consider€ “I k lik th id b t t id the€points€for€caution.€So€let’s€have€some€ good€BLACK€H t thi ki ” d B LACK BLACK€Hat€thinking.” Refer to Page 48 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2 Six 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 199 EXAMPLES

THE€BLACK€ THE BLACK HAT BLACK€HAT EXERCISE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes • Invent€some€BLACK€ BLACK€Hat€remarks€that€might€ have€been€made€during€the€BLA CK Hat€part€ have been made during the BLACK Hat part of€a€thinking€session. TOP IC:€A€proposed€advertising€campaign TOPIC A d d ti i i _________________________ ______________ _____________________________________ EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 1€minute 1 minute 10/22/2008 Refer to Page 51 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2 Six 2” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 200

THE€GREEN THE€ THE GREEN HAT MODULE€III 6 MODULE III‐6 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 201

The€GREEN€ The GREEN Hat (Self, Other) GREEN€Hat€(Self,€Other) • • • • Vegetation CREATIVE€thinking g Possibilities€and€hypotheses New€ideas 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 202

Thoughts€of€GREEN€ Thoughts of GREEN Hat GREEN€Hat • • • • • • • CREATIVE€AND€LATERAL€THINKING CREATIVE AND LATERAL THINKING LATERA L€THINKING MOVEMENT€INSTEAD€OF€JUDGMENT O S O G THE€NEED€FOR€PROVOCATION€ ALTERN ATIVES PERSONALITY€And€ABILITY PERSONALITY And ABILITY THAT€IT€HAPPENS€TO€THE€ID EAS? Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 203 10/22/2008

Thoughts€of€GREEN€ Thoughts of GREEN Hat GREEN€Hat Refer to Page 135, Chapter 34 of “Six Thinking Hats” • CREATIVE AND LATERAL THINKING CREATIVE€AND€LATERAL€THINKING – New€ideas,€new€concepts€and€perceptions – The€deliberate€creation€of€new€ideas . – More€and€more€alternatives. – Change. – Raising New problems Raising€New€pro blems. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 204

Thoughts€of€GREEN€ Thoughts of GREEN Hat GREEN€Hat Refer to Page 140, Chapter 35 of “Six Thinking Hats” • LATERAL THINKING LATERAL€THINKING –The€lateral€thinking€and€its€relation€ with€the€creativity. –Humor and lateral thinking Humor€and€lateral€thinking. –Pattern€switching€in€a€self‐organizing€ in formation€system. f 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 205

Thoughts€of€GREEN€ Thoughts of GREEN Hat GREEN€Hat Refer to Page 143, Chapter 36 of “Six Thinking Hats” • MOVEMENT INSTEAD OF MOVEMENT€INSTEAD€OF€ JUDGMENT –Use€of€idea€like€a€crossing€site. –Where€it€will€take€me? Where it will take me ? –The€forward€effect€of€an€idea. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 206

Thoughts€of€GREEN€ Thoughts of GREEN Hat GREEN€Hat Refer to Page 148, Chapter 37 of “Six Thinking Hats” • THE NEED FOR PROVOCATION THE€NEED€FOR€PROVOCATION –The€use€of€word€PO. –The€logic€of€absurd. –Random€Provocation€to€change. Random Provocation to change 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 207

Thoughts€of€GREEN€ Thoughts of GREEN Hat GREEN€Hat Refer to Page 154, Chapter 38 of “Six Thinking Hats” • ALTERNATIVES –Too€easily€satisfied. –Routes,€options€and€choices. –Levels€of€Alternative. Lev els of Alternative 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 208

Thoughts€of€GREEN€ Thoughts of GREEN Hat GREEN€Hat Refer to Page 161, Chapter 39 of “Six Thinking Hats” • PERSONALITY And SKILL (ABILITY) PERSONALITY€And€SKILL€(ABILITY) –Is€creativity€a€matter€of€skill€(ability),€ talent€or€personality? –Changing Ma sks is easier than Changing€Masks€is€easier€than€ changing€faces. –Pride€in€the€ exercise€of€a€skill f 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 209

Thoughts€of€GREEN€ Thoughts of GREEN Hat GREEN€Hat Refer to Page 164, Chapter 40 of “Six Thinking Hats” • WHAT HAPPENS TO THE IDEAS? WHAT€HAPPENS€TO€THE€IDEAS? –What€happens€next? –Shaping€and€tailoring€ideas. –The€concept€manager. The conc ept manager 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 210

Summary€of€the€Thoughts Summary of the Thoughts Refer to Page 168, Chapter 41 of “Six Thinking Hats” • Use the language of creative thought. Use€the€language€of€creative€thought.€ • Green€is€symbol€of€the€fertility,€the€growth€and€the€ value€of€the€seeds.€ f • Search€of€alternatives,€a€fundamental€aspect€.€Go€ beyond€the€well‐known,€obviou s€and€the€satisfactory€ y f y thing. • Pause€creative€€‐ Stops€at€a€given€point€ to€consider€ the€possibility€of€alternative€ideas.€No€lack€of€reasons€ for€this€ pause. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 211

Summary€of€the€Thoughts Summary of the Thoughts Refer to Page 168, Chapter 41 of “Six Thinking Hats” • The language of the movement replaces to the one The€language€of€the€movement€ replaces€to€the€one€ of€judgment.€The€thinker€tries€to€advance€from€an€ idea€to€ reach€another€new€one. • Provocation€(PO)€– Used€to€leave€our€habitual€ guidelin es€of€thought.,€like€in€the€Method€of€the€ random€word. • Lateral€thought€is€a€s eries€of€attitudes,€languages€ and€techniques€ d h – Include€movement,€provocation€and€PO€to€jump€to€new€ideas. – Used to generate concepts and perceptions. Used€to€generate€concepts€and€perceptions. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 212

KEY€POINTS KEY POINTS Refer to Page 53 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” • • • • • • • • • Time€and€Place€for€Creativity Time and Place for Creativity Creative€Effort Crea tive€Attitude Creative Attitude Extracting€Concepts Making€Modifications Making Modifications Problem€Solving Generating€Possibilities Generating Possibilities Action€Possibilities Lateral€Thinking€Techniques L t l Thi ki T h i Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 213 10/22/2008

KEY€POINTS “TIME€AND€PLACE€FOR€CREATIVITY” “We€need€further€alternatives.€Put€on€ your€green€hats.” h t ” “Time for some GR EEN Hat thinking.” Time€for€some€GREEN Hat€thinking. “We€are€not€getting€anywher e€– let’s€ try€the€GREEN Hat.” GREEN Refer to Page 53 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 214 EXAMPLES

KEY€POINTS “CREATIVE€EFFORT” “It€is€a€very€difficult€situation,€but€ let’s€make€a€GREEN€H t ff t ” l t’ k GRE EN GREEN€Hat€effort.” “I want you to write a GREEN Hat I€want€you€to€write€a€GRE EN€ GREEN€Hat€ section€to€this€report.€Include€some€ new€ideas.” ne ideas ” Refer to Page 54 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 215 EXAMPLES

KEY€POINTS “CREATIVE€ATTITUDE” EXAMPLES “What€else€could€we€do€there?” “Have we listed all the alternatives?” Have€we€li sted€all€the€alternatives? “There€must€be€other€ways€of€doing€ this.” Refer to Page 55 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 216

KEY€POINTS “EXTRACTING€CONCEPTS” “What€is€the€concept€behind€this€idea?€ How€else€might€we€ carry€through€this€ How else might we carry through this concept?” “We€have€a€po werful€concept€here.€What€ are€the€alternative€ways€of€carrying€it€ y f y g out? ” Refer to Page 55 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 217 EXAMPLES

KEY€POINTS “MAKING€MODIFICATIONS” EXAMPLES “We€could€modify€this€idea€by€making€it€ “W ld dif thi id b ki it optional€€rath er€than€compulsory.” “They need not all be the same color ” They€€need€not€all€b e€the€same€color. Refer to Page 56 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 218

KEY€POINTS “PROBLEM€SOLVING” “Our€BLACK Hat€thinking€has€turned€up€ BLACK some€difficulties .€Can€we€overcome€ some difficulties Can we overcome them?” “Let’s€use€the€GREEN Hat€right€now€to€ GREEN address€some€of€these€concerns.” f Refer to Page 56 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” EXAMPLES 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 219

KEY€POINTS “GENERATING€POSSIBILITIES” “It€is€just€possible€that€she€did€not€know€ what€she€ was€doing. what she was doing ” “There€is€a€remote€possibility€that€this€ fault€ will€be€seen€as€a€unique€identifying€ f feature.” Refer to Page 57 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” EXAMPLES 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 220

KEY€POINTS “ACTION€POSSIBILITIES” EXAMPLES “Right,€we€like€the€idea.€Now€what€are€ “Ri ht lik th id N h t the€action€possib ilities.” “We€have€to€act€on€this.€Let’s€GREEN€ GREEN€Hat€ the€action€alternativ es. the action alternatives.” Refer to Page 57 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 221

KEY€POINTS “LATERAL€THINKING€TECHNIQUES” EXAMPLES Focus:€ New€concepts€on€Office€Copiers Random€Word:€€€ NOSE Idea€Generation: Lav ender€Smell€when€ Idea Generation: Lavender Smell when copier€out€of€paper.€Anot her€smeel€ when€out€of€ink.€ when out of ink Refer to Page 58 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 222

THE€GREEN€ THE GREEN HAT GREEN€HAT EXERCISE Focus:€ Load€Shedding Random€Word:€€€ BUTTERFLY Idea€Generation: Idea Generation : _______________________________ _________________________________ EXERCISE€ __ _________ Refer to Page 60 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” TIME:€ 2€minute 2 minute 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 223 DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ TIME 3€minutes

THE€GREEN€ THE GREEN HAT GREEN€HAT EXERCISE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 3€minutes Focus:€ State‐of‐the‐Art€Mobile€sets Random€Word:€€€ ROD Idea€Generation: Idea G eneration: _______________________________ _________________________________ EXE RCISE€ ___________ Refer to Page 60 of “Six Thinking Hats Workbook 2” TIME:€ 2€minute 2 minute 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 224

HAT€TARGETS HAT TARGETS • WHITE€ WHITE€Hat,€pure€target,€virgin,€facts,€numbers€and€ information. • RED€ RED€Hat,€to€see€red,€emotions,€feelings,€and€hunches. • BLACK€ BLACK€Hat,€devil s€advocate,€negative€judgment,€reason€by€ which€he€will€not€be. • YELLOW€ YELLO W€Hat,€light€of€the€sun,€brightness€and€optimism,€ positive,€constructive,€oppor tunity. positive constructive opportunity • GREEN€ GREEN€Hat,€fertility,€creativ ity,€plants€appearing€of€the€seeds,€ p movement,€provocation. • BLUE€ BLUE€Hat,€ moderation€and€control,€conductor,€to€think€about€ thought. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 225

 

HATS€PAIRS HATS PAIRS MODULE€€IV MODULE IV 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 226

HAT€PAIRS HAT PAIRS • WHITE • BLACK • GREEN 10/22/2008 • RED • YELLOW • BLUE Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 227

WHITE & &€€€€€€€€RED RED • What€information€ do€we€have? • What information What€information€ is€missing? • How€do€we€get€ the€information€ we€need? 10/22/2008 • How€do€we€feel€ about€it? • What is the What€is€the€ feeling€at€this€ very€mom ent? • Are€there€any€ y mixed€feelings? 228 Refer to Page 80 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan

• What is the difference between What€is€the€difference€between€ WHITE and€RED€ RED€Hat€Thinking? EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 84 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 229

• Can computers do RED Hat Can€computers€do€RED€ RED€Hat€ Thinking? EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 84 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 230

• A boy has kicked a ball into a A€boy€has€kicked€a€ball€into€a€ neighbor’s€yard €and€has€broken€a€ window.€They€are€yelling€at€each€ other.€Give€three€examples€ of€RED€ other. Give three examples of RED RED€ Hat€remarks€for€each€side. EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds 10/22/2008 Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 84 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ TIME: 2€minutes Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 231

• Do some WHITE Hat Thinking on Do€some€WHITE€€ WHITE€€Hat€Thinking€on€ the€road €or€street€in€which€you€live. EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 84 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 232

• Someone suggests to you that you Someone€suggests€to€you€that€you€ should€take €up€one€of€the€hobbies:€ gardening,€carpentry,€stamp€collecting.€ d i t t ll ti • Do€some€WHITE€€ WHITE€€Hat€thinking€on€each.€ Then€follow€the€RED€ RED€Hat€Thi nking€on€ each. EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds 30 seconds 10/22/2008 Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 84 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes 2 minutes 233 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan

• Is the following a WHITE Hat Is€the€following€a€WHITE€ WHITE€Hat€ Thinking€or€ RED€ RED€Hat€Thinking? Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 84 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats “Pollution€of€a€growing€problem?” “P ll ti f i bl ?” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 15€seconds 15 seconds 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 234

• Is the following a WHITE Hat Is€the€following€a€WHITE€ WHITE€Hat€ Thinking€or€ RED€ RED€Hat€Thinking? Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 84 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats “I€feel€pollution€is€now€the€world’s€ “I f l ll ti i th ld’ number€one€problem.” EXERCISE€ EXERCISE TIME:€ Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 15€seconds 10/22/2008 235

• Is the following a WHITE Hat Is€the€following€a€WHITE€ WHITE€Hat€ Thinking€or€ RED€ RED€Hat€Thinking? Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 85 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats “We€are€not€doing€enough€to€control€ “W td i ht t l pollution.” EXERCISE€ EXERCISE TIME:€ Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 15€seconds 10/22/2008 236

• Is the following a WHITE Hat Is€the€following€a€WHITE€ WHITE€Hat€ Thinking€or€ RED€ RED€Hat€Thinking? Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 85 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats “Pollution€is€everyone’s€business.” “P ll ti i ’ b i ” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 15€seconds 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 237

• Is the following a WHITE Hat Is€the€following€a€WHITE€ WHITE€Hat€ Thinking€or€ RED€ RED€Hat€Thinking? Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 85 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats “Household€garbage€contributes€to€ “H h ld b t ib t t pollution.” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 15€seconds 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 238

• Is the following a WHITE Hat Is€the€following€a€WHITE€ WHITE€Hat€ Thinking€or€ RED€ RED€Hat€Thinking? Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 85 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats “Polls€show€that€people€do€care€ “P ll h th t l d about€pollution.” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 15€seconds 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 239

• Is the following a WHITE Hat Is€the€following€a€WHITE€ WHITE€Hat€ Thinking€or€ RED€ RED€Hat€Thinking? Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 85 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats “I€do€not€know€what€I€can€do€about€ “I d tk h tI d b t pollution.” EXERCISE€ EXERCISE TIME:€ 15€seconds Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 10/22/2008 240

• For a young person about to For€a€young€person€about€to€ choose€a€career€what€ aspects€ would€be€covered€by€WHITE€ WHITE€Hat€ Thinking€and€what€aspects€be€ Thi nking and what aspects be covered€by€RED€ RED€Hat€Thinking? EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 30€seconds 10/22/2008 Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 85 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ TIME: 2€minutes 241 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan

• In choosing a color with which to In€choosing€a€color€with€which€to€ paint€the €walls€of€your€room,€what€ aspects€are€WHITE€ WHITE€Hat€Thinking€ and€what€aspec ts€are€RED€ and what aspects are RED Hat RED€Hat€ Thinking? EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 30€seconds 10/22/2008 Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 85 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ TIME: 2€minutes 242 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan

• Put on your RED Hat and list three Put€on€your€RED Hat€and€list€three€ things€ you€really€like€and€three€ things€you€do€not€like. Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 85 of “Teach WHITE &€€€€€€ €€RED€ RED€Hats EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 30€seconds 10/22/2008 DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ TIME: 2€minutes 243 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan

BLACK & &€€€€€€€€YELLOW YELLOW Refer to Page 86 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” • • • • Is€it€true? Does€it€fit? Will€it€work? ll k? What€are€the€ dangers€and€ problems ? • What€are€the€ benefits? • Why should it Why€should€it€ work? 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 244

• Someone suggests that there Someone€suggests€that€there€ should€be€cars€specia lly€designed€ for€women.€Do€some€BLACK€ BLACK€Hat€ Thinking€to€point€out€the€ Th inking to point out the weaknesses€in€this€idea. EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 30€seconds 10/22/2008 Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 90 of “Teach BLACK &€€€€€€ €€YELLOW YELLOW DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ TIME: 2€minutes 245 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan

• There is a lot of stealing going on at There€is€a€lot€of€stealing€going€on€at€ school.€Rewards€are€offered€to€ anyone€who€can€catch€a€thief.€Is€this€ a€good€i dea?€Do€some€YELLOW€ a good idea? Do some YELLOW Hat YELLOW€Hat€ Thinking€first€ and€then€some BLACK€ Hat€Thinking€on€the€idea. H t Thi ki th id 10/22/2008 Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 90 of “Teach BLACK &€€€€€€ €€YELLOW YELLOW EXERCISE€ DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ TIME:€ Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 30€secon ds 2€minutes 246

• There is a surplus of food in some There€is€a€surplus€of€food€in€some€ countri es€but€in€other€countries€ people€are€starving.€Should€some€of€ the€surplus€food €be€given€free€to€ the surplus food be given free to the€people€who€are€starving ?€Give€ two€points€each€of€from€BLACK€H t t i t h ff BLACK€Hat€ BLACK and€YELLOW € YELLOW€Hat€. 10/22/2008 Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 90 of “Teach BLACK &€€€€€€ €€YELLOW YELLOW EXERCISE€ TIME:€ Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 247 2€minutes

• Is it a proper BLACK Hat Remark: Is€it€a€proper€BLACK€ BLACK€Hat€Remark: Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 90 of “Teach BLACK &€€€€€€ €€YELLOW YELLOW “The€fact€that€many€fat€people€seem€ happy€does€not€mean€that€they€ h d t th t t h are€fat€because€they€are€happy.” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 15€seconds 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 248

• Is it a proper BLACK Hat Remark: Is€it€a€proper€BLACK€ BLACK€Hat€Remark: Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 90 of “Teach BLACK &€€€€€€ €€YELLOW YELLOW “A€publicity€campaign€in€the€ newspapers€won’t€work€because€ ’t kb many€people€c annot€read.” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 15€seconds 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 249

• Is it a proper BLACK Hat Remark: Is€it€a€proper€BLACK€ BLACK€Hat€Remark: Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 90 of “Teach BLACK &€€€€€€ €€YELLOW YELLOW “People€who€tell€lies€are€usually€ found€out.” f d t” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 15€seconds 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 250

• Is it a proper BLACK Hat Remark: Is€it€a€proper€BLACK€ BLACK€Hat€Remark: Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 90 of “Teach BLACK &€€€€€€ €€YELLOW YELLOW “In€my€experience€paying€people€ higher€wages€does€not€make€them€ hi h d t k th happier.” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 15€seconds 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 251

• Is it a proper BLACK Hat Remark: Is€it€a€proper€BLACK€ BLACK€Hat€Remark: Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 90 of “Teach BLACK &€€€€€€ €€YELLOW YELLOW “If€you€do€not€work€hard,€you€will€ not€get€good€results€in€the€test.” t t d lt i th t t ” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 15€seconds 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 252

• Use YELLOW Hat Thinking to show Use€YELLOW Hat€Thinking€to€show€ the€benefits€ in€the€suggestion€that€ everyone€should€keep€a€pet€of€ some€sort. some sort. EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 90 of “Teach BLACK &€€€€€€ €€YELLOW YELLOW 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 253

• If you never read newspapers and If€you€never€read€newspapers€and€ never€liste ned€to€television€news.€ What€would€happen?€Do€some€ YELLOW Hat and some BLACK H at Hat€and€some€BLACK Hat€ Thinking€on€this. EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds 30 seconds 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 90 of “Teach BLACK &€€€€€€ €€YELLOW YELLOW DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes 2 minutes 254

• Do some YELLOW Hat Thinking on Do€some€YELLOW Hat€Thinking€on€ the€use€of€the€ BLACK Hat. BLACK EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 90 of “Teach BLACK &€€€€€€ €€YELLOW YELLOW 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 255

GREEN & &€€€€€€€€BLUE BLUE • Exploration p • Proposals€and€ suggestions • Alternatives • New€ideas • Provoc ations • • • • • Refer to Page 91 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” Where€are€we€now? What€is€the€next€step? Program€of€thinking f h k Summary y Obs ervations€and€ comments 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 256

• You are selling newspapers but you You€are€selling€newspapers€but€you€ cannot€ get€anyone€to€deliver€them.€ Put€on€your€GREEN€ GREEN€Hat€and€make€ some€suggest ions. some suggestions. EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 95 of “Teach GREEN &€€€€€€ €€BLUE BLUE 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 257

• Your dog and your neighbor’s dog Your€dog€and€your€neighbor s€dog€ fight€the€w hole€time.€What€GREEN€ GREEN€ Hat€suggestions€do€you€have? EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 95 of “Teach GREEN &€€€€€€ €€BLUE BLUE 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 258

• You are running a fast‐food business You€are€running€a€fast food€business€ (pi zza).€A€competitor€opens€another€ outlet€(also€pizza)€nearby.€You€start€ l ( l i ) b to€lose€business.€Put€on€your€BLUE y BLUE Hat€and€decide€the€first€three€st eps€ in€your€thinking.€How€should€your€ in your thinking How should your thinkin g€go? 10/22/2008 Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 96 of “Teach GREEN &€€€€€€ €€BLUE BLUE EXERCISE€ TIME:€ Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 259 2€minutes

• You do not have enough space to You€do€not€have€enough€space€to€ store€your€bo oks€and€papers€in€your€ room.€You€put€on€your€GREEN€ GREEN€Hat€ and€come€up€with €some€alternatives. p EXERCISE€ EXERCISE TIME:€ 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ DISCUSSION TIME:€ 2€minutes Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 96 of “Teach GREEN &€€€€€€ €€BLUE BLUE 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 260

• A film‐maker sets a competition to A€film maker€sets€a€competition€to€ find€th e€best€idea€for€a€monster€type€ of€file.€There€is€a€need€for€a€new€type€ f fil h i df of€monster.€Put€on€your€BLUE€ y BLUE€Hat€ and€then€GREEN€ GREEN€Hat€for€su ggestions. EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 30€seconds 10/22/2008 Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 96 of “Teach GREEN &€€€€€€ €€BLUE BLUE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ TIME: 2€minutes 261 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan

• There is a straight piece of road and There€is€a€straight€piece€of€road€and€ p eople€drive€too€fast€along€it.€ Pedestrians€are€always€getting€ d i l i injured€ and€even€killed.€Some€GREEN€ j GREEN€ Hat€Thinking€on€this€problem? EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 30€seconds 10/22/2008 Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 96 of “Teach GREEN &€€€€€€ €€BLUE BLUE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ TIME: 2€minutes Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 262

• There is a search for a new shape for There€is€a€search€for€a€new€shape€for€ c ereal€boxes.€Someone€puts€on€a€ GREEN€Hat€and€makes€the€ GREEN€ d k h p provocat ion€that€cereal€boxes€should€ be€round€like€a€ball.€Can€you€get€ anything€useful €from€that€ anything useful from that provocation? 10/22/2008 Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 96 of “Teach GREEN &€€€€€€ €€BLUE BLUE EXERCISE€ TIME:€ Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 263 2€minutes

• There is an argument between a There€is€an€argument€between€a€ father€and€daug hter€as€to€what€time€ she€should€get€home€in€the€evening.€ h h ld h i h i Using€ your€BLUE€ gy BLUE€Hat€how€would€you€ y set€a€program€for€that€argument? EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds 30 seconds 10/22/2008 Exercise€on€theYour Child How to Think” Refer to Page 96 of “Teach GREEN &€€€€€€ €€BLUE BLUE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes 2 minutes 264 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan

SEQUENCE€USE SEQUENCE USE MODULE€V MODULE V 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 265

TYPES€OF€USE TYPES OF USE Refer to Page 97 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” • Occasional Use. Occasional€Use. • Systematic€€/€Structured€ (Sequence)€Use. 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 266

SEQUENCE€USE SEQUENCE USE • Each hat may be used any number of times in Each€hat€may€be€used€any€number€of €times€in€ the€sequence. • It is best to use the YELLOW Hat before the It€is€bes t€to€use€the€YELLOW Hat€before€the€ BLACK€Hat€€since€it€is€difficult€to€be€posit ive€ BLACK€ after€you€have€been€critical. after you have been critical Refer to Page 97 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 267

SEQUENCE€USE SEQUENCE USE • BLACK Hat is used in two ways:‐ BLACK€Hat€is€used€in€two€ways: BLACK€ – Point€out€the€weaknesses€in€an€idea,€followed€by€ GREEN€Hat,€which€overcomes€t he€weaknesses. GREEN€ GREEN Hat which overcomes the weaknesses – Use€for€assessm ent • BLACK Hat is always used for final assessment BLACK€Hat€is€always€used€for€fin al€assessment€ BLACK€ of€the€idea.€ – Fi l Final€assessment€should€always€be€followed€by€the€ t h ld l b f ll d b th RED Hat,€to€see€how€we€feel€about€the€idea€after€ we€assess€it. we assess it Refer to Page 98 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 268

SEQUENCE€USE SEQUENCE USE • If you believe that there are strong feelings If€you€believe€that€there€are€st rong€feelings€ about€a€subject,€you€always€start€the€thinking€ with€the€RED Hat€ in€order€to€get€those€feelings€ with the RED Hat in order to get those feelings into€the€open. Refer to Page 98 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 269

SEQUENCE€USE SEQUENCE USE • If there are no strong feelings If€there€are€no€strong€feelings,€ – Start€with€WHITE Hat,€for€information.€ WHITE – Then GREEN Hat to generate som e alternatives Then€GREEN Hat€to€generate€some€alternatives.€ – Assess€each€alte rnative€with€YELLOW Hat.€ YELLOW – F ll b BLACK H t h Follow€by€BLACK Hat,€choos e€an€alternative. lt ti – Assess€your€choice€by€RED Hat.€ RED Refer to Page 98 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 270

STRUCTURED€SEQUENCE STRUCTURED SEQUENCE • STEP 1: Present the facts of the case (WHITE Hat) STEP€1: Present€the€facts€of €the€case€(WHITE WHITE • STEP€2:€Generate€ideas€on€how€the€case€could€be€ handle d€(GREEN Hat) (GREEN ) • STEP€3:€Evaluate€the€merits€of€the€idea€ – List€the€benefits€(YELLOW Hat) (YELLOW ) – List€the€drawbacks€(BLACK Hat) BLAC K • STEP€4:€Get€everybody’s€gut€feelings€about€the€ alternatives€(RED Hat) RED • S TEP€5:€Summarize€and€adjourn€the€meeting€(BLUE BLUE Hat) 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 271

SEQUENCE€ SEEKING€AN€IDEA SEQUENCE ‐ SEEKING AN IDEA • STEP€1: Gather€available€information.€(WHITE Hat) (WHITE ) • STEP€2:€For€furth er€exploration€and€to€generate€alternatives.€ (GREEN Hat) GREEN • STEP€3:€Assess €the€benefits€and€feasibility.€(YELLOW Hat) YELLOW • STEP€4:€Assess€the€weakness es€and€dangers.€(BLACK Hat) BLACK • STEP 5: Developing most promising alternativ e and make a STEP€5:€Developing€most€promising€alternative€and€make€a€ choice.€( GREEN Hat) GREEN • STEP€6:€Summarize€and€assess€achievement€so€far.€(BLUE Hat) ( BLUE ) • STEP€7:€Make€the€final€judgment.€(BLACK Hat) BLACK • STEP€8:€Find€out€t he€feelings€on€the€outcome.€(RED Hat) RED Refer to Page 98 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 272

SEQUENCE€ REACTING€TO€AN€IDEA SEQUENCE – REACTING TO AN IDEA • STEP€1: Find€the€existing€feeling€about€the€idea.€(RED Hat) g g (RED ) • STEP€ 2:€Find€the€benefits€in€the€idea.€(YELLOW Hat) YELLOW • STEP€3:€Point€out€weakne sses,€problems€and€dangers€in€the€ idea.€(BLACK Hat) BLACK • STEP€4:€Can€the€ide a€be€modified€to€strengthen€benefits.€ (GREEN Hat) GREEN • STEP€5:€Can€available €information€help€in€making€idea€more€ acceptable.€(WHITE Hat) WHITE • STEP€6:€D evelopment€of€the€final€suggestion.€(GREEN Hat) GREEN • STEP€7:€Judgment€of€the€ final€suggestion.€(BLACK Hat) BLACK • STEP€8:€Find€out€the€feelings€on€the€outco me.€(RED Hat) RED Refer to Page 99 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 273

SHORT€SEQUENCES SHORT SEQUENCES • For€quick€assessment€of€an€idea. (YELLOW /€BLACK /€RED€ ) q (YELLOW / BLACK / RED€Hat) • To€generate€ideas.€(WHITE /€GREEN Hat) WHITE GREEN • To€improve€an€ex isting€idea.€(BLACK /€GREEN Hat) BLACK GREEN • To€summarize€and€spell€out€the€al ternatives.€(BLUE /€GREEN Hat) BLUE GREEN • To€see€if€the€thinking€have€had€any€ benefits.€(BLUE /€YELLOW BLUE YELLOW Hat) Refer to Page 99 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 274

• If you would only use a sequence of If€you€would€only€use€a€sequence€of€ three €hats€to€find€a€present€for€your€ best€friend’s€birthday,€what€would€ b f i d’ b i hd h ld the€sequence€be? q EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds 30 seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes 2 minutes Exercise€on€the SEQUENCE€USE Refer to Page 100 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 275

• There is a meeting to discuss the There€is€a€meeting€to€discuss€the€ problem€o f€young€criminals.€Which€ hat€do€you€think€should€be€used€ h d hi k h ld b d fir st? EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes Exercise€on€the SEQUENCE€USE Refer to Page 100 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 276

• Your family is planning to move to Your€family€is€planning€to€move€to€ another €part€of€the€country.€You€are€ asked€what€you€think€about€the€ k d h hi k b h mo ve.€What€sequence€of€hats€would€ q you€use?€(Give€the€first€four) EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 10/22/2008 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ Refer to Page 100 of “Teach Y our Child How to Think” TIME:€ 277 2€minutesEdward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan Exercise€on€the SEQUENCE€USE

EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds 30 seconds • A group of young people are always A€group€of€young€people€are€always€ holding €parties€and€the€loud€music€is€ upsetting€their€neibors.€The€neighbors€ upsettin g their neibors The neighbors have€a€meeting€to€discuss€the€problem.€ Their€choi ce€of€hats€is€:€ Th i h i fh i RED/BLACK GREEN/BLACK RED.€Do€you€ RED BLACK/GREE N BLACK/RED agree€with€this€sequence€of€hats?€What€ sequence€would€you€suggest? q y gg Refer to Page 100 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 278 Exercise€on€the SEQUENCE€USE DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes 2 minutes

• You need to earn some money quickly in You€need€to€earn€some€money€quickly€in€ order€to€buy€something€you€want€very€ much.€What€sequence€of€hats€would€you€ mu ch What sequence of hats would you set€up€to€guide€your€thinking? EXERCISE€ TIME:€ TIME: 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ TIME: 2€minutes Exercise€on€the SEQUENCE€USE Refer to Page 100 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 279

• Some people do not seem to enjoy life Some€people€do€not€seem€to€enjoy€life€ e nough.€What€sort€of€thinking€should€ such€people€do?€Give€a€short€sequence€ such people do? Give a short sequence of€four€hats. EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 30€seconds DISCUSSION€ TIME:€ 2€minutes Exercise€on€the SEQUENCE€USE Refer to Page 100 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 280

• For each of the following situations For€each€of€the€following€situations€ whi ch€hat€would€you€use€first€of€all: “You€are€accused€of€being€a€liar.” f g EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 15€seconds Refer to Page 100 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 281 Exercise€on€the SEQUENCE€USE

• For each of the following situations For€each€of€the€following€situations€ whi ch€hat€would€you€use€first€of€all: “You€break€your€right€arm€in€an€accident.” y g EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 15€seconds Refer to Page 100 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 282 Exercise€on€the SEQUENCE€USE

• For each of the following situations For€each€of€the€following€situations€ whi ch€hat€would€you€use€first€of€all: “Your€mother€is€very€ill€and€has€to€go€to€ y g hospital.” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 15€seconds Refer to Page 100 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 283 Exercise€on€the SEQUENCE€USE

• For each of the following situations For€each€of€the€following€situations€ whi ch€hat€would€you€use€first€of€all: “You€find€an€envelope€with€a€lot€of€money€ f p f y in€it.” EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 15€seconds Refer to Page 100 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 284 Exercise€on€the SEQUENCE€USE

• For each of the following situations For€each€of€the€following€situations€ whi ch€hat€would€you€use€first€of€all: “You€discover€your€friend€is€a€thief.” y f f EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 15€seconds Refer to Page 100 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 285 Exercise€on€the SEQUENCE€USE

• For each of the following situations For€each€of€the€following€situations€ whi ch€hat€would€you€use€first€of€all: “You€get€offered€a€very€good€job.” g ff yg j EXERCISE€ TIME:€ 15€seconds Refer to Page 100 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 286 Exercise€on€the SEQUENCE€USE

• A man buys a car from a friend, after A€man€buys€a€car€from€a€friend,€after€ t esting€it.€But€after€a€week€the€car€breaks€ down€and€needs€expensive€repairs.€Th ey€ down and needs expensive repairs They meet€to€discuss€who€should€pay€for€the € repairs.€Set€out€a€sequence€of€hats€for€ i S fh f the€discussion. EXERCISE€ EXERCISE TIME:€ 30€seconds 10/22/2008 DISCUSSION€ DISCUSSION TIME:€ Re fer to Page 100 of “Teach Your Child How to Think” 2€minutes Edward€€de€Bono€Fou ndation€Pakistan 287 Exercise€on€the SEQUENCE€USE

10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 288

CONCLUSION THANK€YOU! 10/22/2008 Edward€€de€Bono€Foundation€Pakistan 289