Electricity generation was first developed in the 1800's using Faradays dynamo generator.

Almost 200 years later we are still using the same basic principles to generate electricity, only on
a much larger scale. Now we are throwing some light on the very new and innovative concept
i.e. GENERATING ELECTRICITY FROM A SPEED BREAKER. Producing electricity from a
speed breaker is a new concept that is undergoing research.
Energy can be tapped and used at a commonly used system, the road speed
breakers. The number of vehicles passing over the speed breaker in roads is
increasing day by day. A large amount of energy is wasted at the speed breakers
through the dissipation of heat and also through friction, every time a vehicle
passes over it. There is great possibility of tapping this energy and generating
power by making the speed-breaker as a power generation unit. The generated
power can be used for the street lights, near the speed breakers. The present work
an attempt has been made to fabricate a ramp, which can utilize the kinetic energy
of vehicles in power generation. This type of ramp is best suited for the places
where the speed breaker is a necessity. The places like Toll bridges or on vehicle
parking stands are best for its utilization. The work also discusses the shortcomings
of existing methods and the ways it is countered by this method.

The number of vehicles on road is increasing rapidly and if we convert some of the
Potential energy of these vehicle into the rotational motion of generator then we can produce
considerable amount of electricity, this is the main concept of this project. At present we are
facing shortage of electricity. Electricity can be generated using speed breakers, strange, isn't it?
The benefits from this idea will be to generate electricity for the streetlights, hoardings and then
for other use. Generally when vehicle is in motion it produces various forms of energy like, due
to friction between vehicle’s wheel and road i.e. rough surface HEAT Energy is produced, also
when vehicle traveling at high speed strikes the wind then also heat energy is produced which is
always lost in environment and of which we can’t make use of….OR directly we can say that all
this energy that we can’t make use of is just the WASTAGE OF ENERGY that is abundantly
available around us. In this project we are just trying to make use of such energy in order to
generate an ELECTRICAL ENERGY. This project will work on the principle of “POTENTIAL
ENERGY TO ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONVERSION” Potential energy can be thought of as
energy stored within a physical system

The Vice President Kwesi Amissah-Arthur says demand for electricity in the country has
exceeded current installed capacity and it’s still growing.
He also re-emphasised the government’s commitment to develop a reliable and efficient energy
sector to provide sustainable power for the economy.
He said the government’s energy development priorities would focus on increasing access to
power for all households and productive sectors in order to facilitate economic growth.
The Vice President said this when he cut the sod for the commencement of work on the Kpone
Independent Power Plant (KIPP) near Tema, by Cenpower Generation Company Limited.
The 350MW light crude oil and gas powered combined cycle power plant is being financed at a
cost of $900million by a Consortium of South African Banks and other partners.
The Kpone Independent Power Plant, which is expected to be completed in 32 months, would
have a 161KV substation, fuel supply, storage and treatment infrastructure as well as working
capital for fuel.
Besides, the Cenpower plant is uniquely placed adjacent to the West African Gas Pipeline
landing point at Tema and close to all the main inter-power connections.
The government has set an energy generation target of 5000MW for the medium to long term to
meet projected electricity demand and achieve national energy security with a margin for
reserve.
Vice President Amissah-Arthur said the current estimated demand for electricity for the country
was growing at about 12 per cent per annum and this had already exceeded the nation’s installed
capacity.
He explained that as a result of the increasing demand for power the nation was forced to shed
some load during the peak demand.
He said the lack of sufficient and reliable power continued to constrain some businesses and limit
their ability to expand to create jobs for the growing population.
Vice President Amissah-Arthur said Government’s partnership with the independent power
producers in the development of the energy sector demonstrated its commitment to finding
solutions to the insufficiencies in the provision of electricity.
He said the Cenpower plant, when operational in 2017, would increase the installed capacity of
the country by 14 per cent based on the current level of 2800MW of generation.

He said at the peak of the construction period about 600 jobs would be created and when
operational at least 70 permanent staff would be employed over the 20 year duration of the
Power Purchase Agreement (PPA).
Vice President Amissah-Arthur assured the officials of Cenpower of the Government’s readiness
to assist them resolve any problem that may arise in the course of the project implementation.
He appealed to the contractors and the sub-contractors to co-operate with the Kpone Community,
respect the culture of the people, and refrain from acts that could bring tension and confrontation.
Mr Samuel Nana Brew- Butler, Chairman and Founder of Cenpower Generation Company
Limited, said the sod-cutting ceremony by Vice President Amissah-Arthur represented another
major achievement in the project’s history.
He said the construction of the state-of-the-art power plant would increase Ghana’s energy
supply and facilitate the country’s economic growth.
He said when the plant becomes operational in 2017, it would be a critical base-load component
in meeting Ghana’s growing electricity demand accounting for approximately 10 per cent of
Ghana’s total installed generation capacity and about 20 per cent of the country’s thermal
generation capacity.
Source: GNA