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Simple Present

First Conditional
If + present simple, ... will + infinitive
It's used to talk about things which might happen in the future. Of
course, we can't know what will happen in the future, but this
describes possible things, which could easily come true.
Example: If I have time I will visit my cousins.

Zero Conditional

If + present simple, .... present simple.
This conditional is used when the result will always happen. So, if
water reaches 100 degrees, it always boils. It's a fact.
Example: If you stop breathing you will die.

Uses of Simple Present
1) Simple present tense is used to talk about things that happen in
your life with certain frequency or things that never happen.
Example: I usually play computer games in my free time.

2) It can be used for consecutive actions too.
Example: When the class begins the teacher enters the
classroom, greets his students,
opens the book
and then check that all of them are present

3) Future activities with a particular planning, a defined schedule.
Example: The school ends at 2:20 everyday.
4) Simple Present can be used to talk about facts too, for example:
Example: The moon is the earth’s satellite

Affirmative (Basic structure)
The Simple Present has a basic structure or formula that can be
modified depending on the sentence.

Example: I feed my cat everyday

they Are not/ aren’t she. Example: Do the students learn English? REMEMBER: You can use Wh. Question Structure To make question sentences in simple past we have to use this structure: Do/Does Subject Verb The Rest of the sentence Do I / you / we/ they cereal for breakfast? Does he / she / it have / buy eat / like etc. it Is not/ isn’t Examples I am not sad They are not clever She is not careful Am I stupid? ?+ Am I . he. but the basic structure has to be modified to add the don’t/doesn’t: Example: I don’t like studying maths.(You have to add –s or –es when the subject is he. why. etc…).questions too in simple present questions (like who. Structure: Verb to be (for negative and questions) − I am not you. where. she or it) Negative Structure Simple Present sentences can be negative too. we.

he.Are you. they Are we good at math? Is she friendly? Is she. it Present Continuous For most verbs we add -ing to the base form to make the -ing form: For other verbs the spelling changes are: . we.

Example: Mike is doing math homework. Negative Structure Subject not Verb + ing I Auxiliary Verb am not you / we/ they are Not having / buying eating / liking etc. cereal for breakfast. where. 2) Things happening actually. Affirmative (Basic structure) Subject I Auxiliary Verb am you / we/ they Are he / she / it Is Verb + ing The Rest of the sentence having / buying eating / liking etc. Question Structure Auxiliary Verb Am Subject Are you / we/ they Is he / she / it I Verb + ing having / buying eating / liking etc. . etc…). but not at the moment. he / she / it is Not The Rest of the sentence cereal for breakfast. Example: She’s leaving from Rancagua in five hours. 3) Predetermined plans or appointments that have already been agreed for the near future.Uses of Present Continuous 1) Present Continuous tense is used to talk about things that are happening right now (at the moment). Example: My sister is studying psychology at the university.questions too in Present Continuous questions (like who. The Rest of the sentence cereal for breakfast? REMEMBER: You can use Wh. why.

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