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MANITOBA BOLD

AManitoba
BuiltforSuccess
Thegreatestdangerformostofusisnotthatouraimistoo
highandwemissit,butthatitistoolowandwereachit.

Michelangelo

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

Ifsuccessisajourney,decidingthedestinationattheoutsetisthefirststep.Election2016offers
Manitobansanopportunitytodetermine,notintheshorttermgovernanceofourprovince,butwherewe
asacommunityaregoing,towhatpurposeandwhatchangeisrequiredtoputusonapathtosuccess.

ManitobaBOLD,throughfouryearsofengagementwithcommunitythoughtleadersandresearchinto
bestpractices,hereandabroad,setsoutanambitiousvisionofourfutureandthestepswemusttake
today.

Why?

WheredoyouseeManitoba10yearsfromnow?Howabout20?Thesearequestionsthatneedtobe
addressedbyallpoliticalpartiesduringthenextprovincialelectionanelectionthatmayprovetobe
oneofthemostconsequentialtoyoungvotersinManitoba'shistory.
Byimplementingpoliciesthatdrivesustainablegrowth,andpartneringwithotherswhoareinvestedin
thisprovince'sfuture,thenextprovincialgovernmentcanhelpManitobastakeaclaimastheplace
wherecareersaremadeandreclaimitspositionastherealgatewaytotheWest.
I'vewatchedtoomanyofmyfriendsandclassmatesmoveaway,oftenaftercompletingundergraduate
degreeshereathome.Manitobadidnotpresentafuturetheyfeltconfidentinvestingin.
Makethecaseforustostay;we'relistening.

JoshuaMorry,UniversityofManitobaFacultyofLawStudent,
excerptsfromWinnipegFreePresseditorial,January2,2016

Manitobaoffersmuchloweroverheadtohighrevenuetechnologystartups,andthereisnowarapidly
growingcommunityofsuccessfulyoungentrepreneurscreatingjobsandopportunities,whoactively
mentornewcompanies.Butwithinfiveyears,manyofthesecompaniesfindtheyneedtoleavethe
provinceinordertoseekcontinuedgrowth.
Theprovincialgovernmentisinanidealpositiontoretainthesegrowthindustries,butonlyifthey
choosetolistentothecommunityandriskactingatthespeedofbusiness,ratherthanthespeedof
government.Innovationdoesn'thappenwhilewaitingforanoldsystemtocatchup.

MeghanAthavale,CEO,POMOandLumoPlayInc.

ThroughManitobaBOLDsengagementprocess,inparticularwithyouthandemergingbusiness
leaders,astrongandconsistentmessageemergedManitobanswantacompellingreasontobe
excitedaboutthefutureofManitobaandtheirplaceinit.

TheywantanambitiousvisionofManitobaasconfidentinitsgoalsandapproachesasManitobans
areinthemselves.

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

Theneedtoseethatgovernment,business,labour,academiaandotherstakeholdershaveembraced
thissharedmission,supportedbyaneweraofalignmentandcollaboration.

Theywanttoseetheopportunitiesavailabletothemhere,inparticularthoseareaswheretheycan
lead,driveinnovationandcreativity,andmaketheirmark.

Theywantmorethangoodjobs;theywantexcitingcareersinleadingsectorstiedtoglobalpursuitsthat
theyeitherenterorcreateforthemselves.

Theywanttoseeinvestmentsthatachievemeaningfuloutcomesbeyondfouryearelectioncycles.

TheywantmorethanareasontostayinManitoba,theywanttobedrawntotheirhomealongwith
othersfromaroundtheworld.

ManitobansarereadytobeginbuildingasuccessfulManitobathatinspires,excitesandattracts.Whatis
neededisavisionandtheplanthatembracespurposefulchangeandlaysdownthenecessary
foundation.

ManitobaBOLD:TheVision
Manitobarequiresaboldvisionforthefuture,however,thatvisioncannotexistinisolationofourplace
withintheglobalcommunity.

OnSeptember25,2015,theUnitedNationsadoptedTransformingOurWorld:the2030Agendafor
SustainableDevelopment.Thisagendaisaplanofactionforpeople,planetandprosperitybuiltaround
17sustainabledevelopmentgoals:

1. Endpovertyinallitsformseverywhere
2. Endhunger,achievefoodsecurityandimprovenutritionandpromotesustainableagriculture
3. Ensurehealthylivesandpromotewellbeingforallatallages
4. Ensureinclusiveandqualityeducationforallandpromotelifelonglearning
5. Achievegenderequalityandempowerallwomenandgirls
6. Ensureaccesstowaterandsanitationforall
7. Ensureaccesstoaffordable,reliable,sustainableandmodernenergyforall
8. Promoteinclusiveandsustainableeconomicgrowth,employmentanddecentworkforall
9. Buildresilientinfrastructure,promotesustainableindustrializationandfosterinnovation
10. Reduceinequalitywithinandamongcountries
11. Makecitiesinclusive,safe,resilientandsustainable
12. Ensuresustainableconsumptionandproductionpatterns
13. Takeurgentactiontocombatclimatechangeanditsimpacts
14. Conserveandsustainablyusetheoceans,seasandmarineresources
15. Sustainablymanageforests,combatdesertification,haltandreverselanddegradation,halt
biodiversityloss
16. Promotejust,peacefulandinclusivesocieties
17. Revitalizetheglobalpartnershipforsustainabledevelopment

ManitobaBOLDsvisionrepresentsagrassroots,madeinManitobaexpressionofourcommunitys
aspirationsforManitoba,alignedandconnectedtoManitobasroleinhelpingachievetheTransforming
OurWorldgoalsoverthenext15years:
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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

AnEstablishedManitobaEconomicBrandstrengthindiversification,drivenbyleadershipfrom
Manitobasknowledgebasedclustersofexcellence,focusedontheglobalmarketplace

TheFirstChoiceentrepreneurs,youthandthoughtleadersaredrawntoManitoba,where:
riskaversionhasgivenwaytoanewclimateofcatalyticleadershipthatactivelynurturescreative
solutions
acompetitiveeconomicframeworkthatforgeslongtermpersonalandprofessionalcommitment
toourprovince
anewalignmentofstakeholdershascreatedstrategiccoordinationandinvestmenttomaximize
success
localinnovationisembracedfirstbyManitobans

APioneerinInclusionandEquityallManitobansarefullengagedinManitobaseconomicand
socialrenaissance,empoweredwiththeopportunitiesandresourcestofullyshareinthebenefits
andenhancedqualityoflife

AFocusedFoundationfortheFuturefromourphysicalenvironmentandinfrastructuretothe
regulatoryregime,Manitobasfoundationismorethanroadsandbridges,butapurposefulplatform
thatcreatestheconditionstowin

TodaysManitobafeaturesanumberofchallengesandopportunitiesthatwilldetermineourabilityto
realizeManitobaBOLDsvision.

Challenges
Manitobansaremoredisconnectedanddisillusionedwithpoliticalleadershipthaneverbefore,
hinderingeffortstogalvanizecollectiveaction.Opennessandtransparencylagsbehindother
jurisdictions,limitedbyriskaversionandfear.Superficialconsultationexistsinplaceofmechanismsfor
meaningfulparticipation.Manitobansvoiceremainsrestrictedtotheballotboxeveryfouryears.

Alignmentbetweenthevariousfacetsfromacademiatogovernmenttotheprivatesectorexistsin
pockets,butoutsidethecontextofanoverallcoordinatedvisionandplan.

SuccessivebudgetdeficitsandaballooningprovincialdebtthreatentounderminetheProvinces
capacitytodeliverlongtermplansandprogramsthatsupportourqualityoflife.

Oureconomycallingcardtotheworldeconomicdiversityprovideseconomicstabilityatrealcostof
economicleadershipandattractionofnewinvestment,enterpriseandpeople.

From1982to2013,Manitoba'sactualannualgrowthratewasabelowaverage2.1percent.Figures
fromStatisticsCanadafor2014revealManitoba'srealGDPgrewatarateofonly1.1percent.Manitoba
mustdecidewhereitcanleadandalignthepiecestothatendifwearetofuelmeaningfulgrowth.

Capitalthelifebloodofbusinessgrowthandsuccesscontinuestobeamongstthemostchallenging
obstacleswithinManitoba.From20122014,ManitobafinishedsecondtoPEIintermsoftheleast
amountofventurecapitalinvestmentinCanada;in2014,ManitobatiedPEIintermsofzeroventure
capitalinvestment.
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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

FullparticipationinManitobaseconomyremainsanelusivegoalforfartoomanyManitobans,in
particularourindigenouspeoples.Manitobafamiliesincomesecurityis8thlowestamongthe10
provincesandafull$10,000belowStatisticsCanadas2012CanadianIncomeSurveymedianaverageof
$71,700.AccordingtotheUniversityofWinnipegsInstituteofUrbanStudies,from1980to2010,40%
ofWinnipegneighbourhoodsexperiencedadeclineinincomes.Manitobastaxratesandbrackets,
havingfailedtokeeppacewithotherprovincesandthechangingfaceofoureconomy,arestandingout
forallthewrongreasons.

Incomedisparityandotherqualityoflifeindicatorssuggestmanyofthecurrentapproachesarefalling
short.

AccordingtoStatisticsCanada,overthelast30years,174,000Manitobanshavelefttomigratetoother
provincessecondonlytoQuebecinlargestnetloss.Whileimmigrationfromothercountrieshas
softenedtheblow,fartoomanyManitobansarenotchoosingManitoba.

Strengths
Manitobasuccessrequiresmorethanconcretemeasurementstorectifythechallengesthatcurrently
exist;werequirethoughtfulexaminationofandadedicatedplantoleverageourexistingandemerging
strengths.

Manitobafeaturesanumberofindustriesthataresettingthepacebothintheirsectorandinour
economicfortunes.

OurvalueaddedfoodprocessingindustryisthelargestmanufacturingsectorinManitoba,accounting
forapproximately$4billioninmanufacturingshipmentsin2010.Manitobaboastsatransportation
networkthreeClassIrailways,a24/7globalaircargoairportandaninternationaltruckinghub
featuringNorthAmericaslargestinlandportandawindowtothenorthinthePortofChurchill.

Winnipegsinnovationandcreative+designcommunitiesfeatureglobalpioneersinmachinelearning
andvirtualrealitytointernationalawardwinnersinarchitectureandthearts.Inthelastseveralyears,
InnovationAlleyintheWestExchangealongwithManitobasICTecosystem(StartupWinnipeg,
InnovateManitoba,Futurpreneur,TheEurekaProject,NewMediaManitoba,ManitobaTechnology
Accelerator)hasarisenasanacclaimedstartuphubwiththecreativedensityandcommunitytogrow,
attractandretaintechstartupsandscalethemtoworldclasscompanies.Educationassets,suchasthe
UniversityofManitobascuttingedgecomputervisionprogram,aredeliveringthenextgenerationof
innovators.

ManitobaHydrooffersastrongbaseonwhichtopowerManitobaspositionasanenvironmentally
responsiblecommunityinvestedincleantechnology.

RecordinvestmentsinManitobasphysicalinfrastructurehavebeguntoaddressagrowing
infrastructuredeficit,addedaneededplatformtoadvanceoureconomicpursuitshereandabroad.

ManitobasProvincialNomineeProgram(MPNP)sawthearrivalof13,100newManitobansin2013,an
almostfourfoldincreasefrom14yearsearlier.TheintroductionoftheMPNPforBusinessProgramin
2000hasledto633businessesestablishedandover$222millioninvestedintheprovince.
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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

Ourgreateststrengthhasbeen,andremains,ourpeople.Manitobansresourcefulness,creativityand
determination,coupledwitharecognizedleadershipinsocialprogressivity,makesaManitobathatwins
possible.

WheretoBegin
AManitobaBuiltforSuccessispossible.Itrequiresacknowledgmentandconcertedefforttoboth
addressourchallengesandcapitalizeonourstrengths.Itrequiresthatwerefusetoacceptstatusquo
approachesthatproducetepidresultsandtoembracechangeasapositiveinfluenceanddriverof
growth.

Thefollowingpagesreflecttheaspirations,ideasandrecommendationsfromcommunityleaderson
wheretobeginandhowtoproceed.Likeallplans,itisalivingdocumentthatinvitesallManitobansto
sharetheirperspectivesandideastoenhanceandstrengthenaManitobaBuiltforSuccess.

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

INVESTINGINOURPEOPLE

A. RedefiningtheProvincesRelationshipwithCitizensandOtherGovernments

1. CivicProvincialRelationship
UndertakecomprehensivereviewoftheCityofWinnipegChartersoastoensuretheCity
operatesunderapolicybasedgovernancemodelthataffordsitthenecessarypowersand
flexibility,alignedwithitsfundingauthorities,topromoteselfdeterminationandself
sufficiency
Reinventthecivicprovincialfundingrelationship,transitioningawayfromrepeated
confrontationoversharedrevenueallocationtooneofmanagedauthorities
Amendrelevantlegislationgoverningmunicipaltaxationauthoritysoastoallowmunicipal
governmentstotransitiontoeconomicgrowthrelatedtaxes,suchasamunicipalincometax
orsalestax,toreducerelianceuponrealtytaxesandtopromotegreaterselfreliance
AmendtheManitobaMunicipalBoardActtoenablecities,asdefinedandgrantedstatusbythe
province,toborrowwithoutapprovaloftheMunicipalBoard,aslongastheyremainwithin
establishedborrowingguidelines

2. FederalProvincialRelationship
CreateanEconomicPartnershipAgreementbetweentheprovinceandWesternEconomic
Diversification(WD)toensurethatfundingfromWDisalignedwithprovincialpriorities
Create,incollaborationwithotherprovincialgovernmentsandthefederalgovernment,an
independentinfrastructurebanktohelpsmallercitiesborrowmoreaffordablyforurban
renewalprojects
AccordingtotheUSFederalHighwayAdministration,32statesandPuertoRicocurrentlyhave
stateruninfrastructurebanks,includingCalifornia,OhioandFlorida.Infrastructurebanks,
referredtoasIbanks,typicallyconsistofrevolvinginvestmentfundsthatcanprovidefiscal
supporttodifferenttypesofinfrastructureprojectswithinthestate.

IncollaborationwiththeAssociationofManitobaMunicipalitiesandtheFederationofCanadian
Municipalities,pursueanationalstrategyforcontinuedandenhancedfederalroleandfunding
formunicipalinfrastructureonanongoingandpermanentbasis,whichwouldinclude:
Permanentlytransfertomunicipalitiesonanongoingbasisthecurrent$2billionannual
federalGasTaxFundandindexannualincreasestoaminimumoftheannualrateofinflation
andpopulationgrowth
Continuetrilevelgovernmentinfrastructurefundingagreementsonanongoingand
permanentbasistoaddressemerginginfrastructureneedsandsharedpriorityprojects.
LobbyaggressivelythefederalgovernmenttoensureManitobaaerospaceindustrysposition
andneedsarereflectedstronglyinanyprocurementdecisionsregardingreplacementof
CanadasCF18fighteraircraft

3. OpennessandTransparency
Replacethecurrentprovincialbudgetconsultationprocesswithameaningfulapproach,suchas
participatorybudgetingprocess

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

InSeptember2015,NewYorkCityCouncillaunchedits20152016ParticipatoryBudgetingCycle
thelargestandfastestgrowingParticipatoryBudgetingprocessinNorthAmerica.New
Yorkersin27CouncilDistrictswillcollaborativelydecidehowtodistributeover$30millionto
localcapitalprojectsthroughayearlongprocessofneighbourhoodassemblies,delegate
meetings,projectexpositionsandcommunityvoting.Atpresent,greaterthan1,500
participatorybudgetprocesseshavebeenimplementedthroughouttheworld.

Appointaministerresponsibleforpublicengagementandreorganizeexistingprovincial
engagementunitsintoasingleCommunityEngagementSecretariat
Adoptprovincialstandardsandguidingprinciplesforprovincialgovernmentcommunity
engagementefforts
Usetechnology,artsandmediainnewanddifferentwaystodecreasecostsofengaging
largeraudienceswhileprovidinginnovationandinclusivity
ImplementcomprehensiveopensourcedataplatformstobecameaNorthAmericanleader;
committominimalrulesofusagetopromotemaximumusageofthedataforcitizens
CreateameaningfulCitizensDashboardthatwouldprovideclearinformationandprogresson
priorityareasinone,easytoaccessmechanism

4.

Electoralreform
Pilottheuseofonlinevotingtoencourageandincreasevoterparticipation

SinceFebruary2014,allSwisscitizenslivingabroadareentitledtovoteviainternet,regardless
ofwheretheylive.Theonlyrequirementisthatindividualsareregisteredinacanton
(equivalenttostateorprovince)thatoffersevoting.SomepeoplelivinginSwitzerlandcanalso
currentlyvoteonlineinthecantonsofGenevaandNeuchtel.

Instituteballotquestionsduringprovincialelectionsonmajorpolicyinitiativeswhereaclear
votermandateisdesirableandbeneficial
Establishprovincialelectoralreformcommissiontostudytheadoptionofproportional
representationforprovincialelections,and/orotherreformsthatsupportgreatercitizen
engagementandconnectionbetweentheirvoteandrepresentation

B. GrowingManitobasKnowledgeandSkillsBase

1.

PrimaryandSecondaryEducation
Engageteachersandeducationleadersthroughouttheworldinacomprehensivereviewof
Manitobascurrentcurriculum,andmapoutafirmactionplantoelevateManitobanstudent
performanceinreading,mathandscienceskillstoamongthetopthreeinCanadaby2021
AmalgamateallschooldivisionswithinthecityofWinnipegintoasingleschooldivisionand
board
ReclaimprovincialresponsibilityforfundingManitobasK12educationsystemby:
Shiftingauthorityforsettingthepropertytaxmillratesforeducationfromschoolboards
backtotheprovincialgovernment
Increasingprovincialeducationfundingto80%ofnetoperations(asdefinedintheFRAME
Reports)inastagedmanneroverasixyearperiodtherebyphasingoutapproximately$300
millionfromthecurrentrealtyeducationlevy;capeducationrealtytaxrevenuesat20%of
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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

netoperationstoallowschooldivisionstoofferuniqueprogramandserviceenhancements
andoptionsthatreflectlocalneedsandpriorities

Theproposedchangestoprovincialresponsibilityreflecteducationreformsundertakenin
AlbertaandOntariooverthelast20years;intheConferenceBoardofCanadasmostrecent
HowCanadaPerformseducationreportcard,OntarioandAlbertawerethetopperformers
amongalltheprovinces.

Establishentrepreneurialeducationasrequiredcurriculumingrades78,equivalenttothe
currentmandatorypracticalartseducation,andoptionalcurriculumforgrades912,tobroaden
studentexposuretoamorefulsomerangeofcareeropportunities
ExpandthefocusonScience,Technology,Engineering,ArtsandMathematics(STEAM)skills
careerpathways,andworkbasedlearningexperiences

GreaterSpokaneInc.:WashingtonboaststhelargestconcentrationofSTEMjobsintheUnited
States.GSIhousesSpokaneSTEM,acommunitypartnershipfocusedontransforminghow
STEMistaughtintheclassroombyengagingstudents,parentsandteachersinexperiential
learningopportunities.TeachingtheTeachersconnectseducatorswithemployersinSTEM
fieldstogethandsonexperiencewithleadingindustries.Since2007,850educatorsform20
schooldistrictshavebeenpairedwithmorethan50businesses,reaching21,000students.

TheBritishColumbiagovernmentannouncedinJanuary2016theintroductionofcomputer
codinginitsschoolcurriculum,addressingachronicskillsshortageinthetechnologysector.
Thenewcodingcurriculumwillbeintroducedacrossallgradesoverthenextthreeyears,
featuringnewstandardsinmathematicsandsciencesandanewandredesignedapplied
design,skillsandtechnologies(ADST)componenttoimprovestudentsabilitiestosolve
problemsandthinkcreatively.BritishColumbiasannouncementsfollowsNovaScotiasmovein
October2015tointroducecodingtothecurriculum.Codingwasalsorecentlyaddedtoschool
curriculuminBritainandiscominginAustralia.

2.

PostSecondaryEducation
Workwithourpostsecondaryeducationcommunity(PSE)toimproveopportunitiesfor
collaborationbetweenPSEresearchersandbusinesses
SupportincreasedopportunitiesforworkintegratedlearningaspartofstudentsPSE
experience
Focuspostsecondaryinstitutionsonlearningoutcomesthataretiedtoshortandlongterm
marketdemand(multiplecareersrequireustothinkaboutamoreflexiblelearner,critical
thinker),andtodemonstratecontinualimprovementsinlearnerengagementandenvironments
Transitionourpubliclyfundedpostsecondaryinstitutionsfromthecurrentbroadbase
disciplinefocustothatofaNicheDominator,wherebyapostsecondaryinstitution:
choosesparticularcustomersegmentstofocusonforexample,matureagedistance
learningstudents,internationalmassmarketorindustryprofessionalsenablingthe
targeteddevelopmentofcourseofferings,saleschannels,delivery,andrelatedservices,such
asindustrybasedlearning,careerplacementandoutreach,andembeddedresearch
programs
significantlyreducesitsrangeofeducationdisciplines,creatingafocusedsetofareasof
genuinedomesticandglobalstrengthandcredibility
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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

Buildsdeepallianceswithindustryinitschosenfields,includingpartnershipstosupportR&D,
commercializationofresearchandinnovation,professionalskilldevelopment,andlifelong
learning
Streamlinesitsbackoffice,includingusingoutsourcingand/orsharedservicesmodelsto
driveefficiencyandeconomiesofscale

OfficiallylaunchedinSeptember2010,AaltoUniversitywasformedbymergingthreeHelsinki
baseduniversitiesintechnology,artanddesign,andeconomics.Aaltosmissionistocontribute
tosolvingglobalissuesthroughamultidisciplinaryapproachtoresearchandteachingandto
supporttheinternationalizationandcompetitivenessoftheFinnisheconomy.Evenafter
mergingthreeseparateinstitutions,Aaltohasafocusedrangeofprograms.Aaltoseeksto
strengthenanddifferentiatetheseprogramsthroughitsmultidisciplinaryapproach,
partnershipswithindustry,designhubsandprogramsthatpromoteinnovationand
entrepreneurship.Aaltoaimstousestrengthsinitschosenfieldstoachieveaplaceamongthe
worldstopuniversitiesby2020andseedanewgenerationofinnovators.

Enablenimbleandeffectivemethodsofintroducingaccreditednewprograms/coursesat
Manitobascollegesanduniversitiesthatarerelevanttoindustrythroughastreamlined
process;theabilitytodevelopandimplementnewcurriculumatpresentisextremelylimited

IntheUK,BPPUniversityCollege,aforprofitproviderofhighereducationdegreesownedby
ApolloGlobal,focusesonprovidingprofessionfocusedhighereducationprogramsin
accounting,bankingandfinance,law,marketing,andhumanresources.BPPfocusesonstudents
seekingprofessionalqualificationsandthereforebuildsteachingprogramsandindustry
partnershipslinkedtotheprofessions.

Increasesupporttoprograms(loan,bursaries,scholarships)thatprovide100%tuitionsupport
forindividualswherefinancialbarriersofanylevelareobstaclestohigherlearning

3.

Apprenticeship
IncreasetheRedSealTraderatioofjourneypersontoapprentice,currentlysetat1:1,to1:2to
properlyincorporateandcreatemeaningfulopportunitiesfortheinfluxofentrantsintothe
skilledtrades
1:2ratioineffectinAlberta,SaskatchewanandNewfoundland&Labrador
Revieweveryfiveyears,inconsultationwithindustry,theapprenticeshipratiotoensureit
alignswithemployersandapprenticesneeds

Germanysapprenticeshipsystemisofferedwithinadualsystemthatcombinesthreetofour
daysperweekofworkplacetrainingwithonetotwodaysperweekofclassroomtraining.This
contrastswiththecommonlyusedblockreleasesysteminCanada,whereapprentices
alternateblocksofuptotenweeksofclassroomtrainingwithworkplacetraining.

Germanyhasintroducedseveralimportantreformstoitsapprenticeshipsystem.Theseinclude
theintroductionoflearningfields,whicharebasedonworkplacerequirements,butalso
includeinterdisciplinarytopicssuchaseconomics,law,technology,andecology.Anotherkey
reformisthelinkingofoccupationalprofileswithworkplacerequirements.Thismakesiteasier
toconnecttrainingwithcurrentworkplacerequirements.Inaddition,Germanapprenticescan
nowcompleteaportionoftheirtrainingabroad.
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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

Asaresultofthesereforms,changesinhowworkisperformedarenowmoreaccurately
reflectedinstudentstraining.Apprenticesreceivebroadertraining,makingthemmore
employableandallowingthemtoadaptmoreeasilytochangeswithinindustrysectors.
Businessesbenefitfromalargerpoolofskilledworkersthatarebetterpreparedforthe
workplace.Amoreefficientapprenticeshipsystemhasalsoreducedgovernmentexpenditures.

HarmonizationandResponsiveness:LessonsfromGermanApprenticeship
Reforms,TheConferenceBoardofCanada,December2015

4.

5.

Immigration
ReopentheEmployerDirectprogramoftheManitobaProvincialNomineeProgramwhich
allowedemployerstodirectlynominateindividualsforpermanentresidencyunderthe
ProvincialNomineeProgram
AmendtheWorkerRecruitmentandProtectionActregulationstoallowhumanresource
personnel(currentlyrestrictedtolawyersandlicensedimmigrationconsultants)torecruit
foreignworkersforpositionsinManitoba
Developaprovincialstrategy,incollaborationwiththeemployercommunityandregulatory
bodies,toenhanceunderstandingofnewCanadiansqualificationsandequivalencies,andto
developmechanismstoassessnewcomersproficiencyinaneffective,cleartounderstandshort
process
Developbridgingprogramsthatareattainablewithinareasonableamountoftime,providing
therequiredsupportstoapplicantssotheycanfocusontheirprocess,notonworking
multiplejobswhilegoingtoschoolandsupportingtheirfamilies
LabourMarketInformation
Investintools(includingJobbanks,aProvincialLabourMarketInformationunitandanewone
stopnationallabourmarketinformationportalannouncedin2015FederalBudget)toprovide
betterandmoreaccurateLabourMarketInformation(LMI)
Expandunderstandingofthesupplysideofthelabourmarketandeducationalattainment
relativetoemploymentdemandbyleveragingthedatathatalreadyexistswithinpost
secondaryinstitutions.Thiswouldbeachievedby:
Workingwithotherprovincialandterritorialgovernmentstorequestadditionalstudent
surveyandemploymentdatafrompubliclyfundedpostsecondaryinstitutions
Investingintimely,carefulanalysisofthiseducationdata,withaparticularfocusonlearning
outcomes,pathways,andquantityofstudents/graduatesinhighdemandoccupations
Improvethedisseminationandmarketingofallavailabledataandintegrateexistingdatafrom
employers,educatorsandjobbanks
Establishpartnershipsbetweenindustry,academicinstitutionsandthepublicsectortoshare
labourmarketdata,avoidduplicationandtocollaborativelystrategizeonlabourmarket
challenges
Ensurethatthedatabemadeaccessible/available/publictoManitobans,especiallyManitoba
employers,butalsotolearners,parents,andguidancecounsellorsinsecondaryschools

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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

C. ReconcilingwithIndigenousPeoples

1.

TruthandReconciliationCommission
Formulateanactionplan,inpartnershipwithIndigenouscommunitiesandleadersalongwithall
stakeholders,thatdemonstratesprovincialleadershipinresponsetotheTruthand
ReconciliationCommission:CallstoAction

2.

EconomicReconciliation
SupportthegrowthofAboriginalentrepreneurshipby:
CreatinganAboriginalbusinessincubatorwhereparticipantsarementoredbyotherlike
valuedindividualstoprovideparticipantswithsupportstructures

DarebinEnterpriseCentres(DEC)IndigenousBusinessIncubatorbasedinMelbourne,Australia
helpsIndigenousentrepreneursandIndigenouscommunityorganizationsstartnewbusinesses
andstrengthenexistingenterprises.Theprogramincludesidentifyingbusinessopportunities
andconductingprefeasibilitystudiesonproposedventures;helpingproprietorsdevelop
businessplans;helpingproprietorsseekthenecessarycapitalfortherolloutanddevelopment
ofenterprises;providingmentoringsupportandevaluation;providingadviceforfutureactions
inbusinesses;and,assistanceinnetworkingforenterprises.

Increasingtheavailabilityofentrepreneurshiptrainingprogramsaimedspecificallyat
indigenousentrepreneurswhichsupportculturalneeds,withthesupportofappropriately
qualifiedindigenousmentors
Developinganinvestmentseedfundforaboriginalentrepreneursfeaturingonepartlong
termloanandonepartgrant,tobepaidbacktothefundforthefuture
Facilitatingindigenousbusinessconnectionstoforeignindigenousbusinesscommunities
throughtrademissionsspecificallyfocusedonindigenousbusinessdevelopment,notablyin
US,Australia,NewZealand,LatinAmericaandotherregionswithsizableindigenous
populations
Tailorexistingprovincialprogrammingaroundpromotingorganizationalcapacityofgrowing
businessestoincorporatehumanresourcestrategiesthataccommodatetheintegrationof
FirstNations,MetisandInuit(FNMI)populationsintotheirworkplace(includesassessing
gaps,identifyingsupportsthatacknowledge,comparabletostrategiesusedbycompaniesto
accommodatenewCanadians).
WorkingincollaborationwithTreatyLandEntitlement(TLE)FirstNations,thefederal
governmentandrelevantmunicipalgovernments,supportthecreationofanurbanreserve
atKapyongBarracksandfulfilmentofallTreatyLandEntitlementsinManitoba
o ProvidefinancialsupporttotheCityofWinnipegtoimplementhumanresources
dedicatedtodeterminingtheneedforhuman,technicalandcityplanningresources,
whichwouldassistTLEFirstNationspursuingreservecreationanddevelopmentwithin
andadjacenttotheCityofWinnipeg
SupportopportunitiesforAboriginalpeoplestoparticipatemorefullyintheeconomicbenefits
fromresourcedevelopmentprojects,suchas:
SupportprospectortraininginitiativesinnorthernandFirstNationcommunities
SupportmineralexplorationfinanceinitiativesforFirstNationcompaniesandforcompanies
operatinginremoteregions
DevelopaframeworkforrequiredandmeaningfulconsultationonAboriginalandTreaty
Rights
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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

D. EmpoweringFinancialSecurityandSelfReliance

1.

PovertyandIncomeSecurity
ImplementthegoalsandstrategiesoutlinedintheWinnipegPovertyReductionCouncilsPlanto
EndHomelessnessinWinnipeg(April2014)

TheAlbertaSecretariatforActiononHomelessness(2008)statesthattoendhomelessness,we
mustmoveawayfromthecurrentapproachofmanagingthehomelesspopulationtoproviding
housingandincreasingselfreliance.TheSecretariatarguesthatafailuretodosowillresultin
anincreasednumberofhomelessindividualsandassociatedcosts,ratherthanareduction.

ExemptregisteredManitobacharitiesfromtheprovincialpayrolltax
Conductanew,fiveyearMincomepilot(modelledafterthe19741979pilotinDauphin,
Manitoba)inamidsizecitymostcloselyreflectiveofManitobaseconomicandsocialdiversity,
withthegoaltoassessitsimpactonsocialoutcomes,workforceparticipationrates,
administrativeefficiencyintermsofreducedassistanceprogramming,andpotential
applicabilityprovincewide
EstablishtheMincomelevelsbasedon60%ofStatisticCanadasLowIncomeCutOffAfter
Tax(LICOAT)
o LowIncomeCutOffisrelativeandbasedonspendingonneeds,thereforemeasuresboth
theabilitytopurchasebasicneedsandsocialinclusion;usedsincethe1960ssocanbe
usedforlongtermcomparisons;widelyavailableandwidelyused(SocialPlanning
Council,PovertyMeasurementsPrimer2014)
o StatisticsCanadarecommendsusingaftertaxincomebecausespendingfornecessitiesis
donewithaftertaxdollars,anditincludesdifferencescausedbyCanadasprogressivetax
system(SocialPlanningCouncil,PovertyMeasurementsPrimer2014)

InMay2015,thenewFinnishgovernmentannounceditwouldproceedwithaBasicIncome
experiment.OtherexperimentshavebeenperformedmorerecentlyinBrazilwithaCitizens
BasicIncome,andIndia,wherethefederalgovernmenthasalreadybegunreplacingaid
programswithdirectcashtransfers.

2.

SocialEnterprise
ImplementtheFebruary2015ManitobaSocialEnterpriseStrategy,developedinpartnership
betweentheProvinceofManitobaandtheCanadianCommunityEconomicDevelopment
Network,inparticular:
Providesupporttoexistingbusinessdevelopmentorganizationstoassistnonprofitsin
navigatingexistingresources,inparticulartoprovideinitialadviceandsupportfornon
profitsseekingtodevelopasocialenterprise
Explorewaystoattractbusinessstudentstothesocialenterprisesector
AssesstheeffectivenessoftheNeighbourhoodsAlivetaxcredit
Raiseawarenessofthesocialenterprisesector
Connectsocialenterpriseswithcommunityresearchpartnerstohelpthemcalculateand
promotetheirsocialandfinancialreturnoninvestment.

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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

3.

RetirementSecurity
Encourage,througheducationandawarenesseffortsincollaborationwithindustry,theuseof
PooledRegisteredPensionPlans(PRPPs)asanoptionforemployers,particularlysmalland
mediumenterprise,toassisttheiremployeeswithretirementsavings;PRPPsallowmembers
(whocanalsobeselfemployed)tobenefitfromtheloweradministrativefeespermittedbythe
poolingoftheirplans
CommittoworkingwithintheexistingCanadaPensionPlansystem,ratherthancreateacostly
duplicativeprovincialpensionplan
EnhancementstotheexistingCPP,ifundertaken,shouldbevoluntaryandfundedby
employeesonly

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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

16

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

STRENGTHENINGOURPLACE

A.BuildingthePhysicalFoundation

1.

PlanningandIntegration
EstablishtheobjectivefunctionofManitoba'stransportationpolicytobeanidentifiablenet
benefitarisingfromtheoperations,connectionsandbusinessenvironmentthatenvelopesall
modesoftransportandanyresultinglanduseplanningandimplementationissues
Decisionsrelatingtothepolicyshouldbesupportedbyquantifiableevidence,drivenby
independentresearch,andbefullytransparent,withregularreviewsdesignedtominimize
provincialandmunicipaldisagreement
Support,inpartnershipwithinterestedCapitalRegionmunicipalities,theestablishmentofa
CapitalRegionTransportationAuthority(CRTA)tocoordinateintegratedtransportation
planning,delivery,operationsandfinancingregardingregionalpublictransitservices,landuse
planning,parkingservices,streetandhighwaynetwork,andactivetransportationfacilities
CRTAshallhavestrategicpolicyfunctionsincludinglongrangemajortransportation
infrastructureinvestmentneedsassessmentandlongrangefinancialanalysisandplanning

MajorregionaltransportationauthoritiesinCanadaaretheSouthCoastBritishColumbia
TransportationAuthority(TransLink)inVancouver,theAgencemtropolitainedetransport
(AMT)inMontrealandtheGreaterTorontoTransportationAuthority(nowMetrolinx).

TransLinkisresponsibleforregionaltransit,cyclingandcommutingoptionsaswellasIntelligent
TransportationSystemprograms.TransLinkalsosharesresponsibilityfortheMajorRoad
NetworkandregionalcyclingwithmunicipalitiesinMetroVancouver.ItisthefirstNorth
Americantransportationauthoritytoberesponsiblefortheplanning,financingandmanagingof
allpublictransitinadditiontomajorregionalroadsandbridges.

Implementasstandardpolicytheuseofroundaboutsonprovincialtrunkhighwaysfor
intersectionsrequiringgreaterthantwowaytrafficcontrol
IncollaborationwithanewCRTA,supportthedevelopmentandimplementationofaformal
commercialgoodsmovementpolicyandplanfortheentireCapitalRegion

TheGreaterTorontoHamiltonArea(GTHA)UrbanFreightStudywascommissionedby
MetrolinxtoaddressoneoftheRegionalTransporta onPlansninekeyBigMoves(1),which
seekstoidentifyactionsthatwillimprovetheefficiencyandcapacityofurbangoodsmovement
withintheGTHA,inordertoenhanceeconomiccompetitivenessandreduceemissions.

ImplementaFreightRelatedDataCollectionProgramme(includingCommodityFlows)
AsurveyofManitobaCapitalRegionbusinessestodeterminedeliverypatterns(typical
deliveryhours,deliveryfrequency,deliveryroutes,deliveryvehicles)andgoodscarried
wouldbeconducted,withtheaimtodevelopasystemtohouseandmaintainanongoing
surveyprogramme
EstablishanortherncommissiontoassessManitobastransportationinfrastructureandits
limitationsonnortherndevelopment

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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

2.

Inconcertwiththefederalgovernment,undertakeanassessmentofManitobascurrent
transportationcorridorrightsofwaywiththegoalofensuringprotectionagainst
encroachmentandsupportingunfetteredtradeandtransportation

InvestmentandFinancing
Conveneaprovincialmunicipalgovernmentsummitin2016todevelopandbuildprovincewide
consensusonamadeinManitoba,builtbyManitobaplanandprioritiestomaximize
alignmentwithandbenefitflowingfromthenewfederalgovernmentscommitmentto$125
billioninfrastructureinvestmentoverthenext10years
Establishapermanentinfrastructureinvestmentplanthatcommitstominimumannual
infrastructureinvestmentof2.0%ofGrossDomesticProduct(GDP)tobegineliminating
Manitobasinfrastructuredeficitwhilemeetingnewdemands
In2014,ManitobasGDPwas$57.7billion,withinfrastructurespendingat$1.032billion,or
1.78%ofGDP
Acomprehensive,multiyearplanmustprioritizeinfrastructureprojectsacrossanumberof
areasofprovincialsignificance,aswellasrequireannualpublicreportingandfiveyearpublic
reviewstomeasureprogressagainstalongrangeinfrastructureplan
AdopttheBuildOwnOperateTransfer(BOOT)modelformajorinfrastructureprojects,suchas
highways,roadsandpublictransit
UnderaBOOTframework,theprovincedelegatestoaprivatesectorentitytodesignand
buildinfrastructureandtooperateandmaintainthesefacilitiesoverasettimeframe.The
privateentityisresponsibleforraisingprojectfinancing,andisentitledtoretainownership
andallrevenuesgeneratedbytheproject.Attheendofthetimeframe,ownershipand
responsibilityfortheinfrastructure/facilityistransferredtotheprovince
Privatesectorentitiesgenerallyderiverevenuesthroughafeechargedtotheprovincerather
thanconsumers
BenefitsofBOOTmodelincludeincreasedprivateinvestment,injectionofnewforeign
capital,enhancedknowledgetransferandreducedpublicfinanceburdenforinfrastructure

BOOTmodelscurrentlyemployedintheUS(California,Florida,Indiana,Texas,Virginia),
Australia,NewZealand,Israel,India,Japan,China,TurkeyandSaudiArabia

Identifyandmarketbusinesssectorareasthatcurrentlylackinfrastructureaccesswhich
restrictsconnectiontomarketsandgrowth
Createpublicawarenessforthepotentialthatcurrentlyexistswithintheprovinceboth
locallyandinternationally
Issueexpressionsofinterestgloballyforprivatesectorinnovatorstopresentdifferent
modelstoprovideaccessandexplorationoftheseunderservicedareas

3.

Regulation
EnhanceManitobasregulatoryharmonizationandrecognitionofstandardtransportation
regulationswiththerestofCanada(andthroughoutNorthAmerica),particularlyinManitobas
truckingindustry
Patchworkassemblyofenvironmentalregulationacrossallprovincesrepresentsasignificant
obstacleforthetruckingindustrywhichoperatescoasttocoasttocoast
HaveManitobaPublicInsuranceimplementaPayAsYouDrive(PAYD)autoinsuranceasa
complementtootherratingfactors,toencouragemoreenvironmentalfriendlytransportation

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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

4.

CommercialRoutes
ConstructbypassesaroundHeadinglyandSt.Norberttoenablemorerapid,efficient
commercialtrafficmovementintheCapitalRegion
TransformthePerimeterHighwayintoatruefreeway,usinggradeseparationsatallrailand
roadintersects,by2030
Colead,inpartnershipwiththemajorrailinterestsoperatingwithinWinnipegandCentrePort
Canada,acomprehensivecommunityengagementprocesstoassessrailrelocationand
rationalizationoptions,notablytheeconomicfeasibility,cost/benefitandtimelinesforeach
option
Providefinancialincentivestocreatemorereliableaccesstonaturalresourcesinremoteareas
oftheprovince
Incentivescouldbestructuredloansbasedonbusinessplansthathaveprivateindustrytake
theleadintheprocurementanddevelopmentusinglocalcontractorsandresourcestofuelit
Maintenanceandusageoftheprovidedaccessroutesshouldbeajointeffortbetweenthe
provinceandprivatebusiness

5.

CentrePortCanada

At20,000acres,CentrePortCanadaisNorthAmerica'slargestinlandportandForeignTrade
Zoneproject.Itbeganinearnestin2008,followingaconcertedpartnershipamongbusiness,
labourandgovernmentsatalllevelstoidentifyhowManitobacouldcapitalizeonourcentral
geographiclocationandstrategictrimodaltransportationassets.Itisdesignedtogivebusiness
accesstoaircargooperationsheadquarteredattheJamesArmstrongRichardsonInternational
Airport;accesstothreeclassonerailways:CN,CPandBNSF;and,ahighlycompetitivetrucking
industryallfromasinglefootprint.

Continueinvestmentinstrategictradecorridordevelopmentandenhancement
WorkwithCentrePortCanadaanddeveloperstoplanforthenextphasesofwaterand
wastewaterservicingtoensurethattheemploymentlandsinvestmentcanoccuroncitylands
andthewestsideoftheWinnipegAirportsAuthoritycampuswithintheinlandport
ConsidertherolethatCentrePortCanadacanplayinsupportinganypotentialrailrelocationand
railrationalizationplanforWinnipeg

6.

PortofChurchill
SeektohavethePortofChurchilldeclaredascriticalandstrategicnationalinfrastructurebythe
federalgovernment
EstablishingthePortofChurchillasCanada'snortherntradegatewaycanpotentially
generatenewbillionsinnewtradebywhichManitobaandWesternCanadawouldbenefit

7.

WinnipegJamesArmstrongRichardsonInternationalAirport
Conduct,inpartnershipwiththeCityofWinnipeg,astudyofarapidtransportationroutefrom
theJamesArmstrongRichardsonInternationalAirporttodowntownWinnipeg,forintegration
intotheCityofWinnipegsLongRangeRapidTransitConceptPlan

TransLinksrapidtransitlinelinkstheVancouverInternationalAirportdirectlywithdowntown
VancouverandRichmond.

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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

Lobby,inconcertwithkeystakeholders,thefederalgovernmenttoeithertransferownershipof
airportlandsto theirrespectiveairportauthorities, therebyeliminatingairportrents,orapply
revenue collected from airport rents to measures that support and empower these critical
economicdrivers

B. ProcuringMadeinManitobaSolutions

1.

ProcurementPoliciesandProcess
Reinventprovincialgovernmentprocurementpoliciesandprocessessoastoenhancethe
capacityandlikelihoodofsuccessbyManitobacompaniesinkeepingprovincialexpendituresin
Manitoba,inparticular:
ImplementagreateruseofQualificationsBasedSelection(QBS)forspecificrequirements
thatsetsthepriceandtheselectioncriteriaisstrictlyonthequalificationsofthesupplier
Implementcriteriathatputsavalueonalocalpresencebasedonaserviceadvantage,
knowledgeoflocalmarket,orrelationshipsinlocalmarketthatwouldhaveacost,value,or
riskadvantage
ProvideamandatoryreviewofeachRequestforProposal(RFP)ortendertoassesschanges
inthemarketplacethatwouldrequireadifferentdefinitionoftherequirement,different
criteria,ornewlocalprovidersthatshouldbeinformedoftheopportunity
Enhancethequalityofthefollowuptolosingbidderssotheycanlearnwhattheywillneed
todotobecomesuccessfulonsubsequentbids
UtilizeearlyExpressionsofInterest(EOI)onrequirementswherepotentialexistsforlocal
companiestoworktowardsacompetitiveorinnovativesolution
Measurethecurrentlocalspendasapercentageofoverallprocurementanddevelopannual
objectivesforincreasesinthelocalpercentage
Provideanannualreporttothebusinesscommunitythatidentifiessuccessesandreasons
whylocalcompaniesarenotwinningmorebusiness.Thisreviewshouldalsoidentifythe
reasonswhybusinessisgoingoutsideofourprovinceandrecommendationstolocal
companiesthatwillleadtogreatersuccess
Identifytheareasofproductsandservicesinwhichthereisnocompetitivelocalalternative
Conductanannualsurveyoflocalcompaniesthatwereengagedinbidstoassessissues
Conductabroaderbusinesscommunitysurveytounderstandwhymorecompaniesdonot
submitbids
ReviewallrequirementstoensurethosethatareoutsidetheparametersoftheAITorother
agreementsareonlymadeavailabletolocalcompanies
ClearlydefinetheexemptedobjectivesasitpertainstoAITandcreategreaterawarenessof
thecriteria
Providegreaterpromotionofprocurementopportunitiestolocalbusinessandsimplifythe
processtobeinvolvedinsubmissions
ReviewtheRFPprocesstofindwaystosimplifyitforsubmitters
Reviewsinglesourcingpolicytoensureitisnotbeingusedininappropriateways
EstablishaProcurementOmbudsmanthatcanworkwithbusinessorganizationstodealwith
issuesbroughtforwardfromthelocalbusinesscommunityandfindwaystoincreasethe
percentageoflocalspend
Lookformoreopportunitiesforsuccessfuloutofprovincebidderstohavetopartnerwitha
localprovider
Providegreateropportunitiesforlocallydevelopedtechnologiestoaccesslocalopportunities

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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

C. PromotingaCompetitiveClimateforProsperity

1. PublicService
EstablishaprovincialcommissionchargedwithrecommendingareinventionoftheManitoba
publicservice,thehallmarksofwhichwouldbe:
Resultsbasedprogramming,highlightedbyclearservicegoalsandstandards
Aninnovationmandatewherebycreativeapproachesareactivelysoughtout,embracedand
rewarded
Redesignedgovernmentdepartmentalstructurebuiltaroundforgingmultidisciplinary
teams/units/departmentstoaddressissuesand/orcauses
Codesignedandcoproducedpublicservices
Enhanceduseoftechnologyandbigdatatoinforminnovationandsolutiondevelopment
Resourceflexibilityandbudgetingagilityformoreinnovationandexperimentation
Managingriskandcomplexitythroughexperimentalapproachestoprojectmanagementand
servicedesign
Greaterinvestmentinprofessionaldevelopment

Thedevelopmentofnewsetsoforganisationalforms,governancestructures,funding
mechanisms,policyapproaches,partnershipsandaccountabilitystructuresblurtraditional
distinctionsbetweenpublicandprivatetolookfornovelsolutionstoaddresssomeofthe
worldsmostdifficultproblems.Atthesametime,technologicalprogressisadvancingata
speedneverseenbefore,openinggreatopportunitiesforgovernmentstoincorporatenewtools
andapproaches,whileplacinggreatpressureongovernmentstokeeppace.
BuildingOrganisationalCapacityforPublicSectorInnovationBackground
Paper,OrganizationforEconomicCooperationandDevelopment,2014

2. FiscalStabilityandSelfReliance
Institutea3yearbudgetcycletopromotelongertermplanningandactivitiesthroughmore
stableandpredictablefundingfordepartments

InDecember2013,theCounciloftheEuropeanUnionadoptedtheMultiannualFinancial
Framework(MFF)20142020.TheMFFenablestheEuropeanUnion(EU)tospenduptoEUR
959.99billionincommitmentsandEUR908.40billioninpaymentsoverthenextsevenyears.
Thisis3.5%and3.7%respectivelylessthanundertheMFF20072013,ensuringbudgetary
disciplinefortheEUandreflectingtheparticularbudgetarypressurethatmemberstates
currentlyfaceatthenationallevel.

LegislatethatManitobasFiscalStabilizationFund(FSF)bemaintainedat6%ofbudgeted
expendituresfortheyear(6%of2015budgetedexpendituresequalsapproximately$900M)
EnactrulesgoverningwhichsituationstheFSFmaybeutilizedand,whenaccessed,atimeline
forreplenishmenttorequiredlevels
Enactlegislationthatpermitsdeficitspendingduringperiodsofdefinedextraordinary
circumstances(suchasfloodsornaturaldisasters)and/oreconomicrecession(definedbya
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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

periodofatleasttwoconsecutivequartersofnegativegrowthinrealgrossdomesticproduct),
butrequiresareturntoabalancedbudgetwithinthreeyearsfollowingtherecessionary
periodsend
Failuretoreturntobalancedbudgetwithinthethreeyearsshallconstituteaconfidence
measure,therebytriggeringadissolutionoftheLegislatureandaprovincialelection
Legislationmustrequirethatallbudgetsurplusfundsbeallocatedtodebtrepayment
SetatargettoreduceManitobasrelianceonequalizationpaymentsbyaminimumoffive
percentperyearwithagoaltoeliminateitsdependencyonequalizationpaymentsfromthe
federalgovernment
Establishadebtretirementplan,highlightedbyafixedtimelineandrepaymentplan,forthe
provincialgovernmentandallprovincialcrownagencies

3.TaxCompetitiveness
Establishin2016aprovincialcommissionchargedwithrecommendingareinvented,
modernizedpersonalincomesystemforManitoba,withaspecificfocusontaxrates/brackets,
includingmarginalratesoncapitalgainsanddividends
Whilesignificantchangeshaveoccurredwithintheprovincial,nationalandinternational
economies,Manitobastaxsystemhasnotbeensubjecttoacomprehensivereviewinover
16years

InMay1999,theManitobaLowerTaxCommissionwasconstitutedandcontinueditswork
followingachangeingovernmentlaterthatyear.TheCommissionsTermsofReferencestate:
ThetaskoftheLowerTaxCommissionistogenerateideas,consultwithManitobans,andthen
provideoptionsforataxsystemforManitobathatnotonlyreducesthetaxburden,butisfairer,
simpler,andcompetitive.

ModernizedsystemshouldmatchManitobasbasicpersonalexemptiontothefederalbasic
exemption,andindexpersonalincometaxbracketsannually,usingacalculatedinflation
factor,basedonthechangeintheaveragefederalinflationrateoverthe12monthperiod
endingSeptember30ofthepreviousyearcomparedtothechangeintherateforthesame
periodoftheyearprior

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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

RaisetheBusinessLimitfortheSmallBusinessIncomeTaxfromthecurrent$450,000to
$550,000,placingManitobaattheforefrontofsmallbusinesstaxcompetitivenessamongother
Canadianprovinces
ReplacetheManitobaLandTransferTaxwithafeeequaltothecostofprovidingthe
administrativeservice

4. ExpenditureManagement
LinkprovincialcollectiveagreementscompensationadjustmentstotheAverageWeekly
EarningsandtheConsumerPriceIndexforManitoba,asperStatisticsCanada
EstablishaCommissiononEfficiencyandEffectiveness,withthestatedpurposeofestablishing
performanceindicatorsandefficiencyandeffectivenesstargets
CommissionwouldoverseeimplementationofleanprinciplesandreporttotheManitoba
Legislatureannuallyonprogresstowardtargets
Consultwiththelocalprivatesectortoassessareasinwhichtheprovincialgovernmentcould
investinandimplementtechnologysystemsthatwillprovideefficiencies,speed,enhanced
servicelevels,improvedcommunicationsresultinginbetterdecisionmakingingovernment

5. Regulation
Establishaninternalcrossdepartmentalregulationbodywithingovernmenttovetallproposed
regulations
Departmentswishingtoimplementnewregulationswouldneedtosubmitrequesttobodythat
wouldassessrequestagainstestablishedcriteria,notablywhetherthesponsoringdepartment
has:
Identifiedallthekeystakeholdersaffectedbytheproposedregulation;
Consultedinameaningfulwaywithaffectedstakeholders;
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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

Consideredalternativestoregulation;
Undertakenacostbenefitanalysisoftheproposedregulation;
Assessedregulationagainstexistingregulationstodetermineredundancyand/orconflict;
Assessedbestpracticespertainingtoregulationoftheissue
CreateapermanentJointAdvisoryCouncil,reportingtoMinisterofJobsandtheEconomy,
comprisedofrepresentationsfromthebusinesscommunityandgovernment,withamandateto
reviewandrecommendmodernization,replacementoreliminationofbusinessregulation
annually
InstitutetheuseofDeferredEnforcementforallregulatoryimplementationorchange

DeferredenforcementisusedwidelyinOntario,mostrecentlyinthecaseofchangestotheuse
oflongerboattailsoncommercialmotorvehicles,trailersandsemitrailers.Whenaregulatory
changeisagreedupon,afterappropriateandeffectivestakeholderconsultation,theold
regulationissimplydisregardedandworkproceedsasthoughthenewregulationisinplace,
givingthegovernmenttimetodothenecessarybackgroundlegislativework.

6. Innovation,ResearchandDevelopmentClimate
Reviewmethodologytoprovideprovincialinvestmentinresearchandtechnology,currently
throughResearchManitoba,todetermineeffectivenessandidentifyimprovements,especially
inregardstothetotalfundingaffordedtothisareaandtheabilityfortheorganizationtofairly
distributefundingacrossallsectors
Create,aspartofapermanentprovincialinfrastructureinvestmentprogram,adedicated
KnowledgeInfrastructureFundtosupportinvestmentsinknowledgesupportinginfrastructure
CommittotheestablishmentofpubliclyavailableWiFilocationsineverycommunity
throughoutManitobaby2020
RequireallprovincialgovernmentbuildingsprovidepubliclyavailableWiFiduringhoursof
operation

WithhouseholdbroadbandsubscriptionratesfivepercentagepointsbelowtheCanadian
average,NovaScotiaandManitobascoreDgradesandarethelowestrankingprovinces.
HowCanadaPerforms:AReportCardonCanada,TheConferenceBoardofCanada,2015

Demonstrateleadershipininnovativepracticesbyencouraginginnovationinthepublicsector
Integrateinnovativetechnologypoliciesintotheoveralleconomicdevelopmentplanningfor
theprovince
CreateaninternalgovernmentInnovationCapitalFund,modelledaftertheCityofWinnipeg
approach,toprovideinvestmentforthebestideasforimprovedefficiency,servicedelivery
andresponsivenessthroughoutprovincialdepartments
ConverttheManitobaResearchandDevelopmentTaxCredittoarefundabletaxcreditapplied
againstcorporateincometaxpayable,andexpandtoafullcredit,fromthecurrentonehalf
credit,forinhouseresearchanddevelopment
Developataxcreditforbusinessesinvestingand/orpurchasingearlystageinnovative
technologiesdevelopedinManitoba
Establish,incollaborationwiththefederalgovernment,aMachineLearningCentreof
ExcellenceinWinnipegthefirstofitskindinCanadathatwouldhelpdriveCanadas
innovationagendabyleveragingWinnipegsemergingleadershipandexpertiseinartificial
intelligence

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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

7.

LabourRelationsClimate
Legislateareturntotheuseofsecretballotsforunioncertification,aprocessbywhichensures
employeesareaffordedthebasicprotectiongiventocitizensingeneralelections
Eliminatetheuseofnolayoffclausesinallgovernmentcollectiveagreements
ImplementtheuseofManagedOpenSitemodelinplaceofmonopolisticProjectLabour
Agreements
UnderaManagedOpenSitemodel,multiplelabourprovidersmaybeinvolvedonthe
project.EachproviderhasitsownProjectLabourAgreementwiththeprojectownerwhich
cannotsupersedetheCollectiveAgreementfromalegalperspective,butsetsoutcommon
termsandconditionsforprojectlifespan

InAlberta,theManagedOpenSitemodelhasbeenusedsuccessfullyforanumberoflargescale
projects,notablytheShellAlbianOilsandsExpansion,ConocoPhillipsSurmontProject,andthe
OptiNexenSAGDproject.

RequirethatanyadjustmentsinWorkersCompensationBoard(WCB)ofManitobabenefit
levels,includingtheimpositionofnewbenefits,mustbeapprovedbyamajorityvoteofWCB
employermembers,whereresponsibilityforthecostofthesystemresides

D. EnhancingEnvironmentalLeadership

1.

Policy
InlightofManitobaspositionasalowerGreenhouseGas(GHG)emitter,workwithall
provincesandthefederalgovernmenttoadoptanationalcapandtradesystem,which
acknowledgestheGHGemissiondisparitiesacrosstheprovinces,toachieveareductioninGHG
by2050
Adopttargetsfortheelectrificationofprovincialandmunicipalvehiclefleets;createtargetsand
incentivesfortheappropriateelectrificationofvarioustransportationsectorsby2025
Incentmorefuelefficientnoncommercialvehiclepurchasesbyimplementingafeebatesystem,
attachedtovehicleregistrations,forlowemittingvehiclesandasurchargetohighemitting
vehicles

Manitoba,with3.6percentoftheCanadianpopulation,hasonly0.8percentofthecountry's
hybridandelectricvehicles

Developandimplementpolicies(suchastheproposedSustainableDrainageRegulations)that
ensureandpromotebestmanagementpracticeswhichbalanceeconomicdevelopmentwith
environmentalstewardship
Enhancetheuseofabroadermixofregulatorytools:accompanyinghighstandardswith
trainingandeducation;supportfortransitiontogreenertechnologiesorprocesses;and
publiceducationonthepurposeofregulations,howtheywork,andtheroleofallsectorsof
societyinachievingenvironmentalgoals
Reviewagedlegislationandregulationstoremovedisincentiveslimitingnew
environmentallyfriendlyinnovations
Establishspecificgreenhousegas(GHG)targetsforallenvironmentalregulation(diamond
laneswhatistheactualGHGimpactrelativetoalternatives)andtheseneedtobereported
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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

onandreviewed;whenfoundtobeineffectivethentheregulationneedstochangeorbe
removed
Developalongtermplanforthepromotionofprocurementpractices,greentransportation
infrastructureandtransportmodesthathavereducedecologicalfootprints
Increaseindustryengagementonenvironmentalinitiativestoensureactualpositive
environmentalimpactwithoutunneededeconomicpenalty

SaskatchewanhasthehighestpercapitaemissionsinCanadaandisthefourthlargestemitter.
SaskatchewansClimateChangeActionPlanproposescompliancemechanismssuchasthe
TechnologyFund,RecognitionforEarlyAction,PreCertifiedInvestments,EmissionIntensive
TradeExposedcreditsandcarbonoffsetswillbeestablishedtoprovideflexibilityforregulated
emitterstomeettheirgreenhousegasreductionobligations.

IncreasesignificantlyinvestmentinManitobasClimateChangeActionPlan,inparticularthe
ClimateChangeActionFundcurrentlysetat$5Moverfiveyears,withadditionalinvestment
tiedtoanewTechnologyFundtopromotedevelopmentandimplementationofclean
technologiesinManitoba

AbreakdownofCanada'semissionsbyeconomicsectorshowsthesourcesofgreenhousegas
(GHG)emissionsin2013.Theemissionscanbeattributedtosevenkeyareasoftheeconomy:
Oilandgas(25%oftotalemissions);Transportation(23%);Electricity(12%);Buildings(12%);
Emissionsintensiveandtradeexposedindustries(11%);Agriculture(10%);andWasteand
others(7%)

EnvironmentCanada(2015)NationalInventoryReport19902013:GreenhouseGas
SourcesandSinksinCanada

Incollaborationwithindustry,developastrategytoaddressthelackofsustainablebuilding
materialswithinaradiusclosetoManitobatolimitfossilfuelusefortransportation
Undertakepublicreviewofallprovincialstewardshipentities,withthegoalofensuringall
operateinalean,transparentandcosteffectivemannertoensurepublicandindustry
confidenceintheircontinuingefforts
InconjunctionwiththecreationofaCapitalRegionTransportationAuthority,evaluatethe
environmentalimpactofcreatingseparate,moreand/orbetterpathwaysforcommercial
vehiclesorenablingspecificcommercialtrafficalongRapidTransitroutes

2. WaterandLand
WorkthroughtheInternationalJointCommission,RedRiverBasinCommissionandother
vehiclestoadvancesustainablewater/landusepoliciesandenforcementinupstream
jurisdictions
Establish,inpartnershipwiththefederalgovernmentviatheLakeWinnipegBasinInitiative,
phosphorustargetsforLakeWinnipegandLakeManitoba,toprotectourwaterresourcesand
commercialfisheriesforgenerationstocome
Expandonthecurrent18ConservationDistricts(CD)throughoutManitobawiththegoalof
havingaCDinallpartsofManitoba
AdvanceclimatechangegoalsandManitobasClimateChangeActionPlanthroughCDs,
includingenhancedoperationalandprogramsupport

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MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

27

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

DEFININGOURPLANANDPRIORITIES

A. ForgingManitobasEconomicBrandGlobally

1.

Diversification
EstablishaYES!Manitobainitiative,incorporatingYES!Winnipeg,topromotethevalueof
Manitobasdiversifiedeconomy

Marketourdiversificationasanassetandtestinggroundforinternationalenterprise
seekingtodiversifytheirofferingsbeyondtheirexistingsectororclientmarket

EconomicStructurebyMajorMetropolitanAreas(2014)

2.

Source:EconomicDevelopmentWinnipeg

SectorLeadershipStrategy
Workwithindustry,academiaandotherstakeholderstocraftacomprehensivesector
leadershipstrategythatidentifies,coordinatesandempowersexistingcomponentpieces,
complementedbytargetedeffortstoaddressgaps,aroundthegoalofestablishingManitobas
globalleadershipin:
LifeSciences
CleanTechnology
Food
Creative+Design
Tosupportgloballeadershipineachofthefournotedareas,partnerwithcommunityleadersin
acomprehensiveexaminationofexistingandfuturecommunity(government,industryand
otherstakeholders)capacity,assets,challengesandneeds,notably:
Alignmentandleveragingpotentialwithcurrentandplannedfederalgovernmenteconomic
investmentandprogramming
Accesstocapitaltosupportinnovationandgrowthinthefourareasatallstagesof
entrepreneurialdevelopment

28

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

Taxandprogramsupportsystemsthatrecognizetheroleoftheseclustersindrivingthejobs
andopportunitiesofthefuture
Regulatoryburdenandpotentialenhancements
Procurementpoliciesandapproachesthatdemonstrateprovincialleadershipinsupportof
promotingourgloballeadership
Labourenvironment
Intersectionwithenvironmentalandclimatechangegoals,plansandinitiatives
Corporateexpansionandattractionefforts,utilizinganewYES!Manitobamodel,to
approachglobalcompaniesandorganizationstocomplementtheclusterofactivityinthe
fourareas
OpportunitiestoleveragethestrengthofManitobasindigenouscommunities,from
TraditionalKnowledgetocreative+designactivities
Integrationofsocialenterprisemodel
Immigration,labourmarketinformationandtheattractionofentrepreneursandskilled
workforce
Alignmentofpostsecondaryeducationandindustryneeds
PhysicalinfrastructureneedsfromtheCreativeCampusintheWestExchangetoCentersof
Excellencehousedatourpostsecondary

3.

LifeSciences
ItstimetoseeourhealthsystemnotsimplyasaproviderofhealthforCanadians,butasa
generatorofwealthforCanada.TheHealthandHealthCaresectorsshouldbeviewednotasa
costtobeborne,butasanopportunitytobeexplored.
Dr.HenryFriesen

Reviewcurrenthealthcareprocurementpoliciesandprocessestoadvanceuptakeofmadein
ManitobainnovationformadeinManitobahealthcare
EstablishprogramtofacilitategreateruseofManitobabasedinnovationona
pilot/prototypebasis,therebyenhancinghealthcaresystemaccesstonewtechnology
developedinManitoba
Creategreaterintersectionpointsbetweenthelifesciencesindustry,thehealthcaresystemand
healthcareproviderstoleverageinformationandinsightintothefutureofhealthcareindustry
innovators
Implementanindustryshadowingprogramwherebylifesciencesindustrymembersare
pairedwithhealthcareprovidersforaperiodoftime
o Industrygainsvaluableinsightintotheinnerworkings,needsandchallengesofhealth
careprovidersandthehealthcaresystem,servingtoenhanceindustrysabilityto
developtechnologyandotheradvancementstoaddressneedsandchallenges
EstablishindustrysatelliteofficeswithinHealthSciencesCentreandSt.BonifaceGeneral
Hospitalwhereinindustrycanworkonpilots/prototypescollaborativelywithhealthcare
providers
o Industrybenefitsfromreceivingimmediatefeedbackandinsightfromendusersinthe
developmentstagewhilehealthcareprovidersgaingreaterawarenessand
understandingofindustryinnovationtoassistthehealthcaresystemandprovidersin
advancingpatientoutcomesandefficiency

29

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

CancerCareManitobaannouncedithadpurchasedthefirstIHS(ManitobabasedIntelligent
HospitalSystems)RoboticIVAutomation(RIVA)machineintheprovince.RIVAisconsideredto
bethemostcomprehensivesolutionforautomatedpreparationofIVmedications(syringesand
IVbags)forthegeneralhospital,chemotherapyandpediatricmarketsintheglobalmarket
today.TheCancerCareunitwillbethe32ndonethecompanyhasinstalledandthethirdin
Canada.

Dr.DhaliDhaliwal,CEOofCancerCareManitoba,saidCancerCareandIHSwillcollaborateon
reviewingtheefficienciesofthewaythesystemisusedandbothheandHansensaidtheclose
proximitybetweenmanufacturerandcustomerwillbemutuallybeneficial.
June14,2013,WinnipegFreePress

HealthForceMinnesotaisacollaborativepartnershipofeducation,industryandcommunity
createdtoincreasethenumberandexpandthediversityofhealthcareworkers;tointegrate
healthscienceeducationpracticeandresearch;and,tobuildcapacityforeducationand
industrytocollaboratetoenhancepatientcare.Itsgoalsareto:
Createacollaborativemodelofengagementforhealthscienceseducationandpractice;
Enhanceeconomicdevelopmentthroughincreasedquality;and,sustainabilityofhealthcare
education,practiceandinnovation.
PositionMinnesotaasaleaderinhealthcareeducation,practiceandinnovation.
http://www.healthforceminnesota.org/

EnablegreaterindustryaccesstotheUniversityofManitobaCentreforHealthPolicy(MCHP)
datarepositorytosupportindustryeffortstoidentifypotentialinnovationopportunitiesand
marketsolutions
ThePopulationHealthResearchDataRepositoryhousedatMCHPisacomprehensive
collectionofadministrative,registry,survey,andotherdataprimarilyrelatingtoresidentsof
Manitoba.Itwasdevelopedtodescribeandexplainpatternsofhealthcareandprofilesof
healthandillness,facilitatingintersectoralresearchinareassuchashealthcare,education,
andsocialservices.Administrativehealthdata,forexample,holdrecordsforvirtuallyall
contactswiththeprovincialhealthcaresystem,theManitobaHealthServicesInsurancePlan
(includingphysicians,hospitals,personalcarehomes,homecare,andpharmaceutical
prescriptions)ofallregisteredindividuals.MCHPactsasastewardoftheinformationinthe
RepositoryforagenciessuchasManitobaHealth.
Accesstotheinformationmustandcanbeprovidedinamannerthatmaintains
confidentialityofpersonalinformation

4.

CleanTechnology
UniversityofCalgaryresearchers,ledbyorganic
chemistryassistantprofessorGregoryWelch,are
developinganewgenerationoflightweight,
portableorganicsolarcellsthatcouldbestuckon
awindowtopoweralightbulb.Theflexiblesolar
cellsareformfitting,allowinguserstomend
themtovarioussurfacesandvariousstructures,addinganarchitecturalflaretosolarcell
technologyandopeningupnewavenuesandmarketsforpowerproduction.
Source:CBCNews,January12,2016

30

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

ReinventManitobaHydroasManitobaEnergy
ExpandthemandateofManitobaHydro,throughlegislativeamendment,fromahydro
electriccompanytoaninternationalleaderinallformsofcleanenergy
Establish,throughlegislativeamendment,anannualdividendfromrevenues,theamountof
whichtobesetthroughpublicconsultation
o Therateoftheannualdividendshouldbereviewedeverythreeyearstoensureboth
predictabilityandflexibilitytoadjustforchangesineconomicconditions

SwedishcompanyRipassohasdesignedandiscurrentlytestinganewsystemthatcanconvert
34%ofsunlightintosolarenergy,approximatelydoublethatofcurrentsolarpanels,potentially
changingthefutureofsolarpower.IndependenttestsbyITPowerintheUKconfirmthata
singleRipassodishcangenerate75to85megawatthoursofelectricityayearenoughto
power24typicalUKhomes.Tomakethesameamountofelectricitybyburningcoalwould
meanreleasingroughly81metrictonnesofCO2intotheatmosphere.

Attractinvestmentandhumanresourcesaroundthedevelopmentofwind,solar,geothermal,
hydro,biomassandcomposites
Focusshouldbeonovercomingthreemainchallengesdevelopingnewtechnologies,
integratingalternativeenergygenerationatalargescaleintoexistingelectricsystems,and
designingefficientpoliciestosupportalternativetechnologydevelopment
TargetManitobamanufacturingexpertisetoenhanceproductionofcleanenergyproducts
CreatecleantechdevelopmentzonesatCentrePortCanadaandSmartParkthatprovide
incentivesandclusterofcompanies
Alignpostsecondaryinstitutionsbehindtheobjectiveforbothresearchanddevelopmentand
humanresourcesdevelopment
Developcleantechnologyspecificgovernmentprogramsthatincreaseinvestmentinthe
areasandhelptoattractinternationalcompaniesfinancialandregulatoryprogramsthat
arespecifictotheenergysectortohelpattractinvestmentrequired
CreatetheManitobaCleanInnovationFundaninvestmentcapitalpoolforcleantechnology
enterprise
ManitobaCleanInnovationFundwouldencouragethedevelopmentofnewsourcesofclean
energyandtechnologiestohelpsupportlocaleconomicsandlivelihoodsinManitoba
communities

Massiveexpansionofsolargenerationworldwidebymidcenturyislikelyanecessary
componentofanyseriousstrategytomitigateclimatechange.ThemaingoalofU.S.solarpolicy
shouldbetobuildthefoundationforamassivescaleupofsolargenerationoverthenextfew
decades.

Nevertheless,whilecostshavedeclinedsubstantiallyinrecentyearsandmarketpenetration
hasgrown,majorscaleupinthedecadesaheadwilldependonthesolarindustrysabilityto
overcomeseveralmajorhurdleswithrespecttocost,theavailabilityoftechnologyand
materialstosupportverylargescaleexpansion,andsuccessfulintegrationatlargescaleinto
existingelectricsystems.Withoutgovernmentpoliciestohelpovercomethesechallenges,itis
likelythatsolarenergywillcontinuetosupplyonlyasmallpercentageofworldelectricityneeds
andthatthecostofreducingcarbonemissionswillbehigherthanitcouldbe.
TheFutureofSolarEnergy,MassachusettsInstituteofTechnology(2015)

31

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

Seektodevelopandadoptmultifaceted(environmenteconomysociety)valuechainsthat
positionsourdiversifiedsectorsasworldleadersinsustainability
EstablishaCenterofExcellenceinRenewableEnergyandGreenTechnology,drivento:
PromoteManitobaasthewindtunnelandsolarhubofNorthAmerica
Support,throughincentives,strategicprogramsandalignmentwithManitobaHydro,
industryeffortstodevelop,testandmanufacturewindturbinesandsolartechnologyandthe
associatedtechnologydesign,develop,testandmanufacturesolartechnology.
Promotebioenergydevelopmentintheenergymixandengagebusinessexpertsacross
sectorstobetterunderstandeconomic,technological,energy,landuse,wateruse,
environmental,labourandmarketrealities
LeveragetheUniversityofManitobasAlternativeVillage,whichtestsdifferenttypesof
technology,andcreateacentertodevelopandhouseorganizations,researchersand
companies,includinganincubatorforstartupsandnonprofits,andventurecapitalfundsfor
greentechnology
LeveragetheCompositesInnovationCentre,anorganizationthatisengagedinidentifying
anddevelopingseveralcleantechnologiesintheareasofbiomaterials,recyclingandvehicle
lightweighting,withtheendgoalofcreatingnewindustrytocapitalizeonthese
opportunities

LaunchedinMay2010,themassiveEuropeaninitiativeInnoEnergybringstogetherindustry,
researchcentres,universitiesandbusinessschoolsatotalof29partnersto:
a) Deliverpostgraduateeducationintheareaofsustainableenergy,witheachprogram
includingtrainingininnovationandentrepreneurship
b) Developandlaunchinnovativesustainableenergytechnologies
c) SpinoffnewenterprisestocommercialiseInnoEnergysnewtechnologies

TheintentistospurinnovationandcommercialactivityinEurope,whileatthesametime
helpingtosolveglobalenergyproblems.InnoEnergyisoneofthreelargescale,crossborder
KnowledgeandInnovationCommunitiesestablishedbytheEUsEuropeanInstituteof
InnovationandTechnology

5.

Food
Increasesupportforstrategiesandresearchregardingnewapplicationsforallagricultural
outputs,buildingontheexistingstrengthofcommunityassetssuchasmedicinalopportunities
forfoodviatheRichardsonCentreforFunctionalFoodsandNutraceuticals
Transitiontogreaterecosystemviewofagriculture,onethatpullstogetherthevarious
elementsoftheagrifoodindustry,includingacademiaandindigenouspeoples,toexplorenew
productsandmarketsandopportunitiesarisingfromindigenouslandmanagementand
TraditionalKnowledge
BuilduponManitobasethnoculturaldiversityandthelocalfoodmovementtoexplore
enhancedproductionofcultural/ethnicfoodproductionforlocalandexportmarkets
LeverageManitobasgeography,indigenouscommunitiesandagriculturalresearchand
industryexpertisetobecomeaworldleaderinnorthernclimateagriculturalinnovation,
seekingsolutionsforfoodproductioninnontraditionalagriculturalregions
Establishafocusedventurecapitalfundtosupportexistingandemergingfoodindustry
innovationhereinManitoba(seeAccesstoCapitalsectionfordetails)

32

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

OneprojectundertheNorthernHealthyFoodsInitiative(NHFI)hasworkedtoincorporate
traditionalknowledgefromAboriginalpeopleandhasencouragedpeopletolearnhowto
preparetraditionalfoodssuchassmokedfish,moose,andpemmicanandharvesthealing
plants.

ManitobasLocalFoodSystem:GrowingHealthyCommunities,FoodMattersManitoba

Workwithexistingagricultureproducersandindustrytoforgegreaterconnectionbetween
currentandfutureindustryneedswithagriculturalplanningandproduction
PEGBeerCo.isanindependentbrewpublocatedinthehistoricExchangeDistrictof
Winnipeg.ItsgrowthrequiresincreasedproductionofTwoRowBarleyratherthanSixRow
BarleywhichisthepredominantvarietygrowninManitoba.Properalignmentofproduction
withneediscriticaltothegrowthofthecraftbrewindustry,whichwouldsupportbetter
leveragingoftheBrewingandMaltingBarleyResearchInstitutelocatedinWinnipeg

ManitobaBiomassEnergySupportProgram:Biomassreferstobiologicalorrenewable
materialsfromagriculture,marineorforestryresources.Commonbiomassfuelsourcesin
Manitobaareflaxshives,sunflowerhullsandwastewood.TheManitobaBiomassEnergy
SupportProgram(MBESP)wasestablishedin2011tosupportcurrentcoaluserstransitioningto
renewablebiomassfuels.In2014,theprogramwasexpandedtoalsoprovidesupportfor
researchanddevelopmentactivitiestargetedatadvancinguseandprocessingofbiomassfuels.
MBESPalsosupportsprocessorslookingtosellbiomassinnewmarkets.

Support,inpartnershipwithindustry,thegrowthofManitobasdairysectorwiththe
establishmentofanew,innovativedairyprocessingfacilitythatwillseeincreasedvalueadd
productionforManitobasdairyfarmers
IncollaborationwiththefederalgovernmentandaspartofManitobatradestrategies
followingtheComprehensiveEconomicandTradeAgreement,identifyopportunitiesto
bolsterManitobadairyspresencebeyondManitoba
Inanticipationofthefederalgovernmentscommitmenttolegalizemarijuana,initiateastrategy
withproducersandindustrytoestablishproductiontargetsandopportunitiestoleverage
associatedmaterialproductionforindustrialapplication

SinceindustrialhempwaslegalizedinCanadain1998,ManitobaHarvestHempFoodshasbeen
attheforefrontinpromotingtheindustryanditspotentialvaluetoManitobaseconomy

Taketheleadinpromotinglocalfoodsbydevelopinginstitutionalpurchasingpoliciesthat
supportthepurchaseofManitobafoodsbygovernmentandgovernmentsupportedagencies
Workwithschoolsandschoolboardstoinvestigatepossibilitiesforschoolstopurchasefood
fromlocalproducersandprocessors
Establishdomesticmarketingsupportsthatwouldenablefarmersandharvesterstodevelop
theircapacityforsellingtotheManitobanmarket,soastoincreasetheconsumptionof
foodsproducedinManitobabyManitobans

NewBrunswicksAgriFoodMarketDevelopmentProgramseekstobuilddomesticNew
BrunswickmarketchannelstoincreasethesaleandconsumptionofNewBrunswickproduced
agrifoodproductswithintheprovince.Grantsofupto$10,000areprovidedtoindividuals,
businesses,ororganizationstofundmarketingandinternalcapacitybuildingefforts.
33

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

SetasaprovincialgoaltheestablishmentofManitobaasanationalleaderinfoodsecurityand
thesustainabilityofourfoodsystems
CapitalizeonthelocalfoodmovementbyestablishingaFoodSecurityActionFundtoprovide
grantsthatsupportawidevarietyofgrassrootsfoodsecurityprojectsthatmeettheneeds
andinterestsoflocalcommunities
EstablishaCompostInfrastructureFundtoassistmunicipalitiestodevelopcomposting
facilitiesorconductfeasibilitystudiesintothepotentialforlocalcompostingprograms
DeveloptheManitobaNutritionStrategydesignedentirelyaroundthelocalfoodmovement

Withover250companiesinthevalueaddedfoodprocessingindustry,itisthelargest
manufacturingsectorinManitoba,representing25%oftotalprovincialmanufacturing
shipmentsandaccountingformanufacturingshipmentsofapproximately$4.0billionin2010.
Source:ManitobaJobsandtheEconomy

6.

Creative+Design
Creative+Designeconomyisdefinedbythefollowingsectorsandindustries,consistentwith
theworldstandarddevelopedbytheUnitedKingdom(UK)DepartmentofCulture,Mediaand
Sport(NESTA2014):
Advertisingandmarketing
Architecture
Crafts
Product,graphicandfashiondesign
Film
Informationtechnology(IT),softwareandcomputerservices
Museums,galleriesandlibraries
Music,performingandvisualarts
Publishing
Television,video,radioandphotography

CreativeindustriesinWinnipegemployabout18,300workersatabout2,400creativebusiness
establishments.

Source:EconomicDevelopmentWinnipeg,2011

34

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

Forgea25yearcreative+designstrategytopromoteandsupport,highlightedby:
DesigntaxcreditsforbusinessthatincorporatesManitobabasedcreative+designvalue
Localdesignreferralprograms
Investmentsincreativeanddesignrelatedhighereducation
Incorporationofcreativityanddesignintopublicprocurementprocesses
Acomprehensivereviewandmodernizationofprovincialartsandculturalpolicies,last
reviewed25yearsago
Strengthenfinancialcapacityandsustainabilityofartsandculturalorganizations
DesignationofthewestExchangeDistrictcreativeclusterasataxincrementfinancezoneto
attractdeveloperinvestmentinresidentialandcommercialpropertyinthecreativeindustries
Renovatedandexpandedartsandculturalinfrastructure,supportedthroughanew,
dedicatedculturalcapitalfundtoaddresstheinfrastructuredeficit,anewtrilevelagreement
modelledaftertheCoreAreaDevelopmentInitiative,andincentivesforcommunitiesto
promotetheuseofexistingbuildingsandspacesforcreativepurposes
Supportcommunityeffortsdesignedtomarketandexpandlocalcreativeexportstothe
world,suchasinternationaltrademissionsandCulturallia
LeverageYES!Winnipegtotargetcreativeentrepreneursandenterprisetomoveoperations
tothecreativeclusterintheWestExchangeDistrict
Linkcreative+designstrategyobjectiveswithManitobasenvironmentalandclimatechange
initiativestoleveragethisexpertiseintogreenfocusedcreativeoutput
o Manitobascreativeassets,fromtheManitobaMuseumtoindigenousartscommunity
andManitobasannouncedCentreforClimateRiskReductiononthePrairies,shouldbe
engagedtopromoteclimateandenvironmentaleducation

TheDetroitCreativeCorridorCenter(DC3),ajointinitiativebetweenBusinessLeadersfor
MichiganandtheCollegeforCreativeStudies,deliversprogrammingtohelpcreative
entrepreneursandenterprisesgrowrevenues,acquireclientsandbuildorganizationcapacity
ensuringDetroitscreativesectorremainsatopproviderofgoodjobsandsustainablewages.Its
visionistogrowcreativesectorjobsintheDetroitregionandtoestablishDetroitasa
recognizedglobalcenterfordesign,creativityandinnovation.SinceDC3slaunchin2010,55
creativesectorfirmshavemovedoperationstotheCreativeCorridor,employingmorethan
2,345people.Detroitscreativesectorisexpectedtogrowby11.9%peryearthrough2018.
35

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

B. GrowingOurPositionintheGlobalMarketplace

1.

Trade
RedesignManitobastradestrategiesandprogramming,inlightofrecentinternational
agreementssuchastheComprehensiveEconomicandTradeAgreement(CETA)andTrans
PacificPartnership(TPP),inconsultationwithkeystakeholderstoensurecurrentprogramming
isbeingundertakenwithmaximumvalueandimpact
Tailorprogrammingsupporttoassistlocalcompaniesinidentifying,developingandcompeting
forprocurementopportunitiesinotherjurisdictions
EstablishaBuyersProgram,wherebyincentivesareprovidedtotargetedbuyerstocometo
Manitobatoconnectwithalignedlocalsuppliers

TradeTeamPEIIncomingBuyersProgramprovidesanonrepayablecontributionofupto75%
or$2,250ofmaximumallowablecostsof$3,000associatedwithbringingaqualified
buyer/partnertotheprovince.Theclientisresponsibleforpayingtheremaining25%oftotal
budgetedcosts.

Investinacomprehensivetradedataandmarketanalysisprogramtobetterequipexporters
withvitalinformationonmarketopportunitiesworldwide
Supportthecreationofvoluntaryexportconsortiumsforsmalltomidsizedcompaniesto
combinetheirstrengthsinordertotakeadvantageofmarketopportunitiesandtosolve
commonproblemsthroughajointeffort.
Committoalongterm,stablefundingarrangementwithWorldTradeCentreWinnipeg,seeking
greateropportunitiestoleveragethiscommunityassetinthedesignanddeliveryoftrade
strategiesandactivities

C. AccessingCapital

1.

2.

3.

Harmonization
SupportthecreationofasinglenationalsecuritiesregulatorybyjoiningtheCooperativeCapital
MarketsRegulatorrecentlyinitiatedbyFinanceCanadaandsupportedbyfiveprovincesand
oneterritory(Albertahassignaledthatitisconsideringjoining)
ManitobasIncubators
IncreasefundingtoManitobasexistingincubatorsto$500,000perincubator,fromthecurrent
combinedallocationof$300,000,forprototyping/proofofconcept/Betatesting
CapitalStrategy
ReviewandestablishacomprehensiveAccesstoCapitalStrategythatidentifiesallstagesof
capitalfinancing,currentcapitalavailability,localgapsalongtheentirecapitalcontinuum(Idea
IncubatorAngelsVentureCapitalFundsSeriesA,B,C)andprovincialinitiativesto
addressgaps

a.

SEEDFund($50Million)
SEEDFundcapitalizedbytheProvinceusingrevenuederivedfromthepayrolltax
(HealthandEducationSupportLevy)

36

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

Fundingofupto$250,000perenterprise,pertraunch(maximumofthreetraunches)
alongwitha$100,000investmentbytheentrepreneur
Fundingshouldbemadeavailablerightthroughtothecommercializationstageanda
cleardefinitionofthedifferencebetweencommercializationandinnovation(e.g
research)bedevelopedtoensurethatinvestmentmadetocommercializecanbe
properlyassessed

b.

ManitobaVentureCapitalFunds
Establishthree(3)VentureCapitalFunds,eachvaluedat$50100Millionanddedicated
tooneofthefollowingAgriFood;Creative+Design;CleanTechnology
Fundinvestmentsof$25Millionperenterprise
Capitalizationofthefundswouldbeasfollows:Manitobapublicsectorpensionfunds
(25%),provincialgovernmentreallocationofrevenuederivedfromthepayrolltax
(25%),privatecapital(50%)
Whilepensionfundscannotbecompelledtoparticipateinafund,theProvincecould
produceincentivesthatmakeitattractiveforthemtoparticipateincludingaloss
reservetomitigatesomeofthelosses/riskandsubsidizingaportionoftheoverhead
costsassociatedwithinvestinginasmallmarketwithpoordealflow
Administrationcosts,inparticularthestartupcostsestimatedat$2.5million,forthe
fundstobeoffsetbytheProvinceintheinitialyears
Recruitanestablished,independentprofessionalfundmanagertoruneachindividual
fund;fundmanagersaretoberesponsiblefornonadministrativefundstartupcosts
($400800,000)

InDecember2015,theProvinceofBritishColumbiaannouncedthecreationofBCTechFunda
new$100millioninvestmentfundtoexpandtheavailabilityofventurecapitalinBCandaddress
theearlystage(Around)fundinggap.

Utilizecreativefinancialincentivestopromotetheestablishmentofastrongventurecapital
industryinManitoba
ExemptventurecapitalfundsfromManitobaspayrolltax
Allowforventurecapitalreturns,ifreinvestedinaManitobabasedcompany,tobe100%
taxfree,foraperiodofupto10years

4.

ProvincialIncentivesandPrograms
ExtendeligibilityforthecredittoforeigninvestmentviatheBusinessNomineeProgram
ExtendtheexistingSmallBusinessVentureCapitalTaxCreditsothatitcanbeinvestedina
VentureCapitalpoolormultiplepools(orSpecialFunds)
PursuetheinvolvementoftheFederalGovernmentintheSBVCTCprogramthroughafurther
enhancement
ApplytheOil&GasandminingLPapproachtoraisingventurecapitalwitha30%onetimeonly
taxcredit.AnyqualifiedgroupuponapprovalbytheProvincewouldraisetheirfundsthrough
thebrokeragechannel
ReviewtheManitobaInnovationGrowthSideCarFundadjudicationprocesswiththegoalto
shortenthetimeinvolved
ModifytheCommercializationSupportforBusinessprogramtoenableallbusinessesandnotfor
profitorganizationstoapply,tostreamlineandsimplifytheprocessandtomodifyfunding
limitationstomatchreasonablebusinessrequirements
Providegrantsforstartupstocoveroffinitialcostssuchasbusinessplandevelopment
37

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

RegionaldistributionofVCinvestmentinCanada,20122014

Source:ThomsonReutersCanada2015

38

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

D.DrivingtheShareEconomy

1.

2.

3.

4.

Analysis
Establishacrossjurisdictionaltaskforcewithrepresentationfromgovernment,thoughtleaders,
andindustry(includingexistingoperatorsandnewmarketentrants)withamandatetoanalyze
theopportunitiesandimpactsofthesharingeconomyandmakecomprehensive
recommendations.
Thegoalofthetaskforceshouldbetoidentifybothhowbesttoharnesstheopportunityofthe
sharingeconomyandtheappropriateroleofgovernmentinaddressingsomeofthechallenges
inthisreport.
Employingaprinciplebasedframework,thetaskforceshouldidentifythoseareaswhere
governmentinterventionisneededtoremovebarrierstoinnovationorprotectthepublic
interest,basedonfactorsincludingexistingmarketdriven,selfregulatorysolutions.
Giventhismandate,thetaskforceshouldmakerecommendationstothethreelevelsof
governmentbasedonanimprovedunderstandingof:
Therealandtheperceivedregulatoryandconsumerprotectionrisksposedbythesharing
economy;
Theselfregulatorymodelsemployedbysharingeconomycompaniesand/orbusiness
modelsthateffectivelyaddressissuesofsafetyorsecurity;
Thefactorsthataredrivingmoreconsumerstochoosesharingeconomygoodsandservices
overexistingones;
Howconsumersperceivetherisksassociatedwithsharingservices;
Theperspectiveofexistingoperatorsandnewmarketentrants
Theeconomicimplicationsofthegrowthofthesharingeconomy.
Regulation
Usetheadventofthesharingeconomyasanopportunitytodevelopanew,emptythebox
approachtoregulation,buildingonthetaskforcesresearch,analysis,andrecommendations.
Thisapproachtoregulatoryreformkeepsintactonlythoseprovisionsthatarenecessaryand
relevanttoday,asmanyofthecurrentlawsandregulationsaffectingindustryweredrafted
beforetheriseofdigitaltechnologyandassuch,havebecomeoutdated.
Intheimmediateterm,theProvinceshouldprioritizearegulatoryaudit,inpartnershipwith
theCityofWinnipegandothermunicipalities.Thegoaloftheauditshouldbetoidentifyand
roadmapunnecessaryandoutdatedregulationsandharmonizestandards.Theresultsofthis
auditshouldserveasaframeworkforaction.
Engageresponsiblegovernmentagenciesandtheinsuranceindustrytoaddressissuesrelatedto
insurancecoverage.
Workforce
Considertheimpactsofthegrowthofthesharingeconomyasitundertakesreviewsof
workplacelegislation,suchastheWorkersCompensationAct,togivenconsiderationtothe
growthofnontraditionalwork
TaxCompliance
Workwiththefederalgovernmenttodevelopahowtoguideontaxcomplianceinthesharing
economy

39

MANITOBABOLD:AMANITOBABUILTFORSUCCESS

Governmentsatboththefederalandprovinciallevelscancreategreaterclarityforworkers
andusersofthesharingeconomybyprovidingahowtoguideontaxcomplianceforsharing
economycompanies,suchasanonlinecalculatortohelpusersofsharingeconomyservices
moreeasilyworkouthowmuchtaxtheyareliabletopay,aswellasmaterialsthatsharing
economycompaniescansharewiththeirusersandsuppliers.
TheUnitedKingdomandAustraliantaxauthoritieshavebeentakingstepsinthisdirection.
WorkwiththeCanadaRevenueAgency(CRA)toanalyzeincomereportinglevelsinthesharing
economyanddevelopaclearunderstandingofthemotivatingfactorsbehindproviders
decisionstoreportornotreportincome,andestablishandclarifyappropriaterulesmoving
forward(e.g.minimumincomethresholds)

PegCityCarCoop:Coopmembersarecurrentlydriving18efficientcarslocatedinandaround
Winnipegsdowntown.AccordingtotheCAAsAnnualDrivingCostsReport,theaveragecostof
owningandoperatingavehicleinCanadais$8,000eachyear.PegCityCarCoopmembership
costsarefundablesharepriceof$500,inadditiontopayingforservice.Onaverage,members
spendabout$1,200ayearoncarsharing.Benefitsincludereductionsinlevelsofcarownership
bymembers,GHGemissions,totalkilometersdriven,parkingspacesneededandtraffic
congestion.

TheNorthAmericanSharedUseVehicleSurveysuggeststhatcarsharinghastakenbetween
90,000and130,000vehiclesofftheroad.Thisequatesto9to13vehicles(includingshed
vehiclesandpostponedvehiclepurchases)takenofftheroadforeachcarsharingvehicle.
Singleoccupantvehiclesarebyfarthedominantmodeoftransportationtowork,accounting
for72%ofcommutertripsinManitoba,onlyslightlybelowthenationalaverage.

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