Acoustic & Broadcasting [MITRC refresher

]
1.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Which best describe the sound wave?
It may be longitudinal
It is always transverse
It is always longitudinal
All of the above

2.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Which of the following can not travel through a vacuum?
Electromagnetic wave
Radio wave
Soundwave
Light wave

3.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Through which medium does sound travel fastest?
Air
Water
Steel
Mercury

4.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Speed that is faster than that of sound.
Ultrasonic
Supersonic
Subsonic
Transonic

5.
a.
b.
c.
d.

What is the speed of sound in air at 20°C?
1087 ft/s
1100 ft/s
1126 ft/s
200 ft/s

6.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Calculate a half wavelength sound for sound of 16000 Hz
35 ft
10 ft
0.035 ft
100 ft

7.
a.
b.
c.
d.

The lowest frequency that a human ear can hear is
5 Hz
20 Hz
30 Hz
20 Hz

8.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Sound that vibrates at frequency too high for the human ear to hear (over 20 kHz)
Subsonic
Ultrasonic
Transonic
Stereo

9.
a.
b.
c.
d.

The frequency interval between two sounds whose frequency ratio is 10
Octave
Half octave
Third-octave
Decade

10.
a.
b.
c.
d.

A 16 KHz sound is how many octaves higher than a 500 Hz sound
2
5
4
8

11.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Sound waves composed of but one frequency is a/an
Infra sound
Pure tone
Structure borne
Residual sound

12.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Sound wave has two main characteristics which are
Highness and loudness
Tone and loudness
Pitch and loudness
Rarefactions and compressions

13.
a.
b.
c.
d.

When waves bend away from straight lines of travel, it is called
Reflection
Diffraction
Rarefaction
Refraction

14.
which
a.
b.
c.
d.

The amplitude of sound waves, the maximum displacement of each air particle, is the property
perceive as _____ of a sound
Pitch
Intensity
Loudness
Harmonics

15.
a.
b.
c.
d.

It is the weakest sound that average human hearing can detect.
SPL = 0 dB
Threshold of hearing
Reference pressure = 2 x 10-5N/m2
A, b, c

16.
a.
b.
c.
d.

What is a device that is used to measure the hearing sensitivity of a person?
Audiometer
OTDR
SLM
Spectrum analyzer

17.
What is the device used in measuring sound pressure levels incorporating a microphone,
amplification, filtering and a display.
a.
Audiometer
b.
OTDR
c.
SLM
d.
Spectrum analyzer
18.
of the
a.
b.
c.
d.
19.

What weighted scale in a sound level meter gives a reading that is most closely to the response
human ear?
Weighted scale A
Weighted scale B
Weighted scale C
Weighted scale D
For aircraft noise measurements, the weighting scale that is used is _____.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Weighted scale A
Weighted scale B
Weighted scale C
Weighted scale D

20.
a.
b.
c.
d.

It is the device used to calibrate an SLM?
Microphone
Pistonphone
Telephone
Filter

21.
a.
b.
c.
d.

_____ is the sound power measured over the area upon which is received.
Sound pressure
Sound energy
Sound intensity
Sound pressure level

22.
a.
b.
c.
d.

A measure of the intensity of sound in comparison to another sound intensity
Phon
Decibel
Pascal
Watts

23.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Calculate the sound intensity level in dB of a sound whose intensity is 0.007 W/m2.
95 dB
91 dB
98 dB
101 dB

24.
a.
b.
c.
d.

What is the sound pressure level for a given sound whose RMS pressure is 200/m2?
200 dB
20 dB
140 dB
14 dB

25.
a.
b.
c.
d.

What is the sound intensity for an RMS pressure of 200 Pascal?
90 W/m2
98 W/m2
108 W/m2
88 W/m2

26.
a.
b.
c.
d.

The sound pressure level is increased by _____ dB if the pressure is doubled.
3
4
5
6

27.
a.
b.
c.
d.

The sound pressure level is increased by _____ dB if the intensity is doubled.
3
4
5
6

28.
a.
b.
c.
d.

If four identical sounds are added what is the increase in level in dB?
3
4
5
6

29.
The transmission of sound from one room to an adjacent room, via common walls, floors or
ceilings.
a.
Flanking transmission
b.
Reflection
c.
Refraction
d.
Reverberation
30.
a.
b.
c.
d.

_____ is the continuing presence of an audible sound after the sound source has stop.
Flutter echo
Sound concentration
Sound shadow
Reverberation

31.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Required time for any sound to decay to 60 dB
Echo time
Reverberation time
Delay time
Transient time

32.
a.
b.
c.
d.

A room containing relatively little sound absorption
Dead room
Anechoic room
Live room
Free-field

33.
A room in which the walls offer essentially 100% absorption, therefore simulating free field
conditions.
a.
Dead room
b.
Anechoic room
c.
Live room
d.
Closed room
34.
Calculate the reverberation time of the room, which has a volume of 8700 ft3 and total sound
absorption 140 sabins.
a.
0.3 sec
b.
3.5 sec
c.
3 sec
d.
0.53 sec
35.
It is an audio transducer that converts acoustic pressure in air into its equivalent electrical
impulses
a.
Loudspeaker
b.
Amplifier
c.
Baffle
d.
Microphone
36.
a.
b.
c.
d.

_____ is a pressure type microphone with permanent coil as a transducing element.
Dynamic
Condenser
Magnetic
Carbon

37.
a.
b.
c.
d.

A microphone which has an internal impedance of 25 kΩ is _____ type.
High impedance
Low impedance
Dynamic
Magnetic

d. A microphone that uses the piezoelectric effect Dynamic Condenser Crystal Carbon 39. -10 dB b. -20 dB c. a. b. What is the maximum intensity 300 ft from it? a. b.38. Tweeter b. -30 dB d. a. 40 dB 44. Sensitivity Distortion Efficiency Frequency response 41. d. a. d. c. Microphone Baffle Magnetic assemble Driver . The impedance of most drivers is about _____ ohms at their resonant frequency. a. _____ is measure of how much sound is produced from the electrical signal. Speaker is a device that Converts sound waves into current and voltage Converts current variations into sound waves Converts electrical energy to mechanical energy Converts electrical energy to electromagnetic energy 45. A or C 40. b. c. b. d. a. It describes the output of a microphone over a range of frequencies. Mid-range d. It is a transducer used to convert electrical energy to mechanical energy. _____ is a type of loudspeaker driver with an effective diameter of 5 inches used at midrange audio frequency. a. c. c. 10 dB b. Woofer c. 20 dB c. 30 dB d. 4 6 8 10 46. What is its rated efficiency? a. Directivity Sensitivity Frequency response All of the above 42. b. c. A loudspeaker radiates an acoustic power of 1 mW if the electrical input is 10 W. a. d. c. If the rated efficiency of the loudspeaker is -60 dB. d. b. An amplifier can deliver 100 W to a loudspeaker. -40 dB 43.

Mixing 56. What is the frequency tolerance for the RF carrier in the standard AM radio broadcast band? . c. c. Noise reduction system used for film sound in movie. Roll-off b. Loudspeaker Driver Baffle Frame 48. Proximity effect c. A circuit that divides the frequency components into separate bands in order to have individual feeds to the different drivers. a. Navigation b. What is the unit of loudness? Sone Phon Decibel Mel 53. b. Drop out d.47. d. c. b. b. d. a. Magnet assembly d. music or image intended for reception by the general public? a. b. c. Broadcasting d. Suspension system b. a. Panel board 49. d. a. a. Telephony c. c. a. d. Using a microphone at less than the recommended working distance will create a _____ which greatly increases the low frequency signals. A unit of noisiness related to the perceived noise level Noy dB Sone Phon 54. What is the process of sending voice. b. d. speech. c. It is an enclosure used to prevent front and back wave cancellation. a. b. d. None of the choices 52. Dolby DBx dBa dBk 51. What is the loudness level of a 1KHz tone if its intensity is 100 phons 105 phons 110 phons 100 phons 1 x 10-5W/cm2? 55. a. Dividing network c. Echo Pure sound Reverberation Intelligible sound 50. _____ is early reflection of sound.

d.a. 10 b. a. The part of a broadcast day from 6 PM to 6 AM local time Daytime Nighttime Bed time Experimental period 59. c. 7 d. Auxiliary Tx b. b. 14 65. a. It is a resistive load used in place of an antenna to test a transmitter under normal loaded condition without actually radiating the transmitter’s output signal. c. a. d. a. b. 10 c. d. How many AM stations can be accommodated in a 150-kHz bandwidth if the highest modulating frequency is 10 kHz? a. b. The service area where the signal is not subject to fading and co-channel interference. c. d. 15 d. Zero 20 Hz 10 Hz 20 KHz 57. Primary Service Area Secondary Service Area Intermittent Service Area Quarternary Service Area 60. The center to center spacing between two adjacent stations in the Phil. a. a. c. b. c. 5 b. What are the frequency limits of the MF BC band? 300-3000 kHz 3-30 MHz 535-1605 kHz 88-108 MHz 63. Main Tx c. b. The transmitting antenna for an AM broadcast station should have a _____ polarization. Short wave broadcasting operates in what band? MF HF . 9 kHz 200 kHz 36 kHz 800 kHz 64. The operating power of the auxiliary transmitter shall not be less than _____% or never greater than the authorized operating power of the main transmitter. Artificial Antenna 61. Vertical Horizontal Circular Elliptical 58. b. AM BC band is ____. d. 15 c. b. c. 20 62. a. Secondary Tx d. a. d.

b. 25 kHz 2 kHz 20 kHz 30 kHz 73. d. a. a. a. Coordination and Control All of the above 69. b. used to create a multidimensional effect on the receiver? a. What is the radio transmission of two separate signals. c. What does the acronym STL stand for? Station-to-link Signal-to-loss-ratio Shout-to-live Studio-to-transmitter-link 67. b. d. b. c. d. a.c. Monophonic transmission 72. d. What is the spacing between any two adjacent channels in the FM broadcast band? 20 KHz 36 KHz 200 KHz 800 KHz 70. d. a. d. c. c. d. a.25 MHz 10 kHz 19 KHz 38 KHz .3 MHz 108 MHz 71. c. b. Stereo system c.1 MHz 88. The first channel in the FM BC band has a center frequency of 88 MHz 88. What is the modulation used by the stereophonic subcarrier? FM PM ISB DSB 74. b. c. d. One of the broadcast transmission auxiliary services is: Remote pick-up STL Communication. Pilot transmission d. The carrier frequency tolerance for FM broadcasting is _____. c. and right. SCA b. b. One of the main considerations in the selection of antenna site is (AM) Conductivity of the soil Height of the terrain Elevation of the site Accessibility 68. c. b. left. d. VHF VLF 66. a. a. What is the pilot signal for stereo FM? 4.

c. d. a. SCA 82. b. b. Class A d. Where is de-emphasis added in a stereo FM system? Before the matrix at the TX Before the matrix at the RX After the matrix at the TX After the matrix at the RX 77. EBS c. c. d. An additional channel of multiplex information that is authorized by the FCC for stereo FM radio stations to feed services such as commercial-free programming to selected customers. in what form are the L – R signals? AF DSBSC 19 kHz 38 kHz 81. c. d. does a monaural receiver produce all the sounds that a stereo Yes No Either a or b Neither a or b 76. c. c. d. d. L+R L–R Both a & b 67 KHz 80. a. a. Class B 84. b. STL b. A class of FM station which is limited in antenna height of 500 ft. does? a. b. With stereo FM transmission. An FM broadcast station. above average terrain . a. a. Where is the pre-emphasis added in a stereo FM system? Before the matrix at the TX Before the matrix at the RX After the matrix at the TX After the matrix at the RX 78. The normal frequency for an SCA subcarrier is _____ KHz. a. which has an authorized radiated power not exceeding 125 KW: Class C Class A Class D Class B 83. 67 76 38 19 79. EIA d. d. b. d. c. Class C c. a. Class D b. The class of FM station. b.75. When fed to the stereo FM modulator. b. c. A monaural FM receiver receives only the _____ signal of a stereo multiplex transmission. which has an authorized transmitter power not exceeding 10 KW and ERP not exceeding 30 KW: a.

How are guardbands allocated in commercial FM stations? 25 kHz on either sides of the transmitting signal 50 kHz on each side of the carrier 75 kHz deviation 15 kHz modulation 87. b. What kind of modulation is used for the sound portion of a commercial broadcast TV transmission? a. d. 41. C3F d. 45.25 MHz. d.75 MHz. Estimate the bandwidth occupied by the sound portion of a TV transmission in US.75 MHz. a. d. 10 b. Class D Class C Class A Class B 85. 41. 20 c. How many international commercial AM broadcast channels can fit into the bandwidth occupied by a commercial TV station? a. Eliminate attenuation of both video and audio c. The picture and sound carrier frequencies in a TV receiver are _____ respectively. What is the separation between visual and aural carrier in TV broadcasting? . while voice is frequency modulated? a.75 MHz 41. d. c.25 MHz 45. 200 c.75 MHz 45. Maintain synchronized scanning between transmit and received video d. Better efficiency b.a.25 MHz. a. d. What is the main reason why television picture signal uses amplitude modulation. c. 100 b. PM b. b. c. To minimize interference between signals at received end 92.25 MHz 93. a. a. b. 41. 40 88. c. How many commercial FM broadcast channels can fit into the bandwidth occupied by a commercial TV station? a. 30 d. b. AM 90. 45. b. c. What type of broadcast service might have their antennas on top of hills? FM AM TV A&C 86. 600 89. FM c. 125 d. 25 kHz 800 kHz 80 kHz 200 kHz 91.

c. a. a.5 MHz 5. What is eliminated by using interlaced scanning? Noise Excessive BW Frame . What is the visual carrier for channel 12? 205. a b c d What is the exact picture carrier frequency for frequency for channel 7 offset by – 10 KHz? 175. a. c. d.25 MHz 65. c.75 MHz 96. b. c.75 MHz 0. d. what is the frequency of the tuner’s local oscillator.25 MHz 55. Mid band UHF Low band UHF High band VHF low band UHF 102. What is color subcarrier for channel 2? 68. b.25 MHz 55.83 MHz 211.75 MHz 59. d. 511 MHz c. 11 and 13 are known as _____. b. d.75 MHz 97. c.75 MHz. when turned to this channel? a.25 MHz 58. d.24 MHz 101.25 MHz 4. b. d. If the sound carrier for UHF channel 23 is 529. b. TV channels 7.26 MHz 174 MHz 175. What is the frequency tolerance in the color carrier of TV broadcasting? 2 kHz 20 Hz 10 Hz 1 kHz 100.25 MHz 94.25 MHz 95.83 MHz 214.25 MHz 4.a. d. 571 MHz b. What is the separation between the lower limit of a channel and the aural carrier? 1. a. a.25 MHz 65. 500 MHz 99. 498 MHz d. c. a. a.5 MHz 5. b. What is the aural carrier for channel 3? 61.83 MHz 98.75 MHz 59. c. b. 1. b.25 MHz 175. c.75 MHz 0.

a. magenta. a. 22% blue 104. c. 33% green. Brightness variations of the picture information are in which signal? I Q Y Z . b) c) yellow.1325 d.498 0.4 and B=0. d. 20% green. Suppose the signal from a color camera has R=0.8. Red Yellow Green Blue The color with the most luminance is 105. white. 28% green. d. Determine the value at the luminance signal a. a. b. 0. a. The three complementary colors are: White. 11% blue 33% red.4 106.2. b. b.304 0. 0. c. d. d. a. b. a. 1. c. Which of the following consist of two of the three primary colors in television signal? a) red. a. The studio camera produces a luminance signal that contains information about The musical content The speech content The brightness of the scene The color content of the scene 111. b. d. b. violet. and d) blue A and B B and C C and D A and D 110. calculate the chrominance signal 0. c. fushcia 108. 59% green. gray Yellow.498 b. When the colors Magenta and Yellow are mixed the resultant color is: Red White Blue Green 109. where 1 represents the maximum signal possible. c.254 c. Flicker 103. 33% blue 50% red. cyan Black. cyan Violet. c. d.d. c. 22% blue 58% red.305 0. d. indigo. In the previous problem. 0. G=0.022 107. c. a. yellow. d. b. b. What percentage of the primary colors used in color TV are needed to produce the brightest white? 30% red.

a. b. MHz C a. c.112.58 signal in quadrature with bandwidth of 0 to 0. How many electron beams actually leave the electron gun of a single-gun color CRT? 1 2 3 1/3 117. d. b. d. Which of the following is not a requirement for a color TV signal? compatibility with b lack and white receivers Within 6 MHz bandwidth Simulate a wide variety of colors Functional with baron super antenna 116.58 MHz 4.3 MHz? I signal Q signal Y signal X signal 113. c. b. c. Hue Saturation Carrier Monochrome . c. What is the aspect ratio for HDTV system? 4/3 9/7 19/6 16/9 120.5 MHz? I signal Q signal Y signal Z signal 114. MHz C a. a.92 MHz 118. d. d. Which of the following is the color video signal transmitted as amplitude modulation of the 3. c. c. a. b. b. d.58 signal with bandwidth of 0 to 1. a. b. d. What is the difference between the sound carrier and color subcarrier frequencies? 1. a. The signal that will give the exact color wavelength is _____. Which of the following is the color video signal transmitted as amplitude modulation of the 3. b. gain of a.25 MHz 3. c. c. b. The _____ affects the difference between black and white on the picture tube and controls the the video amplifier Brightness control Volume control Power control Contrast control 115. d. d. c. d. What does aspect ratio mean? Ratio of the screen width to its height Ratio of the screen height to its width Ratio of the screen diagonal to its width Ratio of the screen diagonal to its height 119.5 MHz 0. a. b.

d. Coating Aperture Mask Diplexer Duplexer 123. b. The _____ ensures that the electron beam will strike the correct phosphor dot on the TV screen. Which of the following represents the intensity of a given color? Hue Saturation Carrier Monochrome 122. a. b. what is the horizontal signal frequency? 30 Hz 60 Hz 15750 Hz 157625 Hz 124. b. b. what is the vertical signal frequency? 30 Hz 60 Hz 15750 Hz 157625 Hz 125. d. 25 kHz b. 100 kHz 130.121. c. c. c. a. c. 75 kHz d. b. a. c. a. What is the maximum allowable frequency deviation in the audio section of a TV signal for PAL/SECAM? a. c. In a TV receiver. d. d. In a TV receiver. b. 127. a. 50 kHz c. c. beam a. b. d. What scheme is employed to cause the electron beam in the TV receiver and the electron in the studio camera to track identically? Interlacing NTSC Interleaving Transmission of sync pulses 126. What is the North American TV standard video? PAL SECAM NTSC FCC 129. What is the frame frequency in the US TV system? 30 Hz 60 Hz 15750 Hz . a. a. Equalizing pulses in TV are sent during Horizontal blanking Vertical blanking The serrations Equalizing intervals What is the return of the electron beam in a CRT from right to left or from bottom to top? Relay Flyback Utilization Resolution 128. d. b. c. a. b. d. d. c.

2 MHz 15 MHz 6 MHz 5. Image orthicon b. It is the popular TV camera designed with much smaller package and lower cost than its earlier designs a. d.5 625 2500 138. d. c. Interleaving 139.67 μs 100 μs . What determines the maximum number of vertical picture elements? Number of frames per second Number of lines on the screen Number of pixels Number of fields per second 133. TV system is : 2 MHz 6 MHz 7 MHz 8 MHz 135.5 MHz 132. The greater the amplitude the lighter the picture d. c. c. a. In a composite video signal. If there are 625 lines per TV picture then the number of lines per field are: 1250 312. c. Iconoscope c. b. The channel width in the U. 157625 Hz 131. b. How many horizontal lines are used to develop a TV raster? 615 525 750 15750 134. a.2 μs 63.d. b. a. What is the highest video frequency set by the FCC for commercial TV? 4. d. a. a. d. The greater the amplitude the darker the picture b. Sneaking d. c. The lower the amplitude the darker the picture c. Vidicon d. Interlacing b. a. No effect 137. c. What is the process of placing the chrominance signal in the band space between portions of the luminance signal? a. Fitting c.5 μs 16. b. what is the relationship between the amplitude of the signal and the intensity of the electron beam in the receiver picture tube? a. b. d. d. Plumbicon 136.S. b. How much time elapses between the start of one horizontal sync pulse and the next? 10.

a. Transmitter d. a. d. a. a. b. d. d. A portion in a communications system. It is the quality of the TV picture after imperfections Aspect ratio Utilization ratio A1 Monochrome 145.500 Hz for the vertical scanning frequency 141. c. Modulation c. c.140. b. Encoder b. c. c.750 Hz for horizontal sync and scanning 60 Hz for vertical sync and scanning 31. d. The camera tube that uses selenium. d. The components of composite video signal are: Chroma signal Blanking pulse Synchronizing pulse All of these 143. arsenic and tellurium Plumbicon Vidicon Saticon Silicon Vidicon 142. Which of the following frequencies is wrong? 15. b. What section of a TV receiver determines the bandwidth and produces the most signal gain? RF amplifier Audio amplifier IF amplifier Tuned circuit Modulation [MITRC refresher] 1. which processes the information so that it will become suitable to the characteristic of the transmission medium a. b. b. b. What is the smallest amount of information that can be displayed on a television screen? Blip Burst Pixel Bits 144. Signal whose physical quantity varies continuously with time a. a. a. Digital . c. c. Multiplexer 2. d.500 Hz for the equalizing pulses and serrations in the vertical sync pulse 31.

Accuracy c. Indicate the voltage level in dB with reference to one volt. – 77 dBm 7. FIA weighted? a. 23 b. dBm d. Information 3. The level at the input is: . – 85 dBm d. When the power ratio of the output to input of a circuit is 200. Sensitivity d. What is the reference level for random noise measurement. Digital information is processed with a specified degree of a. dBV 5. Fidelity b. Correctness 4. A 10 db pad has an output level of -3dBm. What is the gain in dB? a. – 82 dBm b. – 23 d. – 46 6. This unit is used in video or TV measurement a. – 90 dBm c. dBW b. dBk c. Analog c. Discrete d. 46 c.b.

13 dBm b. Noise b.3 dBm c. A power level of 50 μW could be expressed as: a.98 dB c. 3. Interface 11. 1 dBm d. Interference . Is the reduction of signal amplitude as it passed over the transmission medium? a. Signal waveform perturbation or deviation caused by imperfect response of the system to the desired signal a.8 mW has a loss of: a. – 4. 1. – 7 dBm c. Noise b. 3.98 mW 10.69 dBm b. 1. – 13 dBm 9. Distortion c.98 dBm b. 1 dBm d. Aliasing c. Distortion d. 2. A system having an input power of 2 mW an output power of 0. Attenuation d.a.98 μW d. 7 dBm 8.

Modulation c.12. dBa b. Which noise figure represents the lowest noise? a. other transmitters. Signal contamination by extraneous or external sources.5 dB b. Harmonics d. a. Distortion c. dBa0 d. A more precise evaluation of the quality of a receiver as far as noise is concerned. such as. Interference 14. Denote the interference of noise in dB above an adjusted reference noise. 1. dBm c. S/N b. The adjusted reference noise level was a 1 kHz tone.7 dB d. Equalization d. pWp 16. Filtering b. 3. VSWR . a. Noise b. Signal attenuation can be corrected by a. 4. power lines and machinery.1 dB 15. set at – 85 dBm a. Amplification 13.0 dB c. 2.

usually consisting of capacitance and/or inductance. Noise filter b. 0 dB b. A circuit often used in radio receivers that prevents externally generated noise from exceeding certain amplitude. Noise floor b. Noise limiter c. Infinite c. They are also called noise clippers. Noise factor d. 15 to 60 MHz . Noise margin 17.43 GHz c. Noise quieting 19. Noise limiter d. 5 to 8 GHz d. Greater than 1 18. Noise filter c. Less than 1 d. 8 Mhz to 1. Noise floor d. 0 to 20 KHz b.c. Noise figure for an amplifier with noise is always a. Noise clamper 20. that is inserted in series with the a-c power cord of an electronic device which allow the 60-Hz current to pass and suppressed high frequency noise components. Extra-terrestrial noise is observable at frequencies from a. a. A passive circuit. a.

4 percent . Trace b. Waveshape c. The values of Vmax and Vmin as read from an AM wave on an oscilloscope are 2.21. Carrier frequency shifts d. If m is greater than 1. The percentage of the modulation is a. Carrier variation 25. Addition b. The carrier frequency changes. The carrier amplitude varies. Carrier drops to zero c. what happens? a. Information signal is distorted 24. c. Multiplication c.3. Normal operation b. The carrier frequency remains constant. Modulator circuit performs what mathematical operation on its two inputs? a. The outline of the peaks of a carrier has the shape of the modulating signal and is called the a. Square root 23. b. Division d. 10. The information signal amplitude changes the carrier amplitude.7 percent b. Which of the following is not true about AM? a.8 and 0. d. 41. 22. Envelope d.

2. 89 percent 30. 4. 0. a. 35 percent b. 50 percent d.0 W 29.5 W d. 70 percent c.3 percent 26. 1.6 percent d. 100 percent 28. The percentage of modulation is a. A carrier of 880 kHz is modulated by a 3. 33.6 amperes. 25 percent b.5 kHz d.5 and 883. 80. The percentage of modulation is 80 percent. 883. 887 and 873 kHz 27.5 and 876.6 W c. 876.3 percent c. The typical audio modulating frequency range used in radio and telephone communications is . 93.8 W b. An AM transmitter antenna current is measured with no modulation and found to be 2. 873 and 887kHz b. An AM signal has a carrier power of 5W.5 kHz c.c. The LSB and USB are respectively. what percentage of carrier power is in each sideband? a. For 100 percent modulation. The total sideband power is a.5-kHz sine wave. 42 percent d.

100 Hz t 10 kHz d. A filter selects the difference signal.8 MHz b. Envelope d. An input signal of 1.5 kHz as a total bandwidth of a. The output is a. 5 MHz d. Pilot-carrier system b. 50 Hz to 15 kHz c.a. An AM signal with a maximum modulating signal frequency of 4. Lincompex d.8 MHz 33.8 MHz mixed with a local oscillator of 5 MHz. 1. 9 kHz d.2 MHz c. The letter-number designation B8E is a form of modulation also known as a. Deviation 34. Sidebands b. 6.5 kHz b. 300 Hz to 3 kHz 31. 4. 3. What is produced by over modulation in AM? a. 18 kHz 32. 50 Hz to 5 kHz b. Independent sideband emission c. Splatter c.75 kHz c. Vestigial sideband transmission . 6.

20 39. D d. E 38.35. The outputs are a. B c.5 d. The maximum deviation of an FM carrier is 2 kHz by a maximum modulating signal of 400 Hz. 5 c. Full-wave bridge rectifier c.2 b. 12. 8 . Diode bridge circuit b. 1. A widely used balanced modulator is called the a. 0. 8 c. Both a and b 36. F b. Lattice modulator d. 500 kHz b. 2. A 100-MHz carrier is deviated 50 kHz by a 4-kHz signal a.5 MHz d. What is the third character in the emission designation for telephony? a. Balanced bridge modulator 37. The deviation ratio is a. 5 b.5 MHz. The inputs to a balanced modulator are 1 MHz and a carrier of 1.5 Mhz c.

Linear devices b. 40 40. 50 b. Class C amplifier d. Quieting factor d. Converting the phase modulation to FM 44. Amplifying the higher audio frequencies c. Nonlinear devices 42.66 43. Blot out c. One of the following transmits only one sideband a. Dominating syndrome 41. 66. amplifier following the modulated stage must be a. 150 c. Capture effect b. Harmonic devices c. H3E b. the percentage power saving will be a. The phenomenon of a strong FM signal dominating a weaker signal on a common frequency is referred to as the a.d. R3E . Boosting the bass frequencies b. If the carrier of a 100 percent modulated AM wave is suppressed. A pre-emphasis circuit provides extra noise immunity by a. 100 d. In a low-level AM system. Pre-amplifying the whole audio band d.

Modulation 47.25 kHz d. B8E 45. Frequency counter 46.c. A3E d. J3E d.5 kHz 49. 48 kHz c. F3E b. An increase in transmitter power from 25 W to 30 W will cause the antenna current to increase from 700 mA to . AM transmission power increases with _____ a. Frequency b. Spectrum analyzer b. Digital counter d. 53. G3E c. 112. Load d.2 kHz b. Source c. What is the carrier swing of an FM transmitter when modulated by 75%? a. 56. Oscilloscope c. What type of emission is frequency modulation? a. B3E 48. _____ is an electronic instrument used to show both the carrier and the sidebands of a modulated signal in the frequency domain a.

The term used to refer to the condition where the signals from a very strong station are superimposed on other signals being received a.1 MHz 52. 120. An FM receiver with an I-F of 10. 109. What is the numerical value of the image frequency? a. The function which tends to silence the receiver in the absence of transmitted carrier a. _____ is the function which tends to maintain the sound volume level of a voice receiver nearly constant for a large signal strength range a.7 MHz is tuned to 98.3 MHz b.7 MHz. 767 mA d. Muting c. AFC 51. Muting c. Intermodulation interference c. AGC d. 750 mA c.0 MHz c. Cross-modulation interference b. Squelch b.a. AGC d. 800 mA b. 840 mA 50. 88. 77. Receiver quieting .4 MHz d. AFC 53. Squelch b.

10. RF amplifier. Stages that are common to both AM and FM receivers a. VHF receiver 57. local oscillator. Cross-modulation interference c. AF amplifier b. 300 Hz b. FM receiver c. In a narrow-band FM system. The term used to refer to the reduction of receiver gain caused by the signal of a nearby station transmitter in the same frequency band? a. Tuner. detector d. FM transmitter b.5 and a modulating frequency of 10 kHz? .d. Which of the following contains de-emphasis circuit? a. What is the approximate bandwidth of an FM with a modulation factor of 12. Tuner. detector. Quieting b. AF amplifier 55. RF amplifier. mixer. VHF transmitter d. IF amplifier. 3.000 Hz c. Local oscillator. detector. frequency discriminator. AF amplifier c. Desensitizing 58. Capture effect 54. IF amplifier.500 Hz 56. the deviation ratio is commonly one and the highest audio frequency is generally limited to a. 7. Squelch gain rollback d.000 Hz d.

1.a. 17 K 62.394 61. 400 μV d.4 K b. 4.0 μV c. 45 kHz 59. 250 kHz d. 174 K c. Thermal agitation b. 20 kHz b.0 mV 60. 40 μV b. Auto ignition c.4 b.74 K d. The sun . A receiver connected to an antenna whose resistance is 50 Ω has an equivalent noise resistance of 30 Ω. 4. 3. 39. 0. What is the RMS noise voltage at the input to this amplifier if the ambient temperature is 17°C? a. 270 kHz c. 17. Which of the following is not a source of external noise? a. Calculate the noise figure of the amplifier whose Req equals 2518 Ω (RT = 600 Ω) if it’s driven by a generator whose output impedance is 50Ω a. 394 d. An amplifier operating over the frequency range of 455 to 460 kHz has a 200 kΩ input resistor.94 c.6 a. Calculate its equivalent noise temperature if the noise figure is equal to 1.

Lower frequency b. Transmitter. Fluorescent lights 63. a. A network that has an input of 75 dB and an output of 35dB.4 μV 64.5 μV d. Distortion c. 6. Higher power d. 3. transmission channel. Tripled d. If bandwidth is doubled. transmission channel c. the signal power is _____ a. 5. Doubled 65.3 μV b. transmitter b. receiver d. In an FM transmitter. receiver. The loss of the network is _____ -40 dB . Information. what is the result of over modulation? a. Source. Sender and receiver 67.d.8 μV c. transmission channel. Excessive bandwidth 66. Not changed b. What is the noise voltage across a 300 Ω input resistance to a TV set with a 6 MHz bandwidth and temperature of 30°C? a. 2. Quadrupled c. What are the basic elements of communications system? a.

what voltage ratio does the gain of 50 dB represent? a. 3 . Subcarriers that are arranged so that the channels occupying adjacent frequency band with some frequency space between them is known as a. 316. An interfering signal with a frequency equal to the received signal plus twice the IF is called a. 325. 320.2 c. What is the lowest number of sections required by communications receiver? a. Interference frequency 70. Void band 71.0 69. -40 dBm d. Band gap d. AM bands c. 40 dB c. Center frequency c.b.1 d. 40 dBm 68. Guard bands b.2 b. Image frequency b. If an amplifier has equal input and output impedances. 315. 2 c. Rest frequency d. 1 b.

What must be the local oscillator frequency? . 4 72. LO c.5 MHz. Mix c. 1. IF Amplifier d. The gain of the amplifier c. Heterodyne d.d. 1035 MHz b. The frequency stability 73. The bandwidth of the tuned circuits b. What determines the selectivity of a receiver? a. What circuit accompanies a mixer? a. All of the above 76. The local FM stereo rock station is at 96. Detector 75. what must be the LO frequency when receiving a 580 kHz transmission? a. 3. Beat b. The power handling capability d. RF Amplifier b. The superheterodyne circuit uses a local oscillator to _____ with the RF signal of the station and converts the carrier to the intermediate frequency a. 351 kHz 74.035 MHz c.51 MHz d. For an IF frequency of 455 kHz.

the circuit that keeps the receiver tuned exactly to the desired station is _____ a. mixer and RF amplifier . Discriminator 80. 105. AFC b. RF amplifier. RF amplifier and AFC b. Band pass filter and mixer c. 4. What connects the front-end circuit of a VHF TV superheterodyne receiver? a. In an FM receiver. 93. 107. 3688 kHz 78. Mixer c. Mixer.a.5 MHz d. What is the image frequency? 3. The IF is 475 kHz. Discriminator d. Limiter d. 112. Exciter b.09 MHz b. Limiter 79. Local oscillator. 4385 kHz d.5 kHz c.2 MHz c. AGC c.9 MHz b. A superheterodyne is tuned to 2738 kHz. a. In an FM receiver.9 MHz 77. which circuit removes amplitude variations? a.

d The information signal amplitude changes the carrier amplitude. Local oscillator. The opposite of modulation is a Reverse modulation b Downward modulation c Unmodulation d Demodulation The circuit used to produce modulation is called a Modulator b Demodulator c Variable gain amplifier d Multiplexer A modulator circuit performs what mathematical operation on its two inputs? a Addition b Multiplication c Division d Square root The ratio of the peak modulating signal voltage to the peak carrier voltage is referred to as a The voltage ratio b Decibels c The modulation index d The mix factor If m is greater than 1. what happens? a Normal operation b Carrier drops to zero c Carrier frequency shifts d Information signal is distorted .d. AGC and antenna Modulation Multiple choice. b The carrier frequency remains constant. Encircle the letter which corresponds to your answer. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Having an information signal change some characteristic of a carrier signal is called a Multiplexing b Modulation c Duplexing d Linear mixing Which of the following is not true about AM? a The carrier amplitude varies. c The carrier frequency changes.

5 and 876.4 % c 80.5 kHz sine wave. respectively. The LSB and USB are.5 kH d 887 and 873 kHz A display of signal amplitude versus frequency is called the a Time domain b Frequency Spectrum c Amplitude Spectrum d Frequency Domain 15 Most of the power in an AM signal is in the a Carrier b Upper sideband . the percentage of modulation is a 10. which of the following is true? a m=0 b m=1 c m<1 d m>1 The outline of the peaks of a carrier has the shape of the modulating signal and is called the a Trace b Waveshape c Envelope d Carrier variation Overmodulation occurs when a Vm > Vc b Vm < Vc c Vm = Vc d Vm = Vc = 0 The values of Vmax and Vmin as read from an AM wave on oscilloscope are 2.3 % The new signals produced by modulation are called a Spurious emissions b Harmonics c Intermodulation products d Sidebands A carrier of 880 kHz is modulated by a 3.5 and 883.7 % b 41.6 % d 93. a 873 and 887 kHz b 876.8 9 10 11 12 13 14 For ideal AM.8 and 0.3.5 kHz c 883.

5 W d 4. the transmitted information is contained within the a Carrier b Modulating signal c Sidebands d Envelope 22 An AM signal without the carrier is called a(n) a SSB b Vestigial sideband c FM signal d DSB 23 What is the minimum AM signal needed to transmit information? a Carrier plus sidebands .16 17 18 19 20 21 c Lower sideband d Modulating signal An AM signal has a carrier power of 5 W. The percentage of modulation is a 35 % b 70 % c 42 % d 89 % What is the carrier power in the problem above if the antenna resistance is 75 ohms? a 195 W b 631 W c 507 W d 792 W In an AM signal. the current rises to 2. The carrier power is 440 W. the percentage of modulation is 80% the total sideband power is a 0.3 % c 50 % d 100 % An AM transmitter has a percentage of modulation of 88. what percentage of power is in each sideband? a 25 % b 33.6 amperes. With modulation. The power in one sideband is a 85 W b 110 W c 170 W d 610 W An AM transmitter antenna current is measured with no modulation and found to be 2. The power is 440W.8 W b 1.0 W For 100 % modulation.6 W c 2.9 amperes.

which sideband is the best to use? a Upper b Lower c Neither d Depends upon the use The typical audio modulating frequency range used in radio and telephone communication is a 50 Hz to 5 kHz b 50 Hz to 15 kHz c 100Hz to 10kHz d 300 Hz to 3 kHz An AM signal with a maximum modulating signal frequency of 4.24 25 26 27 28 b Carrier only c One sideband d Both sideband The main advantage of SSB over standard AM or DSB is a Less spectrum space is used b Simpler equipment is used c Less power is consumed d A higher modulation percentage In SSB.5 kHz b 6. with or without modulation. to a higher or lower frequency for processing is called a Frequency multiplication b Frequency division c Frequency shift d Frequency conversion 30 Frequency translation is carried out by a circuit called a a Translator b Convertor c Balanced modulator d Local oscillator .75 kHz c 9 kHz d 18 kHz The modulation system used for telegraphy is a Frequency-shift keying b Two-tone modulation c Pulse-code modulation d Single-tone modulation 29 The process of translating a signal.5 kHz has a total bandwidth of a 4.

5 W c 769.2 MHz c 5 MHz d 6.8 MHz b 3. The output is a 1.8 MHz 32 One type of pulse communications system uses pulse that appear as a group. This type of pulse modulation is called a Pulse duration modulation b Pulse amplitude modulation c Pulse code modulation d Pulse position modulation 33 An SSB transmitter produces a 400-V peak to peak signal across a 52-Ω antenna load.8 MHz is mixed with a local oscillator of 5 MHz.2 W b 384. the negative half of the AM wave is supplied by a(n) a Tuned circuit b Transformer c Capacitor d Inductor 38 Amplitude modulation can be produced by a Having the carrier vary a resistance b Having the modulating signal vary a capacitance c Varying the carrier frequency d Varying the gain of an amplifier 39 Amplitude modulators that vary the carrier amplitude with the modulating signal by passing it through an attenuator work on the principle of .31 An input signal of 1. A filter selects the difference signal. and which vary in number according to the loudness of the voice.2 W d 3077 W 34 The output power of an SSB transmitter is usually expressed in terms of a Average power b RMS power c Peak-to-peak power d Peak envelope power 35 The letter-number designation B8E is a form of modulation also known as a Pilot-carrier system b Independent sideband emission c Lincomlex d Vestigal sideband transmission 36 Amplitude modulation is the same as a Linear mixing b Analog multiplication c Signal summation d Inductor 37 In a diode modulator. The PEP output is a 192.

The peak-to-peak amplitude of the modulating signal for 100 percent modulation is a 24 V b 48 V c 96 V d 120 V 43 A collector modulated transmitter has a supply voltage of 24 V and collector current of 0.a Rectification b Resonance c Variable resistance d Absorption 40 The component used to produce AM at very high frequencies is a a Varactor b Thermistor c Cavity resonator d PIN diode 41 Amplitude modulation generated at a very low voltage or power amplitude is known as a High-level modulation b Low-level modulation c Collector modulation d Minimum modulation 42 A collector modulator has a supply voltage of 48 V. The modulator power for 100 percent modulation is a 6W b 12 W c 18 W d 24 W 44 The circuit that recovers the original modulating information from an AM signal is known as a a Modulator b Demodulator c Mixer d Crystal set 45 The most commonly used amplitude demodulator is the a Diode mixer b Balanced modulator c Envelope detector d Crystal filter 46 A circuit that generates the upper and lower sidebands but no carrier is called a(n) a Amplitude modulator b Diode detector c Class C amplifier .5 A.

502 MHz .5 MHz c 1.502 MHz. the diodes act like a Variable resistors b Switches c Rectifiers d Variable capacitors 50 The output of a balanced modulator is a AM b FM c SSB d DSB 51 The principal circuit in the popular 1496/1596 IC balanced modulator is a a Differential amplifier b Rectifier c Bridge d Constant current source 52 The most commonly used filter in SSB generators uses a LC network b Mechanical resonators c Crystals d RC networks and op amps 53 The equivalent circuit of a quartz crystal is a a Series resonant circuit b Parallel resonant circuit c Neither a nor b d Both a and b 54 A crystal lattice filter has crystal frequencies of 27.5 and 27. The outputs are a 500 kHz b 2. The bandwidth is approximately a 2 kHz b 3kHz c 27.501 MHz d 55.5 MHz d Both a and b 48 A widely used balanced modulator is called the a Diode bridge circuit b Full-wave bridge rectifier c Lattice Modulator d Balanced bridge modulator 49 In a diode ring modulator.5 MHz.d Balanced modulator 47 The inputs to a balance modulator are 1 MHz and a carrier of 1.

The modulating signal is 3kHz. In down conversion.6 MHz c 2997 and 3003 kHz d 3000 and 3003 kHz 56 In the phasing method of SSB generation. which of the following mixer output signals is selected? a Fo b Fm c F o – fm d Fo + fm 60 Mixing for frequency conversion is the same as a Rectification b AM c Linear summing d Filtering 61 Which of the following can be used as a mixer? a Balanced modulator b FET c Diode modulator d All the above 62 The desired output from a mixer is usually selected with a a Phase-shift circuit b Crystal filter c Resonant circuit d Transformer .0 MHz. To produce both upper and lower sidebands.7 and 3.3 and 3. the following carrier frequencies must be produced: a 2. one sideband is canceled due to a Phase shift b Sharp selectivity c Carrier suppression d Phase inversion 57 A balanced modulator used to demodulate a SSB signal is called a(n) a Transporter b Product detector c Converter d Modulator 58 Frequency translation is done with a circuit called a a Summer b Multiplier c Filter d Mixer 59 The inputs to a mixer are fo and fm.55 An SSB generator has a sideband filter centered at 3.3 MHz b 3.

63 The amount of frequency deviation from the carrier center frequency in an FM transmitter is proportional to what characteristic of the modulating signal? a Amplitude b Phase c Angle d Duty Cycle 64 Both FM and PM are types of what kind of modulation? a Amplitude b Phase c Angle d Duty Cycle 65 If the amplitude of the modulating signal decreases. the carrier deviation a Increases b Decreases c Remains constant d Both b and c 66 In PM. the sampling rate that can be used in a PCM system is _____ the highest audio frequency a Once .5 d 40 69 The maximum deviation of an FM carrier is 2 kHz by a maximum modulating signal of 400 Hz. a frequency shift occurs while what characteristic of the modulating signal is changing? a Shape b Phase c Frequency d Amplitude 67 Maximum frequency deviation of a PM signal occurs at a Zero crossing points b Peak positive amplitude c Peak negative amplitude d Peak positive or negative amplitudes 68 A 100-MHz carrier is deviated 50 KHz by a 4 kHz signal. The deviation ratio is a 0. The modulation index is a 5 b 8 c 12.2 b 5 c 8 d 40 70 According the Nyquist theorem.

amplifiers following the modulated stage must be a Linear devices b Harmonic devices c Class C amplifiers d Nonlinear devices .b c d Eight times Twice Thrice 71 SSB transmission requires only _______ of the bandwidth for a DSBFC a ¼ b 2/3 c ½ d ¾ 72 Which of the following pulse modulation systems is analog? a Delta b Differential PCM c PWM d PCM 73 Which of the following is not a major benefit of FM over AM? a Greater efficiency b Noise immunity c Capture Effect d Lower Complexity and Cost 74 The primary disadvantage of FM is it a Higher cost and complexity b Excessive use of spectrum space c Noise susceptibility d Lower efficiency 75 The phenomenon of a strong FM signal dominating weaker signal on a common frequency is referred to as the a Capture effect b Blot out c Quieting factor d Dominating syndrome 76 If the plate supply voltage for a plate-modulated class C amplifier is E. the maximum plate-cathode voltage could be almost as high as a 4E b 3E c 2E d E 77 In a low-level AM system.

66 79 Leak-type bias is used in a plate-modulated class C amplifier to a Prevent tuned circuit damping b Prevent excessive grid current c Prevent overmodulation d Increase the bandwidth 80 The output stage of a television transmitter is most likely to be a a Plate-modulated class C amplifier b Grid-modulated class C amplifier c Screen-modulated class C amplifier d Grid-modulated class A amplifier 81 The modulation index of an AM wave is changed from 0 to 1.5 d 0.7 84 In the stabilized reactance modulator AFC system.3 and 0.4. the better the oscillator frequency stability c The discriminator frequency must not be too low. the total modulation index a 1 b Cannot be calculated unless the phase relations are known c 0. the percentage power saving will be a 50 b 150 c 100 d 66. a The discriminator must have a fast time constant to prevent demodulation b The higher the discriminator frequency.78 If the carrier of a 100 percent modulated AM wave is suppressed. or the system will fail d Phase modulation is converted into FM by the equalizer circuit 85 In the spectrum of a frequency of a frequency-modulated wave a The carrier frequency disappears when the modulation index is large b The amplitude of any sideband depends on the modulation index c The total number of sidebands depends on the modulation index . The transmitted power is a Unchanged b Halved c Doubled d Increased by 50 percent 82 One of the advantages of base modulation over collector modulation of a transistor class C amplifier is a The lower modulating power required b Higher power output per transistor c Better efficiency d Better linearity 83 A carrier simultaneously modulated by two sine waves with modulation indices of 0.

a The system is basically phase. The modulating system is a Amplitude modulation b Phase modulation c Frequency modulation d Any of the three 93 Indicate which one of the following is not an advantage of FM over AM a Better noise immunity is provided b Lower bandwidth is required . modulation b AFC is not needed. The deviation in the output of the mixer is a 5δ b Indeterminate c δ/5 d δ A pre-emphasis circuit provides extra noise immunity by a Boosting the bass frequencies b Amplifying the higher audio frequencies c Pre-amplifying the whole audio band d Converting the phase modulation to FM Since noise phase modulates the FM wave.86 87 88 89 90 91 d The carrier frequency cannot disappear The difference between phase and frequency modulation a Is purely theoretical because they are the same in practice b Is too great to make the two systems compatible c Lies in the poorer audio response of phase modulation d Lies in the different definitions of the modulation index Indicate the false statement regarding the Armstrong modulation system. the modulation index is halved. and has its frequency reduced fivefold. and the modulating voltage remains constant. as the noise sideband frequency approaches the carrier frequency. as a crystal oscillator is used c Frequency multiplication must be used d Equalization is unnecessary An FM signal with a modulation index mf is passed through a frequency tripler. not frequency. the noise amplitude a Remains constant b Decreased c Increased d Equalized 92 When the modulating frequency is doubled. The wave in the output of the tripler will have a modulation index of a mf/3 b mf c 3 mf d 9mf An FM signal with a deviation δ is passed through a mixer.

. This is the a Reactance FET modulator b Varactor diode modulator c Armstrong modulator d Reactance bipolar transistor modulator 95 Indicate the false statement regarding the advantages of SSB over double-sideband.pass 99 Indicate in which one of the following only one sideband is transmitter a A3H b A3 c A3B d A5C 100 A3A modulation is sometimes used to a Allow the receiver to have a frequency synthesizer b Simplify the frequency stability problem in reception c Reduce the power that must be transmitted d Reduce the bandwidth required for transmission. a More channel space is available b Transmitter circuits must be more stable. fullcarrier AM.c The transmitted power is more useful d Less modulating power is required 94 One of the following is an indirect way of generating FM. therefore the carrier is suppressed better 98 The most commonly used filter in SSB generation are a Mechanical b RC c LC d Low. giving better reception c The signal is more noise resistance d Much less power is required for the same signal strength 96 When the modulation index of an AM wave is doubled. The AM system being used is a A3H b A5C c A3J d A3 97 Indicate which of the following advantages of the phase cancellation method of obtaining SSB over the filter method is false a Switching from one sideband to the other is simpler b It is possible to generate SSB at any requency c SSB with lower audio frequencies present can be generated d There are more balanced modulators. the antenna current is also doubled.