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# CE 40340 – Wastewater Design

Homework No. 6
Due April 8, 2009
Problem 1 - Activated Sludge Design
You are to design an activated sludge process. The influent values are:
Q = 5000 m3/d
So = 300 mgBODL/L
Xoi = 40 mgVSS/L
Xoa = 0
The following kinetic parameters were estimated from lab studies and stoichiometry:
qmax = 20 g/gVSSa-d
Y = 0.6 gVSSa/g
K = 25 mg/L
b = 0.2 1/d
fd = 0.8
The design factors are:
Safety factor = 20
MLVSS = Xa + Xi = 3,500 mgVSS/L
Xvr = Xar + Xir = 15,000 mgVSS/L
(Xa + Xi)eff = 30 mgVSS/L
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)

Calculate [θxmin]lim
Calculate θx design
Calculate effluent S
Calculate rate of production of active, inactive, and total VSS produced in the
reactor in kg/d
Calculate the hydraulic retention time and tank volume
Calculate Xa/(Xa+Xi). What is Xa in the reaction tank?
Calculate the sludge wasting flow rate (Qw) if the sludge is wasted from the
return line. Calculate the rate (in kg/d) of wasting of active, inactive, and total
VSS.
Calculate the required recycle flow rate (Qr) and the recycle ratio R
What is the BOD of the solids in the effluent?
Calculate the particulate N and P concentrations in the effluent in mg/L and kg/d.
If the influent P and N concentrations are 10 mgP/L and 45 mgN/L, determine the
soluble and total P and N in the effluent.
If the influent contains 5 mgDO/L and the effluent 2 mgDO/L, calculate the
required oxygen in kgO2/day.

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but is copied below for reference.15 0. This should have been completed as part of Homework 5.0000 500. biodegradable and non-biodegradable Fbs . Prepare the following set up in BioWin: COD Influent CSTR 1 CSTR 2 Effluent Sludge Wasting Note that the first “tee” on the left is a mixer.16000 0.13000 2 .5000 0.Non-colloidal slowly biodegradable [gCOD/g of slowly degradable COD] (1-Fxsp) – Colloidal slowly biodegradable COD Fus .0000 40.3000 6.Readily biodegradable (including Acetate) [gCOD/g of total COD] (1-Fbs) .S. while the two on the right are splitters.Readily degradable COD from propionate and complex organics Fxsp .Acetate [gCOD/g of readily biodegradable COD] (1-Fac) .0000 80.13000 0.0000 15.05000 0.Problem 2 .75000 0.27000 0.Particulate COD Fac .BioWin Exercises Part 1 – CSTR. mgTSS/L Calcium mg/L Magnesium mg/L Dissolved oxygen mg/L Value 4000. The COD influent has the following data: Name Flow Total COD mgCOD/L Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen mgN/L Total P mgP/L Nitrate N mgN/L pH Alkalinity mmol/L Inorganic S.0000 0 7.15000 0.06 0.0000 10.0000 0 Use the following wastewater fractions are as follows: Name COD – soluble and particulate.Unbiodegradable soluble [gCOD/g of total COD] Fup .Unbiodegradable particulate [gCOD/g of total COD] Default Value 0.0000 45.

Ammonia [gNH3-N/gTKN] (1-Fna) – organic N [gOrganicN/gTKN] Fnox .01100 0. set the DO set point to 2 mg/L Set the side stream flow rates for both splitters to zero (no recycle or recirculation) Set the clarifier removal to zero percent (as if we had no clarifier) Set the clarifier underflow to zero From HW 5.0000E-4 1.TKN – organic and inorganic.0000E-4 0.50000 0.01100 0.0008 1. COD 0.0000E-4 1.03500 0.0000E-4 1.N:COD ratio for unbiodegradable part.0000E-4 1.0000E-4 1.0000E-4 From HW 5.0000E-4 1.015 0.0000E-4 1.50000 0.Propionic acetogens [gCOD/g of total COD] FZbam . you also should have answered the following questions: a) What is the SRT? b) Using the Album.66000 0.Anaerobic ammonia oxidizers [gCOD/g of total COD] FZbp .50000 0.P:COD ratio for influent unbiodegradable part.Anoxic methanol utilizers [gCOD/g of total COD] FZaob .Non-poly-P heterotrophs [gCOD/g of total COD] FZbm .H2-utilizing methanogens [gCOD/g of total COD] 1.03500 [gP/gCOD] Biomass FZbh .0000E-4 1. soluble and particulate Fna . make a table with the following influent and effluent data:  Ammonia  Nitrate  Nitrite  Filtered TKN  Total N  Total P  TSS  Total COD  Carbonaceous BOD 3 . Set the tank volumes for CSTR 1 and CSTR 2 to 1000 m3 each For each CSTR.0000E-4 1.Ammonia oxidizers [gCOD/g of total COD] FZnob .66000 0. you also should have done the following Model two CSTRs in series:       Set the influent flow rate to 4000 m3/d.PAOs [gCOD/g of total COD] FZbpa .0000E-4 1.50000 0. COD [gN/gCOD] Phosphate Fpo4 .0000E-4 1.02000 0.Nitrite oxidizers [gCOD/g of total COD] FZamob .Acetoclastic methanogens [gCOD/g of total COD] FZbhm .Soluble unbiodegradable TKN [gN/gTKN] FupN .0000E-4 1.Phosphate [gPO4-P/gTP] FupP .0000E-4 1.Particulate organic nitrogen [gN/g Organic N] Fnus .0000E-4 1.0000E-4 1.

Using the same configuration. 3Q. Part 3 – Pre-denitrification For the configuration in Problem 2. make the following changes:    Set the clarifier underflow to 300 m3/day Set the clarifier removal to 100% Set the sludge wasting split to 30 m3/d Using the SRT calculator. Determine part (b) from problem 1 and discuss results. Repeat the above (at 5 oC) forcing the SRT to 15 days (select Project from the top menu bar. where the water temperature decreases from 20 oC to 5 oC. for “Elements for calculation of total mass” select “CSTR 1” and “CSTR 2. What processes are taking place? Repeat the above considering winter conditions. Set the first CSTR to un-aerated. select “sludge wasting” and “effluent. then for “select SRT control splitter” choose the splitter that you use for wasting). set the recirculation flow split to 3 times the influent flow. then select Active SRT.Discuss the results. Interpret results. 5Q. 2Q. set to 15 days. 4Q. 4 . For “Wastage elements”. below. (temp = 20 oC. Plot the effluent total nitrogen as a function of recirculation rate for Qr = Q. you need to address Parts 2 and 3. and 6Q.Activated Sludge. check Control SRT. Do they seem reasonable? For HW 6. SRT = 15 days).” Determine (a) and (b) from Part 1. Part 2 .