61 views

Uploaded by Vayne

Central Limit Theorem

- Probability Distribution
- lrfd
- Lecture 10 Fall 2016
- probability-unit-plan.pdf
- Central Limit Theorem
- Capability Analysis Formulas - Minitab
- Burnham etal 2008_Inference_2sept.pdf
- Normal Distribution Excercise
- 9709_s03_qp_7
- nota
- Probabilistic Methodology for Technical and Non-Technical Losses Estimation In
- STAT 112
- __quizlet.com_2353760_test_written=on&matching=on&mult_ch
- Uncertainty
- CHAPTER I (1)
- Ambient Turbulence Intensity Calculation for Al-Nasiriyah Province in Iraq
- Quiz 1 Solution
- Risk-based Methodology for Validation of Pharmaceutical Batch Processes.
- SpecialDiscrete Distributions Workbook
- DATAKU

You are on page 1of 5

A sampling distribution of sample means is a distribution using the means computed from all

possible random samples of a specific size taken from a population.

Sampling error is the difference between the sample measure and the corresponding

population measure due to the fact that the sample is not a perfect presentation of the

population.

Properties of the Distribution of Sample Means

1. The mean of the sample means will be the same as the population mean.

2. The standard deviation of the sample means will be smaller than the standard deviation

of the population, and it will be equal to the population standard deviation divided by

the square root of the sample size.

Example: Suppose a professor gave an 8-point quiz to a small class of four students . The

results of the quiz were 2, 6, 4, and 8. Assume the four students constitute the population.

2+6+ 4+8

=5

4

( 25 ) + ( 65 ) + ( 45 ) + ( 85 )

=

=2.236

4

Frequency

2

with replacement and the

mean of each sample is

found, the distribution is as

shown.

Frequency

distribution

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

1

2

3

4

3

2

1

Sample

2, 2

2, 4

2, 6

2, 8

4, 2

4, 4

4, 6

4, 8

Mean

2

3

4

5

3

4

5

6

Sample

6, 2

6, 4

6, 6

6, 8

8, 2

8, 4

8, 6

8, 8

Mean

4

5

6

7

5

6

7

8

x

x =

= =5

16

16

Hence

Page 1 of 4

5

Frequency 4

3

2

1

2

x =

x

2

( 25 ) + (35 ) + ( 45 ) + (55 ) + ( 65 ) + ( 75 ) + ( 85 )

=1.581

16

The standard deviation of the sample means is called the standard error of the

mean

x =

n

the sample means taken with replacement from a population with mean

standard deviation

and

If the sample size is sufficiently large, the central limit theorem can be used to

answer questions about sample means in the same manner that a normal

distribution can be used to answer questions about individual values. It is

.

n

z=

Assume the variable is n.d. and the std dev is 3 hours. If 20 children between the

ages of 2 and 5 are randomly selected, find the probability that the mean of the

number of hours they watch television will be greater than 26.3 hours.

Solution

3

=0.671

20

z

value is

x 26.325

x =

=

n

Page 2 of 4

Ages of Automobiles

States is 8 years, or 96 months. Assume the std dev is 16 months. If a random

sample of 36 vehicles is selected, find the probability that the mean of their age is

between 90 and 100 months.

Solution

z 1=

z 2=

9096

=2.25

16 / 36

10096

=1.5

16/ 36

90

96

100

A normal distribution is often used to solve problems that involve the binomial

distribution since, when

The formulas for the binomial distribution are

Mean

=n p

Standard deviation

= n p q

A magazine reported that 6% of American drivers read the newspaper while drivin

Solution

Check to see whether a normal approximation can be used.

Since

Mean

Standard deviation

Hence, the probability that exactly 25 people read the newspaper while driving is

2.27%.

Page 3 of 4

Widowed Bowlers

Of the members of a bowling league 10% are widowed. If 200 bowling league member

Solution

Check to see whether a normal approximation can be used.

Since

Mean

Standard deviation

It can be concluded, then, that the probability of 10 or more widowed people in a random

sample of 200 bowling league members is

99.34%.

Exercises

1. School Enrollment

school. If a sample of 500 such children is randomly selected, find the

probability that at least 250 will be enrolled in school.

2. Youth Smoking

14. If 400 smokers are randomly selected, find the probability that 170 or

more acquired the habit by age 14.

Answer: 0.166

elementary school teachers. In a random sample of 300 elementary school

teachers, what is the probability that more than 50 are men.

Answer:

0.4761

35% of the residents in his town favor the construction of a municipal parking

lot. If there are 350 people at a town meeting, find the probability that at

least 100 favor construction of the parking lot. Based on your answer, is it

likely that 100 or more people would favor the parking lot?

Answer: 0.9951; yes.

Page 4 of 4

- Probability DistributionUploaded byTee Pei Leng
- lrfdUploaded byQamar Mahboob
- Lecture 10 Fall 2016Uploaded byAaron Hayyat
- probability-unit-plan.pdfUploaded byParminder Singh
- Central Limit TheoremUploaded byafjkjchhghgfbf
- Capability Analysis Formulas - MinitabUploaded byaugusto_berg
- Burnham etal 2008_Inference_2sept.pdfUploaded byMGato Hiperbóreo
- Normal Distribution ExcerciseUploaded byPriyadarshini BAlakrishnan
- 9709_s03_qp_7Uploaded bylinusshy
- notaUploaded byJeff Maynard
- Probabilistic Methodology for Technical and Non-Technical Losses Estimation InUploaded bySebastian Lorca
- STAT 112Uploaded byRosario Bas
- __quizlet.com_2353760_test_written=on&matching=on&mult_chUploaded byMoeshfieq Williams
- UncertaintyUploaded bynisne0730
- CHAPTER I (1)Uploaded byriskimahazir
- Ambient Turbulence Intensity Calculation for Al-Nasiriyah Province in IraqUploaded byGiovanni Boscolo
- Quiz 1 SolutionUploaded byrahul84803
- Risk-based Methodology for Validation of Pharmaceutical Batch Processes.Uploaded byzombiecorp
- SpecialDiscrete Distributions WorkbookUploaded byAnthea Clarke
- DATAKUUploaded byNanang Adraverycild
- Assignment 2Uploaded byraqibapp
- QC 2Uploaded byMian Valeed
- E 122 - 09e1Uploaded byruben carcamo
- AssingnmentUploaded byVenkat Krishna

- Analysis and Development of Advanced Robot DesignsUploaded byMoshi Badalov
- Experiment No.3Uploaded bysarav03
- User ManualUploaded byhuyhoaius9038
- IMS V7 Appl Programming CICS and IMSUploaded byapi-3709524
- Writing Efficient Drive Apps for AndroidUploaded bySteinerOk
- Ad9850 1 ManualUploaded byPuiu Alexandru
- 11025041_FA_DP200_DS_May2014Uploaded bywalk111
- Friendbook: A Semantic-based Friend Recommendation System for Social NetworksUploaded byJAYAPRAKASH
- Avaya With Skype for Businessuc7746Uploaded byHernaldo Jose Cruz Jarquin
- Global Positioning System(Report)Uploaded by9533956818
- AC 20-154 Chng_1 - Guide for Receiving Inspection System for Aircraft PartsUploaded bylynx437
- Career Guidance 2Uploaded bymaria luz
- Computer Organization and Design 4th Edition Chapter 1 SlidesUploaded byMark Perkins
- AA-0381a- ACC20 B&W MC Instruction ManualUploaded byAndy Ganea
- Vocal Recording Art fUploaded byHeleyna Jay
- Analysys Mason RM Market Shares Jul2012 RMA03 ToCUploaded byJimmy Robles
- TBMC3Uploaded byJoel E Valencia
- MVJ_Achievements_Aero_PG.pdfUploaded bytedlawson2020
- Huawei LTE CountersUploaded byRocky
- it Information Technology Department -B.E., ANNA UNIVERSITY Important Question and Answers- Regulation 2013,2017 - STUDY MATERIAL, NotesUploaded byKali Thaash
- LadderProg ManualUploaded byJeny Kissyou
- Ubiquitous InteractionsUploaded byIlya Shmorgun
- UT Dallas Syllabus for ee4325.001.10s taught by Carl Sechen (cms057000)Uploaded byUT Dallas Provost's Technology Group
- 143549665-player.pdfUploaded bykaydolan112
- 3G PresentationUploaded byhichhongly
- eocpapr2Uploaded bybetonglee
- Prog Man.bookUploaded byahmed_497959294
- Google Work CultureUploaded byDharmil Sheth
- Inst Engr CvUploaded byKrantikumar Kolli
- 85202499 IG for HA System Veritas Software Solaris V300R001C01 02Uploaded byasmahati