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Principle Of

Conservation Of Momentum
 The principle of conservation of momentum states that in a system that make
out of objects that react(collide or explode),the total momentum of the
system before the collision is same as the total momentum after the collision
if no external force is applied on the system.
 Total Momentum Before Collision=Total Momentum After The Collision
 Formula:

Applications of Principle of Conservation of Momentum
 Rocket
1) Liquid hydrogen(fuel tank) and oxygen gas (oxygen tank) burn in
combustion chamber.
2) Explosive process occurs
3) Hot gaseous are expelled through exhaust at high speed.
4) Downward momentum is produced due to the removal of exhaust gas.
5) By conservation of momentum, an equal and opposite momentum is
produced and acted on the rocket, pushing the rocket upwards.

 Aeroplane
1) Engine thrust=air resistance

2) This is because battle ship is designed to more water at the bottom.g  Displacement occurs when an object displace the liquid to occupy the volume of the liquid occupied. 3) The buoyant force is large enough to support the weight of the ship so that the ship will float on water. 2) The ice cube .V  The density of the fluid.p  Gravitational field strength.2) Lift from wings=weight of the aeroplane Archimedes’ Principle  Archemedes’ principle state that buoyant force applied to an object is equal the weight of the fluid(liquid or gas) the object displaced.  Ice cube 1) Ice cube float because it is less dense than water.  Buoyant force is influenced by  The volume of the displaced fluid.  Buoyant force is an upthrust force that act on an object that immerse in liquid.  Formula: F=VPg F = Upthrust/ Buoyant Force ρ = Density of the liquid V = Volume of the displaced liquid g = Gravitational field strength Application of Archimedes’ Principle  The battle ship 1) Battle ship made of iron can float on water even though iron is denser than water.

4) When the handle is pulled upward.Valve is closed so that large piston does not drop. 6) By moving the handle up and down several times. 3) The large piston will move up as a result of pressure transfer.a small force can be magnified through the transference of pressure.the piston is pulled upward too.  Hydraulic Jacks Working mechanism of a hydraulic jack 1) W hen the handle is pushed down.  Through pascal’ principle. 5) At the same time.the small piston will be moved downward.the large piston can lift the load to the desired height.the pressure will be transmitted equally throughout the fluid.  Only applicable in an enclosed system  Formula: F=PxA or F1/A1=F2/A2 Application of Pascal’ Principle. 2) Valve A closes whereas valve B open so that the oil can move upward and the pressure is transmitted to the large piston through the oil. Pascal’ Principle  Pascal’ principle state that when pressure is applied to a fluid in a closed container.valve A will open so that the liquid from the reservoir can enter the small cylinder due to the action of the atmospheric pressure on it. .displace the volume of water. 3) Buoyant force is generated to support the weight of the ice cube.

7) To bring down the large piston.the resulting pressure is transmitted through the brake oil to the small pistons of the drum brake and disc brake. 4) When the foot pedal is released. 3) The friction produce at the disc brake and drum brake of the tyre will stop the car(vehicle).the spring pulls the piston back to original. . Bernoulli’s Principle  Bernoulli’s Principle states that a fluid moving at high velocity will experience low pressure.the release valve needed to be opened so that the oil from big cylinder can be drained back into the oil tank.  Hydraulic Brakes Working mechanism of a Hydraulic Brakes 1) When the foot pedal is is pressed. 2) The small piston on drum brake will push out the brake shoes to rub against the drum which is connected to the wire.while a fluid moving at low velocity will experience high pressure.

2) The air moving faster on the upper part of an aerofoil and create an area of low pressure meanwhile the air moving slower on the lower part of the aerofoil and create a region of high pressure. 3) The difference in pressure that exists between the upper surface and the lower surface of the wing produce an upward resultant force on the .  Principle of flight in an aeroplane 1) Aeroplane wings are designed according to bernouli’s principle.Application of Bernoulli’s Principle.

 Insecticide Spray 1) When the plunger is pushed in quickly.the air goes out at high velocity through nozzle.This force is called lift.aerofoil. 3) The higher atmospheric pressure inside the insecticide container pushes the insecticide liquid up through the metal tube. 4) The liquid is the expelled by the air flow as a spray. . 2) Low pressure formed around the nozzle.