CVE20005

Compaction
Report
Road Engineering

Report No : 1
Group No : 4
Name : Harinder Rehal
Student Id: 5827019

Procedure 1.5. the dry density of a soil for given compactive effort depends on amount of water the soil contains during soil compaction .5 kg.1) test method. This time has to be overlooked to complete your practical work.1. not varying the compacted layers by more than 6mm. Take a portion of the wetted soil.CVE20005 Due Date : 23/10/2015 Introduction The proctor compaction test is a laboratory method of experimentally determining the optimal moisture content at which given soil with weight of 2. 3. and compact it into the Mould in three layers. but you should realize that this can lead to significant errors. Carefully remove the collar. Level the compacted soil to the top of the Mould with a straight edge and patch any holes with fine material. Slightly overfill the Mould. leaving not more than 6mm to be struck off after removing the collar. collar and base plate and place on a rigid foundation. 8. . 4. These were obtained by passing sieved soil through a sample splitter. Assemble the Mould. 6. 2.0g. sands an hour or so. to give moisture contents as directed. Heavy clays may take up to a week. Record the mass of the Mould and base plate only to the nearest 1. 5. Aim To determine the relation between the Moisture Content and Dry Density of a soil when compacted using the Australian Standard (AS1289. Use 25 uniformly distributed blows/layer using the standard hammer. Thoroughly mix each portion with a suitable amount of water. 7. each of 2. Five samples of soil have been supplied. The wetted portions should be cured for an adequate time to allow water to become more uniformly distributed throughout the soil before compaction.5 k will become most dense and achieve its maximum dry density . mix thoroughly.

4 2383.25 Table 2 (Moisture content Determinations ) Test No: Tin No: Mass of tin + Wet Soil (g) Mass of tin + Dry Soil (g) Mass of tin (g) Mass of Moisture (g) Mass of Dry soil (g) MOISTURE CONTENT (%) 1 Mb1 2 M16 3 M28 4 M12 5 M29 2516.5 5054.42 7.8 2282 Wet Density (t/m3) 2.5 2617.3 2486.8 2413.4564734 5. Remove the soil specimen from the Mould and obtain a representative sample from the full height of the specimen.1 (Oven drying method) 11.7 5271.2 2549.1 2521.25 2.15 2.2.1.13 2. 12.9 2399.3334255 6.142252 0 06 89 704 43 712 .78 200 2500 266. Repeat the above for the remaining samples.34 2.CVE20005 9.3 Mass of Mould (g) 5078. Record the mass of the Mould.28 2.31 2.7 250 2500 5.6 2329.7 7336.63 1.7 2544.5 5075.2 5006.2 2304.24 2.3 7282.4222260 5.55 Table 3 Void Ratio voild Ratio Test No : Test No : Test No : Test No : Test No : 1 2 3 4 5 5. 10.5 150 2500 281. base plate and soil to the nearest 1.38 4.820979 5. Determine the moisture content (w) of the sample in accordance with AS 1289.3 Mass of wet Soil (g) 2242.5 6.15 2. Plot p dry vs moisture content on the graph provided. Table 1 (Bulk & Dry Determinations ) Test No: 1 2 3 4 5 Mass of Mould + Wet Soil (g) 7320.0g.6 277.6 175 2500 358.8 225 2500 339.8 2519.29 Dry Density (t/m3) 2.3 7600.7 7380.1 2275.

As more water is added and the water content becomes larger than the optimum values. decrease the compressibility .528027 441 Calculation   Total volume = 0.238881 4.24 1+0.5 Wet density = Dry density = = = 5. By finding the optimum moisture content and maximum dry density it allows to find gauge the soils strength. Group 5 had less compaction % therefore dry density was higher than any other group .8 1− = ) = 5.8 X 100 2399.1511147 85 4.8000829 734 88 5.8 (1+ ) 100 ( 2.24 100 5.000997 = = = 2.0667542 719 66 5. .000997m3 Gs = 2.CVE20005 0. decrease its permeability and minimize long term settlement in the soil .054 = 2.9108260 66 5.529930 5.5% Mass of Wet soil total volume = Wet density 1+ Moisture content 2516.8 Mass of wet soil−Mass of dry soil X 100 Massof dry soil Moisture content = 2516.5 X 2.8−277.1836497 36 4.2 0.25 t/m3 2.45 Discussion Compaction is essential to increase the shear strength . From graph of moisture content Vs dry density we can analysed . When soils close to 0% moisture content it can only be compacted by so much but as water is added.1 5.8800034 8 5.2−2399.05 0. the void spaces become filled with water so further compaction is not possible. the dry unit weight increases because the water lubricates the particles making compaction easier.835140 076 5.13 t/m3 For the 3 different air voids content: ( Gs 1− Dry density = A X Wet Density 100 wGs (1+ ) 100 ) 0 X 2.

63 % with the calculated maximum dry density of 2.CVE20005 that our graph is not in proper curve shape reason is our moisture content is not in increasing order .25 of maximum dry density and moisture content will be 7. Conclusion As a conclusion we managed to determine optimum moisture content of 7.25 Mg/m^3 . .13 of 2.63 % . If a road embankment specification required a relative density of 95% of maximum Pdry which would be 2. dry density and wet density . Higher percentage of water content leads to lowest moisture content .

CVE20005 .