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**PROCESS CONTROL AND REACTION ENGINEERING
**

LABORATORY

**CRE 3: To determine the kinetics of the hydrogen
**

peroxide decomposition in a batch reactor.

Submitted By:

Yash Kumar Bhati 2012BB50048

Atul Verma 2012BB50012

So concentration of hydrogen peroxide in the initial reaction mixture is: CAo = CH2O2 *VH2O2 / (VH2O + VH2O2 ) The concentration of hydrogen peroxide in the reaction mixture at any given time is given by: CA = (V∞ – Vt) / (V∞) * CAo Where Vt is the volume of oxygen liberated at any time t. Chemicals: Hydrogen peroxide. Now calculations from the experimental data: Initial concentration of the hydrogen peroxide solution: ` CH2O2 = VO2*2 / (22400*VH2O2) gm mole/ml These are the gm moles of hydrogen peroxide in 1 ml of the sample. Potassium iodide. -dCA/dt = K. Theory and calculations: Reaction : 2H2O2 2H2O + O2 (A) (B) (O) It is reported that the reaction is irreversible and first order. .Aim: To determine the kinetics of the hydrogen peroxide decomposition in a batch reactor. gas volume measuring unit at atmospheric pressure. thermometer. The rate equation becomes. condenser. constant temperature bath. the graph between CA and t will be exponential in nature. stopwatch. e-Kt From the expression.CA Integrating and solving for CA. Apparatus: 3-necked round bottom flask. we get CA=CAo.

00017 6 0.56 25 140 110 0.00003 52 0.00012 32 0.4 degree and using H2O2 volume 3ml VO2 250 ml VH2O2 3 ml CH2O2 0.00009 68 0.00005 28 0.9 13 50 200 0.08 0 Ca 0.72 20 110 140 0.8 15 70 180 0.Calculating values from above relations: At temperature T=43.00022 v*t Plotting Vt v/s t vt vt v*vt/v* 0 0 250 1 8 25 225 0.00019 8 0.00022 0.0074 CAo 0.00001 76 0 .24 40 210 40 0.00007 48 0.16 50 60 230 250 20 0 0.00015 84 0.44 30 165 85 0.34 35 190 60 0.

0075 .Plotting CA v/s t.4 degree and 5ml H2O2 volume VO2 420 ml VH2O2 5 ml CH2O2 0. Similarly calculating values at Temperature T= 43.

CAo 0.00036 .

-ln(CA/CAo) = Kt So on plotting this curve the slope of the line will give rate constant.4 degree and 3 ml H2O2 volume . Calculating CA/CAo values. we get.To determine the rate constant of the reaction We have seen that CA=CAo. At temperature T=43. e-Kt So CA/CAo = e-Kt Taking log on both sides.

1 / 50 -8 = 0.Plotting -ln(CA/CAo) v/s t.52-0. Slope = 2.057 .

4 degree and 5ml H2O2.Similarly for T=43.1 .168 / 24-8 = 0. Plotting -ln(CA/CAo) v/s t.79-0. Slope : 1.

ln(-dCA/dt) = ln(k)+nln(CA) So a plot between ln(-dCA/dt) and ln(CA) will curve whose slope will be equal to the order of the reaction.848999 37 10. We get.000158 4 0.55704 96 13.000052 8 0.001701 51 9.000004 4 0. -dCA/dt = K.4 degree and volume 0f H2O2 3 ml T 15 20 25 30 35 40 50 Ca 0.33390 6 12.33390 6 12.000123 2 0.000005 28 0.000003 52 0.94761 17 ln(-dCa/dt) 11. Calculation for T=43.000001 76 8.000074 8 0.64075 88 11.To determine the order of reaction The rate equation.25446 45 10.25019 67 .000007 04 0.CAn Taking log on both sides.500692 67 9.8E-06 0.000004 4 0.86390 24 12.000096 8 0.750387 08 9.242863 56 9.15158 45 12.000035 2 0.000017 6 -d(Ca)/dt ln(Ca) 8.

926236 121 9.443 93 .0000 6 1.060 94 11.71E05 0.71E05 -dCa/dt 1.Slope of graph : (13.282685 881 8.973 93 10.721165 996 ln(-dCa/dt) 11.75) =1.71429 E-05 1.19 = 0.0002 53 0.622553 707 8.94-8.469851 567 9.097543 448 8.61/2.07143 E-05 ln(Ca) 7.25-11.57143 E-05 1.0001 33 7.181 57 10.39286 E-05 1. T Ca 8 11 15 18 22 24 28 0.0003 04 0.0001 8 0.64)/(10.73 Similarly calculating for T=43.913 3 11.57143 E-06 1.39286 E-05 8.4 degree 5ml H2O2.929406 527 8.82143 E-05 1.181 57 11.667 08 11.

19 = 0.47-8.30 0 8.97392 896 Slope of graph : (11.91) / (9.667 08 .76/1.57143 E-06 10.64 11.67 – 10.28) = 0.

experimental = 0.64 So order of reaction: n (T=34.64 .73 n (T=44) = 0.1 So rate constant values: KT=34.experimental = 0.6. From the plots of -ln(CA/CAo) v/s t the slope of the curves are: Slope (T=34.1 From the plots of ln(-dCA/dt) v/s ln(CA) Slope (T=34.057 Slope (T=44 deg ) = 0.73 Slope (T=44 deg ) = 0.Results From the plots of CA v/s t we see that the nature of the curves is exponential in nature which is in accordance with the rate equation(theory).6 deg) = 0.0.6) = 0.6 deg) = 0.057 KT=44.

Lower temperatures would retard the reaction rate and higher temperature would enhance the reaction rate to such an extent that the initial rates are too difficult to measure. with the addition of a stabilizer (e. or plastic containers.). Even a trace of dust can lead to explosive decomposition. should therefore be carried out under dust-free conditions and with the exclusion of metal ions. or concentrated solutions thereof. H2O2 is stored in wax-coated bottles. leaching from glass) can initiate decomposition. (When the reaction rate is maximum).Sources of error: The tube draining the water out of the overflow glass bottle must be shaken at regular intervals to ensure proper drainage of the water and no air blockage. urea). Safety precautions: As even traces of alkali (e.g. . The handling of the water-free compound. Temperature of the reaction must be keep at an optimum level (say around 35-40 deg.g. The three way stop cock must be properly closed to ensure proper transport of oxygen.

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