# HALF-WAVE RECTIFIER

CIRCUIT DIAGRAMS:
WITHOUT CAPACITOR FILTER AND WITH CAPACITOR FILTER:

WAVE SHAPES:

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APPARATUS: S. 2.e.AIM: To Rectify the AC signal and then to find out Ripple factor in Half wave rectifier with and without Capacitor filter. 4. Connecting the circuit on bread board as per the circuit diagram Connect the primary of the transformer to main supply i. Disconnect load resistance ( DRB) and note down no load voltage Vdc (V no load) 6.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Name Range / Value Transformer Diode Capacitors Decade Resistance Box Multimeter Bread Board and connecting wires Dual Trace CRO 230V / 0 . Connect load resistance at 1KΩ and connect Channel – II of CRO at output terminals and CH – I of CRO at Secondary Input terminals observe and note down the Input and Output Wave form on Graph Sheet. . Connecting the circuit as per the circuit Diagram and repeat the above procedure from steps 2 to 8. 3. Calculate ripple factor V   V ac dc WITH CAPACITOR FILTER: 1. 230V. 50Hz Connect the decade resistance box and set the RL value to 100Ω Connect the Multimeter at output terminals and vary the load resistance (DRB) from 100Ω to 1KΩ and note down the Vac and Vdc as per given tabular form 5. 7.9V 1N4007 1000F/16V. 470f/25V 20MHz Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 1 Set 1 PROCEDURE: WITHOUT FILTER: 1.

.NoLoad Resistance RL (Ω) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 O/P Voltage (Vo) Vac (V) Vdc (V) Ripple factor  V  ac   Vdc  V % of Regulation  VNL V  FL 100%   VNL 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1K WITH CAPACITOR FILTER: V no load Voltage (Vdc) = S.TABULAR FORMS: WITHOUT FILTER: V no load Voltage (Vdc) = S. Without Filter: Ripple Factor: With Capacitor Filter: Ripple Factor: PRECAUTIONS: 1. Check the wires for continuity before use.NoLoad Resistance RL (Ω) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 RESULT: 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1K O/P Voltage (Vo) Vac (V) Vdc (V) Ripple factor  V  ac   Vdc  V % of Regulation  VNL V  FL 100%   VNL Observe Input and Output Wave forms and Calculate ripple factor and percentage of regulation in Half wave rectifier with and without filter.

. Keep the power supply at Zero volts before Start.2. 3. All the contacts must be intact.

FULL-WAVE RECTIFIERS CIRCUIT DIAGRAMS: WITHOUT FILTER AND WITH FILTER: WAVE SHAPES: .

50Hz Connect the decade resistance box and set the RL value to 100Ω Connect the Multimeter at output terminals and vary the load resistance (DRB) from 100Ω to 1KΩ and note down the Vac and Vdc as per given tabular form 5. Connect the primary of the transformer to main supply i. Calculate ripple factor V   V ac dc WITH CAPACITOR FILTER: 1. 2.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Name Range / Value Transformer Diode Capacitors Decade Resistance Box Multimeter Bread Board and connecting wires Dual Trace CRO 230V / 9-0-9V 1N4007 1000F/16V. 7.AIM: To Rectify the AC signal and then to find out Ripple factor in Full-wave rectifier center tapped circuit with and without Capacitor filter. Connecting the circuit as per the circuit Diagram and repeat the above procedure from steps 2 to 8. 4. 3. . 230V. APPARATUS: S.e. Disconnect load resistance ( DRB) and note down no load voltage Vdc (V no load) 6. Connect load resistance at 1KΩ and connect Channel – II of CRO at output terminals and CH – I of CRO at Secondary Input terminals observe and note down the Input and Output Wave form on Graph Sheet. 470f/25V 20MHz Quantity 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 PROCEDURE: WITHOUT FILTER: 1. Connecting the circuit on bread board as per the circuit diagram.

NoLoad Resistance RL (Ω) 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 RESULT: O/P Voltage (Vo) Vac (V) Vdc (V) Ripple factor  V  ac   Vdc  V % of Regulation  VNL V  FL 100%   VNL Observe Input and Output Wave forms and Calculate ripple factor and percentage of regulation in Full-wave rectifier with and without filter.TABULAR FORMS: WITHOUT FILTER: V no load Voltage (Vdc) = S. Without Filter: Ripple Factor: With Capacitor Filter: Ripple Factor: PRECAUTIONS: .NoLoad Resistance RL (Ω) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 O/P Voltage (Vo) Vac (V) Vdc (V) Ripple factor  V   ac  Vdc  V % of Regulation  VNL V  FL 100%   VNL 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1K WITH CAPACITOR FILTER: V no load Voltage (Vdc) = S.

2. CE TRANSISTOR AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT DIAGRAMS: MODEL GRAPH: . Keep the power supply at Zero volts before Start. 3.1. All the contacts must be intact. Check the wires for continuity before use.

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Apply Vcc of 12 Volts DC.W = f2 – f1. Connect the circuit as per the Fig. 2. 4. APPARATUS: S. 5. Calculate the Voltage Gain Av = Vo/Vs and note down in the tabular form.AIM: To find the frequency response of a Common Emitter Transistor Amplifier and to find the Bandwidth from the Response. Plot the frequency (f) Vs Gain (Av) on a Semi-log Graph sheet 6.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Name Regulated D..C Power supply Transistor Resistors Resistors Capacitors Potentio Meter Signal Generator Dual Trace CRO Bread Board and connecting wires Range / Value Quantity 0–30 Volts BC107 1K 1 1 2 -( 0 – 1MHz) 20MHz -- 1 1 1 1 Set PROCEDURE: 1. Apply I/P Voltage of 50mV at 1KHz from the Signal Generator and observe the O/P on CRO.707 times Av and note down the cut off points and the Bandwidth is given by B. Voltage gain. output resistance. Input Resistance. 3. Vary the frequency from 50 Hz to 1MHz in appropriate steps and note down the corresponding O/P Voltage Vo in a tabular form. Draw a horizontal line at 0.1. .

Vs = 20mV Voltage Gain Av =Vo/Vi Av in dB = 20 log (Av) S.Check the wires for continuity before use.W Av = f 2 – f1 = = Hz PRECAUTIONS: 1. 2.No Frequency (Hz) O/P Voltage.All the contacts must be intact .Keep the power supply at Zero volts before Start 3. Vo (V) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 100 200 300 500 700 1K 3K 5K 7K 10K 30K 50K 70K 100K 300K 500K 700K 1M RESULT: BandWidth Voltage Gain B.TABULAR FORMS: I/P Voltage.