Flow Diagram

A flow diagram is a graphical means of presenting, describing, or analyzing a process &
movement of material, men etc.
This is done with the help of all five symbols which represent steps in a chain of steps.
These all symbols are connected to other one by lines and arrows which represent
sequence and dependency relationships (i.e., X must be done before Y can be done).

 Objectives Of Flow Diagram
 The flow chart indicates the sequence of events they do not only show the movement of
men, material etc but the path of movement can be better visualized by a flow diagram.
 Flow diagram is drawn to scale.
 It shows the relative position of machines, jigs, fixture, etc and mark the paths followed
by men and material.
 Distance between two locations is indicated in flow diagram.

 Steps in drawing a Flow Diagram
 Draw to scale the plan of the work area.
 Mark the relative position of machine tools, benches, store, racks, inspection tables etc.
 From the different observations, draw the actual movement of the material or worker on
the diagram.
 Indicate the direction of movement.
 Mark the distances between consequence two locations.

 Types of Flow Diagrams

Following types of flow diagrams are used;
Outline process flow chart (OPC)
Flow process chart, which can be further divided into three types;
Man type
Material type
Equipment type
Multiple activity chart like man and machine chart
SIMO chart

 Outline Process Flow Chart (OPC)
Flow Diagrams


So. known. it is obvious that such a chart requires only symbols for ‘Operations’ and ‘inspection’. only operations and inspection are considered here.  Flow Process Chart Flow Diagrams 2 . Example Outline process chart for assembly of two plates with rivets is shown. A brief note of the nature of each inspection and operations is written alongside the symbol.An outline process chart is a process chart which gives an overall view of a process by recording only the main operations and sequences in proper sequence. Allowed time where ever. As it is clear. can also be added.

 They are used to compare the existing and the proposed methods. where.  Every detail is understood and the chart of the existing situation is drawn. and how questions are asked. it is used for just one component (or operator). ii) Distance traveled (for transport operations). when. inspections. A flow process chart is a chart of all the activities involved in a process. except that more detail is shown by including transportations and delays as well as operations. what.  Process charts summarizes the whole process.   Common Symbols   Division of Flow Process Chart Flow process chart can be further divided into three types.  Good for showing savings of a new method.  Add in information on: i) Operation duration (time to complete).  Not usually used for entire assemblies.  Process is observed. who. and storages.  It is similar to an operations process chart.  Man type (Records what the worker does)  Material type (Records what happens to material)  Equipment type (Records how the equipment is used)  Example of Man type Flow Process Chart Operator Process Chart (also called Two Handed Process Chart) for assembly of an electric tester. Flow Diagrams 3 .

Flow Diagrams 4 .

Mittal Approved by : A. Prasad Date : 15.9  Man Machine Chart Flow Diagrams 5 .6.S.N. Example of Material type Flow Process Chart       Operation : Gear Manufacturing Part number : GS-I 12 Method : Present Charted by : L.

Analysis of the chart can help in better utilization of both worker and machine time. The possibility of one worker attending more than one machine is also sought from the use of this chart.  SIMO Chart Flow Diagrams 6 . Example One operator operating two machines.A worker-machine chart is used for recording and analyzing the working relationship between operator and machine on which he works. It is drawn to time scale.

Example Assemble Clamps and Bolts. It is used when the work cycle is highly repetitive and of very short duration. Flow Diagrams 7 .A SIMO Chart is another Left-Hand Right-Hand chart with the difference that it is drawn to time scale and in terms of basic motions.