Calculating Energy Savings Using High Efficiency Power Conversion (UPS, AC-DC & DC-DC Pow

Supply ) in Server and other IT Applications; Rev 3.0 4/2005
Calculations Based on Typical Power Budget for a Dual 2.4 GHz Xeon Processor based 1U Server Rack

User Options

Data Center Energy Savings Estimate

Adjust the options in the blue fields below to modify your
energy savings scenario.

UPS
Data Center Options
Number of racks in data center
Number of 1U Servers Per
Rack
Electricity Cost

10
40
$0.10

$/kWh

4

years

Life Time
Discount Rate
Overall Cooling System
Efficiency

6%

percent
Watt/Ton
(12000 BTU)

1200

VRM Options
Evaluate VRM efficiency? No 1

Power Supply Options
Evaluate PS efficiency?

No

PS Nameplate Rating

1
400 watts

UPS Options
Preferred high efficiency UPS

High Efficiency
Flywheel
4

UPS nameplate rating
(active power)

250 kW

Redundancy configuration of
base case UPS

N

2

Redundancy configuration of
high efficiency UPS

N

2

#
# of
of loaded
loaded UPSs:
UPSs: base
high case
efficiency case

1
1

Reduction in
Power Loss
(Watt)

Reduction in
Air
Conditioning
Power (Watt)

Total
Savings
(Watt)

11547

3940

15486

AC/DC PS

0

0

0

DC/DC VRM

0

0

0

Total Data Center Savings

15486

Total Savings per Rack

1549

Savings/Server

39

Note: analysis only takes energy costs and savings into account. HVAC
and other secondary effects are currently ignored.

1 202.8 505.4 374. Power Supply.3 235.3 20.2 Total Protected Power (kW) 73. UPS Percent Loads Typical Case Typical VRM Output Power (W) High Efficiency Case Max Typical Typical Case Reduction in Power Loss Typical Max 60 130 60 130 71.2 7.Power Budget: Improved VRM.3 20.5 33% 29% 11.7 206.1 73.4 374.1 202.8 71.4 0.8 11.4 154.1 0.8 505.8 PS Input AC Power (W) 182.0 VRM Input Power (W) Rack AC Input (kW) 0.0 7.1 78.8 131.0 UPS Input Power (kW) 90.5 kW facility-wide .0 0.4 154.4 182.8 Total DC Power (W) 131.

66 $13.00 $0 $0 0.00 $0 $0 135.PS.66 $13. AC-DC & DC-DC Power 4/2005 U Server Rack Energy Savings Estimate Annual Energy Savings (MWh) Annual Energy NPV of Savings ($) Savings ($) 135.57 $1.008 0.566 $47. HVAC energy savings ntly ignored.357 $4.701 0.34 $34 $118 s and savings into account.008 13. .566 $47.

Percent Loads Typical Case High Efficiency Case Max kW facility-wide Typical Max 94% 33% 94% 81% 29% 81% .

4X 1.8A Hard Drives.2A 5V DC Floppy Drive 0. IDE.6A 12V DC DC/10.5A Mother Board 8.4HHz.4A Blowers.5A Floppy Drive 0. IDE. 4X 2. 4X 6.Power Conversion Flowchart for a Typical Data Center 3.5A DDR Memory 8.6A Keyboard & Mouse 0.3 AC/DC/AC Conversion 120V AC 120V AC Uninterruptible Power Supply 12V DC DC-DC VRM 1.2A Blowers.5A CDROM Drive 0.0A PCI Card 5A Hard Drives.2A CD ROM Drive 0. 2X 14A@12V . 4X 6.3V DC AC/DC Front End Multi Output DC Power Supply Mother Board 1.75VDC Voltage Regulation Module (VRM) Xeon 2.

2A CD ROM Drive 0.5A Floppy Drive 0.5A DDR Memory 8. IDE.2A Blowers.6A Keyboard & Mouse 0.5A Mother Board 8.5A CDROM Drive 0. 4X 6. 4X 6. 4X 2. 2X 14A@12V .2A Floppy Drive 0.4HHz.6A Xeon 2. IDE.8A Hard Drives.ta Center Mother Board 1. 4X 1.4A Blowers.0A PCI Card 5A Hard Drives.

5V and 3.6% 81.0% 50% 74.7% 10% 74% 87% 88% 89% 20% 81% 93% 93% 93% 30% 84% 94% 95% 95% 50% 85% 94% 97% 97% 75% 86% 95% 97% 98% UPS Efficiency Profiles Do not evaluate UPS efficiency High Efficiency Double Conversion High Efficiency Delta Conversion High Efficiency Flywheel Redundancy Configuration Load Sharing Assumptions N Isolated Redundant N+1 2N 2(N+1) DC/DC VRM Efficiency Typical Case High Efficiency Case Power Supply UPS Load Load Sharing Sharing 1 1 1 2 2 4 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 84% 92% Menu Choice No Yes Power Budget for 1U Dual-Processor Server Typical (W) Maximum (W) Dual Processor Power (@1.3V DC) Duty cycle (% time spent at "typical" or "maximum" power levels 60 130 60 220 95% 5% .4% 69.7% 76.7% 20% 67.75V DC) Mother Board.8% 30% 71.9% 79.2% 81.Server Power Supply Efficiency Profiles Typical Case High Efficiency Case 10% 57.8% 75% 74. PCI Card. DDR Memory and Other Peripheral DC Power Consumption (@12V.

7% 100% 86% 95% 97% 98% Menu Choice No Yes .5% 80.100% 72.