# BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, PILANI

K. K. BIRLA GOA CAMPUS
Second Semester 2015-2016
Tutorial Sheet-1
Course No. MATH F113

Course title: Probability and Statisitcs

Date: Jan 20, 2016
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(1) Each coefficient in the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 is determined
by throwing an ordinary die. Find the probability that the given
equation will have real roots.
(2) Suppose in BITS 60% people subscribes Times of India, 20% subscribes Hindu and 10% subscribes both. If a person selected at
random,
(a) What is the probability that he subscribes at least one of the
two news papers ?
(b) What is the probability that he subscribes exactly one of the
two news paper ?
(3) A has one share in a lottery in which there is 1 prize and 2 blanks; B
has threes shares in lottery in which there are 3 prizes and 6 blanks;
Compare the probability of A’s success to B’s success.
(4) What is the probability that at least 2 out of n people have the
same birthday ? Assume that 365 days in a year and that all days
are equally likely.
(5) If n biscuits be distributed among N persons, find the chance that
a particular person receives r(< n) biscuits.
(6) A five-figure number is formed by the digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 (without repetition). Find the probability that the number formed is divisible by
4.
(7) A die is loaded in such a manner that for n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 the
probability of the face marked n, landing on top when the die is
rolled is proportional to n. Find the probability that an odd number
will appear on tossing the die.
(8) An integer is chosen at random from 200 digits. What is the probability that the integer is divisible by 6 or 8 ?
(9) If A, B and C are random events in a sample space and if A, B and
C are pairwise independent and A is independent of (B ∪ C), then
A, B and C are mutually independent.
(10) A manager has 2 assistants and he bases his decision on information
supplied independently by each one of them. The probability that
he makes a mistake in his thinking is 0.005. The probability that an
assistant gives wrong information is 0.3. Assuming that the mistakes
made by the manager are independent of the information given by
the assistants, find the probability that he reaches a wrong decision.
(11) The probability that a dealer will sell at least 20 televisions in a day
is 0.45 and the probability that he will sell less than 24 televisions
is 0.74. What is the probability that he will sell 20, 21, 22 and 23
televisions during the day ?
(12) For any 3 events A, B, C defined on the sample space S, such that
B ⊂ C and P (A) > 0, prove that P (B/A) ≤ P (C/A).
1

2

(13) If P (A) = P (B) = P (A ∩ B), then show that
¯ ∪ (A¯ ∩ B)) = 0.
P ((A ∩ B)
(14) If A,B and C are any three events such that P (A) = P (B) = P (C) =
1
1
4 , P (A ∩ B) = P (B ∩ C) = 0, P (A ∩ C) = 8 . Find the probability
that at least one of the event A,B or C occurs.
(15) Consider an experiment that has N outcomes, say w1 , w2 , · · · , wN ,
where it is known that outcome wj+1 is twice as likely as outcome
wj , j = 1, 2, · · · , N − 1. If Ak = {w1 , w2 , · · · , wk } find P (Ak ).
(16) A random box contains tags marked 1, 2, · · · , n. Two tags are chosen
at random with replacement. Find the probability that the numbers
on the tags will be consecutive integers.
(17) A sign reads ”ARKANSAS”. Three letters are removed and put
back into the three empty space at random. What is the Probability