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COMPUTATION OF PENSTOCK PIPE FOR ILAGAN 1, OPTION - 1

PARAMETERS:
CAPACITY:
3 UNITS

4666 KW

TOTAL DISCHARGE:
NET HEAD:

68.68 M/sec.

26 M

MAIN PENSTOCK:
Base on Darcy-weisbach formula where:
hf
L
D
Q
f

Friction loss, limited to


1.04 M, 4% of power
Penstock Length,
360 M
Penstock Diameter
Total Turbine Discharge,
68.68 cms
Friction factor,
0.015 for steel

We compute for the penstock diameter as follows:


D = (0.0827 fL Q2 / hf) 0.20
D =
D =
D =

((

0.0827

) ( 0.015 x

360 ) ( 68.68 )

( 2025.473 )0.20
4.58

Computing for water velocity:


v

= Q/A

A
A

= 3.14 (
= 16.49986

v
v

= 68.68 / 16.49986
=
4.16

4.58

)2

Computing for thickness of main penstock pipe:


t = (5.07x10-5 ) x H xDx1000 in mm, for an A-36 steel material

1.04 )0.20

t
H
D

Thickness in mm
Statick Head,
29.6 M
Diameter

t
t
t

=
( 5.07 x 10-5 )
x
29.6
x 4.58
= 6.88
= 12 mm, (with allowance for corossion)

1000

BRANCH PENSTOCK:
Computing for discharge of each unit:
q
q

= P / (H x 9.8 x E)
= 4666 /
( 26 x
= 22.89 cms

= ((4Q)/(3.14v))0.50

=
=
=

(( 4 x 22.89 )/(
( 7.289969 )0.50
2.700 M

9.8

3.14

0.8

4 ))0.50

Computing for thickness of branch penstock pipe:


t
t
t

=
( 5.07 x 10-5 )
x
29.6
x 2.700 x
= 4.052
= 8 mm, (with allowance for corossion)

1000

COMPUTATION OF PENSTOCK PIPE FOR ILAGAN 1, OPTION - 2


PARAMETERS:
CAPACITY:
3 UNITS

5333 KW

TOTAL DISCHARGE:
NET HEAD:

78.49 M/sec.

26 M

MAIN PENSTOCK:
Base on Darcy-weisbach formula where:
hf
L
D
Q
f

Friction loss, limited to


1.04 M, 4% of power
Penstock Length,
360 M
Penstock Diameter
Total Turbine Discharge,
78.49 cms
Friction factor,
0.015 for steel

We compute for the penstock diameter as follows:


D = (0.0827 fL Q2 / hf) 0.20
D =
D =
D =

((

0.0827

) ( 0.015 x

360 ) ( 78.49 )

( 2645.42 )0.20
4.84

Computing for water velocity:


v

= Q/A

A
A

= 3.14 (
= 18.35978

v
v

= 78.49 / 18.35978
=
4.28

4.84

)2

Computing for thickness of main penstock pipe:


t = (5.07x10-5 ) x H xDx1000 in mm, for an A-36 steel material

1.04 )0.20

t
H
D
t
t
t

Thickness in mm
Statick Head,
29.6 M
Diameter
=
( 5.07 x 10-5 )
x
29.6
x 4.84
= 7.258
= 12 mm, (with allowance for corossion)

1000

BRANCH PENSTOCK:
Computing for discharge of each unit:
Q8000
Q8000

= P / (H x 9.8 x E)
= 5333 /
( 26 x
= 26.16 cms

9.8

3.14

0.8

D = ((4Q)/(3.14v))0.50
D8000
D8000

=
=
=

(( 4 x 26.16 )/(
( 8.332063 )0.50
2.89
M

4 ))0.50

Computing for thickness of branch penstock pipe:


t8000
t8000
t8000

=
( 5.07 x 10-5 )
x
29.6
x 2.89
= 4.332
= 8 mm, (with allowance for corossion)

1000

COMPUTATION OF PENSTOCK PIPE FOR ILAGAN 1, OPTION - 3


PARAMETERS:
CAPACITY:
3 UNITS

6333 KW

TOTAL DISCHARGE:
NET HEAD:

93.21 M/sec.

26 M

MAIN PENSTOCK:
Base on Darcy-weisbach formula where:
hf
L
D
Q
f

Friction loss, limited to


1.04 M, 4% of power
Penstock Length,
360 M
Penstock Diameter
Total Turbine Discharge,
93.21 cms
Friction factor,
0.015 for steel

We compute for the penstock diameter as follows:


D = (0.0827 fL Q2 / hf) 0.20
D =
D =
D =

((

0.0827

) ( 0.015 x

360 ) ( 93.21 )

( 3730.705 )0.20
5.18

Computing for water velocity:


v

= Q/A

A
A

= 3.14 ( 5.180339 )2
= 21.06619

v
v

= 93.21 / 21.06619
=
4.42

Computing for thickness of main penstock pipe:


t = (5.07x10-5 ) x H xDx1000 in mm, for an A-36 steel material

1.04 )0.20

t
H
D
t
t
t

Thickness in mm
Statick Head,
29.6 M
Diameter
=
( 5.07 x 10-5 )
x
29.6
x 5.18
= 7.774
= 12 mm, (with allowance for corossion)

1000

BRANCH PENSTOCK:
Computing for discharge of each unit:
Q9500
Q9500

= P / (H x 9.8 x E)
= 6333 /
( 26 x
= 31.07 cms

9.8

3.14

0.8

D = ((4Q)/(3.14v))0.50
D9500
D9500

=
=
=

(( 4 x 31.07 )/(
( 9.894422 )0.50
3.146 M

4 ))0.50

Computing for thickness of branch penstock pipe:


t9500
t9500
t9500

=
( 5.07 x 10-5 )
x
29.6
x 3.146 x
= 4.721
= 8 mm, (with allowance for corossion)

1000