You are on page 1of 4

ENRICHMENT TEST

PHYSICS GRADE 8 SEMESTER 1


A. Answer there questions correctly as much
number as you can!
1.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

2.

3.

Force is
A quantity that cause something moves
A push to an object
A quantity that cause moving thing to be at
rest
Acceleration to do work
The correct statements are..
a. 1, 2, 3, and 4
c. 2 and 4
b. 1, 2, and 3
d. 2
is ability to do work
a. Force
b. Work

d. 89 N

c. Light energy, gravitational energy, friction


energy, magnet energy
d. Kinetic energy, friction energy, electric
energy, sound energy

Look at this picture!


20 N

d. 50 000 N

b. Chemical energy, power energy , electric


energy, mechanical energy

9.
4.

d. 5000 N

8. These are some kinds of energy...


a. Nuclear energy,heat energy, chemical
energy, potential energy

F1 = 53 N F2 = 36 N

b. 63 N

b. 50 N

b. 50 N

Look at this picture!

c. 79 N

c. 500 N

7. A cube has mass 5000 g, hanging on spring


balance. The weight of cube is ....
a. 5 N
c. 5000 N

c. Energy
d. Power

The resultant force is....


a. 17 N

a. 5 N

10 N

Energy transformation in iron is.....


a. Electric energy heat energy
b. Electric energy sound energy
c. Electric energy kinetic energy
d. Kinetic energy heat energy

The object will stay at rest because 3rd force


acting on it, the magnitude and direction is....
a. 10 N to the left
c. 30 N to the left
b. 10 N to the right

d. 30 N to the right

10. Human can only make a machine that


transforms energy, because.
a. Energy can be created
b. Energy can be appeared

5.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

6.

This is the example of friction in daily life


Friction between our feet and the surface
Friction in the breaking system
Friction between car engine and its clutch
Friction between air and car
The benefit friction forces are..
a. 1, 2, 3, and 4
c. 1 and 2
b. 1, 2, and 3
d. 1
Look at this picture!
If mass of car is 1000 kg and acceleration
0,05 m/s2, so the force acting by the man to
the car is.

c. Energy cannot be destroyed


d. Energi can be disappear
11. A motorcycle pushed by its owner as far as
20 meters in 5 minutes. On motorcycle
applied forces 60 N, The Power of its owner
is.....
a. 4 W
c. 412 W
b. 240 W

d. 800 W

12. A body has kinetic energy of 800 joules. If


the velocity of the body is 4 m/s, the mass
of the body is.

a. 50 kg

c. 3200 kg

a. Scissor, wheelbarrow, nutcracker

b. 100 kg

d. 1600 kg

b. Bottle opener, wheelbarrow, nutcracker


c. Broom, crowbar, wheelbarrow

13. Potential energy of an object depends on


its..
a. Mass, weight, and gravitation
b. Mass, height, and gravitation
c. Mass, speed, and gravitation
d. Mass, energy, and velocity

d. Crowbar, hammer, scissor

18. A lamp absorbs energy 600 joules for 15


seconds. The power of the lamp is.
a. 40 watt
c. 300
watt
b. 900 watt
watt

d. 150

19. An inclined plane show in the picture below.


Calculate the force needed to push
the box to top of inclined plane if the weight
of object is 15 N

14. A device, which help us to move things


easily called..
a. Machine
c. Simple machine
b. Robot

d. Spring balance

15. Look at this table below!


No
1
2
3
4

Load arm
2,5 m
50 m
25 cm
20 cm

Effort
a. arm
15 N
10 m
150b.m 5 N
100 cm
40 cm

c. 48 N
d. 60 N

Lever that has smallest mechanical


advantage is......
a. 1
c. 3
b. 2

d. 4

16. The characteristic of 3rd class lever is..


a. Fulcrum between effort and load
b. Load between fulcrum and effort
c. Effort between fulcrum and load
d. Load between effort and fulcrum

20. If mass of a body is larger ( m > ),


acceleration of the body is.....
a. Larger
c. Same as
b. Smaller

17. The examples of 2nd class lever are..

d. Can be larger or smaller

1. A girl weighs is 500 N. She fall from a building with the height of 5 m.
Calculate:
a. The potential energy of the girl
b. The kinetic energy when the girl hit the ground
c. Consider the figure below.

2.
164 N

146 N

Magnitude and direction of force resultant in


the figure beside is.................

3. Explain the change of potential energy and kinetic energy when an


object fall from a certain height!

The potential energy and kinetic energy at top height is

The change of potential energy and kinetic energy when falling

The potential energy and kinetic energy at bottom point (on the
ground)

4. Mention some kinds of lever (at least 2)


a. 1st class lever
b. 2nd class lever
c. 3rd class lever
No.
1.

2.
3.

Standard of competences
Identify various kinds of force, addition of
force and effects of force on an object.

Apply Newtons law to explain phenomena


in daily life.
Explain the relationship of the kind of
energy and its conversions, the principle of
work and energy, and the application of
the concepts of work and energy in daily
life.

Indicators
Explain the definition of force
Calculate force resultant
Describe friction force between two object
Calculate the weight of an object
Explain Newtons law and apply it in daily life
Explain the definition of energy
Describe the form of energy and apply it in daily
life
Mention the kinds of energy transformation
Explain the law of energy conservation
Explain the concept of power
Differentiate potential energy and kinetic energy

4.

Do an experiment using simple machines


and its application in daily life.

Explain the definition of simple machines


Explain mechanical advantage of pulley
Identity part of lever
Explain mechanical advantage of pulley

Pr

Calculate the force done in incline plane


5.

Investigate the pressure of solids, liquids,


and gases and its application in daily life.

Describe the meaning of pressure


Explain concept of pressure on solid and liquid
Explain and give example of Pascals law
Explain and give example of Archimedes law
Calculate air pressure using Boyles law
Explain the pressure phenomena in daily life

Calculate of final volume at the closed chamber


using Boyles law.
SCORE AND ITEM TEST