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# ENRICHMENT TEST

## PHYSICS GRADE 8 SEMESTER 1

A. Answer there questions correctly as much
number as you can!
1.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

2.

3.

Force is
A quantity that cause something moves
A push to an object
A quantity that cause moving thing to be at
rest
Acceleration to do work
The correct statements are..
a. 1, 2, 3, and 4
c. 2 and 4
b. 1, 2, and 3
d. 2
is ability to do work
a. Force
b. Work

d. 89 N

## c. Light energy, gravitational energy, friction

energy, magnet energy
d. Kinetic energy, friction energy, electric
energy, sound energy

20 N

d. 50 000 N

## b. Chemical energy, power energy , electric

energy, mechanical energy

9.
4.

d. 5000 N

## 8. These are some kinds of energy...

a. Nuclear energy,heat energy, chemical
energy, potential energy

F1 = 53 N F2 = 36 N

b. 63 N

b. 50 N

b. 50 N

c. 79 N

c. 500 N

## 7. A cube has mass 5000 g, hanging on spring

balance. The weight of cube is ....
a. 5 N
c. 5000 N

c. Energy
d. Power

a. 17 N

a. 5 N

10 N

## Energy transformation in iron is.....

a. Electric energy heat energy
b. Electric energy sound energy
c. Electric energy kinetic energy
d. Kinetic energy heat energy

## The object will stay at rest because 3rd force

acting on it, the magnitude and direction is....
a. 10 N to the left
c. 30 N to the left
b. 10 N to the right

d. 30 N to the right

## 10. Human can only make a machine that

transforms energy, because.
a. Energy can be created
b. Energy can be appeared

5.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

6.

## This is the example of friction in daily life

Friction between our feet and the surface
Friction in the breaking system
Friction between car engine and its clutch
Friction between air and car
The benefit friction forces are..
a. 1, 2, 3, and 4
c. 1 and 2
b. 1, 2, and 3
d. 1
Look at this picture!
If mass of car is 1000 kg and acceleration
0,05 m/s2, so the force acting by the man to
the car is.

## c. Energy cannot be destroyed

d. Energi can be disappear
11. A motorcycle pushed by its owner as far as
20 meters in 5 minutes. On motorcycle
applied forces 60 N, The Power of its owner
is.....
a. 4 W
c. 412 W
b. 240 W

d. 800 W

## 12. A body has kinetic energy of 800 joules. If

the velocity of the body is 4 m/s, the mass
of the body is.

a. 50 kg

c. 3200 kg

b. 100 kg

d. 1600 kg

## b. Bottle opener, wheelbarrow, nutcracker

c. Broom, crowbar, wheelbarrow

## 13. Potential energy of an object depends on

its..
a. Mass, weight, and gravitation
b. Mass, height, and gravitation
c. Mass, speed, and gravitation
d. Mass, energy, and velocity

## 18. A lamp absorbs energy 600 joules for 15

seconds. The power of the lamp is.
a. 40 watt
c. 300
watt
b. 900 watt
watt

d. 150

## 19. An inclined plane show in the picture below.

Calculate the force needed to push
the box to top of inclined plane if the weight
of object is 15 N

## 14. A device, which help us to move things

easily called..
a. Machine
c. Simple machine
b. Robot

d. Spring balance

No
1
2
3
4

Load arm
2,5 m
50 m
25 cm
20 cm

Effort
a. arm
15 N
10 m
150b.m 5 N
100 cm
40 cm

c. 48 N
d. 60 N

## Lever that has smallest mechanical

advantage is......
a. 1
c. 3
b. 2

d. 4

## 16. The characteristic of 3rd class lever is..

a. Fulcrum between effort and load
b. Load between fulcrum and effort
c. Effort between fulcrum and load
d. Load between effort and fulcrum

## 20. If mass of a body is larger ( m > ),

acceleration of the body is.....
a. Larger
c. Same as
b. Smaller

## d. Can be larger or smaller

1. A girl weighs is 500 N. She fall from a building with the height of 5 m.
Calculate:
a. The potential energy of the girl
b. The kinetic energy when the girl hit the ground
c. Consider the figure below.

2.
164 N

146 N

## Magnitude and direction of force resultant in

the figure beside is.................

## 3. Explain the change of potential energy and kinetic energy when an

object fall from a certain height!

## The change of potential energy and kinetic energy when falling

The potential energy and kinetic energy at bottom point (on the
ground)

## 4. Mention some kinds of lever (at least 2)

a. 1st class lever
b. 2nd class lever
c. 3rd class lever
No.
1.

2.
3.

Standard of competences
Identify various kinds of force, addition of
force and effects of force on an object.

## Apply Newtons law to explain phenomena

in daily life.
Explain the relationship of the kind of
energy and its conversions, the principle of
work and energy, and the application of
the concepts of work and energy in daily
life.

Indicators
Explain the definition of force
Calculate force resultant
Describe friction force between two object
Calculate the weight of an object
Explain Newtons law and apply it in daily life
Explain the definition of energy
Describe the form of energy and apply it in daily
life
Mention the kinds of energy transformation
Explain the law of energy conservation
Explain the concept of power
Differentiate potential energy and kinetic energy

4.

## Do an experiment using simple machines

and its application in daily life.

## Explain the definition of simple machines

Explain mechanical advantage of pulley
Identity part of lever
Explain mechanical advantage of pulley

Pr

5.

## Investigate the pressure of solids, liquids,

and gases and its application in daily life.

## Describe the meaning of pressure

Explain concept of pressure on solid and liquid
Explain and give example of Pascals law
Explain and give example of Archimedes law
Calculate air pressure using Boyles law
Explain the pressure phenomena in daily life

## Calculate of final volume at the closed chamber

using Boyles law.
SCORE AND ITEM TEST