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Margarita

For other uses, see Margarita (disambiguation).

raspberry-avored. Other avors include pineapple and


watermelon

The margarita is a cocktail consisting of tequila, triple


sec and lime or lemon juice, often served with salt on the
rim of the glass. [note 1] The drink is served shaken with
ice (on the rocks), blended with ice (frozen margarita), or
without ice (straight up). Although it has become acceptable to serve a margarita in a wide variety of glass types,
ranging from cocktail and wine glasses to pint glasses and
even large schooners, the drink is traditionally served in
the eponymous margarita glass, a stepped-diameter variant of a cocktail glass or champagne coupe.

1.2 Fresh lime juice


Freshly squeezed lime juice is the key ingredient. The
most common lime in the United States is the thickskinned Persian lime. However, margaritas in Mexico are
generally made with Mexican limes (Key limes). These
are small, thin-skinned limes and have more tart and an
often bitter avor compared to Persian limes. Margaritas made with lemon have a softer taste, especially when
Meyer lemons are used.

Variations
1.3 Frozen margarita

In addition to being shaken and served up like other


cocktails, margaritas can also be served as a blended ice
slush similar to other tropical-inspired mixed drinks like
the Hurricane (cocktail) or pia colada. This variant is
known as a frozen margarita. The ingredients can be
poured over crushed ice in a kitchen blender, or for larger
establishments that serve many of these, a large quantity of a house recipe of frozen margarita can be kept
in a machine designed specically for the purpose (but
also commonly used to serve non-alcoholic slush drinks);
a cylinder leading to a pour spout is kept below freezing temperature, but an impeller within the cylinder constantly churns the mix so it can't freeze solid, and so it dispenses as a thick half-frozen slush. The rst frozen marMargaritas come in a variety of avors and colors.
garita machine was invented on May 11, 1971 by Dallas
The IBA (IBA Ocial list of Cocktails) standard is 7:4:3, restaurateur Mariano Martinez. The machine was origisits in the
that is, 50% tequila, 29% Cointreau, 21% fresh lime nally a soft-serve ice cream machine and now
[3] [4]
Smithsonian
National
Museum
of
History.
[1]
juice.

1.1

1.4 Other fruits

Flavored liqueurs

Besides Cointreau, other orange-avored liqueurs that


might be used include Grand Marnier, Gran Gala, other
brands of triple sec, or blue curaao (yielding the blue
margarita). In the Grenadines, some bars use Union
Jakes Starfruit Liqueur instead of triple sec.[2] When
sweeter fruit juices or freshly pured fruits are added to
the margarita, the orange-avored liqueur is often reduced or eliminated entirely. In addition to orangeavored liqueurs, secondary liqueurs may occasionally be
added to a cocktail, including melon-avored or black

Alternate fruits and juice mixtures can also be used in a


margarita. Fruits like mango, peach, strawberry, banana,
melon, or raspberry are suitable for creating this drink.
Many recipes call for a splash of orange juice. Nowadays,
margarita can be prepared in many dierent ways. When
the word margarita is used by itself, it typically refers to
the lime or lemon juice margarita, but when other juices
are used, the fruits are typically added as adjectives in the
name; with lime juice or lemon juice added to give it a
characteristic margarita avor (a wedge of lime is often
1

HISTORY

added to the glass). Other varieties of margarita include tory at the legendary Balinese Room in Galveston, Texas
fruit margarita, top-shelf margarita and virgin margarita. where, in 1948, head bartender Santos Cruz created the
margarita for singer Peggy (Margaret) Lee. He supposedly named it after the Spanish version of her name, Mar1.5 Coronarita
garita, and its been a hit ever since.[15]
The rst known publication of a margarita recipe was in
Some bars and restaurants serve a Coronarita, beer
the December 1953 issue of Esquire, with a recipe callcocktail that consists of a bottle of Corona upturned to
ing for an ounce of tequila, a dash of triple sec and the
drain into a margarita.[5][6]
juice of half a lime or lemon. A recipe for a tequila-based
cocktail rst appeared in the 1930 book My New Cocktail
Book by G.F. Steele. Without noting a specic recipe or
2 History
inventor, a drink called the Tequila Daisy was mentioned
in the Syracuse Herald as early as 1936. Margarita is
Spanish for Daisy, which is a nickname for Margaret.[16]

2.1

Origin

One of the earliest stories is of the margarita being


invented in 1938 by Carlos Danny Herrera at his
restaurant Rancho La Gloria, halfway between Tijuana
and Rosarito, Mexico, created for customer and former
Ziegfeld dancer Marjorie King, who was allergic to many
spirits, but not to tequila.[7][8][9] This story was related
by Herrera and also by bartender Albert Hernandez, acknowledged for popularizing a Margarita in San Diego
after 1947, at the La Plaza restaurant in La Jolla.[10] Hernandez claimed the owner of La Plaza, Morris Locke,
knew Herrera and visited Mexico often.
A commonly accepted origin story of the Margarita
is that it was invented in October 1941, at Hussongs
Cantina in Ensenada, Mexico, by bartender Don Carlos
Orozco. One afternoon, Margarita Henkel, the daughter
of the then German ambassador visited the cantina and
Don Carlos who had been experimenting with drinks offered her one. The cocktail consisted of equal parts of
tequila, Mexican orange liqueur called Controy (A.K.A.
Naranja in the United States), and lime, shaken and
served over ice in a salt-rimmed glass. As she was the
rst to try the drink, Don Carlos decided to name it after
her and the Margarita was born.[11]
There are also claims that the margarita was rst mixed in
the El Paso-Jurez area at Tommys Place Bar on July 4,
1942 by Francisco Pancho Morales.[7] Morales later left
bartending in Mexico to become a US citizen, where he
worked as a milkman for 25 years. Mexicos ocial news
agency Notimex and many experts have said Morales has
the strongest claim to having invented the margarita.[12]

A later story is that the margarita was invented in October 1961, at a party in Houston, Texas, by party goer
Robert James Rusty Thomson while acting as bartender. He concocted a mixture of equal parts tequila,
orange liqueur, lime, and crushed ice in a salt-rimmed
glass.[17][18][19] However, Thomsons recipe was made
with Damiana Liqueur, not Cointreau orange liqueur. It
is said that the idea was an experiment after running out
of rum while making frozen daiquiris.
Another explanation, however, is that the margarita is
merely a popular American drink, the Daisy, remade with
tequila instead of brandy, which became popular during
Prohibition as people drifted over the border for alcohol.
There is an account from 1936 of Iowa newspaper editor
James Graham nding such a cocktail in Tijuana, years
before any of the other Margarita creation myths.[20]
A blended margarita
A margarita served in an old fashioned glass.

2.2 Glass

Margaritas may be served in a variety of glasses, most


notably the stereotypical margarita glass, a variant of
the classic champagne coupe; this is particularly associated with blended fruit margaritas, and the glass is also
used for dishes such as guacamole or shrimp cocktails. In
formal settings margaritas are often served in a standard
Others say the inventor was Dallas socialite Margarita cocktail glass, while in informal settings, particularly with
Sames, when she concocted the drink for her guests at ice, margaritas may be served in an old-fashioned glass.
her Acapulco vacation home in 1948. Tommy Hilton re- In the U.S., where the frozen drink is popular in Mexportedly attended, bringing the drink back to the Hilton ican and Tex-Mex restaurants, the drink has been
chain of hotels.[7] However, Jose Cuervo was already run- seen served in glasses ranging from beer steins to large
ning ad campaigns for the margarita three years earlier, in schooners and even large rounded stemless shbowls
1945, with the slogan, Margarita: Its more than a girls (as a large quantity of margarita is typically dispensed this
name. According to Jose Cuervo, the cocktail was in- way, the drink is intended to be consumed by multiple pavented in 1938 by a bartender in honor of Mexican show- trons, and alcohol-service laws often prohibit a licensed
girl Rita de la Rosa.[13][14]
server or bartender from knowingly serving a drink of this
Another common origin tale begins the cocktails his- size to a single person).

4 Notes
[1] Take care to moisten only the outer rim and sprinkle the
salt on it. The salt should present to the lips of the imbiber
and never mix into the cocktail. It is the most common
tequila-based cocktail in the United States.The most popular tequila cocktail in Mexico, by contrast, is the paloma.

5 References
[1] MARGARITA All Day Cocktail. IBA. Retrieved 20
November 2012.
[2] http://www.unionjakes.vc/where-to-buy-union-jakes.
php
[3] Margarita Recipes.
[4] Frozen Recipes.
[5] http://www.chilis.com/en/pages/drinkmenu.aspx
[6] http://www.daveandbusters.com/menu/drinks/
[7] Anthony Dias Blue (2010). The Complete Book of Spirits: A Guide to Their History, Production, and Enjoyment.
HarperCollins. Retrieved 7 October 2013.

A traditional margarita glass.

[8] Michael Stetz (9 July 2006). I'll Have a Mystery on the


Rocks with Salt. San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved
30 June 2011.

2.3

[9] Paul Chavez, Danny Herrera, Inventor of Margarita, Dies


at Age 90," Los Angeles Times, May 14, 1992.

Popularity

The margarita cocktail was the Drink of the Month in [10] Jack Williams (4 May 2006). Obituary - Albert Hernandez Sr.; Margarita Pioneer, Restaurateur. San Diego
Esquire magazine, December 1953, pg. 76:[21]
Union-Tribune. Retrieved 30 June 2011.

1 ounce tequila

[11] Controy

Dash of Triple Sec

[12] Francisco Morales; Credited With Inventing Margarita,


Los Angeles Times, January 8, 1997.

Juice of 1/2 lime or lemon


Pour over crushed ice, stir. Rub the rim of a
stem glass with rind of lemon or lime, spin in
saltpour, and sip.
It was further popularized by the Jimmy Buett song
"Margaritaville".

See also
List of cocktails
Mexican martini
Paloma
Tequila

[13] Lisa Bramen, The History of the Margarita,


Smithsonian, May 5, 2009.
[14] Stacy Finz, Mastering the margarita: Tequila aside, even
experts cant agree on what goes into the legendary cocktail, San Francisco Chronicle, July 25, 2008.
[15] Rosenberg Library Museum Lost Treasure: The Balinese
Room Balinese Room. .
[16] Once upon a time in Mexico, Imbibe, March/April
2010.
[17] de Mancillas, Gloria (1992). Seminario de Historia de
Baja California. Instituto de Investigaciones Historicas
UABC.
[18] Hazard, Ann (1992). Agave Sunsets, Treasured Tales of
Baja. Renegade Enterprises, pp 157-160.
[19] Lieber, Sara (2007). MTV Best of Mexico. Wiley Publishing, Inc., p 349.

[20] David Wondrich (5 May 2010). Behind the Drink: The


Margarita. Liquor.com. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
[21] Barry Popik. Texas, The Lone Star State: Margarita
(cocktail)". Retrieved 12 August 2006.

External links
Margarita at DMOZ

EXTERNAL LINKS

Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

7.1

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Margarita Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margarita?oldid=708435138 Contributors: The Anome, Tarquin, Rmhermen, William


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