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TMDL Meeting

UC Cooperative Extension
Irvine, CA
April 20, 2000

Surface Water Monitoring of
RIFA and OP Insecticides
Kean S. Goh, Dave Kim,
Johanna Walters, Roger Sava
Environmental Monitoring & Pest Management
Department of Pesticide Regulation
830 K Street, Sacramento, CA 95814
kgoh@cdpr.ca.gov
(916)324-4072

Department of Pesticide Regulation
www.cdpr.ca.gov

Outline

Introduction









Introduction
Monitoring Plan
Insecticides
Results & Discussion
Conclusions

RIFA treatments - large geographic area
Surface-water runoff potential
Historical monitoring data
Aquatic toxicity
Runoff prevention and mitigation

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The Insecticides

Monitoring Program







• Insecticide Concentration
– Offsite movement

• Dissipation study
– Turf, Soil, Water

• Assessing Mitigations

Physico-Chemical Properties
Pesticide

Sol.

Koc

FD

Bifenthrin

0.1

302,000 345

Chlorpyrifos

1.4

12,000

56

Diazinon

60

1,800

30

Fenoxycarb

5.7

2,600

36

Hydramethylnon

0.9

360,000 55

Pyriproxyfen

0.4

34,000

86

Bifenthrin (Talstar®)
Chlorpyrifos (Dursban®, Lorsban®)
Diazinon
Fenoxycarb (Award®)
Hydramethylnon (Amdro®)
Pyriproxyfen (Distance®)
Malathion, fonofos, methidathion,
methyl parathion, dimethoate, phosmet

Aquatic Toxicity (LC50)
Pesticide

R. Trout (ppb)

D.Magna (ppb)

Bifenthrin

0.15

0.16

Chlorpyrifos

3

1.7

Diazinon

2600

0.96

Fenoxycarb

1600

400

Hydramethylnon

160

1140

Pyriproxyfen

325

400

Malathion

170

1.8

2

Bee Canyon Drain
8

Concentration (ppb)

7
bifenthrin

6

chlorpyrifos
5

diazinon
dimethoate

4

fonofos
malathion

3

m. parathion
2

Hines Channel

fonofos

Marshburn Slough

8

3

7

chlorpyrifos
diazinon
dimethoate

5

malathion

4

m. parathion

3
2

Concentration (ppb)

bifenthrin

6
Concentration (ppb)

diazinon

Jun- Jul- AugSep- Oct- NovDec- Jan- Feb99 99 99
99
99
99 99
00
00

bifenthrin

0

m. parathion

1

bifenthrin
chlorpyrifos
diazinon
malathion

2

1

1

0

0
May-99 Jun-99 Sep-99 Oct-99
Dec-99 Jan-00 Feb-00

Feb-00

3

Bonita Creek

San Diego Creek
3
chlorpyrifos

Concentration (ppb)

Concentration (ppb)

2
diazinon
dimethoate
fonofos
malathion

1

0
Mar- Apr- May- Jun- Sep- Oct- Dec- Jan- Feb99 99 99 99 99 99 99 00 00

diazinon
malathion

2

1

0

Sep-99 Oct-99 Nov-99 Dec-99 Jan-00 Feb-00

Westcliff Park

Bolsa Chica Channel
3
diazinon

chlorpyrifos

2

diazinon
methidathion

1

0

Concentration (ppb)

Concentration (ppb)

3

dimethoate

2

malathion

1

0
Dec-99

Jan-00

Feb-00

Apr-99 May-99

Jun-99

Sep-99

Oct-99

Dec-99

Jan-00

Feb-00

Month

4

East Garden Grove Channel

Arroyo
Oso Trabuco
Creek

3

22

chlorpyrifos

bifenthrin
fenoxycarb
bifenthrin
hydramethylnon
fenoxycarb
pyriproxyfen
hydramethylnon
chlorpyrifos
chlorpyrifos
diazinon
diazinon
fonofos
dimethoate
malathion
fonofos

Concentration
Concentration (ppb)
(ppb)

diazinon

Concentration (ppb

malathion

2

1

0

Jun-99 Jul-99 Aug-99 Sep-99 Oct-99 Nov-99 Dec-99 Jan-00 Feb-00

11

malathion

00

Mar- Mar- Apr- Apr- Apr- Apr- May- Jun- Sep- Oct- Dec- Jan- FebMar- Mar- Apr- Apr- Apr- Apr- May- Jun- Sep- Oct- Dec- Jan99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
00
00

99

99

99

99

99

99

99

99

99

99

99

00

Feb00

San Juan Creek

Conclusions

Concentration (ppb)

2
chlorpyrifos
diazinon
fonofos
malathion

1

0
Apr99

May99

Sep- Oct-99 Dec99
99

Jan00

Feb00

• All RIFA insecticides were detected
• Single detects: hydramethylnon,
pyriproxyfen, fenoxycarb
• Nurseries: Bifenthrin, Diazinon,
(Malathion), Chlorpyrifos, (Dimethoate)
<3 ppb
• Urban: Diazinon, Malathion, Chlorpyrifos
<1 ppb

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Acknowledgment
• Calif. Dept. of Food & Agriculture
– Center for Analytical Chemistry
– Pest Detection/Emergency Project







Santa Ana RWQC B
State Water Resource Control Board
Dept. of Health Services
Calif. Department of Fish & Game
Co. Agric. Commissioners
UC Cooperative Extension
Nursery Industries

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