Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

34 views

badakov 2004 615

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- 145495532-Experiment-4-COD.docx
- 99ebook Com DSP
- Documentreality of is Part One
- Satellite Antennas
- Exp.5
- Baytems' New ESDzap Offers the Most Affordable ESD Simulation on the Market
- Fan Regulator Energy Savings
- Day4-MC60-Ecopower.pdf
- NANOCOLOR Kit-uri Fotometrie.pdf
- mvr evic
- 4033
- Influence of Modulation Frequency
- 1 Practice
- icod
- Curvas
- STEP POTENTIAL.pdf
- Praesentation SGC2012 CDadapco SH
- ecgr5142nikhilvkulkarni-111024000932-phpapp01
- Electric Power Plant
- Aop Test 10th Medical

You are on page 1of 4

Hristo Badakov

University of California Los Angeles

11/12/2004

relation between aperture and length, optimizing the directivity and gain of the emitted

radiation at given wavelength. One approach to this optimization problem is to consider

the path length difference δ between a ray traveling along the side and along the axis of

the horn (Fig.1). For horn with the parameters defined as:

θ = flare angle

D= aperture

L= horn length (defined as the distance from the end of the waveguide to the end of the

antenna)

δ = path length difference

δ 0 = optimal path length difference

d L L

D

D2

L= ,

8δ

and

L

δ= −L.

cos(θ / 2)

To obtain as uniform an aperture distribution as possible, a very long horn with small

flare angle is required. From practical considerations, however, the horn should be as

short as possible. An optimal horn has the minimum beamwidth without excessive side-

lobe level for a given length. If δ is sufficiently small fraction of the wavelength, the field

has uniform phase over the entire aperture. For a constant length L, the directivity of the

horn increases (beamwidth decreases) as the aperture D and angle θ are increased.

However, if the aperture (flare angle) becomes large enough so that δ reaches certain

value δ0, a phase reversal at the edges of the aperture causes increase of the side lobes

and reduction in the directivity. It follows that the maximum directivity occurs at the

largest aperture for which δ ≤ δ0. From this, the optimal dimensions are simply defined

as

D2

L= (1)

8δ 0

and

L

δ0 = − L.

cos(θ / 2)

It has been found that the value of δ0 is usually in the range 0.1-0.4 free space

wavelengths. For conical horn Kraus (quoting King) gives the optimal δ0 = 0.32λ.

Substituting in (1) gives:

D2 D2

L= ≈ 0.39 (2)

2.56λ λ

In an alternative treatment of the same optimization problem Wolff suggests the relation:

D2

L' = .3

λ

But in his approach L' is defined as the length from the vertex of the cone to the end of

−1

⎛ d⎞

the antenna. To convert to L the geometric relationship L = L ⎜ 1 − ⎟ can be used,

'

⎝ D⎠

where d is the diameter of the circular waveguide or the smaller diameter of the antenna.

D2 ⎛ d ⎞

Thus L = .3 1− (3)

λ ⎜⎝ D ⎟⎠

D2

For d D this reduces to L = .3 which is similar to (2)

λ

cylindrical dielectric tube:

(reff.3):

4(b − a )

λn ≅ ε −1

n

Where a is the inner radius of the hollow dielectric tube; b is the outer radius; ε is the

electrical permittivity of the dielectric; and λn is wavelength of the n-th harmonic of the

induced Cerenkov radiation. For a fused silica the electrical permittivity at 1 MHz is ε =

3.8. For outer radius b = 179.5µm and inner radius a = 50 µm or 100 µm, the first 10

harmonics are listed in table 1.

a = 50µm a = 100µm

n λn (µm) λn (µm)

1 866.78 532.116

2 433.39 266.058

3 288.927 177.372

4 216.695 133.02

5 173.356 106.423

6 144.463 88.686

7 123.826 76.0165

8 108.347 66.5145

9 96.3089 59.124

10 86.678 53.2116

Table 1

The roll-off wavelength λn ≅ 2πσ z (where σz is the Rms bunch length) determines the

maximum λn of detectable power. For σ z = 20 µ m the roll-off wavelength is λn =

88.8577. For the harmonics of interest λ8 = 108.3 (a = 50µm) and λ5 = 106.4 (a = 100µm)

and variable horn length L, the optimal aperture D is calculated using equation (2).

L (mm) D (mm) L (mm) D (mm)

10 1.67 10 1.65

15 2.04 15 2.02

20 2.36 20 2.34

Table 2

Reference:

1. Kraus, J.D., Marhefka, R,J., “Antennas: for all applications”- 3rd ed., McGraw-

Hill, New York, 2002.

2. Wolff, E.A., “Antenna Analysis” Artech House, Norwood, MA, 1988

3. Rosenzweig1, J.B., Hoover1, S., Colby2, E., Hogan2, M., Muggili3, P., Noble2, R.,

Palmer2, D., Siemann2, R., Thompson1, M., Travish1, G., Waltz2, D., Yoder1, R.,

“An Ultra-High Gradient Cerenkov Wakefield Acceleration Experiment at SLAC

FFTB”, 1UCLA Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, 2SLAC, 3University of

Southern California.

- 145495532-Experiment-4-COD.docxUploaded byinstrutech
- 99ebook Com DSPUploaded byDiDo Mohammed Abdulla
- Documentreality of is Part OneUploaded bytrthompson
- Satellite AntennasUploaded byduppal35
- Exp.5Uploaded byJohn
- Baytems' New ESDzap Offers the Most Affordable ESD Simulation on the MarketUploaded byPressRelease Point
- Fan Regulator Energy SavingsUploaded byAubrey Holt
- Day4-MC60-Ecopower.pdfUploaded byΑλοϊσιοςΔαελης
- NANOCOLOR Kit-uri Fotometrie.pdfUploaded byCorina Stanculescu
- mvr evicUploaded byRoland Achai
- 4033Uploaded bynokiapc
- Influence of Modulation FrequencyUploaded byDaniel Gutierrez
- 1 PracticeUploaded byThùy Dung
- icodUploaded byMeerul Syahidah
- CurvasUploaded byLucas Ferreira
- STEP POTENTIAL.pdfUploaded byRomi Necq S. Abuel
- Praesentation SGC2012 CDadapco SHUploaded byLatisha Carter
- ecgr5142nikhilvkulkarni-111024000932-phpapp01Uploaded byGaurav Bhandari
- Electric Power PlantUploaded byDaniela Jurado
- Aop Test 10th MedicalUploaded bySunil Nagar
- enzymeinquirylabUploaded byapi-357490329
- PapersUploaded bylynnlynn23
- GFM-200Uploaded bygeomarcs
- Solar Constructions Flex SlopeUploaded byAnonymous bZFcjUbwv
- OT - Dim..pdfUploaded byOvidiu
- Risk Assessment Calc IECUploaded byJigar Patel
- 7 ocean product listUploaded byapi-349596555
- Electrical Charact N2XSEBYUploaded byKuwat Riyanto
- swimming pool installation manual.pdfUploaded byNebojša Radeta
- Standup Desk Philippines Quotation (Updated June 20, 2018)Uploaded byFrancis Juarez

- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- nullUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- nullUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- nullUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- nullUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- Travish 1989 461Uploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- UntitledUploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- travish 1998 525Uploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- travish 2000 0563Uploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- travish 2003 474Uploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- SLAC Instrumentation Talk MAY09 v2Uploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab
- kim 1993 0340Uploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab

- Rigorous Combined Mode Matching Intgeral Eqn Analysis of Horn AntennaUploaded byవేలుసామి లింగాసామి
- antenna_basicsUploaded byimya1
- NF Gain Correction for Txn Bw Horn AntennasUploaded byవేలుసామి లింగాసామి
- EE426 LabMan Exp1 5 Spr2013Uploaded byeleko1905
- Miller 7th Ed ReviewerUploaded byJoanna Fabricante
- Design and Simulation of Horn Antenna in x-Ku Band for Satellite CommunicationsUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Science & Technology
- Microwave Antennas - Slotted Broad Wall Antenna, Pyramidal Horn Antenna, Slotted Narrow Wall Antenna and Standard Gain Horn Antenna Supplier & Manufacturer From Indore, IndiaUploaded byRajul Pandey
- COMSOL HANDBOOK SERIES Essentials of Postprocessing and Visualization 5.1Uploaded byMustafa Demircioğlu
- Final PaperUploaded byEngr Gohar Mumtaz
- Miller 7th Ed Q&AUploaded byPhilip Cueto
- MICROWAVE ANTENNA LAB MANUAL (1).pdfUploaded bysurendra
- AWP NotesUploaded bySebastin Suresh
- Satellite Systems.pptxUploaded byrvanande21
- 05 2 Hfss Antenna ChornUploaded byYugesh Jaiswal
- CST horn AntennaUploaded by이경희
- AntennaUploaded byMark Cain Morningstar
- abstractUploaded byapi-254433258
- [] ANSI IEEE C63.5 ( [Electromagnetic Compatibilit(BookFi.org)Uploaded byoyavuz38
- Ansys Hfss Antenna w08 1 Hybrid Fem-ieUploaded byalkasinghmail
- Awp Course WorkUploaded bychaitanya
- Antenna Gain MeasurementUploaded byReddy Jakki
- (Certii) Multiple Choice Questions in CommunicationsUploaded byJunel Genorga
- Antenna Tutorial AssignmentUploaded byAbhishek Awasthi
- Microwave ManualUploaded byJoshua Duffy
- Ridged horn antennaUploaded bychmscem
- Course File VII Sem CBCS 2018-19Uploaded byravimhatti
- Manual MWEUploaded byshivanand_shettennav
- Mode Conversion From TE11 to TM11 in Circular Waveguide Using Step Discontinuity Method for Ku-Band ApplicationsUploaded byInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- 9A04503 Antennas & Wave PropagationUploaded byVenkat Narayana
- Communications qbUploaded byDenaiya Watton Leeh