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T h e W O R L D O F P R O T O C O L S in your network

analyzes

RADCOM, an acknowledged leader in network test and quality management solutions, offers innovative multi-technology testing equipment for VoIP, Cellular and Datacom system performance, providing session,
network and service level analysis for troubleshooting and monitoring the UMTS, GPRS and CDMA2000 networks, as well as a range of applications for establishing, maintaining and monitoring VoIP networks.

TCP/IP
Application Layer

MMSMultimedia
Messaging
Service

Responsible for interaction with the


operating system and providing
interface into the system (e.g., FTP,
TELNET, SMTP). Serving as a window for
applications to access network services,
it handles general network access, flow
control, error recovery and file transfers.

IRC

Gopher

Internet
Relay
Chat

FTP

Telnet

File
Transfer
Protocol

SMTP

GDP

Internet
Message
Access
Protocol

Border
Gateway
Multicast
Protocol

SSH

Secure
HTTP

Presence
& Instant
Messaging

Real-time
Streaming
Protocol

Secure
Shell

CODECs

POC

(Simple)

G.711

SS
Suplementary
Services

Video Signal

Audio Signal

Push to Talk
over
Cellular

H.261

G.728

FAX

DATA

T.38 (T.30)
G.722/6

Network
Time
Protocol

Access
Control
Protocol

G.723.1

ISAKMP/IKE

From
TCP

Internet
Security
Association
and Key
Management
Protocol

GSM

H.264

AMR

MPEG-2

CAMEL

INAP

(CAP)

RADIUS

Remote
Authentication
Dial In User
Service

IS41/MAP

Intelligent
Network
Application
Protocol

From
TCP/UDP

WAE
Wireless
Application
Environment

A12

T.120
Family

H.263

G.729

SMS
Short
Message
Service

ISO

PAD

(X.29)
Packet
Assembly/
Disassembly

CMIP

FTAM

VTP

CMISE

MMS

ODA

X.500

X.400

Common
Management
Information
Protocol

Mobile
Application
Part

Manufacturing
Messaging
Service

Files Transfer,
Access and
Management

Virtual
Terminal
Protocol

Office
Document
Architecture

Directory
Services

Common
Management
Information
Service Element

Electronic
Mail

From
TCP

MPEG-4

Remote Unix

HTTP
WWW

IMAP4

HTTPS

RTSP

NTP

TACACS

Access
Control
Protocol

Hyper Text
Transfer
Protocol

BGMP

Simple
Network
Management
Protocols

TACACS+

Post Office
Protocol
Version 3

Trivial File
Transfer
Protocol

SNMP 1-4

over TCP

POP3

Simple
Mail
Transfer
Protocol

X Windows

CMOT
CMIP

Security

TFTP

X.25

Cisco
Gateway
Discovery
Protocol

RLOGIN

RSHell

Remote
Unix
Login

Remote
Unix
Shell

PRINT

REXEC

Remote
Unix
Print (lpr)

From
Cellular

ISUP
ISDN

TUP

TCAP

Telephone
User Part

User Part

AMR

Transaction
Capabilities
Application
Part

Adaptive
Multi Rate

ROSE

Remote
Operations
Service
Elements

RWHO

Remote
Unix
Exec

Remote
Unix WHO
Protocol

ACSE

Association
Control
Service
Element

X.400

Reliable
Transfer
Service
Element

ISO PP

Presentation
Protocol

To
IP

DNS

Session Layer
Responsible for support of connections
between sessions, administrative tasks
and security. Providing the control
structure for communication between
applications, it establishes, manages
and terminates connections (sessions)
between cooperating applications.

RADIUS

Remote
Authentication
Dial In User
Service

LDAP

Light
Weight
Access
Protocol

(MPEG)
Digital
Storage
Media
Protocol

Diameter

From
docsis

TGCP

MGCP VARIANT

Registration
Admissions
and Status

SIP-T

SIP
Participant

SIP

MGCP
ASN.1/ASCII

Session
Initiation
Protocol

SKINNY

Megaco
ASN.1/ASCII

Media Gateway
Control Protocol

Skinny Client
Control
Protocol

H.248 Media
Gateway Control

HSRP

BGP

Hot Standby
Router
Protocol

XOT

Border
Gateway
Protocol

LDP

ISO DE ISO

Cisco
Systems
X.25 over
TCP

From
TCP/UDP

TPKT
TPKT
OSI

Development
Environment

From
TCP

From
ATM

To
MM/CC/
RR/SS

User Part

A15

Mobile IP

DUP

Mobile
Internet
Protocol

To
DLSW

Connection
Management
Call Control

Wireless
Control
Message
Protocol

A11

From
SS7(SCCP)

From
TCP/UDP

TCP

UDP

Transport
Control
Protocol

Session
Protocol

Wireless
Session
Protocol

From UDP

LLP

Direct
Transfer
Application
Part

LMU LCS
Protocols

SMLCPP

SMLC Peer
Protocol

Wireless
Transaction
Protocol

BSSLAP

BSS LCS
Assistance
Protocol

Data User
Part

XTP

User
Datagram
Protocol

BSS
Management
Application
Part

Signaling
Connection
Control Part

BSSMAP LCS
Extension

Wireless
Transport
Layer Security
Protocol

DTAP-LE
DTAP LCS
Extension

From
UDP

ISO TP (1-4)
Transport
Protocol

WDP

BICC

Express
Transport
Protocol

BSSMAP-LE

To
MDLP

From
TCP

Bearer
Independent
Call Control

BSSAP

Wireless
Datagram
Protocol

BSSAP-LE

Base Station
System
Application
Part

BSSAP LCS
Extension

From
ISO DE

From
UDP or other
Bearers

ICMP

Routing

Network Layer
RIP

(TCP/IP)
Routing
Information
Protocol

GRE

Generic
Routing
Encapsulation

E-IGRP

NHRP

Cisco
Enhanced
IGRP

GGP

Next
Hope
Routing
Protocol

Gateway to
Gateway
Protocol

DIFFserv

Differentiated
Services

Internet
Control
Message
Protocol

RSVP

Resource
Reservation
Protocol

DHCP

Dynamic
Host
Configuration
Protocol

DHCP v6
EGP

IGRP

Exterior
Gateway
Protocol

Cisco InterGateway
Routing
Protocol

MOSPF

IGP

Enhanced
OSPF

Interior
Gateway
Protocol

OSPF

NARP
NBMA

Open
Shortest
Path
First Protocol

RSRB

Cisco Remote
Source
Route
Bridging

Address
Resolution
Protocol

DVMRP

VRRP

Virtual Router
Redundancy
Protocol

Distance Vector
Multicast
Routing
Protocol

Dynamic
Host
Configuration
Protocol

To
Token
Ring

IGMP

PIM SM+DM

Internet
Group
Management
Protocol

Protocol
Independent
Multicast

To
ISOTP

To
XTP

OSPF v6
Open
Shortest
First
Protocol

IP v4

From
SONET
/SDH

BOOTP

VoDSL

Bootstrap
Protocol

RIP v6

Routing
Information
Protocol

LES
(PSTN)

V5
Protection

Emulated
Loop Control
Protocol

ICMP v6

TALI

Transport
Adapter
Layer
Interface

V5
Control

Internet
Control
Message
Protocol

M2PA

M2UA

MTP2
Peer-to Peer
Adaptation
Layer

MTP3 - User
Adaptation
Layer

From
TCP

Encapsulation
Security
Payload

To
PPP

Message
Transfer
Part Level 3

From
ATM

RARP

Reverse
Address
Resolution
Protocol

SNDCP

From
ATM

IARP

Inverse
Address
Resolution
Protocol

Generic
Routing
Encapsulation
To PPP To QLLC To IP

To
CODECs/IP

To IP To X.25

Routing
From IP

RLC

Q2630
ALCAP

Radio Link
Control

GPRS
Tunneling
Protocol

Iu Interface
User Plane

End System to
Intermediate
System
Routing

Packet Switched
Signaling
between Public
Networks

IS-IS

Intermediate
Routing
Protocol

IDRP

Interdomain
Routing
Protocol

Nb Interface
User Plane

D&M
Transport

V5
Link
Control

Authentication
Header

ES-IS

X.75

Packet
Layer
Protocol

From
UDP

AH IP

X.25

GTP

IuUP

NbUP

From
IP

Connectionless
Network
Protocol

GRE

Sub Network
Dependent
Convergence
Protocol

To CODECs

BTSM

Base
Transceiver
Station
Management

GR-303
IDLC

From
LAPB

Integrated
Digital Loop
Carrier

MAC

Address Resolution
Address
Resolution
Protocol

From
TCP

CLNP

A8, A10

MTP3B

Message
Transfer
Part Level 3

IP Security
ESP IP

ARP

MTP3

Internet
Protocol

From From
PPP X.25

Data Link Layer

MTP3 - User
Adaptation
Layer

Simple
Control
Transmission
Protocol

V5
BCC

Multi
Protocol
Label
Switching

M3UA

SCTP

V5
PSTN

IP v6

Internet
Protocol

MPLS

ISO 9577

ELCP

To PPP/IP

To IP To X.25

SIGTRAN

V5

NETWORK

NETWORK

Responsible for addressing and control


functions (e.g., routing) necessary to
move data through the network. This
covers establishing, maintaining and
terminating connections including
packet switching, routing, data
congestion, reassembly of data and
translation of logical addresses to
physical addresses.

ISO SP

WSP

Broadcast /
Multicast
Control

BSSMAP

SCCP

GDP

Gateway
Discovery
Protocol

WCMP

WTLS

Multiprotocol
Border
Gateway
Protocol

To
ISDN

SLARP

Cisco Serial
Line Address
Resolution
Protocol

Medium
Access
Control

MTP2

Message
Transfer
Part Level 2

LAP v 5DL

MLP

(X.25)
Multi-Link
Protocol

From
LAPB

FP

Frame
Protocol

ETHERTYPE
To
To
Token Ring Ethernet

LAPV5

To
PPP

CIF

ILMI (ATM)

Cell in
Frames

Tunneling

L2F

Layer 2
Forwarding
Protocol

From
IP

To DS1

Point to
Point
Tunneling
Protocol

IEEE 802.1p

MPOA

IEEE 802.1Q

Bridge
Spanning
Tree
Protocol

Q.93B

Circuit
Emulation
Service
To MPEG

H.223
From
SNAP

AAL1

Q.2931

AAL2

AAL3/4

Q.933
Annex A

To
IP/
IPV6

AAL5

ServiceSpecific
ConnectionOriented
Protocol

IEEE
802.3
CSMA/
CD

From
ATM
(AAL2)

IEEE
802.3
AB

From From From


T1,T3 E1,E3 SMDS

Inverse
Multiplexing
ATM

V,E,T Series

100 BASE-T

1000 BASE-LX

1000 BASE-T

1000 BASE-SX

SDH/SONET
G.703 PLCP
DS1 PLCP OS1 1.544 Mbps

OC-1

51.840
Mbps

DS3 PLCP OS3 45 Mbps

STM-1

OC-3
155.520
Mbps

STM-4
OC-12
622
Mbps

DS1

STM-16
OC-48
2488
Gbps

STM-48
OC-192
7.6
Gbps

STM-192
OC-768
40
Gbps

1.544 Mbps

DS2/d2

6.24 Mbps

1000 BASE-CX

DS3

45 Mbps

xDSL

E1

2 Mbps

E3

34 Mbps

HDSL
MTP1

Message
Transfer
Part Level 1

High Bit Rate


DSL

25 Mbps
ATM

ADSL

Asymmetric
DSL

Symetric DSL

10 GBE

LAN

Radio Link
Control

MAC

HDLC

High-level
Data-Link
Control

LAPB

Link Access
Procedure
Balanced

Extension
Protocol

SDTP

EAP

Cisco SLE

Cisco Serial
Line Encoding

LAPD

Link Access
Procedure D
Channel

PCU

BAP

Bandwidth
Allocation
Protocol

Packet
Control Unit

PPPBPDU

To TCP
To IP

LCP

Link
Control
Protocol

PPP Serial
Data
Transport
Protocol

To
X.25

Link
Quality
Report

To ISO

PPP
From
Ethernet

Point-to
Point
Protocol

Challenge
Handshake
Authentication
Protocol

OSINLCP

CSCP

BCP

ECP

SDCP

LEXCP

SPCP

BACP

CCP

IPCP

Encryption
Control
Protocol

MPPC

Microsoft
PPP
Compression
Protocol

MLP (PPP)
Multi-Link
Protocol

LZS

Compression
Protocol for
PPP

To
FDDI

Control Protocols

IPXCP

Internetwork
Packet
Exchange
Control Protocol

Extensible
Authentication
Protocol

CHAP

To
Token Ring

PPP
Bridging
Protocol

Bandwidth
Allocation
Control
Protocol

OSI Network
Layer
Control
Protocol

PPP Serial
Data
Control
Protocol

Compression
Control
Protocol

Cisco
Systems
Control
Protocol

LAN
Extension
Control
Protocol

Bridging
Control
Protocol

Stream
Protocol
Control
Protocol

InterneT
Protocol
Control
Protocol

From
ATM

E1 PLCP
E1
2.048
Mbps

E3 PLCP
E3
34.368
Mbps

DS1
1.544
Mbps

DS2
6.24
Mbps
DS4
140
Mbps

Interface Standards

V.24
or RS-232

V.36
or RS-449

V.35

RS-530

V.21
AT&T 103
300 bps

AT&T 209
9600 bps

V.22
AT&T 212
1200 bps

V.27 bis
4800 bps

V.29
9600 bps

V.32
9600 bps

V.11
or X.21

HSSI
High Speed
Serial
Interface

V.22 bis
2400 bps

V.26
2400 bps

V.26 bis
2400 bps

V.33
14.4 kbps

V.42

V.42 bis

Modem Standards

ATM

RADCOM home page: www.radcom.com

Product brand names may be trademarks of their respective owners and are mentioned for reference only. Information subject to change without notice. RADCOM makes no warranty of any kind, expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. RADCOM is not liable for errors contained herein.

Frame Relay

To
LAPB
ISDN-B
64 Kbps

To
Frame Relay
ISDN-D
16 Kbps BRI
64 Kbps PRI

ISDN-HO
384 Kbps

ISDN

ISDN-H11
1.563
Kbps

ISDN-H12
1.920
Kbps

PPP
US office: RADCOM Equipment Inc., 6 Forest Avenue, Paramus NJ 07652, USA
Tel: (201) 518-0033, Fax: (201) 556-9030, 1-800-RADCOM-4, e-mail: info@radcomusa.com
Israel office: RADCOM Ltd., 24 Raoul Wallenberg Street, Tel-Aviv 69719, Israel
Tel: +972-3-6455055, Fax:+972-3-6474681, e-mail: info@radcom.com

POS-WOP Revision B

Protocol information and updates: www.protocols.com

WAN

Frame Relay
Link Access
Procedure to
Frame
Mode
Bearer
Services
(LAPF)

Operations
and
Maintenance

DS3
45
Mbps

SHDSL

LEX
LAN

To
Ethernet

LQR

PHYSICAL

PHYSICAL

10 BASE-T

PDH G.804

DSO PLCP 64 Kbps

From
IP

OAM
(ATM)

To
PPP

IEEE 802.3z
Gigabit Ethernet

RLC

Medium
Access Control

(Frame Relay)
Local
Management
Interface

IMA

Q.931

FRF 12

LMI

Private
Network-toNetwork
Interface

ATM Cells

NSNetwork

SVC (Frame
Relay)
Switched Virtual
Connection
Control
Message

PNNI
(ATM)

From
TCP

Password
Authentication
Protocol

FRF 9
FRF 11

SSCOP
To
PPP

PAP

Base Station
System
GRPS
Protocol

T1.617
Annex D

Q.SAAL
To
Frame Relay

Consolidated
Link Layer
Management

BSSGP

Q.2140 (SS7)

CES

Multi
Protocol
Over ATM

V5
BPDU

Layer 2
Tunneling
Protocol

LAN
Emulation

Q.2971

PPTP

L2TP

CLLM

Signaling
UNI/NNI
(ATM)

LANE
(ATM)

Interim Local
Management
Interface

DATA LINK

DATA LINK

SNAP

Sub-Network Access Protocol

LLC 802.2

A9

CM/CC

DTAP

B-ISUP
B-ISDN

MBGP

Responsible for the transmission of


unstructured bit streams over a physical
medium. This covers the mechanical,
electrical and procedural characterisitics
required to establish, maintain and
deactivate physical links.

A14

WTP

From
UDP

OSI
Upper
Upper
TCP/IP
TCP/IP

Constraint
Based
Routing Label
Distribution
Protocol

Label
Distribution
Protocol

Reliable
UDP

Physical Layer

A1

A7

CR-LDP

RUDP

GMM/
SM

A13

TRANSPORT

TRANSPORT

Responsible for reliable, transparent


transfer of data between end points.
Providing end-to-end error recovery
and flow control, it deals with packet
handling, repackaging of messages,
dividing messages into smaller packets
and error handling.

Responsible for error-free transmission


and establishing logical connections
between stations. This is achieved by
packaging raw bits from the physical
layer into blocks of data (frames) and
sending these frames with the
necessary synchronization, error control
and flow control.

From
ISLP

A3

Routing

Transport Layer

Radio
Resource

Mobility
Management

BMC

Radio Access
Network
Application
Part

Radio Network
MM

RR

MM

Radio
Resource
Control
Protocol

RANAP

A5

NAS Protocols

RRC

Radio Network
Subsystem
Application
Part

Ras

Control

Node-B
Application
Part

Packet Data
Convergence
Protocol

RNSAP

H.245 H.225 (Q.931)

To
ISDN

To
IS0 TP

NCP

H.450 1-12

NBAP

PDCP

Positioning
Calculation
Application
Part

Supplementary
Services

From
TCP

Packet Cable

Session
Description
Protocol

To
PPP

Signaling

PCAP

T120, 122
T123, 125
H.235

SDP

To
IP

H.323 Signaling

DATA

Real-Time
Transport
Protocol

Signaling
To
SS7

DSMCC

RTP

Real-Time
Transport
Control
Protocol

From
UDP

RADIUS

Accounting

To
X.25

RTCP

Domain
Name
Server

To
PPP

SESSION

SESSION

PRESENTAT ION

PRESENTATION

Presentation Layer
Responsible for meaningful exchange
of data. Performing generally useful
transformations on data to provide a
standardized application interface and
common communications services, it
also provides services such as
encryption, text compression and
reformatting.

APPLICAT ION

APPLICAT ION

Internet Management

MMS

Telephony & Cellular (SS7, UMTS, GPRS, CDMA2000, WAP, V5)

VoIP