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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions

SI prefixes are often employed to denote decimal multiples and submultiples of the measuring factor, as shown in the tables below.

SI Multiples
Value 10±1 m 10±2 m 10±3 m 10±6 m 10±9 m 10±12 m 10±15 m 10±18 m 10±21 m 10±24 m Submultiples Symbol dm cm mm µm nm pm fm am zm ym Name deci centi milli micro nano pico femto atto zepto yocto Value 101 m 102 m 103 m 106 m 109 m 1012 m 1015 m 1018 m 1021 m 1024 m Multiples Symbol dam hm km Mm Gm Tm Pm Em Zm Ym Name deca hecto kilo mega giga tetra peta exa zettar yotta

Orders of magnitude in E notation 0 1 E-24 1 E-23 1 E-22 1 E-21 1 E-20 1 E-19 1 E-18 1 E-17 1 E-16 1 E-15 1 E-14 1 E-13 1 E-12 1 E-11 1 E-10 1 E-9 1 E-8 1 E-7 1 E-6 1 E-5 1 E-4 1 E-3 1 E-2 1 E-1 1 E0 1 E+1 1 E+2 1 E+3 1 E+4 1 E+5 1 E+6 1 E+7 1 E+8 1 E+9 1 E+10 1 E+11 1 E+12 1 E+13 1 E+14 1 E+15 1 E+16 1 E+17 1 E+18 1 E+19 1 E+20 1 E+21 1 E+22 1 E+23 1 E+24 1 E+25 1 E+26

Micro is also sometimes known as a micron.

Numerical Multipliers Value Name 2 10 hundred thousand 103 6 million 10 billion 109 12 trillion 10 1015 quadrillion quintillion 1018 sextillion 1021
Based on the Short Scale (US) multiplier names.

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions

SI tables for common and uncommon measurements

Legend Legend
definition exactly equal to approximately equal to digits indicates that digits repeat infinitely (e.g. 8.294 369 corresponds to 8.294 369 369 369 369«) (H) of chiefly historical interest =

Pressure Pressure
pascal (Pa) 1 Pa 1 bar 1 at 1 atm 1 torr 1 psi 1 N/m2 100,000 98,066.5 101,325 133.322 6,894.76 bar (bar) 10í5 106 dyn/cm2 0.980665 1.01325 1.3332×10í3 68.948×10í3 technical atmosphere atmosphere (at) (atm) torr (Torr) poundforce per square inch (psi) 145.04×10í6 14.5037744 14.223 14.696 19.337×10í3 1 lbf/in2

1.0197×10í5 9.8692×10í6 7.5006×10í3 1.0197 0.98692 750.06 1 kgf/cm2 0.96784 1.0332 1 atm í3 1.3595×10 1.3158×10í3 70.307×10í3 68.046×10í3 735.56 760 1 Torr; § 1 mmHg 51.715

Example reading: 1 Pa = 1 N/m2 = 10í5 bar = 10.197×10í6 at = 9.8692×10í6 atm, etc. Note: mmHg is an abbreviation for millimeters of mercury.

Luminance Luminance
Name of unit Symbol candela per square metre (SI base unit) lambert L Definition Relation to SI units cd/m2 = 1 cd/m2 (104/ ) cd/m2 3183.09886 cd/m2

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions Length Length
Name of unit metre (SI base unit) ångström astronomical unit bohr, atomic unit of length barleycorn (H) cable length (Imperial) cable length (International) cable length (U.S.) chain (Gunter's; Surveyor's) cubit (H) ell (H) fathom fermi finger finger (cloth) foot (Benoît)(H) foot (Clarke's; Cape)(H) foot (Indian)(H) foot (International) foot (Sear's)(H) foot (U.S. Survey) french; charriere furlong geographical mile (H) hand inch league (statute) light-day light-hour light-minute light-second light-year line link (Gunter's; Surveyor's) link (Ramsden's; Engineer's) Symbol m Å AU a0 Definition 1m = 0.1 nm Mean distance from Earth to the Sun Bohr radius of hydrogen in (see note above about rounding) 608 ft 1/10 nmi 720 ft 66.0 ft (4 rods)[2] 18 in [2] 45 in [2] 6 ft [2] 1×10 15 m [2] 7/8 in 4 ½ in Relation to SI units =1m 1×10 10 m = 149 597 870 691 ± 30 m 5.29 177 208 59×10 3.6×10 20 m[1] 0.008 m = 185.3184 m = 185.2 m = 219.456 m = 20.1168 m 0.5 m = 1.143 m = 1.8288 m = 1×10 15 m = 0.022 225 m = 0.1143 m 0.304 799 735 m 0.304 797 265 4 m 0.304 799 514 m = 0.3048 m 0.304 799 47 m 0.304 800 610 m = 3.3 ×10 4 m = 201.168 m = 1853.7936 m = 0.1016 m = 0.0254 m = 4828 m = 2.590 206 837 12×1013 m = 1.079 252 848 8×1012 m = 1.798 754 748×1010 m 2.997 924 58×108 m = 9.460 053×1015 m[2] = 0.002 116 m = 0.201 168 m = 0.3048 m
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±

ch ell fm fm

ft (Ben) ft (Cla) ft Ind ft ft (Sear) ft (US) F fur

12 inches = 1/3 yd 1200/3937 m [3] 1/3 mm 10 chains = 660 ft =220 yd[2] 6082 ft 4 in[2] 1/36 yd = 1/12 ft 3 mi[2] 24 light-hours 60 light-minutes 60 light-seconds

in lea

l.y. ln lnk lnk

1/12 in (Klein 1988, 63) 1/100 ch[2] 1 ft[2]

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions
mickey micron mil; thou mil (Sweden and Norway) mile mile (U.S. Survey) nail (cloth) nautical league nautical mile(international) nautical mile (Admiralty) pace palm parsec point (ATA) point (Didot; European) point (metric) point (PostScript) quarter rod; pole; perch (H) rope (H) span (H) spat[6] stick (H) pm, stigma, or bicron telegraph mile (H) twip x unit; siegbahn yard (International) 1/200 in µ mil mil mi mi NL; nl NM; nmi NM (Adm); nmi (Adm) pc pt pt pt pt rd rope 3/8 mm 1/72 in ¼ yd 16 ½ ft 20 ft[2] 9 in[2] 1012 m 2 in 1×10 12 m 6087 ft 1/1440 in 3 ft 36 in 0.013837 in[citation
needed]

1×10 3 in 10 km 1760 yd = 5280 ft 5280 ft (US) 2 ¼ in[2] 3 nmi[2] 1852 m [4] 6080 ft 2.5 ft[2] 3 in[2]

= 1.27×10 4 m 1×10 6 m = 2.54×10 5 m = 10000 m = 1609.344 m = 5280 × 1200/3937 m 1609.347 219 m = 0.05715 m = 5556 m = 1852 m 1853.184 m = 0.762 m = 0.0762 m = 3.08567782 ×1016 ± 6×106 m
[5]

= 0.000 351 459 8 m 0.000 376 065 m[citation needed] = 0.000 375 m[citation needed] = 0.000 352 7 m = 0.2286 m = 5.0292 m = 6.096 m = 0.2286 m = 1×1012 m = 0.05 08 m 1×10 12 m = 1855.3176 m = 1.763 8×10 5 m 1.0021×10 13 m[2] = 0.9144 m[3]

mi twp xu yd

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions Area Area
Name of unit acre are barn barony board boiler horsepower equivalent direct radiation circular inch circular mil; circular thou cord dunam hectare hide rood shed square chain square foot square inch square kilometre square link square metre (SI unit) square mil; square thou square mile; section square rod/pole/perch square U.S. Survey foot square U.S. Survey mile square yard stremma township yardland Symbol ac a b bd bhp EDR circ in circ mil Definition 10 sq ch = 4840 sq yd Relation to SI units = 4046.856 422 4 m² 100 m² 10 28 m² = 1.618 742 568 96×107 m² = 7.741 92×10 3 m² 12.958 174 m² 5.067 075×10 4 m² 5.067 075×10 10 m² = 1.486 448 64 m² = 1000 m² = 10 000 m² = 4.046 856 422 4×105 m² = 1011.714 105 6 m² 10 52 m² = 404.685 642 24 m² = 9.290 304×10 2 m² = 6.4516×10 4 m² = 106 m² = 4.046 856 422 4×10 2 m² = 1 m² = 6.4516×10 10 m² = 2.589 988 110 336×106 m² = 25.292 852 64 m² 9.290 341 161 327 49×10-2 m² 2.589 998×106 m² = 0.836 127 36 m² = 1000 m² 9.323 994×107 m² = 1.214 056 926 72×105 m²

4000 ac 1 in × 1 ft (1 ft²) (1 bhp) / (240 BTUIT/h) /4 sq in /4 mil² 192 bd 1000 m² 10 000 m² 100 ac ¼ ac 1 sq ch .10 ac 1 ft × 1 ft 1 in × 1 in 1 km² 1 lnk² 1m×1m 1 mil × 1 mil 1 mi × 1 mi 1 sq rd 1 sq ft (US) 1 sq mi (US) 1 yd × 1 yd 1000 m² 36 sq mi (US) 30 ac

ha ro sq ch sq ft sq in km² sq lnk m² sq mil sq mi sq rd sq ft sq mi sq yd

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions Volume Volume
Name of unit acre foot cubic metre (SI unit) litre lambda drop (metric) minim (Imperial) minim (U.S.) drop (U.S.) (alt) drop (Imperial) (alt) drop (U.S.) drop (medical) drop (Imperial) dash (U.S.) dash (Imperial) pinch (U.S.) pinch (Imperial) fluid scruple (Imperial) fluid drachm (Imperial) fluid dram (U.S.); U.S. fluidram teaspoon (Canadian) teaspoon (U.S.) teaspoon (metric) teaspoon (Imperial) dessertspoon (Imperial) tablespoon (Canadian) tablespoon (U.S.) tablespoon (metric) cubic inch tablespoon (Imperial) tbsp tbsp cu in tbsp fl s fl dr fl dr tsp tsp tsp Symbol ac ft m³ L Definition 1 ac x 1 ft = 43560 ft³ 1m×1m×1m 1 dm³ [7] 1 mm³ 1/20 mL 1/480 fl oz (Imp) = 1/60 fl dr (Imp) 1/480 US fl oz = 1/60 US fl dr 1/456 US fl oz 1/1824 gi (Imp) 1/360 US fl oz 1/12 ml 1/288 fl oz (Imp) 1/96 US fl oz = ½ US pinch 1/384 gi (Imp) = ½ pinch (Imp) 1/48 US fl oz = US tsp 1/192 gi (Imp) = (Imp) 1/24 fl oz (Imp) fl oz (Imp) US fl oz 1/6 fl oz (Imp) 1/6 US fl oz 1/24 gi (Imp) 1/12 gi (Imp) ½ fl oz (Imp) ½ US fl oz tsp Relation to SI units = 1 233.481 837 547 52 m³ = 1 m³ = 0.001 m³ = 1 ×10 9 m³ = 50.0 ×10 9 m³ = 59.193 880 2083 ×10 9 m³ = 61.611 519 921 875 ×10 9 m³ 64.854 231 ×10 9 m³ 77.886 684 ×10 9 m³ = 82.148 693 229 16 ×10 9 m³ = 83.03 ×10 9 m³ = 98.656 467 0138 ×10 9 m³ = 308.057 599 609 375 ×10 9 m³ = 369.961 751 302 08 3 ×10 9 m³ = 616.115 199 218 75 ×10 9 m³ = 739.923 502 604 16 ×10 9 m³ = 1.183 877 604 16 ×10 6 m³ = 3.551 632 812 5 ×10 6 m³ = 3.696 691 195 312 5 ×10 6 m³ = 4.735 510 41 6 ×10 6 m³ = 4.928 921 595 ×10 6 m³ 5.0 ×10 6 m³ = 5.919 388 020 83 ×10 6 m³ = 11.838 776 0416 ×10 6 m³ = 14.206 531 25 ×10 6 m³ = 14.786 764 782 5 ×10 6 m³ 15.0 ×10 6 m³ = 16.387 064 ×10 6 m³ = 17.758 164 062 5 ×10 6 m³

min min gtt gtt gtt gtt

1 in × 1 in × 1 in 5/8 fl oz (Imp)

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions
pony fluid ounce (Imperial) fluid ounce (U.S.) shot jigger gill (U.S.) gill (Imperial); Noggin cup (Canadian) cup (U.S.) cup (metric) breakfast cup pint (U.S. fluid) pint (U.S. dry) pint (Imperial) fifth quart (U.S. fluid) quart (U.S. dry) quart (Imperial) pottle; quartern board-foot gallon (U.S. fluid; Wine) gallon (U.S. dry) gallon (Imperial) beer gallon peck (U.S. dry) peck (Imperial) bucket (Imperial) timber foot cubic foot firkin bushel (U.S. dry level) bushel (Imperial) bushel (U.S. dry heaped) strike (U.S.) strike (Imperial) kilderkin sack (U.S.) sack (Imperial); bag barrel (U.S. dry) barrel (U.S. fluid) fl oz (Imp) US fl oz 3/4 US fl oz 1/160 gal (Imp) 1/128 gal (US) 1 US fl oz 1½ US fl oz 4 US fl oz 5 fl oz (Imp) 8 fl oz (Imp) 8 US fl oz 1/16 gal (US) 10 fl oz (Imp) gal (US) 1/64 bu (US lvl) gal (US dry) gal (Imp) 1/5 US gal ¼ gal (US fl) 1/32 bu (US lvl) = ¼ gal (US dry) ¼ gal (Imp) ½ gal (Imp) = 80 fl oz (Imp) 144 cu in 231 cu in bu (US lvl) = 22.180 147 171 875 ×10 6 m³ = 28.413 062 5 ×10 6 m³ = 29.573 529 562 5 ×10 6 m³ 29.57 ×10 6 m³ 44.36 ×10 6 m³ = 118.294 118 25 ×10 6 m³ = 142.065 312 5 ×10 6 m³ = 227.304 5 ×10 6 m³ = 236.588 236 5 ×10 6 m³ 250.0 ×10 6 m³ = 284.130 625 ×10 6 m³ = 473.176 473 ×10 6 m³ = 550.610 471 357 5 ×10 6 m³ = 568.261 25 ×10 6 m³ = 757.082 356 8 ×10 6 m³ = 946.352 946 ×10 6 m³ = 1.101 220 942 715 ×10 3 m³ = 1.136 522 5 ×10 3 m³ = 2.273 045 ×10 3 m³ = 2.359 737 216 ×10 3 m³ = 3.785 411 784 ×10 3 m³ = 4.404 883 770 86 ×10 3 m³ = 4.546 09 ×10 3 m³ = 4.621 152 048 ×10 3 m³ = 8.809 767 541 72 ×10 3 m³ = 9.092 18 ×10 3 m³ = 0.018 184 36 m³ = 0.028 316 846 592 m³ = 0.028 316 846 592 m³ = 0.034 068 706 056 m³ = 0.035 239 070 166 88 m³ = 0.036 368 72 m³ = 0.044 048 837 708 6 m³ = 0.070 478 140 333 76 m³ = 0.072 737 44 m³ = 0.081 829 62 m³ = 0.105 717 210 500 64 m³ = 0.109 106 16 m³ = 0.115 628 198 985 075 m³ = 0.119 240 471 196 m³

gi (US) gi (Imp); nog c (CA) c (US) c pt (US fl) pt (US dry) pt (Imp) qt (US) qt (US) qt (Imp) fbm gal (US) gal (US) gal (Imp) beer gal pk pk bkt cu ft bu (US lvl) bu (Imp) bu (US)

282 cu in ¼ US lvl bu 2 gal (Imp) 4 gal (Imp) 1 cu ft 1 ft × 1 ft × 1 ft 9 gal (US) 2150.42 cu in 8 gal (Imp) 1 ¼ bu (US lvl) 2 bu (US lvl) 2 bu (Imp) 18 gal (Imp) 3 bu (US lvl) 3 bu (Imp) 105 qt (US) = 105/32 bu (US lvl) 31½ gal (US)

bl (US) fl bl (US)

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions
coomb barrel (petroleum) barrel (Imperial) hogshead (U.S.) seam quarter; pail hogshead (Imperial) cord-foot butt, pipe perch cubic yard tun displacement ton water ton freight ton wey (U.S.) load register ton last cord (firewood) cubic fathom acre-inch cubic mile bl; bbl bl (Imp) hhd (US) 4 bu (Imp) 42 gal (US) 36 gal (Imp) 2 fl bl (US) 8 bu (US lvl) 8 bu (Imp) 2 bl (Imp) 16 cu ft 126 gal (wine) 16½ ft × 1½ ft × 1 ft 27 cu ft 252 gal (wine) 35 cu ft 28 bu (Imp) 40 cu ft 40 bu (US lvl) 50 cu ft 100 cu ft 80 bu (Imp) 8 ft × 4 ft × 4 ft 1 fm × 1 fm × 1 fm 1 ac × 1 in 1 mi × 1 mi × 1 mi = 0.145 474 88 m³ = 0.158 987 294 928 m³ = 0.163 659 24 m³ = 0.238 480 942 392 m³ = 0.281 912 561 335 04 m³ = 0.290 949 76 m³ = 0.327 318 48 m³ = 0.453 069 545 472 m³ = 0.476 961 884 784 m³ = 0.700 841 953 152 m³ = 0.764 554 857 984 m³ = 0.953 923 769 568 m³ = 0.991 089 630 72 m³ = 1.018 324 16 m³ = 1.132 673 863 68 m³ = 1.409 562 806 675 2 m³ = 1.415 842 329 6 m³ = 2.831 684 659 2 m³ = 2.909 497 6 m³ = 3.624 556 363 776 m³ = 6.116 438 863 872 m³ = 102.790 153 128 96 m³ = 4 168 181 825.440 579 584 m³

hhd (Imp)

per cu yd

cu fm cu mi

Angle Angle
Name of unit radian (SI unit) centesimal second of arc arcsecond centesimal minute of arc minute of arc angular mil grad; gradian; gon degree (of arc) sign octant sextant quadrant Symbol rad " " ' ' µ grad ° Definition 180°/ 1 grad/10000 1°/3600 1 grad/100 1°/60 2 /6400 rad 2 /400 rad = 0.9° /180 rad 30° 45° 60° 90° Relation to SI units 1 rad 1.570 796 µrad 4.848 137 µrad 0.157 080 mrad 0.290 888 mrad 0.981 748 mrad 15.707 963 mrad 17.453 293 mrad 0.523 599 rad 0.785 398 rad 1.047 198 rad 1.570 796 rad

Solid Angle Solid angle
Name of unit steradian Symbol sr Definition Relation to SI units (SI derived unit)

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions Mass Note: see Weight for detail of mass/weight distinction and conversion Mass
Name of unit kilogram, grave electron rest mass, atomic unit of mass electronvolt unified atomic mass unit dalton gamma point mite mite (metric) grain crith carat (metric) carat sheet scruple (apothecary) pennyweight dram (avoirdupois) dram (apothecary; troy) hyl (CGS unit) ounce (avoirdupois) assay ton (short) ounce (apothecary; troy) assay ton (long) mark pound (troy) pound (avoirdupois) Symbol kg; G me eV u; AMU Da Definition Relation to SI units (SI base unit) 9.109 382 15×10 31 ± 45×10 39 kg[8] = 1.782 6×10 36 kg 1.660 538 73×10 27 ± 13×10 35 kg 1.660 902 10×10 27 ± 13×10 35 kg 1 g = 2 mg = 3.239 945 5 mg = 50 mg 64.798 91 mg 89.9349 mg 200 mg 205.196 548 333 mg = 647.9891 mg = 1.295 978 2 g = 1.555 173 84 g = 1.771 845 195 312 5 g = 3.887 934 6 g = 9.806 65 g = 28.349 523 125 g 29.166 667 g = 31.103 476 8 g 32.666 667 g = 248.827 814 4 g = 0.373 241 721 6 kg = 0.453 592 37 kg Relation to avoirdupois units

1 eV (energy unit) / c2

1/100 kt (metric) 1/20 gr 1/20 g gr ct kt s ap dwt; pwt dr av dr t

3 1/6 gr 1/700 lb av 20 gr 1/20 oz t 27 11/32 gr 60 gr 1 gee × 1 g × 1 s²/m 1/16 lb 1 mg × 1 sh tn ÷ 1 oz t 1/12 lb t 1 mg × 1 long tn ÷ 1 oz t 8 oz t 5760 grains 7000 grains

oz av AT oz t AT

lb t lb av

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions
pound (metric) clove stone hyl (MKS unit) quarter (Imperial) slug; geepound bag (Portland cement) short hundredweight; cental long hundredweight bag (coffee) quintal (metric) wey long quarter (informal) quarter (informal) kip short ton tonne (mts unit) long ton barge Zentner slug 500 g = 3.628 738 96 kg = 6.350 293 18 kg = 9.806 65 kg = 12.700 586 36 kg 14.593 903 kg = 42.637 682 78 kg = 45.359 237 kg = 50.802 345 44 kg = 60 kg 100 kg = 114.305 277 24 kg (variants exist) = 254.011 727 2 kg = 226.796 185 kg = 453.592 37 kg = 907.184 74 kg 1000 kg = 1016.046 908 8 kg = 20,411.656 65 kg Definitions vary; see [9] and [10].

st

sh cwt long cwt or cwt q

8 lb av 14 lb av 1 gee × 1 kg × 1 s²/m 1/4 long cwt = 2 st = 28 lb av 1 gee × 1 lb av × 1 s²/ft 94 lb av 100 lb av 112 lb av 60 kg 252 lb = 18 st ¼ long tn ¼ short tn 1000 lb av 2000 lb 2240 lb 22 ½ sh tn

kip sh tn t long tn or ton Ztr.

In physics, the pound of mass is sometimes written lbm to distinguish it from the pound-force (lbf). It should not be read as the mongrel unit "pound metre".

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions Time Time, t
Name of unit second Symbol s Definition time of 9192631770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the 2 hyperfine levels of the ground state of the cesium 133 atom at 0 K (but other seconds are sometimes used in astronomy) (G /c5)½ a0/( ·c) 10 13 s 10 8 s 10 6 s 1/60 s 1/100 s 1/1080 h 86 400 s / 1000 90 s 1/100 d 1/96 d 60 min 24 h average time between consecutive midnights 7d 2 wk 29 d 30 d 31 d 365 d 365.2425 d 365.25 d time taken for Sun to return to the same position with respect to the stars of the celestial sphere 365.256363 d 4 a of 365 d 5 a of 365 d 8 a of 365 d Relation to SI units (SI base unit)

Planck time atomic unit of time svedberg shake sigma jiffy jiffy (alternate) helek minute milliday moment ke(traditional) quarter (of an hour) hour day day week fortnight month (hollow) month month (full) year (Calendar) year (Gregorian) year (Julian) sidereal year au S

min md

ke h d d wk mo mo mo a, y, or yr a, y, or yr a, y, or yr a, y, or yr

1.351 211 818×10 43 s 2.418 884 254×10 17 s = 100 fs = 10 ns =1 s .016667 s = 10 ms 3.333333 s 60 s 86.4 s 90 s 864 s 900 s = 3600 s = 86 400 s 86400 s = 604 800 s = 1 209 600 s = 2 505 600 s = 2 592 000 s = 2 678 400 s = 31 536 000 s = 31 556 952 s = 31 557 600 s 31 558 149.7632 s = 1.2614×108 s = 1.5768×108 s = 2.522

Olympiad lustre; lustrum octaeteris

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions
88×108 s = 3.1536×108 s = 5.996 16×108 s = 2.398 377 6×109 s = 3.1536×109 s = 3.155 76×109 s = 9.593 424×109 s = 3.1536×1010 s = 3.155 695 2×1010 s = 3.155 76×1010 s = 4.607 409 6×1010 s

decade enneadecaeteris; Metonic cycle Callippic cycle century (Calendar) century (Julian) Hipparchic cycle millennium (Calendar) millennium (Gregorian) millennium (Julian) Sothic cycle generation

10 a of 365 d 110 mo (hollow) + 125 mo (full) = 19 a of 365 d 441 mo (hollow) + 499 mo (full) = 76 a of 365.25 d 100 a of 365 d 100 a of 365.25 d 4 Callippic cycles - 1 d 1000 a of 365 d = 365,000 d 1000 a of 365.2425 d = 356,242.5 d 1000 a of 365.25 d = 365,250 d 1461 a of 365 d

Speed or Velocity Speed
Name of unit metre per second (SI unit) foot per hour furlong per fortnight inch per minute foot per minute inch per second kilometre per hour foot per second mile per hour knot knot (Admiralty) mile per minute mile per second speed of light in vacuum speed of sound in air mach Symbol m/s fph ipm fpm ips km/h fps mph kn kn mpm mps c s M 331 m/s[citation needed] Definition Relation to SI units 1 m/s 8.466 667×10 5 m/s 1.663 095×10 4 m/s 4.23 333×10 4 m/s = 5.08×10 3 m/s = 2.54×10 2 m/s 2.777 778×10 1 m/s = 3.048×10 1 m/s = 0.447 04 m/s 0.514 444 m/s 0.514 773 m/s = 26.8224 m/s = 1609.344 m/s = 299 792 458 m/s 344 m/s at 20 °C, 60% relative humidity[11] 331 m/s

1 ft/h furlong/fortnight 1 in/min 1 ft/min 1 in/s 1 km/h 1 ft/s 1 mi/h 1 NM/h = 1.852 km/h 1 NM (Adm)/h = 1.853 184 km/h[citation needed] 1 mi/min 1 mi/s = 1.609 344 km/s 299 792 458 m/s

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions
A velocity consists of a speed combined with a direction; the speed part of the velocity takes units of speed.

Acceleration Acceleration
Name of unit metre per second squared (SI unit) foot per hour per second inch per minute per second foot per minute per second galileo inch per second squared foot per second squared mile per hour per second knot per second standard gravity mile per minute per second mile per second squared Symbol m/s² fph/s ipm/s fpm/s Gal ips² fps² mph/s kn/s g mpm/s mps² Definition 1 m/s² 1 ft/(h·s) 1 in/(min·s) 1 ft/(min·s) 1 cm/s² 1 in/s² 1 ft/s² 1 mi/(h·s) 1 kn/s Relation to SI units = 1 m/s² 8.466 667×10 5 m/s² 4.233 333×10 4 m/s² = 5.08×10 3 m/s² = 10 2 m/s² = 2.54×10 2 m/s² = 3.048×10 1 m/s² = 4.4704×10 1 m/s² 5.144 444×10 1 m/s² 9.806 65 m/s² 1 mi/(min·s) = 26.8224 m/s² 1 mi/s² = 1.609 344×103 m/s²

Force Force
Name of unit atomic unit of force dyne (cgs unit) milligrave-force, gravet-force kilogram-force; kilopond; graveforce kip; kip-force newton (SI unit) ounce-force pound-force poundal sthene (mts unit) ton-force Symbol dyn mGf; gf kgf; kp; Gf kip; kipf; klbf N ozf lbf pdl sn tnf Definition me· ²·c²/a0 g·cm/s² g×1g g × 1 kg g × 1000 lb kg·m/s² g × 1 oz g × 1 lb 1 lb·ft/s² 1 t·m/s² g × 1 sh tn Relation to SI units 8.238 722 06×10 8 N [12] = 10 5 N = 9.806 65 mN = 9.806 65 N = 4.448 221 615 260 5 ×103 N =1N = 0.278 013 850 953 781 2 N = 4.448 221 615 260 5 N = 0.138 254 954 376 N = 1 ×103 N = 8.896 443 230 521 ×103 N

See also: Conversion between weight (force) and mass

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions Pressure or Mechanical Stress Pressure
Name of unit atmosphere (standard) atmosphere (technical) bar barye (cgs unit) centimetre of mercury centimetre of water (4 °C) foot of mercury (conventional) foot of water (39.2 °F) inch of mercury (conventional) inch of water (39.2 °F) kilogram-force per square millimetre kip per square inch micron (micrometre) of mercury millimetre of mercury millimetre of water (3.98 °C) pascal (SI unit) pièze (mts unit) pound per square foot poundal per square foot pound per square inch short ton per square foot torr torr Symbol atm at bar cmHg cmH2O ftHg ftH2O inHg inH2O kgf/mm² ksi mHg mmHg mmH2O Pa pz psf pdl/sq ft psi 1 dyn/cm² 13 595.1 kg/m³ × 1 cm × g 999.972 kg/m³ × 1 cm × g 13 595.1 kg/m³ × 1 ft × g 999.972 kg/m³ × 1 ft × g 13 595.1 kg/m³ × 1 in × g 999.972 kg/m³ × 1 in × g 1 kgf/mm² 1 kipf/sq in 13 595.1 kg/m³ × 1 m × g 0.001 torr 13 595.1 kg/m³ × 1 mm × g 1 torr 999.972 kg/m³ × 1 mm × g = 0.999972 kgf/m² N/m² = kg/(m·s²) 1000 kg/m·s² 1 lbf/ft² 1 pdl/sq ft 1 lbf/in² 1 sh tn × g / 1 sq ft 101 325/760 Pa Definition Relation to SI units 101 325 Pa [13] = 9.80665 ×104 Pa
[13]

1 kgf/cm²

105 Pa = 0.1 Pa 1.333 22 ×103 Pa [13] 98.0638 Pa [13] 40.636 66 ×103 Pa [13] 2.988 98 ×103 Pa [13] 3.386 389 ×103 Pa [13] 249.082 Pa [13] = 9.806 65 ×106 Pa [13] 6.894757 ×106 Pa [13] 0. 133 322 4 Pa
[13]

133.322 4 Pa [13] = 9.806 38 Pa = 1 Pa [14] = 1 ×103 Pa = 1 kPa 47.880 25 Pa [13] 1.488 164 Pa [13] 6.894 757 ×103 Pa [13] 95.760 518 ×103 Pa 133.322 4 Pa [13]

Torque Torque
Name of unit Newton metre (SI unit) foot-poundal inch-pound force foot-pound force Symbol N·m ft pdl in lbf ft lbf Definition N × m = kg·m²/s² 1 lb·ft²/s² g × 1 lb × 1 in g × 1 lb × 1 ft Relation to SI units = 1 N·m = 4.214 011 009 380 48×10 2 N·m = 0.112 984 829 027 616 7 N·m = 1.355 817 948 331 400 4 N·m

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions Energy Energy
Name of unit joule (SI unit) electronvolt rydberg hartree, atomic unit of energy erg (cgs unit) foot-poundal cubic centimetre of atmosphere; standard cubic centimetre inch-pound force foot-pound force calorie (20 °C) calorie (thermochemical) calorie (15 °C) calorie (International Table) calorie (mean) calorie (3.98 °C) kilocalorie; large calorie litre-atmosphere gallon-atmosphere (US) gallon-atmosphere (imperial) British thermal unit (thermochemical) British thermal unit (ISO) British thermal unit (63 °F) British thermal unit (60 °F) British thermal unit (59 °F) British thermal unit (International Table) British thermal unit (mean) British thermal unit (39 °F) Celsius heat unit (International Table) cubic foot of atmosphere; standard cubic foot cubic yard of atmosphere; standard cubic yard cubic foot of natural gas horsepower-hour Symbol J eV Ry Eh erg ft pdl cc atm; scc in lbf ft lbf cal20 °C calth cal15 °C calIT calmean cal3.98 °C kcal; Cal l atm; sl US gal atm imp gal atm BTUth BTUISO BTU63 °F BTU60 °F BTU59 °F BTUIT BTUmean BTU39 °F CHUIT cu ft atm; scf cu yd atm; scy hp·h Definition m·N = W·s = V·A·s = kg·m²/s² e×1V R · ·c me· ²·c² (= 2 Ry) 1 g·cm²/s² 1 lb·ft²/s² 1 atm × 1 cm³ g × 1 lb × 1 in g × 1 lb × 1 ft Relation to SI units = 1 J= 1.602 176×10 2.179 872×10 4.359 744×10

J J 18 J
19 18

= 10 7 J = 4.214 011 009 380 48×10 2 J = 0.101 325 J = 0.112 984 829 027 616 7 J = 1.355 817 948 331 400 4 J 4.1819 J 4.184 J 4.1855 J 4.1868 J 4.190 02 J 4.2045 J = 4.1868 ×103 J = 101.325 J = 383.556 849 013 8 J = 460.632 569 25 J 1.054 350 ×103 J 1.0545 ×103 J 1.0546 ×103 J 1.054 68 ×103 J 1.054 804 ×103 J = 1.055 055 852 62 ×103 J 1.055 87 ×103 J 1.059 67 ×103 J = 1.899 100 534 716 ×103 J = 2.869 204 480 934 4 ×103 J = 77.468 520 985 228 8 ×103 J = 1.055 055 852 62 ×106 J = 2.684519537696172792 ×106 J

1000 calIT 1 atm × 1 L 1 atm × 1 gal (US) 1 atm × 1 gal (imp)

1 BTUIT × 1 K/°R 1 atm × 1 ft³ 1 atm × 1 yd³ 1000 BTUIT 1 hp × 1 h

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions
kilowatt-hour; Board of Trade Unit thermie therm (U.S.) therm (E.C.) ton of TNT barrel of oil equivalent ton of coal equivalent ton of oil equivalent quad kW·h; B.O.T.U. th 1 kW × 1 h 1 McalIT 100 000 BTU59 °F 100 000 BTUIT 1 Gcalth 5.8 ×106 BTU59 °F 7 Gcalth 10 Gcalth 1015 BTUIT = 3.6 ×106 J = 4.1868 ×106 J = 105.4804 ×106 J = 105.505 585 262 ×106 J = 4.184 ×109 J 6.12 ×109 J = 29.3076 ×109 J = 41.868 ×109 J = 1.055 055 852 62×1018 J

tTNT bboe TCE TOE

Power Power
Name of unit watt (SI unit) lusec foot-pound-force per hour atmosphere cubic centimetre per minute foot-pound-force per minute atmosphere cubic centimetre per second BTU (International Table) per hour atmosphere cubic foot per hour foot-pound-force per second litre-atmosphere per minute calorie (International Table) per second BTU (International Table) per minute atmosphere-cubic foot per minute square foot equivalent direct radiation litre-atmosphere per second horsepower (metric) horsepower (European electrical) horsepower (Imperial mechanical) horsepower (Imperial electrical) ton of air conditioning Symbol W lusec ft lbf/h atm ccm ft lbf/min atm ccs BTUIT/h atm cfh ft lbf/s L·atm/min calIT/s BTUIT/min atm·cfm sq ft EDR L·atm/s hp hp hp hp 1 t × 1005 J/kg × 1 °R/K ÷ 10 min Definition J/s = N·m/s = kg·m²/s³ 1 L·µmHg/s [15] 1 ft lbf/h 1 atm × 1 cm³/min 1 ft lbf/min 1 atm × 1 cm³/s 1 BTUIT/h 1 atm × 1 cu ft/h 1 ft lbf/s 1 atm × 1 L/min 1 calIT/s 1 BTUIT/min 1 atm × 1 cu ft/min 240 BTUIT/h 1 atm × 1 L/s 75 m kgf/s 75 kp·m/s 550 ft lbf/s Relation to SI units =1W 1.333×10 4 W 3.766 161×10 4 W = 1.688 75×10 3 W = 2.259 696 580 552 334×10 2 W = 0.101 325 W 0.293 071 W = 0.797 001 244 704 W = 1.355 817 948 331 400 4W = 1.688 75 W = 4.1868 W 17.584 264 W = 47.820 074 682 24 W 70.337 057 W = 101.325 W = 735.498 75 W = 736 W = 745.699 871 582 270 22 W 746 W 844.2 W

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions
poncelet BTU (International Table) per second atmosphere-cubic foot per second ton of refrigeration (IT) ton of refrigeration (Imperial) boiler horsepower bhp p BTUIT/s atm cfs 100 m kgf/s 1 BTUIT/s 1 atm × 1 cu ft/s 1 BTUIT × 1 sh tn/lb ÷ 10 min/s 1 BTUIT × 1 lng tn/lb ÷ 10 min/s 34.5 lb/h × 970.3 BTUIT/lb = 980.665 W = 1.055 055 852 62×103 W = 2.869 204 480 934 4×103 W 3.516 853×103 W 3.938 875×103 W 9.810 657×103 W

Angular Momentum Action, Angular momentum
Name of unit SI unit atomic unit of action cgs unit Symbol Definition J·s kg·m²/s au = /2 erg·s Relation to SI units = 1 J·s 1.054 571 596×10 34 J·s = 10 7 J·s

Capacitance Capacitor's Ability to Store Charge
Name Symbol Definition of unit farad F amount of capacitance for which a potential difference of one volt results in a static charge of one coulomb Relation to SI units

Electric Current Electric current
Name of unit ampere (SI base unit) esu per second; statampere (cgs unit) electromagnetic unit; abampere (cgs unit) Symbol Definition Relation to SI units A 1A A=C/s esu/s (0.1 A·m/s) /c 3.335 641×10 10 A abamp 10 A

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions Magnetic Field Magnetic field
Name of unit teslas amperes/meter gauss Symbol Definition Relation to SI units T webers per square meter (SI unit) A/m G maxwell / cm2 104 T[16]

Magnetic Flux Magnetic flux
Name of unit weber Symbol Wb Definition magnetic flux which, linking a circuit of one turn, would produce in it an electromotive force of 1 volt if it were reduced to zero at a uniform rate in 1 second Relation to SI units =V*s=

Electric Charge Electric charge
Name of unit coulomb (SI unit) atomic unit of charge statcoulomb; franklin; electrostatic unit (cgs unit) abcoulomb; electromagnetic unit (cgs unit) faraday Symbol C au statC; Fr; esu abC; emu F Definition A·s e (0.1 A·m) /c Relation to SI units =1C 1.602 176 462×10 19 C 3.335 641×10 10 C 10 C 96,485.3383 C

1 mol × NA·e

Electromotive Force Voltage, Electromotive force
Name of unit volt (SI unit) abvolt (cgs unit) statvolt (cgs unit) Symbol V abV statV Definition kg·m²/(A·s³) Relation to SI units =1V 1×10 8 V c· (1 J/A·m) = 299.792 458 V

Electrical Resistance Electrical resistance
Name of unit Symbol Definition ohm (SI unit) V/A Relation to SI units = kg·m²/(A²·s³)

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions Inductance Inductance
Name of unit Symbol henry (SI unit) H Definition Relation to SI units =1H

Dynamic Viscosity Dynamic viscosity
Name of unit Symbol pascal second (SI unit) Pa·s poise (cgs unit) P Definition Relation to SI units N·s/m² , kg/(m·s) = 1 Pa·s 10 1 Pa·s

Kinematic Viscosity Kinematic viscosity
Name of unit Symbol Definition SI unit m²/s m²/s stokes (cgs unit) St Relation to SI units = 1 m²/s 10 4 m²/s

Information Entropy Information entropy
Name of unit SI unit nat; nip; nepit bit; shannon ban; hartley nibble byte kilobyte (decimal) kilobyte (kibibyte) Symbol J/K nat bit; b; Sh ban; Hart B kB KB; KiB Definition J/K kB ln(2) × kB ln(10) × kB 4 bits 8 bits 1000 B 1024 B Relation to SI units = 1 J/K = 1.3806505(23) × 10 23 J/K = 9.569940(16) × 10 24 J/K = 3.1790653(53) × 10 23 J/K = 3.8279760(64) × 10 23 J/K = 7.655952(13) × 10 23 J/K = 7.655952(13) × 10 20 J/K = 7.839695(13) × 10 20 J/K

Often, information entropy is measured in shannons, whereas the (discrete) storage space of digital devices is measured in bits. Thus, uncompressed redundant data occupy more than one bit of storage per shannon of information entropy. The multiples of a bit listed above are usually used with this meaning. Other times the bit is used as a measure of information entropy and is thus a synonym of shannon.

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Charts and Tables for SI, Metric and ASE Measurements and Conversions Temperature Temperature
Name of unit kelvin (SI base unit) degree Celsius degree Rankine degree Fahrenheit degree Delisle degree Newton degree Réaumur degree Rømer Symbol K °C °R; °Ra °F °De °N °Ré °Rø Definition 0°C=freezing pt. of H2O, 100°C=boiling pt. of H2O at 1 atm Relation to SI units 1K [K] = [°C] + 273.15 [K] = [°R] × 5 9 [K] = ([°F] + 459.67) × 5 9 [K] = 373.15 [°De] × 2 3 [K] = [°N] × 100 33 + 273.15 [K] = [°Ré] × 5 4 + 273.15 [K] = ([°Rø] 7.5) × 40 21 + 273.15

Radioactivity Radioactivity
Name of unit Becquerel (SI base unit) Rutherford curie Symbol Bq rd Ci Definition disintegration per second s-1 1 MBq 3.7 * 1010 Bq Relation to SI units = 1 Bq = 1 * 106 Bq = 3.7 * 1010 Bq[17]

Radioactivity - Absorbed Dose

Radioactivity - absorbed dose
Name of unit Symbol gray Gy rad rad Definition Relation to SI units 1J/kg = 1m2·s-2[18] = 1 Gy 0.01 Gy = 0.01 Gy

Radioactivity - Equivalent Dose

Radioactivity - equivalent dose
Name of unit Sievert (SI base unit) Röntgen equivalent man Symbol Definition Sv rem 0.01 Sv Relation to SI units = 1 Sv = 0.01 Sv

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