8 views

Uploaded by Jaica Mangurali Tumulak

rwr

- sol_5b10
- Qik Return
- Intro to Statics
- McGrawHill Functions 11 Unit 5
- Formulas
- 4 - 4 - 4.4 Plotting (17-47)
- 80aad Ps Sqs 2013preview Pages for Web
- 4umaths Summary
- kelm401.pdf
- Cap01FisicaPDFAmaldi
- Vector
- Applications of Vectors
- UT1
- AP_Physics_B_-_Vectors.ppt
- Vector 3
- Lect04
- Vectors 201Ldsdsfdfsdfs
- solutions to chapter 13
- UT1
- wikimama Class 12 Ch 10 Vector

You are on page 1of 50

well as direction.

displacement, velocity, force,

momentum

A scalar has only a magnitude.

Some scalar quantities: mass,

time, temperature

Distance is the length of the actual path

taken by an object.

s = 20 m

A

A scalar quantity:

Contains magnitude

only and consists of a

number and a unit.

Displacement is the straight-line

separation of two points in a specified

direction.

D = 12 m, 20o

A

A vector quantity:

Contains magnitude

AND direction, a

number, unit & angle.

A vector is represented on paper by an

arrow

1. the length represents magnitude

2. the arrow faces the direction of

motion

direction. It is represented by an arrow. The length of

the vector represents the magnitude and the arrow

indicates the direction of the vector.

vectors have

same magnitude

but different

direction.

vectors have

same magnitude

and direction so

they are equal.

vectors have

same direction

but different

magnitude.

Two vectors are equal if they have the same direction and

magnitude (length).

Magnitude of a Vector

(Magnitudeof A) A A

that describes its size.

the vector but without the arrow on top of it.

x2 , y2

Terminal

Point

Initial

Point

x1, y1

same direction are said to be

parallel.

Two vectors that have

opposite directions are said

to be anti-parallel.

same length and the same

direction are said to be

equal no matter where they

are located.

The negative of a vector is a

vector with the same

magnitude (size) but

opposite direction

dimension, simple

addition and subtraction

are all that is needed.

You do need to be careful

about the signs, as the

figure indicates.

Easy Adding

their speedometer. (plane speed not speed

with respect to the ground (actual speed)

What

factor is

affecting

their

velocity?

If the motion is in two dimensions, the situation is

somewhat more complicated.

Here, the actual travel paths are at right angles to

one another; we can find the displacement by

using the Pythagorean Theorem.

Perpendicular Vectors

When 2 vectors are perpendicular, you may use the

Pythagorean theorem.

A man walks 95 km, East

then 55 km, north.

Calculate his

RESULTANT

DISPLACEMENT.

55 km, N

c 2 a 2 b2 c a 2 b2

c Resultant 952 552

95 km,E

c 12050 109.8 km

Example

A bear, searching for food wanders 35 meters east then 20 meters north.

Frustrated, he wanders another 12 meters west then 6 meters south. Calculate

the bear's displacement.

- =

12 m, W

- =

6 m, S

14 m, N

20 m, N

35 m, E

R

q

23 m, E

The Final Answer:

23 m, E

14 m, N

14

Tanq .6087

23

q Tan1 (0.6087) 31.3

26.93m31.3

26.93m,31.3

To

Toadd

addvectors,

vectors,we

weput

putthe

theinitial

initialpoint

pointof

ofthe

thesecond

second

vector

vector on

onthe

theterminal

terminalpoint

pointof

ofthe

thefirst

firstvector.

vector. The

The

resultant

resultantvector

vector has

hasan

aninitial

initialpoint

pointat

atthe

theinitial

initialpoint

point

of

ofthe

thefirst

firstvector

vector and

andaaterminal

terminalpoint

pointat

atthe

theterminal

terminal

point

pointof

ofthe

the second

secondvector

vector(see

(seebelow--better

below--bettershown

shown

than

thanput

putin

inwords).

words).

Terminal

point of w

vw

Initial point of v

w

Move w over keeping

the magnitude and

direction the same.

Vector Addition

Vector C of a vector sum of vectors A and C.

Example: double displacement of particle.

addition doesnt matter).

18

way.

v

A number multiplied in front of a vector is called a scalar. It

means to take the vector and add together that many times.

3v

v

v

v

u

find the following:

u v

3w

w

w

w

u v

u

2u 3w v v

u

u

v

w

w

Vector Subtraction

Subtract vectors:

A B A (B)

23

Any vector can be expressed as the sum

of two other vectors, which are called its

components. Usually the other vectors are

chosen so that they are perpendicular to

each other.

Remember:

soh

cah

toa

perpendicular, they can be

found using trigonometric

functions.

Adding Vectors by

Components

A

Adding Vectors by

Components

Bx

B

B

Ay

Ax

Adding Vectors by

Components

B

Ay

Ax

B

y

Bx

Adding Vectors by

Components

B

Ay

B

y

Ry

Ax

Bx

Rx

Adding Vectors by

Components

B

A

R

q

Rx

Ry

method...

Adding Vectors by

Components

Use the Pythagorean Theorem and Right Triangle Trig

to solve for R and q

2

R Rx Ry

R

1

y

q tan

Rx

Analytical (component)

Method

Polar Form of Vectors

= ,

=

=

Example

= 10 , 45

= 10

= 450

Caution

Addition of vectors in polar form cannot be

done algebraically

Ex. A = 5 km, 45 deg

B = 4 km, 135 deg

C = 3 km, 270 deg

R = 12 km, 450 deg

Vectors can only be added algebraically if

they are parallel or antiparallel

Component Form

= ,

= cos + sin

and

= 10 , 45

= 10 (45) + 10 sin 45

= 7.07 + 7.07

= 10 , 45

= 10 (45) + 10 sin 45

= 7.07 + 7.07

10

7.07

7.07

= 20 , 120

= 20 (120) + 20 sin 120

= 10 + 17.32

20

17.32

10

= 7.07 + 7.07

= 10 + 17.32

R = -2.93 km x + 24.39 km y

17.32

10

7.07

7.07

Analytical Method

= 12 km, 30 deg

= 6 km, 60 deg

+=

= +

= +

1 +2 + 3 =

Component Method

x

D1

D2

D3

620km, 0 deg

440km, 315 deg

550 km, 233 deg

620km (cos 0)

440km (cos 315)

550km (cos 233)

y

620km (sin 0)

440km (sin 315)

550km (sin 233)

x

D1

D2

D3

620km, 0 deg

440km, 315 deg

550 km, 233 deg

R

620km

311km

-331 km

0km

-311 km

-439 km

600 km

-750 km

Adding vectors:

1. Draw a diagram; add the vectors graphically.

2. Choose x and y axes.

3. Resolve each vector into x and y components.

cosines.

5. Add the components in each direction.

6. To find the magnitude of the vector, use:

2 + 2

x

+y

Direction:

is the vector pointing at?

x

y

3. if

Quadrant 1 =

Quadrant 2 =

Quadrant 3 = +

Quadrant 4 =

Q2

Q3

Q1

Q4

+x

+y

+x

y

Magnitude of R =

960

Angle of R =

6002 + 750

1 750

600

360-51

=51 deg at Q4

= 309 degrees

= 600 750

600

750

Adding Vectors by

Components

Mail carriers displacement.

A rural mail carrier leaves the post office and drives

22.0 km in a northerly direction. She then drives in a

direction 60.0 south of east for 47.0 km. What is her

displacement from the post office?

Magnitude

22

47

Direction

90

-60

X

0

23.5

23.5

Y

22

-40.70319398

-18.70319398

23.5

+ 18.7

23.5

+ 18.7

= 30.0

Magnitude

22

47

Direction

90

-60

X

0

23.5

23.5

Y

22

-40.70319398

-18.70319398

18.7

1

=

23.5

():

=

= 180

= 180 +

= 360

()=

Scaling Vectors

31 22 + 43 =

D1

D2

D3

620km, 0 deg

440km, 315 deg

550 km, 233 deg

2*D2 = 880 km, 315 deg

+4*D3 = 2200 km, 233 deg

x

2*D2 = 880 km, 315 deg

4*D3 = 2200 km, 233 deg

R

- sol_5b10Uploaded byHei Kwong
- Qik ReturnUploaded bySathyaAsokan
- Intro to StaticsUploaded byTresor Mavinga Mvg
- McGrawHill Functions 11 Unit 5Uploaded byblabdude123
- FormulasUploaded byrajashekarpula
- 4 - 4 - 4.4 Plotting (17-47)Uploaded byMohammed Gofran Chowdhury
- 80aad Ps Sqs 2013preview Pages for WebUploaded byQedew Er
- 4umaths SummaryUploaded bysherin
- kelm401.pdfUploaded bymsujoy
- Cap01FisicaPDFAmaldiUploaded byLuis Salazar
- VectorUploaded byAai Dela Para
- Applications of VectorsUploaded byHamza Kahemela
- UT1Uploaded byEng Chai
- AP_Physics_B_-_Vectors.pptUploaded byaly
- Vector 3Uploaded byPaolo Naguit
- Lect04Uploaded byAli khan7
- Vectors 201LdsdsfdfsdfsUploaded byAsh
- solutions to chapter 13Uploaded byapi-307595838
- UT1Uploaded byEng Chai
- wikimama Class 12 Ch 10 VectorUploaded byWikimama
- Chapter 1 (PHY111)(1)Uploaded byGustavo
- Add Maths Form 5Uploaded byMuhd Azim
- Trigo V2010 2Uploaded bySiti Aizatie Ramli
- solving right angled triangleUploaded byapi-253901565
- 2013_Test Answers SolutionsUploaded byJohn Tan Guan Zhong
- On the Second OrderUploaded byVinay Gupta
- 5893 27244 Cbse Xii Chemistry Project DetermiUploaded byTapas Kumbhakar
- RigidFoldableCylindricalOrigami Tachi IASS2009Uploaded byKibito Tato
- Markscheme UnitC4(6666) June2014Uploaded byAidan Wiseman
- Test3 06 SolutionsUploaded byricedragon

- Sample Problems in Quality Control 1Uploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- 1907 50 Centavos CoinUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- Heneral Luna HereUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- Vitamin AUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- 47 Antimycobacterial DrugsUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- 2015-DyslipidemiaUploaded byHannah Lei
- Toxi ReportUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- Precolonial PhilippinesUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- PresUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- 92900_ch22Uploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- Exercise 2Uploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- 2015 Loose Tabelets and Capsules IdentifierUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- 2. Cholera El TorUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- AimeeUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- Administrative Order No. 55, sUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- Exp4.SeriesParallelUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- Template for Paper Critique ActivityUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- ReflectionUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- PHYSICS #2Uploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- Cover StoryUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- NematodesUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- Endocrine SystemUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- Catholic Social TeachingUploaded byBS
- Inference in Regression CoefficientsUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- freqdist.pdfUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- Inference in Two MeansUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak
- Immuno.sav DescriptionUploaded byJaica Mangurali Tumulak

- Development of a New Type High-efficiency Inner-Cone HydrocycloneUploaded byZhao Yuqiao
- P25Uploaded byJeff Hatcher
- Assignment 1 MOS.docxUploaded byGaurav Raj
- Chapter 1 - Stress and StrainUploaded byLuke Nate Sarmiento
- PMM07 - A Unified Strategic View of Organizational MaturityUploaded bySuhail Iqbal
- Bac 2016 Pondichery Lv1 TechnologiqueUploaded byResultatsExams
- There Are Hidden Variables in QuantumUploaded bymohdfaudzi
- AccutronMAQS_2013Uploaded byEnrique Alonso
- Micro Epsilon Wire Sensor P60 P96 EnUploaded bykirubakaran
- Drilling PptUploaded byVenkata Ramana
- Ccme With VbUploaded bySanja Lektorić Ex Đurić
- Pendaftaran Ulang IICC.pdfUploaded byRicky Fatrian Manalu
- Math 208 psUploaded byAmin
- General Psychology - PSYC 001 Z1 - Course Syllabus or Other Course-Related DocumentUploaded byContinuing Education at the University of Vermont
- engineering geology unit 1Uploaded byHemanth Kumar
- 1_Introduction to biological statistics.pdfUploaded byJonathan German Alacio
- 2005_Tanis Polat_NilginUploaded byعمر طلال حسن
- CBSE project on logic gatesUploaded byAbhishek Singh
- SAIC-L-2084 Rev 0Uploaded byphilipyap
- Emerging Trends in Satellite Technology and Applications Seminar SummaryUploaded byAnisiobi Chiagoziem
- BTS I and CUploaded byDiwakar Mishra
- Blommaert_from_mobility_to_complexity-libre.pdfUploaded byMegan Kennedy
- materials-07-07130Uploaded byGibran Juniansyah
- Terminode Remote Routing (Synopsis)Uploaded bysanjaykumarguptaa
- waridUploaded byapi-19759801
- DV for MOOEUploaded byLea Madelon
- dcdUploaded byDaniel Chen
- Controls for Differentiated StrategiesUploaded byaparnaiyer88
- bill becomes law - rubric 3Uploaded byapi-354421161
- Exp1_version1.0Uploaded byOmr Darwish