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Fertilizer Handling Code of Practice

1. Introduction
The purpose of this code of practice is to establish appropriate standards for operators and
service providers within the fertilizer industry when handling fertilizer products in public areas
and company storages. The fertilizer industry recognises its obligations to comply with
legislative requirements and to eliminate as far as practicable the hazards resulting from the
transport, storage and associated handling of fertilizer products.
Industry participants also need to be aware of other obligations and associated Fertilizer
Australia codes of practice including DoA Biosecurity requirements, Fertilizer Australia
Security code of practice and Fertilizer Australia Purchasing code of practice which may be
applicable to a particular operation.
Fertilizer Australia members are committed to complying with the codes of practice as a
condition of membership. Members who store, transport or physically handle fertilizer
products should implement this code of practice. Where members use third parties to store,
transport, or physically handle fertilizer products, then implementation of the codes of
practice by the third party should be part of the contractual arrangements.
Where applicable, members should ensure that the code of practice is adopted by their
supply chain partners.
The code of practice is publicly available so that all participants in the industry can have
access to this resource.
2. Scope
The code of practice covers all types of fertilizers, including solids and liquid formulations,
and both bulk and packaged products.
The primary focus of the code of practice is management of product loss and the associated
environmental hazards; it should be used in addition to procedures to manage cross
contamination (i.e. contamination of agricultural produce resulting from fertilizer treatments
eg. flutriafol and occupational health and safety issues.

Fertilizer Australia Incorporated

Registration No. A0025290C

Z:\1 Data\Member Documents\Codes of Practice\Fertilizer Handling Code


of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 1 of 21

This code covers workplaces that transport, store and handle fertilizers, including bulk port
facilities, major supply warehouses and up country storages.
3. Interpretations
3.1. This document is drafted to establish a risk assessment approach which will
help achieve the required standards of applicable legislation, and should not be
construed in any way to circumvent or replace these laws.
3.2. The code has been written with specific reference to the fertilizer industry, but
may also be applicable to other industries with similar storage hazards.
4. Implementation
The code of practice provides a risk assessment and treatment approach to managing
issues associated with loss of product containment. As each worksite is different, the code
of practice should be used to develop a risk management plan appropriate to the worksite.
The risk management plan should be documented and include procedures to manage and
monitor consistent implementation.
The Fertilizer Australia document Cracking the Nutrient Code provides details on the key
components of a risk management plan. These include:
1. Know what to look for: Awareness of all potential nutrient risk categories i.e. leach, load,
run and blow.
2. Evaluate current activities: Given an understanding of the potential nutrient management
risks, thinking about current practices helps to focus in on key risks and improvement
opportunities.
3. Consider the environmental context: take stock of the environment in and around the
storage area to identify those places potentially impacted by fertilizers practices e.g.
groundwater, waterways, soils, neighbors, native fauna and flora and air.
4. Prioritize risks: Having identified risks associated with current activities and their
environmental context, evaluate the importance of each of these risks. Clearly high and
very high risk categories need to be given management priority.
5. Identify best management practices: Best management practices need to be identified
and in some cased developed to minimise these risks.
6. Foster continuous improvement: Implement the four steps of Plan, Do, Measure and
Improve.
7. Identify appropriate management tools: Management tools are techniques and
technologies which enable both the implementation and the monitoring of best
management practices e.g. water, air and soil sampling and analysis.
Appendix 1 summarizes the typical activities and their associated hazards, product loss risks
and control options for a range of operations including fertilizer port operations, transport
and storage. This may be useful in developing individual site risk management plans.
Simple check lists can be a useful tool in implementing risk management procedures and
ensuring compliance.
Each site risk management plan should be reviewed at regular intervals and whenever
changes are made to the systems or procedures in use.
Fertilizer Australia Incorporated

Registration No. A0025290C

Z:\1 Data\Member Documents\Codes of Practice\Fertilizer Handling Code


of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 2 of 21

5. Fertilizer Storage Operations


Many bulk products including fertilizers are imported or moved domestically either in bulk
cargo ships or shipping containers. These dispatch and cargo operations result in the
movement of large volumes of product in short periods of time.
As part of these activities, fertilizer importers and their contractors have obligations to control
and monitor their operations to ensure compliance to applicable legislation.
Fertilizers are also stored at many sites across the country in bulk and / or various sized
packages. Storage operations include receiving product, any associated handling and
dispatch of the product.
Due to the nature of the storage method, bulk fertilizer storage facilities generally involve
greater potential for loss of product containment compared to packaged fertilizer storages.
For this reason, bulk fertilizer storage will be given particular focus.
The fertilizer industry does not support the storage of solid fertilizer in silos or field bins.
Where customers choose to use these storage methods, silos must be designed to
accommodate the physical properties of the fertilizer being stored (refer to Australian
Standards AS 3773 Bulk Solids Containers Safety Requirements and AS 3774 - Loads on
Bulk Solids Containers).
Issues of product segregation can be greater with packaged fertilizers particularly when
fertilizer is place in a warehouse with other products e.g. agricultural chemicals. Site
managers need to be aware of potential risks, any regulatory compliance issues and
implement sound operating practices.
As part of these activities, fertilizer organizations and their contractors have obligations to
control and monitor their operations to ensure compliance to applicable legislation and
minimal off site impact.

Fertilizer Australia Incorporated

Registration No. A0025290C

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of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 3 of 21

5.1. Port Operations


General Port operations for bulk fertilizer products involve receiving from bulk ships as
follows.

Bulk ship
berths
On initial entry, trucks
checked for cleanliness.
Crane and/or self
discharge operations
conducted
Hopper operation
and truck loading

Truck tarps removed


and tailgate
confirmed as
fastened

Truck tarping

Truck tips off


over-weights

Truck weighing and


either tip off / or
approval for
despatch
Truck drives to
storage on public
roads

For each of these activities a number of controls must be set to ensure that vehicles:
are in fit condition to be loaded;
are loaded within legal weight requirements; and
have loads fully secured and covered.

Fertilizer Australia Incorporated

Registration No. A0025290C

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of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 4 of 21

5.2. Receiving Bulk Solid Product


The procedure for receival of bulk solid fertilizer varies from site to site depending on
factors such as type of bulk storage (i.e. silos v bulk bays) and the materials handling
equipment available (i.e. multiveyors v front end loaders). A generalized procedure is
illustrated below.
Driver receives delivery instructions
including weighing if appropriate and
follows approved internal route within
store

Truck tarps removed, documents


checked, load checked for cleanliness,
tailgate opened and load is tipped

Site bulk handling equipment moves


product to the storage space

Where practical, loose fertilizer is


removed from truck prior leaving the
tipping point. If this is not possible truck
driven to blow-down point, where
compressed air & / or brooms are used to
remove loose fertilizer

Truck driver refits tarpaulin and fastens


tailgate

Where rumble strips are available, truck


driver drives over onsite rumble strips to
remove any residual fertilizer

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Registration No. A0025290C

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of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 5 of 21

5.3. Receiving Bulk Liquid Product

The generalized procedure for receival of bulk liquid fertilizer is illustrated below.
Driver receives delivery instructions
including weighing if appropriate

Truck follows approved internal


route within store

Tanker vents are opened,


discharge hoses connected at the
designated spot

Site bulk liquid handling equipment


moves the product to the storage
tank

Hoses are drained in an approved


manner. Valves & tanker vents
closed, discharge hoses are
disconnected

Truck exits the site following


approved internal route

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Registration No. A0025290C

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of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 6 of 21

5.4. Dispatching Bulk Solid Product


The generalized procedure for dispatching of bulk solid fertilizer is illustrated below.

Driver receives dispatch


instructions including weighing if
appropriate

Truck tarp removed, checked for


cleanliness and tailgate confirmed
as fastened

Approved site weighing


methodology followed

Site bulk handling equipment


moves product from bulk storage
space into the truck

Truck tarps are secured

Fertilizer Australia Incorporated

Registration No. A0025290C

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of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 7 of 21

5.5. Dispatching Bulk Liquid Product


The generalized procedure for dispatching of bulk liquid fertilizer is illustrated below.
Driver receives dispatch
instructions including weighing if
appropriate

Road tanker & dispatch


equipment checked for cross
contamination & cleanliness

Approved site weighing /


measuring methodology followed

Relevant vents are opened, filling


hoses connected at the
designated spot

Site bulk liquid handling


equipment moves the product to
the tanker

Hoses are drained in an approved


manner. Valves & tanker vents
closed, filling hoses are
disconnected

Truck exits the site following


approved internal route

Distribution site activities should be designed to receive and dispatch bulk vehicles in an
efficient and safe manner ensuring that empty vehicles are fully discharged and loaded
vehicles have tailgates, tarpaulins fully in place and valves and vents closed before
departure.
Fertilizer Australia Incorporated

Registration No. A0025290C

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of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 8 of 21

For each of these activities, a number of controls must be set to ensure that bulk storage
device, handling equipment and vehicles:
are fit for purpose
are in sound operating condition with minimal potential for product loss or
degradation;
have appropriate guarding in place around moving parts
are operated / loaded within specification / legal requirements; and
loads have been fully secured and covered.
6. Bulk fertilizer operations Critical Control Points
Each site should make an assessment of where risks of product loss could occur. These are
areas where sites should establish critical control points where actions should be targeted
to minimise the risk of losses and to detect and rectify losses that may occur. Examples of
common critical control points are listed below, however sites may also have specific issues
not listed which should also be identified.
6.1. Port Operations
Grabbing off ship
Overfilled grabs
Overspill when emptying grab into hopper
Excavator / bobcats when lifted into / out of ship hatches
Hopper operations spills to roadway and truck body
Spill on to truck cabin, tarps or chassis
Spills to the waterway
Over filled trucks
Leaking hopper discharge valves
General wharf hygiene
Over filled trucks
Tipping in tip-off bays - fertilizer build up on chassis
Overfill caught on tarps
Weighbridge
Over loaded trucks
Vehicle leaks
Tarpaulins damaged or not in place
6.2. Port to Store transit
Tailgate leaks
Tarpaulin not in place or leaking
Spill from tarp
Spill from body of truck
Spills from rough road surfaces
Spills from corners and roundabouts on route
6.3 Bulk Solid Unloading Operations
Truck tipping with axles covered by fertilizer pile
Sufficient capacity in the bulk storage space to take the load
Bulk storage space loss of containment
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Registration No. A0025290C

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ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 9 of 21

Fertilizer dust generation and air movement


Cross contamination issues in handling equipment and bulk storage space
Containment of fertilizer spills
Tailgates not closed and sealed
Driving through spilled fertilizer
Cross contamination issues in the unloading equipment
Bulk handling equipment loss of containment
Residual fertilizer on chassis
Tipping truck overturns

6.4 Bulk liquid Unloading Operations


Sufficient capacity in the bulk storage vessel to take the load
Ventilation of bulk tank and road tanker during discharge and filling
Cross contamination issues in the unloading equipment
Cross contamination issues in the bulk storage space
Containment of liquid in discharge hose when making & breaking connections
Hose / connection loss of containment
Pump loss of containment
Bulk storage vessel loss of containment
Valves not closed and sealed
7 Prevention
For each critical control point identified in point 6, an appropriate prevention action or
strategy should be identified. Likely controls for the common critical control points are listed
below, however other controls may be suitable for specific circumstances.
7.1

Prevention of spillage and tracking of fertilizer residues during shipping


operations at Ports can be controlled by implementing some or all of the
following:
Well maintained equipment grabs and hoppers suitable to the task
Use of spill plates to cover gaps between vessel and hopper
Trained and competent grab and weighbridge operators to prevent over flow
and over filling equipment
Good housekeeping practices on weighbridges and internal roadways
When rainfall occurs during discharge, consider storm water containment,
recovery and disposal in an approved manner
Prevention of trucks from driving through fertilizer residues
Use of ropes and / or cattle grates to shake excess product and dust off the
truck body, tarps and chassis before leaving the Port
Preparation and inspection of truck before loading - tailgates and grain
hatched closed
Vehicle Inspections for damaged seals or potential leaks
Tarps clear from hopper chute when loading
Tarps secured before leaving Port
Rumble ropes positioned for trucks to travel over before they leave the Port
Inspection and clean down areas prior to entering any public roads

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Registration No. A0025290C

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of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 10 of 21

Traffic management route between Port and store that minimizes sharp turns,
round-abouts and stop / starts

7.2
Transport Operators
Transport companies engaged for bulk transport operations must ensure that they
take all reasonable steps to prevent the spillage of fertilizer onto roadways. The
following conditions and activities should be put into operation as part of their chain
of responsibility.
Trucks suitable to task, all grain doors and tailgates with effective seals
Staff and contractors engaged for 12 months or longer are Fertcare Level A
trained (Product Knowledge and Transport), licensed and competent truck
drivers. Casual staff who do not provide advice to end-users must be managed
by a Fertcare trained supervisor and be briefed by the supervisor about the
environment, food safety and OH&S risks associated with fertilizers.
Following site rules / and road rules traveling over rumble ropes
Tarp all loads before leaving sites
Travelling agreed route during shipping activity
Undertaking appropriate site inductions
Training in this code of practice
Not clean out truck bins on the side of public road
Reporting spills and incidents
Private operators have the same responsibilities as company engaged transport
companies.
7.3

Preventing solid fertilizer loss of containment at storage sites can be


controlled by implementing some or all of the following:
Staff and contractors engaged for 12 months or longer are Fertcare Level A
(Product Knowledge and Storage) trained and competent depot staff
Staff and contractors engaged for 12 months or longer are Fertcare Level A
trained (Product Knowledge and Transport), licensed and competent truck
drivers.
Casual staff who do not provide advice to end-users must be managed by a
Fertcare trained supervisor and be briefed by the supervisor about the
environment, food safety and OH&S risks associated with fertilizers.
Well maintained bulk storage space e.g. sheds, bays, silos etc and packaged
solids storage suitable for the products / task are located and constructed to
avoid loss of fertilizer to waterways, groundwater and minimize dust
generation and drift.
Site storm water management with appropriate infrastructure and operating
procedures
Appropriate site security infrastructure and product security procedures.
Bulk and packaged goods handling equipment suited for the task
Well maintained bulk and packaged goods handling equipment
Appropriate product segregation
Good housekeeping practices in storage, unloading / loading area,
weighbridges and internal roadways

Fertilizer Australia Incorporated

Registration No. A0025290C

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of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 11 of 21

7.4

Cross contaminated product and housekeeping waste disposed of in an


approved manner
Appropriate dust management practices in place
Labelling of bulk storage spaces
Develop and implement site traffic management plans
Prevention of trucks and materials handling equipment from driving through
fertilizer residues
Clean edges to stockpiles
Use of mechanical cleaning equipment front end loader, skid steer or
sweeper
Site truck bin cleaning waste and empty package waste is contained and
disposed of in an approved manner
Documented emergency response management plan
Emergency response equipment fit for purpose and maintained in working
order
Preventing liquid fertilizer loss of containment at storage sites can be
controlled by implementing some or all of the following:
Well maintained bulk storage tanks and packaged liquids storage suitable for
the products / task
Appropriate tank and unloading / loading bunding in place
Site storm water management with appropriate infrastructure and operating
procedures
Appropriate site security infrastructure and product security procedures
Bulk and packaged goods handling equipment suitable for the task
Well maintained bulk and packaged goods handling equipment
Appropriate practices for handling residual liquid in transfer hoses, pipes and
storage vessels
Labelling of bulk storage tanks
Develop and implement site traffic management plans
Prevention of trucks and materials handling equipment from driving through
fertilizer residues
Site equipment and tanker rinse water is contained and disposed of in an
approved manner
Appropriate product segregation
Good housekeeping practices in storage, unloading / loading area,
weighbridges and internal roadways
Cross contaminated product and housekeeping waste disposed of in an
approved manner
Documented emergency response management plan
Cleanup and emergency response equipment appropriate for the products
being stored and in good working order

7.5
Spill Clean Up
Site managers and transport operators should have procedures in place to
effectively clean up any identified spills and dispose of all waste in an approved
manner.
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Registration No. A0025290C

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ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 12 of 21

8 Training
The employer must ensure that workers are either sufficiently experienced to do their work
safely and without harm to the environment or supervised by an experienced person. In
addition, the worker must be provided with adequate information and training in the safe and
appropriate use of equipment in the workplace, including hazards in the workplace, personal
protective equipment and safe systems of work. Information and training on the hazards
associated with the storage of fertilizer and the controls to be implemented shall be provided
to workers.
9 Cross Contamination & treated fertilizer handling
9.1Transport and handling equipment
Bulk trucks, handling equipment and storage vessels e.g. silos are sometimes used for both
food (e.g. grain) and fertilizer. Fertilizer is sometimes treated with other chemicals such as
fungicides which can be a potential source of unacceptable pesticide residue in farm
produce. Cross contamination events regularly occur throughout Australia and are a major
risk to market access for grain growers if unacceptable residues are detected.
Dedicated transport, handling and storage equipment for treated fertilizer is ideal. If this is
not achievable, attention needs to be paid to equipment hygiene when changing between
product (e.g. fertilizer to grain) even for non-treated fertilizer. The goal of cleaning is to
remove any fertilizer dust or chemical residues.
Please refer to the product label for specific guidance on individual pesticides or products
used to treat fertilizer. In the absence of specific hygiene guidance, two methods of cleaning
are suggested:
Sweeping or using compressed air followed by washing. The addition of Truck Wash
to water may assist with removal of residues. This is the preferred option for grain
transport and storage equipment; otherwise
Compressed air by itself as an absolute minimum.
Note that just sweeping with a broom or compressed air by itself is unlikely to adequately
remove fertilizer dust and chemical residues to the extent that thorough wash-down with
water achieves.
When such clean down procedures are followed, take care to dispose of rinsate / dust in an
approved manner.
For more information refer to the GRDC Grain Marketing and Pesticide Residues Fact Sheet
(July 2014).
9.2 Blending equipment
Consider potential cross contaminate issues with blending and handling equipment used
to treat fertilizer with pesticides / other chemicals. Could the next non treated fertilizer
batch contain the previous pesticide and be used on a non-target (off label) crop / stock
feed? Are appropriate clean down and waste disposal procedures in place?

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Registration No. A0025290C

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of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 13 of 21

Appendix 1. Activity Assessment and Controls


ACTIVITY

HAZARD

POTENTIAL CONTROL OPTIONS

Port Operations
Crane operation - Grabbing fertilizer
from ship.

Overfilled grabs increased chance of


spilling fertilizer on to truck body.

Well maintained equipment grabs and hoppers suitable to the task.

Overspill when emptying grab into hopper.

Trained and competent operators to prevent over flow and over filling
equipment.

Exactor / bobcats when lifted into /


out of ship hatches.

Spill to roadway.

Clean down roadways and equipment

Hopper operation and truck loading.

Spills to roadway and truck body.

Well maintained equipment grabs and hoppers suitable to the task.

Spill on to truck cabin, tarps or chassis.

Use of spill plates.

Spill to waterway.

Trained and competent operators to prevent over flow and over filling
equipment.

Over filled trucks.


Leaking hopper discharge valves.
General wharf hygiene.
Truck weighing and / either tip off or
approval for dispatch.

Over loaded trucks.

Trained and competent operators.

Vehicle leaks.

Calibrated equipment.

Tarpaulins damaged or not in place.

Vehicle inspections for damaged seals or potential leaks.


Tarpaulins pulled back away from hopper chute.

Over filled trucks.

Fertilizer Australia Incorporated

Tipping in tip-off bays - fertilizer build up on


chassis.

Rumble ropes positioned for trucks to travel over before they leave the
port.

Overfill caught on tarps.

Prevention of vehicles driving through fertilizer residues

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Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 14 of 21

ACTIVITY

HAZARD

POTENTIAL CONTROL OPTIONS

Transit between Port &


Store
Truck travels to store.

Tailgate leaks.
Tarpaulin not in place or leaking.

Traffic management route between Port and store that minimizes sharp
turns, round-abouts and stop / starts.

Spill from tarp.


Spill from body of truck.
(At Port controls to prevent spills)

Spills from rough road surfaces.


Spills from corners and roundabouts on
route.
Truck returns to Port for next load.

Tailgate not sealed.

Direct trucks over rumble strips and / or cattle grates to shake off loose
product.

Spills from fertilizer on tarp.

Clean under rumble strips and cattle grates to eliminate residue tracking.

Spills from chassis of truck.

Trucks departing store take the longest route before entering public
roads.

Residue tracking.

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Registration No. A0025290C

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of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 15 of 21

ACTIVITY

HAZARD

POTENTIAL CONTROL OPTIONS

Bulk Solid Unloading


Operations
Truck driver removes tarpaulin,
opens tailgate and tips off.

Truck tipping with axels covered by


fertilizer pile.
Residual fertilizer on chassis.
Fertilizer dust on truck body.
Tipping truck overturns.

Handling equipment used for


product
stacking
e.g.
bins,
conveyor, multiveyors & augers.

Where practical, loose fertilizer is removed from truck prior leaving the
tipping point.
Trucks fitted with rubber cover strips across rear to prevent product build
up on axles and chassis.
Direct trucks over rumble strips and / or cattle grates to shake off loose
product.
Clean under rumble strips and cattle grates to eliminate residue tracking.
Trucks departing store take the longest route before entering public
roads.
Source tip friendly trucks.
Site staff supervise truck drivers throughout tipping process.
Correct load distribution prior to unloading.
Ensure area where tipping takes place is level.
Minimize time product is in the truck to reduce potential for product hang
ups.

Cross contamination issues.

Inspect equipment prior to use and take appropriate action.

Incorrectly positioned and / or overfilled


product catching tray / bin.

Correct positioning of the tipping truck relative to the catching tray / bin.

Dust generation and potential off site


impacts.

Appropriate control of the flow rate from the truck to the catching tray /
bin.
Spills are contained and cleaned up.
Choose appropriate equipment to minimize dust generation.
Conditions at the time of unloading e.g. wind direction and strength.

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Review Date:

Adopted
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10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 16 of 21

ACTIVITY
Filling of the bulk solids storage
space e.g. storage bay, silo etc.

HAZARD

POTENTIAL CONTROL OPTIONS

Inappropriate storage space for the


product being stored e.g. single super in a
silo.
Silos toppling over due to product hang up
inside silos.

Storage space fit for purpose, designed and constructed to relevant


standards.
Minimise storage period in silos and conduct regular stock rotations.
Receival area clearly signposted with product identified.
Inspect bulk storage space prior to use and take appropriate action.

Cross contamination issues.


Bulk solid storage space leaks allowing
loss of containment to waterways,
groundwater and air.

Well maintained bulk storage spaces.


Fertcare Level A trained site staff who are competent operators to
prevent over flow and over filling equipment.

Overfilling of the bulk solids storage space.

Truck drives to cleaning point


before exiting site.

Driver does not go to cleaning station


before exiting.
Driving through spilled fertilizer.

Tailgates closed and sealed.

Tailgates not closed and sealed.

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Avoid driving through spilled fertilizer.


Clean up spilled fertilizer immediately and dispose of correctly.

Residue tracking.

Fertilizer Australia Incorporated

Truck drivers Fertcare Level A trained, licensed and competent

ABN 71 395 757 876

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Tipping trucks should be cleaned with compressed air and or brooms


before leaving the depot.

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 17 of 21

ACTIVITY

HAZARD

POTENTIAL CONTROL OPTIONS

Bulk Solid Dispatch


Operations
Presentation of empty truck for
loading.

Cross contamination issues.

Truck inspection prior to loading and take appropriate action.

Tailgate / vehicle leaks.


Tarpaulin not in place or leaking.
Spill from tarp.
Spill from body of truck.

Handling equipment used to load


product e.g. front end loader, bins,
screens, conveyor, multiveyors &
augers.

Cross contamination issues.

Inspect equipment prior to use and take appropriate action.

Overfilled bin.

Trained and competent operators to prevent over flow and over


filling equipment.

Screen chooks / blocks.


Leaking hopper discharge valves.
Dust generation and potential off site impacts.
Spills to roadways and truck body.

Regular cleaning of screens.


Choose appropriate equipment to minimize dust generation.
Conditions at the time of unloading e.g. wind direction and strength.
Spills are contained and cleaned up.

Spills onto tarps or chassis.

Regular use of street sweeper to ensure site roadways are clean.

Overfilled truck.
General site handling area hygiene.
Truck weighing.

Over loaded trucks.

Trained and competent operators.

Vehicle / tailgate leaks.

Calibrated equipment.

Tarpaulins damaged or not in place.

Vehicle and tarpaulins inspected for leaks.

Tailgates not closed and sealed.

Fertilizer Australia Incorporated

Registration No. A0025290C

Z:\1 Data\Member Documents\Codes of Practice\Fertilizer Handling Code


of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 18 of 21

ACTIVITY

HAZARD

POTENTIAL CONTROL OPTIONS

Bulk Liquid Unloading


Operations
Handling equipment used to unload
tanker e.g. hoses, pipes, pumps &
valves.

Cross contamination issues.

Inspect equipment prior to use and take appropriate action.

Hose / connection leaks.

Well maintained equipment.

Hose bursts.

Trained and competent operators.

Liquid losses when making and breaking


connections.

Conduct transfers in an appropriate bunded area.

Pungent vapor losses.

Valves and vents correctly positioned for transfer.


Spills are contained and cleaned up.
Consider wind direction and strength.

Filling of bulk storage tank.

Cross contamination issues.

Inspect bulk tanks prior to use and take appropriate action.

Bulk tank leaks


containment
to
groundwater.

Effective tank gauge operating e.g. filling monitored by level probes


connected to alarm system.

allowing loss of
waterways
and

Appropriate tank bunding in place.

Overfilling of the bulk storage tank.

Well maintained bulk storage tanks.


Valves and vents correctly positioned for transfer.
Trained and competent operators to prevent over flow and over filling.

Tanker rinsing before exiting site.

Rinse water not contained allowing losses


to waterways and groundwater.
Driving through spilled fertilizer.

Rinsing operation conducted in an appropriate bunded area.


Rinse water collected and disposed of appropriately.
Avoid driving through spilled fertilizer.

Residue tracking.

Valves and vents closed and sealed.

Valves and vents not closed and sealed.

Fertilizer Australia Incorporated

Registration No. A0025290C

Z:\1 Data\Member Documents\Codes of Practice\Fertilizer Handling Code


of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 19 of 21

ACTIVITY

Bulk
Liquid
Operations

HAZARD

POTENTIAL CONTROL OPTIONS

Dispatch

Presentation of empty tanker for


loading.

Cross contamination issues.

Truck inspection prior to loading and take appropriate action.

Handling equipment used to load


tanker e.g. e.g. hoses, pipes,
pumps & valves.

Cross contamination issues.

Inspect equipment prior to use and take appropriate action.

Hose / connection leaks.

Well maintained equipment.

Hose bursts.

Trained and competent operators.

Liquid losses when making and breaking


connections.

Conduct transfers in an appropriate bunded area.

Tanker / valves leak.

Pungent vapor losses.

Valves and vents correctly positioned for transfer.


Spills are contained and cleaned up.
Consider wind direction and strength.

Truck weighing.

Over loaded trucks.

Trained and competent operators.

Valves and vents leak.

Calibrated equipment.
Valves and vents inspected for leaks.

Fertilizer Australia Incorporated

Registration No. A0025290C

Z:\1 Data\Member Documents\Codes of Practice\Fertilizer Handling Code


of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 20 of 21

ACTIVITY

HAZARD

POTENTIAL CONTROL OPTIONS

Packaged
(palletized)
Fertilizer Unloading

Truck unloading
operations

and

loading

Forklift operation punctures a fertilizer


package.
Incorrect or no load restraint

Choose an appropriate smooth and level site to unload.


Well maintained forklift.
Trained and competent operators.

Unstable loads

Ruptured packages are either patched or transferred to sound


packaging, labeled accordingly and / or disposed of appropriately.
Spills are contained and cleaned up.
Approved load restraints

Pallet stacking in warehouse

Forklift operation punctures a fertilizer


package.
Unstable pallet stack leading to package
rupture and loss of containment.

Liquid fertilizers are stored in an appropriate bunded area.


Well maintained forklift.
Trained and competent operators.
Good warehouse management e.g. appropriate limits on stack height
and product segregation.
Ruptured packages are either patched or transferred to sound
packaging, labeled accordingly and / or disposed of appropriately.
Spills are contained and cleaned up.

Fertilizer Australia Incorporated

Registration No. A0025290C

Z:\1 Data\Member Documents\Codes of Practice\Fertilizer Handling Code


of Practice.docx

ABN 71 395 757 876

Status:
Date:
Review Date:

Adopted
10-12-2014
10-12-2016

ARBN 106 743 015

Page 21 of 21