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Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Pneumatics /
Hydraulics
Cylinders
Motors
Displays

Directional
control valves

Directional
control valve
Non-return
valve
Switches
Push buttons
Limit switches
Program
selector
switches
Sensors

Electrical

Output elements

Electric motors
Solenoids
Displays

Setting elements

Power contactors
Power transistors
Power thyristors

Control elements

Contactors
Relays
Electronic
components

Input elements

Switches
Push buttons
Limit switches
Program
selector switches
Sensors
Signal generators

Components in a control sequence

201-01-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Single-acting cylinder
201-02-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Double-acting cylinder
201-03-GB

Electropneumatics

Non-return
valves

Festo Didactic

Non-return valve, unloaded


Non-return valve, loaded
Shuttle valve, OR function

Dual-pressure valve, AND function

Quick exhaust valve


One-way flow control valve

Flow control valve

Pressure valve

Flow control valve, adjustable

Adjustable pressure regulating valve


without exhaust port
Adjustable pressure regulating valve
with exhaust port

Pressure sequence valve,


external supply line
Pressure relief valve
with direct supply line
2(A)

Pressure sequence valve


combination
1(P)

3(R)

12(Z)

Non-return, flow control and pressure valves


201-04-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

P1 > P2

1(P)
P1

P1 < P2

2(A)
P2

1(P)
P1

Relief port
3(R)

3(R)
2(A)

3(R)
1(P)

Pressure regulating valve


201-05-GB

2(A)
P2

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

1.0

1.01

1.1

1.02

4(A)

2(B)

5(R)

3(S)
1(P)

One-way flow control valve


201-06-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

2(A)
1(P)

3(R)

3(R)

3(R)

2(A)

2(A)

1(P)

1(P)

1.0

1.0

1.01 2(A)
1(P)

1.1

2(A)

3(R)

1.02 2(A)
1(P)

3(R)

1.1

4(A)

5(R)

1(P)

3(S)
1(P)

Quick exhaust valve


201-07-GB

2(B)

3(R)

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

2
1

Conversion of electrical into pneumatic signals


201-08-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

14

14

14

Conversion of pneumatic into electrical signals


201-09-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Each valve switching position is


represented by a square.

The number of squares corresponds


to the number of switching positions.

Lines indicate the flow path,


arrows show the direction of flow.

Shut-off positions are identified in the


boxes by lines drawn at right angles.

The connections (inlet and


outlet ports) are shown by lines
on the outside of the box.

Circuit symbols for valves

201-10-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Number of ports
Number of switching positions
2(A)

2/2-way valve
1(P)

2(A)

3/2-way valve,
normally closed
3(R)

1(P)

2(A)

3/2-way valve,
normally open
1(P)

3(R)

4(A)

2(B)

1(P)

3(R)

4(A)

2(B)

4/2-way valve

5/2-way valve
5(R)

1(P)

3(S)

Switching positions and designations of ports on


directional control valves
201-11-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Coil winding

Soft iron core

Operational principle of a solenoid coil


201-12-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

2/2-way solenoid valve without pilot control


201-13-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

An electrical signal
is applied
to the solenoid

Solenoid valves with pilot control

201-14-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

2
1

3/2-way solenoid valves with pilot control


201-15-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

3
1

3 2 1 4 5

3 2 1 4 5

5/2-way solenoid valve with pilot control


201-16-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Y1

Y2
5

3
1

3 21 4 5
Y1

Y2

3 21 4 5

5/2-way double solenoid valve with pilot control


201-17-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

AC voltage

DC voltage
Transformer with
two separate windings

Battery

Rectifier
or

Power supply unit


(block diagram)
Unidirectional

Converter

Unstabilised
DC voltage

Stabilised
DC voltage
+
-

AC
voltage

240V
24V

Rectifier

Filter

Power supply units


201-18-GB

Regulator

DC voltage
+24V

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Normally open contact

Normally closed contact

Changeover contact

Mechanically linked contacts

Push button with


Rotary switch with
normally open contact,
normally open contact,
manually operated by pressing manually operated by turning

Limit switch with normally open


or normally closed contact,
mechanically actuated

Switch contacts and types of actuation


201-19-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Basic designs of electrical switch contacts


201-20-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

1
2
4

4
3

Types of actuation of switching elements

201-21-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Electromagnetically
actuated on both sides

Electromagnetically
actuated on one side,
with spring return

Representation in
electrical circuit diagrams

Y1

Electromagnetically actuated,
with pilot control

Relay with specification


of DC resistor
500

Contactor or relay with


three normally open and
one normally closed contacts
K1

Circuit symbol for solenoid coils and relays


201-22-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

A1

K
A2
4

13

23

33

43

14

24

34

44

A1

K1
A2

A1 A2

4 2

The relay
201-23-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Magnetic proximity switches (reed switches)


201-24-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Signalling devices
Audible indicators
Horn

Indicator light
Lamp

Siren

Light emitting diode (LED)

Motors
DC motor

Electrical output devices


201-25-GB

Bell

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

+24V

S1

Input 1
Input 2

S2

H1
0V

The logic AND function


201-26-GB

&

Output

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

+24V

S1

S2
Input 1
Input 2
H1

0V

The logic OR function


201-27-GB

Output

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

+24V

1.0

S1

Signal input
1.1

S2

Y1
5

K1

0V

K1

Signal processing

Y1

Signal output

The control sequence


201-28-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

1.0

+24V

1
S1

1.1

Y1
1

Y1
0V

Direct actuation of a single-acting cylinder

201-29-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

1.0

+24V

2
13

S1
14

1.1

Y1
5

3
1

Y1
0V

Indirect actuation of a double-acting cylinder


201-30-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

+24V

3
13

S1

23

K1

K1
14

24

S2

K1

H1

0V

2
3

Electrical latching circuit dominant set


201-31-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

+24V

3
13

S1

23

K1

K1
14

24

S2
H1

K1

0V

2
3

Electrical latching circuit dominant reset


201-32-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

S2

+24V

1.0
S1

1.1

K1

S2

K2

Y1

Y1

Y2
5

3
1

K1

Y2

K2

0V

Electro-pneumatic memory circuit with double solenoid valve


201-33-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

S2

1.0

S3

+24V

S1
1.01

1.02

2
S3

K1

0V

Y1

K1

K2

Y2
5

Position-related control
201-34-GB

K2

S2
Y1

1.1

Y2

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

1.0

B2

+24V 1
S1

B2

B1

K1

B1 p
1.1

K2

K3
4

Y1
Y1

Y2
5

K1
0V

K3

K2

Pressure-dependent control
201-35-GB

Y2

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

B1

B2

1.0

1.1 4

2.1 4

Y1
3

B2

B1

S2

Y2

+24V 1

S1

2.0

6
K3

Start

3
1

K2

8
K4

S2

10
K5

11
S1

12
K3

13
K4

K1

K6

K1

K3

K2

K3

K4

K5

K4

K5

K6

K5

Y1

0V

6
7
12

8
9
13

13 10
11

The electro-pneumatic circuit diagram


201-36-GB

Y2

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

S2

1.0

+24V

S1

1.01

2
K1

S2

4
K2

K2
1.1

Y1

Y2
5

0.1

Y1

0V

K1

K2

3
1

Structure of circuit diagram


201-37-GB

1 4

Y2

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Step
1

1
1.0

0
1
2.0

Displacement-step diagram
201-38-GB

5=1

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

B1

1.0 (A)

B3

B2

1.1 4

2.1 4

+24V

10

X1

X2

X3

X4

X5

X23

X26

X29

X32

X35

B1 +

B2 +

B4

2.0 (B)

B3 +

B4 +

X6

13
14

X25

X24

X28

X27

X31

X30

X34

X8

13

K2

13

12

X7

13

K1

S5
-

11

X9

13

23

K4

14

K1

14

14

24

X39

X41

X43

X35
13

X33

K3

14
13

K5
14
X37

X10

X11

X12

X13

K5

K4

A2

A2
X14

X15

A1

X16

Y3

Y1

A2
X17

X18

X40

X42

X19

X20

X21

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

X
X
X
X
X
K1
K2
K4
K1
X
K1
X
K2
X
K3
X
K4
K5
X
X
X
X
X
X
K1

23
26
29
32
35
13
13
13
23
24
A2
27
A2
30
A2
33
A2
A2
38
40
42
44
1
10
A1

B2
B2
B2
B3
B3
B3
B4
B4
B4
S5
S5
Y1
Y1
Y3
Y3
Y2
Y2
Y4
Y4

+
-

Jumper

Destination
Connection
designation

Destination

Component
designation

+
-

+
+
13
14

Terminal allocation list


201-39-GB

B+

X44
X22

A-

B-

10

Connection
designation

B1
B1
B1

12

Component
designation

0V

10

Terminal No. X..

24V

Jumper

Connection
designation

Component
designation

Destination

11

Y4

X38

A+
10
13

Y2

A2

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

X
X
K2
X
X
K3
X
X
K4
X
K5
K5
X
K2
X
K4
X
K1
X

Connection
designation

0V

K3

K2
A2

A1

Destination

K1

A1

Component
designation

A1

Terminal No. X..

A1

2
12
A1
3
14
A1
4
16
A1
5
A1
14
19
14
20
14
21
24
22

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Each current path must be


connected to the positive
+ 24 V rail via a terminal.

Each current path must be


connected to the negative
O V rail via a terminal.

External elements, such as


switches, sensors and
solenoids are connected
via one terminal per unit.
The connection point for
+ 24 V and 0 V is to be
designated in the wiring
diagram.

All external components


and their connection
designations are to be
entered in the terminal
allocation list.

All current paths are


to be systematically tested
and the wiring diagram
completed.

Note
Not all connections
such as for instance relay
connections
need to be entered in the
wiring diagram.

Checklist for the terminal allocation list


201-40-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Y1

Y1

Safety circuits for inductive loads

201-41-GB

Electropneumatics

Festo Didactic

Signal
input

Signal processing

Switch

Relay
K1

S2

K2

S3

K3

S4

K4

S1

S2
S3

S4

Contacts

S1

Inputs

I1
I2

Signal
output

K2

H1

K3

K4

H2

Program:
IF
THEN
OTHRW

I3
THEN
OTHRW

AND

I0.1
I0.2

SET
RESET

O0.1
O0.1

AND

I0.3
I0.4

SET
RESET

O0.2
O0.2

IF

I4

K1

O1

O2

H2

Processor

Outputs

Modifiable control systems


201-42-GB

H1