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6. HYDROGEN AND IT’S COMPOUNDS
PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS
1. Which of the following reactions represents the oxidizing property of H2O2 → 1) 2KMnO 4 + 2H 2SO 4 + 5H 2 O2 ⎯⎯ K 2SO4 + 2MnSO 4 + 8H 2 O + 5O2 2) ( 2008)

2K 3 ⎡ Fe ( CN )6 ⎤ + 2KOH + H 2 O 2 ⎯⎯ 2K 4 ⎡ Fe ( CN )6 ⎤ + 2H 2 O + O 2 → ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦

→ 3) PbO 2 + H 2 O 2 ⎯⎯ PbO + H 2O + O 2 → 4) 2KI + H 2SO 4 + H 2 O 2 ⎯⎯ K 2SO 4 + I 2 + 2H 2 O Ans: 4 − Sol: 2I is oxidised to I2 . Hence, (4) is the correct answer 2. The reaction of H2O2 with x does not liberate gaseous product. Which of the following I X ( 2006 M ) + 2) KMnO4 / H 3) PbS 4) Cl2 1) PbO2 Ans: 3 → Sol: PbS + 4H 2O 2 ⎯⎯ PbSO 4 + 4H 2O gas is not liberated ∴ (3) is the correct answer 3. Which of the following reaction does not form gaseous products. → 1) PbO 2 + H 2 O 2 ⎯⎯ → 3) PbS + H 2O 2 ⎯⎯ Ans: 3 → Sol: PbS + 4H 2O 2 ⎯⎯ PbSO 4 + 4H 2O Hence (3) is the correct answer 4. → 2) Acidified KMnO 4 + H 2 O 2 ⎯⎯ Cl + H 2 O 2 ⎯⎯ → 4) 2
( 2005 E)

Which of the following is not correct regarding the electrolytic preparation of H2O2 ( 2005 M) 1) Lead is used as cathode 2) 50% H2SO4 is used 3) Hydrogen is liberated at anode 4) Sulphuric acid undergoes oxidation Ans: 3 Sol: Hydrogen is liberated at cathode. ∴ 3 is not correct answer . 5. In nuclear reactors, heavy water is used as a 1. Fuel 2. Projectile 3. Moderator 4. Arrestor Ans : 3 Sol. In nuclear reactors heavy water is used as a moderator. PbS + H 2O2 → H 2O + ........ 6. Pb ( SO4 )2 Pb ( SO4 )3 1. PbSO3 2. PbSO4 3. 4. 2 Ans : 2

(1992 E)

(1992 E)

→ Sol. PbS + 4H 2O 2 ⎯⎯ 4H 2 O + PbSO 4 7. Temporary hardness of water is due to presence of which salts of Calcium or Magnesium(1993E)
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Hydrogen and its compounds Powered by myengg.com 1. Bicarbonates 2. Carbonates 3. Chlorides 4. Sulphates Ans : 1 Sol. Temporary hardness is due to the presence of salts of Calcium (or) Magnesium bicarbonate (1994 E) 8. Permanent hardness of water is due to presence of 1. CaSO4 2. MgCl2 3. Ca, Mg sulphates and chlorides 4. None Ans : 1 Sol. Permanent hardness of water is due to the presence of salts of calcium and magnesium chlorides and sulphate. (1994 E) 9. H2O2 oxidises to 1. S 2. H 2 SO4 3. H 2 S 2O8 4. H 2 SO5 Ans : 1 Sol. H2O2 oxidises H2S to S (1995 E) 10. Which of the following is not a true peroxide 1. PbO2 2. NaHO2 3. BaO2 4. Na2O2 Ans : 1 Sol. PbO2 is not a peroxide it is a dioxide. − − H O → H 2O + ( O ) 11. i) 2 2 , ii) H 2O2 + 2 I → I 2 + 2 OH H2O2 acts as 1. oxidising agent in both (i) and (ii) 2. reducing agent in both (i) and (ii) 3. oxidising agent in (i) and reducing agent in (ii) 4. reducing agent in (i) and oxidising agent in (ii) Ans : 1 Sol. Oxidising agent in both reactions because it gains electron. 12. The temperature at which heavy water has maximum density is, o o o o 1. 1.16 C 2. 4 C 3. 4.60 C 4. 11.6 C

(1995 E)

(1996 E)

Ans : 4 Sol. Heavy water has maximum density at 11.6°C 13. In which of the following reaction hydrogen peroxide acts as reducing agent ? 1. PbS + 4 H 2O2 → PbSO4 + 4 H 2O 2. Na2 SO3 + H 2O2 → Na2 SO4 + H 2O Ag 2O ( moist ) + H 2O2 → 2 Ag + H 2O + O2 3. 4. 2 KI + H 2O2 + H 2 SO4 → K 2 SO4 + I 2 + H 2O2 Ans : 3 → Sol. Ag 2O + H 2 O 2 ⎯⎯ 2Ag + H 2 O + O 2 In the above reaction H2O2 reduess Ag2O to Ag. 14. In which of the following reactions H2O2 acts as a reducing reagent ? PbO2( s ) + H 2O2( aq ) → PbO( s ) + H 2O( l ) + O2( g ) 1. Na2 SO3( aq ) + H 2O2( aq ) → Na2 SO4( aq ) + H 2O( l ) 2. 2 KI ( aq ) + H 2O2( aq ) → 2 KOH ( aq ) + I 2( s ) 3. 4. None Ans : 1 2 Powered by myengg.com

(2000 E)

(2001 E)

Hydrogen and its compounds Powered by myengg.com → Sol. PbO 2 + H 2 O 2 ⎯⎯ PbO + H 2 O + O 2 In the above reaction H2O2 reduces PbO2 to PbO. 15. .......... process is used for the removal of hardness of water (2001 E) 1. Calgon 2. Baeyer 3. Serpeck 4. Hoope Ans : 1 Sol. Calgon is the one of the process of removal of hardness of water. 16. What is the gas liberated when alkaline formaldehyde solution is treated with ? (2002 E) 2. N 2 3. CH 4 4. H 2 1. Co2 Ans : 4
→ Sol. 2HCHO + H 2 O 2 ⎯⎯ 2HCOOH + H 2 17. The products formed when heavy water is reacted with magnesium nitride, are...... (2002 E) NH 3 , Mg ( OH )2 NH 3 , Mg ( OD )2 ND3 , Mg ( OH )2 ND3 , Mg ( OD )2 1. 2. 3. 4. Ans : 4

Mg3 N 2 + 6D2 O ⎯⎯ 3Mg ( OD )2 + 2ND3 → Sol. 18. Ferrous ion change to X ion, on reacting with acidified hydrogen peroxide. The number of d-electrons (2003 E) present in X and its magnetic moment (in BM) are respectively 1.6 and 6.95 2.5 and 5.92 3. 5 and 4.9 4. 4 and 5.92 Ans : 2 Sol. With acidified H2O2 ferrous ion is changed to Ferric ion (Fe3+)
Fe3+ = 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 3d 5 ‘d’ electron are 5 B.M n = number of unpaired electron

μ = n + ( n + 2)

μ = 5 + ( 5 + 2 ) = 35 = 5.9 B.M
The product obtained at anode when 50% H 2 SO4 aqueous solution is electrolysed using platinum (2003 E) electrodes is ..... 2. H 2 S2 O8 3. O2 4. H 2 1. H 2 SO3 Ans : 2 − − → Sol. Anode reaction is 2HSO 4 ⎯⎯ H 2S2 O8 + 2e 20. Sulphur trioxide is dissolved in heavy water to form a compound X. The hybridisation state of sulphur (2003 E) in X is 19.
2 3 2 2. sp 3. sp 4. dsp 1. sp Ans : 2 → Sol. 2SO3 + D 2 O ⎯⎯ D 2SO 4 In D2SO4 ‘s’ atom under goes Sp3 hybridisation like in H2SO4 12 3 21. 6 C and 1T are formed in nature due to the nuclear reaction of neutron with......

(2004 E)

1. 7 N Ans : 1

14

2. 6 C

13

3. 2 He

4

4. 3 Li

6

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→ Sol. 7 N + 0 n ⎯⎯ 6 C +1 T 22. Exhausted permutit does not contain.....ion
14 1 12 3

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Hydrogen and its compounds
(2004 E)

2+ + 3+ 4+ 2. Mg 3. Al 4. Si 1. Na Ans : 1 Sol. Exhaust Permutit does not contains Na+ ions (1994 M) 23. A sample of water contains 111 ppm of CaCl2 . Hardness of that water sample is 1. 111 2. 50 3. 100 4. 180 Ans : 3 Sol. 111ppm of CaCl2 = 100 ppm of CaCO3 ∴ Hardness of water is 100 ppm 24. Volume of O2 gas liberated at STP by the decomposition of 15 ml of 20 volumes H 2O2 solution is

1. 150 ml 2. 300 ml 3. 200 ml Ans : 2 Sol. 20 vol H2O2 means 1 m l of H2O2 gives 20 ml of O2 at STP on de composition. 15 ml of H2O2 gives 20 x 15 ml of O2 at STP = 300 ml 25. In the following reaction H 2O2 acts as Ag 2O + H 2O2 → 2 Ag + H 2O + O2 1. Oxidising agent 2. Reducing agent 3. Bleaching agent 4. None Ans : 2 Sol. H2O2 acts as reducing agent because H2O2 taken nascent oxygen from Ag2O. 26. Hydrogen peroxide is prepared in the laboratory by 1. adding to dil. H 2 SO4 2. by passing CO2 into BaO2 paste in cold water 3. by adding PbO2 to an acidified KMnO4 solution 4. by adding Na2O2 to cold water Ans : 2 Sol. H2O2is prepared by passing CO2 in to BaO2 paste in cold water. 27. In H 2O2 molecule the angle between two O - H planes is o o o 2. 101.5 3. 109 1. 90

(1994 M) 4. 250 ml

(1994 M)

(1995 M)

(1996 M)

4. 120

o

Ans : 1 Sol. In H2O2 molecule angle between two O – H planes is 90° 28. Which of the following statements concerning heavy water is correct? 1. it is an isotope of hydrogen 2. it is used as bleaching agent 3. it is used as coolant in nuclear reactors 4. it is used as a moderator in nuclear reactors Ans : 4 Sol. Heavy water is used as moderator in nuclear reactors. 29. When H 2O2 reacts with chlorine the product obtained is 2. H 2 3. ClO2 4. HOCl 1. O2 Ans : 1 4 Powered by myengg.com

(1996 M)

(1997 M)

Sol. 30.

Cl( g ) + H 2O 2(aq)

Powered by myengg.com ⎯⎯ 2HCl(aq) + O 2(g) →

Hydrogen and its compounds

The dielectric constants of H 2O and D2O are 82 and 80.5 respectively. Therefore the solubility of (1999 M) NaCl in D2O is ................... 1. equal to 2. slightly lower 3. slightly higher 4. very high Ans : 2 Sol. If dielectric constant is less than solubility is less. 31. What is the solution used for the preparation of hydrogen peroxide by electrolytic procedure (2000 M) 3. 20% NaOH4. 5% NaCl 1. 0.2 N NaOH 2. 50% H 2 SO4

Ans : 2 Sol. For the preparation of H2O2 is electrolytic method 50% H2SO4 is used as electrolyte 32. What is the gas liberated when alkaline formaldehyde solution is reacted with hydrogen peroxide in (2001 M) the presence of pyrogallol ? 2. O2 3. CH 4 4. CO2 1. H 2 Ans : 1

2HCHO + H 2O 2 ⎯⎯ 2HCOOH + H 2(g) → Sol. 33. Sodium hexa-metaphosphate is known as 1. Calgon 2. Permutit 3. Natalite Ans : 1 Sol. Sodium hexa meta phosphate is called calgon

(2001 M)

4. Nitrolim

34.

⎣ ⎦ → Na 2 ⎡ Na 4 ( PO3 )6 ⎤ ( or ) [ NaPO3 ]6 Calgon ⎯⎯ Which one of the following compounds undergoes hydrolysis during distrillations to yield hydrogen (2002 M) peroxide? 2. H 2 S 2O6 3. HNO3 4. H 4 P2O7 1. H 2 S2O8 Ans : 1

H 2S2 O8(aq) + 2H 2 O( ) ⎯⎯ 2H 2SO 4(aq) + H 2 O2 → Sol. (2002 M) 35. What is the oxidation state of Fe in the product formed when acidified potassium ferrocyanide is (2002 M) treated with H2O2 ? 1. +2 2. +6 3. +1 4. + 3 Ans : 4
2K 4 ⎡ Fe ( CN )6 ⎤ + K 2SO 4 + H 2 O 2 ⎯⎯ 2K 3 ⎡ Fe ( CN )6 ⎤ + K 2SO 4 + 2H 2 O → ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦

Sol.

Potassium Ferricyanide

K ⎡ Fe ( CN )6 ⎤ ⎦ oxidation state of Fe is calculated as In 3 ⎣ x + 3 − 6 = 0 ⇒ x = +3

36.

O22− is the symbol of .........ion. 1.Oxide 2. Super Ans : 3

(2002 M)

3.Peroxide

4. Monoxide

2− Sol. O 2 is a peroxide 37. Which one of the following is used for reviving the exhausted “permutit”?

1.HC/solution

2. 10% CaCl2 solution 3. 10% MgCl2 5 Powered by myengg.com

4.

Na2 ( Na4 ( PO3 )6 )

(2002 M)

Hydrogen and its compounds Powered by myengg.com Ans : 4 Sol. Exhausted Permutit is regenerated by adding 10% NaCl solution (Brine solution) 38. The chemical formula of Zeolite is ...... (2002 M) 1. K 2 Al2 Si2O8 .xH 2O 2. CaAl2 Si2O8 Ans : 3 Sol. Zeolite formula is Na2 Al2 Si2O8.XH2O 39. What is the formula of Calgon?

Na2 ( Na4 ( PO3 )6 ) 3. Na2 Al2 Si2O8 .xH 2O 4.

(2004 M)

( NaPO3 )6 1. Ans : 1

2.

Mg3 ( PO4 )2

3. Na3 PO4

4. MgSO4

[ NaPO3 ]6 ( or ) Na 2 ⎡ Na 4 ( PO3 )6 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ Sol. Formula of Calgon is 40. The formula of exhausted Permutit is 1. CaAl2 Si2O8 .xH 2O 2. Na2 Al2 Si2O8 .xH 2O 3. CaB2 Si2O8 .xH 2O
Ans : 1

(2004 M) 4. K 2 Al2 Si2O8 .xH 2O

Sol. Formula of exhausted Permutit is CaAl2 Si2O8. × H2O (or) MgAl2Si 2 O8 . × H 2 O

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