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8. THERMODYNAMICS
PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS
1.

0
Na2O + SO3 → Na2 SO4 given the following
Calculate ΔH for the reaction :
(s) (g) (g)

(2009 E)

Na + H 2O → NaOH + 1/ 2 H 2 , ΔH 0 = -146kJ
(s) ( I )
(s)
(g)

A)

Na2 SO4 + H 2O → 2 NaOH + SO3 , ΔH 0 = +4186kJ
(s)
(I )
(s)
(g)

B)

2 Na2O + 2 H 2 → 4 Na + 2 H 2O , ΔH 0 = + 259kJ
(s)
(g)
(s)
(g)

C)

1) +823 kJ
Ans : 2
Sol:

2) -581 kJ

3) -435 kJ

4) +531 kJ

+ Na2O + H 2 → 2 Na + H 2O ΔH = +129.5Kj
− Na2 SO4 − H 2O → −2 NaOH − SO3 ΔH = −418.0 Kj
2 Na + 2 H 2O → 2 NaOH + H 2 ΔH = −292 Kj
+
-------------------------------------------------------------

Na2O + SO3 → Na2 SO4 ΔH = −580.5 Kj
------------------------------------------------------------2.

A chemical reaction cannot occur at all if its

(2009 M)

1) Δ H is (+) ve and Δ S is (-) ve
3) Δ H and Δ S are (+)ve but Δ H > T Δ S

2) Δ H is (-) ve and Δ S is (+) ve
4) Δ H and Δ S are (-)ve but Δ H > T Δ S

Ans : 1,3
Sol:

Reaction cannot occur if Δ G is (+)ve Δ G = Δ H - T Δ S

3.

Calculate Δ H in kJ for the following reaction

Δ H (+)ve Δ S –ve then Δ G + ve
Δ H > TDS then Δ G +ve. Reaction cannot occur.

C( s ) + O2 ( g ) → CO2 ( g )

Given that,

H 2O( g ) + C( g ) → CO( g ) + H 2( g ) ΔH = +131kJ
CO( g ) + 1/ 2O2( g ) → COe( g ) ΔH = −282kJ
H 2( g ) + 1/ 2O2( g ) → H 2O( g ) ΔH = −242 kJ
1) -393

2) +393

(2008 E)
3) +655

Ans : 1
Sol:

H 2O( g ) + C( g ) → CO( g ) + H 2( g ) ΔH = +131kJ
CO( g ) + 1/ 2O2( g ) → COe( g ) ΔH = −282kJ
H 2( g ) + 1/ 2O2( g ) → H 2O( g ) ΔH = −242 kJ
-------------------------------------------------------------

C( s ) + O2( g ) → CO2( g ) ΔH = −393 kJ
-------------------------------------------------------------

1

4) -655

Thermodynamics

100cm3 of 0.1M HCl and 100cm3 of 0.1M NaOH solutions are mixed in a calorimeter. If the heat liberated is

4.

( ΔH ) (in kcal) of

“Q” kcal, the heat of neutralization
(2008 M)
2) -100 Q

1) 10 Q

HCl( aq )

and NaOH(aq) is

3) -1000 Q

4) -Q

Ans : 2

HCl =
Sol:

No. of moles of

100
× 0.1
1000
= 0.01 moles

100
× 0.1
No of moles of NaOH = 1000
= 0.01 moles

HCl + NaOH → NaCl + H 2O
0.01 mole 0.01 mole
Heat liberated QKcal

∴ Δ H =-100 QKcal
5.

Calculate enthalpy for formation of ethylene from the following data

(A)

C( graphite ) + O2( g ) → CO2( g ) ΔH = −393 kJ

(B)

H 2( g ) + O2( g ) → H 2O( l ) ΔH = −286.2 kJ

(C)

C2 H 4( g ) + O2( g ) → CO2( g ) + H 2O(l ) ΔH = −1410.8 kJ

1) 54.1 kJ
Ans : 3

2) 44.8 kJ

3) 51.4 kJ

(2007 E)
4) 48.4 kJ

C( graphite) + O2( g ) → CO2( g ) ΔH = −787 kJ

Sol:

H 2( g ) + O2( g ) → H 2O( l ) ΔH = −572.4 kJ
−C2 H 4( g ) − 3O2( g ) → −2CO2( g ) − 2 H 2O( g ) ΔH = +1410.8 kJ
-------------------------------------------------------------

2C( graphite) + 2 H 2( g ) → C2 H 4( g ) ΔH = +51.4 kJ
------------------------------------------------------------6.

Calculate the difference between

ΔE and ΔH for the following reaction at 270C (in. K.cal)
(2007 M)

C( graphite ) + H 2( g ) → CH 4( g )
1) -0.6

2) -1.2

3) +0.6

4) +1.2

Ans : 3
Sol:

C( graphite ) + 2 H 2( g ) → CH 4( g )

Δn = 1 − 2 = −1
ΔH = ΔE + Δn RT
ΔE − ΔH = −Δn RT
= -(-1) 2 × 300 = 600 cal
= +0.6 k cal
7.

Identify the reaction for which ΔH ≠ ΔE
1)

S ( r hom bic ) + O2 ( g ) → SO2 ( g )

2)

N 2 ( g ) + O2 ( g ) → 2 NO ( g )

2

(2006 E)

Thermodynamics

1
CO ( g ) + O2 ( g ) → CO2 ( g )
H 2 ( g ) + Cl2 ( g ) → 2 HCl ( g )
2
3)
4)
Ans : 4

1
CO ( g ) + O2 ( g ) → CO2 ( g )
2
1
Δn = −
2
∴ΔH ≠ ΔE

Sol:

Identify the reaction in which the heat liberated corresponds to the heat of formation ( ΔH )

8.

(2006 M)

1)
2)
3)
4)
Ans : 4
Sol:
9.

C ( diamond ) + O2 ( g ) → CO2 ( g ) + heat
2 H 2 ( g ) + O2 ( g ) → 2 H 2O ( g ) + heat
C ( diamond ) + 2 H 2 ( g ) → CH 4 ( g ) + heat
S ( r hom bic ) + O2 ( g ) → SO2 ( g ) + heat
S ( r hom bic ) + O2 ( g ) → SO2 ( g ) + heat

Which of the following is not correct
1) Dissolution of NH4Cl in excess of water, is an endothermic process
2) Neutralisation process is always exothermic
3) The absolute value of enthalpy (H) can be determined experimentally

(2005 E)

4) The heat of reaction at constant volume is denoted by ΔE

Ans : 3
Sol:
The absolute value of enthalpy (H) can be determined experimentally
10.

The heat of formation of CO(g) and CO2(g) are ΔH =-110 and ΔH =-393 kJ.mol-1 respectively. What is the

heat of reaction ( ΔH ) (in kJ mol-1) for the following reaction?
(2005 M)

CO ( g ) + 1/ 2 O2 ( g ) → CO2 ( g )
1) - 504
Ans . 3
Sol:

2) -142.5

3) -283

4) 504

C( s ) + O2( g ) → CO2( g ) ΔH = −393KJ / mol

1
− ⎡⎣C( s ) + O2( g ) → CO2( g ) ΔH = −110 KJ / mol
2
1
CO( g ) + O2( g ) → CO2( g ) ΔH = −283KJ / mol
2

11.

Which of the following is endothermic reaction ?
1)
2)
3)
4)

N 2 ( g ) + 3H 2 ( g ) − 92kJ → 2 NH 3 ( g )

N 2 ( g ) + O2 ( g ) + 180.8kJ → 2 NO ( g )
H 2 ( g ) + Cl2 ( g ) → 2 HCl ( g ) + 184.6kJ
C ( graphite ) + 2 H 2 ( g ) → CH 4 ( g ) + 74.8kJ

3

(2004 E)

Thermodynamics

Ans : 2
Sol:
In an endothermic reaction heat energy is absorbed.
12.

Which one of the following is an exothermic reaction ?

(2004 M)

N 2 ( g ) + O2 ( g ) + 180.8kJ → 2 NO ( g )

1)

N 2 ( g ) + 3H 2 ( g ) − 92kJ → 2 NH 3 ( g )

2)

C ( graphite ) + H 2O ( g ) → CO ( g ) + H 2 ( g ) − 131.4kJ

3)

C ( graphite ) + 2 S ( s ) → CS 2 ( l ) − 91.9kJ

4)

Ans : 2
Sol:
In an exothermic reaction heat energy is absorbed
13.

Ans : 3

When 10 grams of methane is completely burnt in oxygen, the heat evolved in 560 kJ. What is the heat of
combustion (in kJ. Mole-1) of methane ?
[2003 E]
1) -1120
2) -968
3) -896
4) -560

Sol:

560 × 16
= 896
10
Heat of combustion of CH4 =
KJ

14.

Calculate the heat of combustion (in kJ) of methane from the following date :
i)

C ( graphite ) + 2 H 2 ( g ) → CH 4 ; ΔH = 74.8kJ

ii)
iii)

C ( graphite ) + O2 ( g ) → CO2 ; ΔH = −393.5kJ
H 2 ( g ) + 1/ 2 O2 ( g ) → H 2O; ΔH = −286.2kJ

1) – 891.1
Ans : 1
Sol:

Date given

2) -816.3

3) -965.9

(2002 E )
4) -1040.7

ΔH ( f )CH 4 = −74.8kJ

ΔH ( f )CO2 = −393.5kJ

;

ΔH f H 2O = −286.2kJ
Combustion Reaction

CH 4 ( g ) + 2O2 ( g ) → CO2 ( g ) + 2 H 2O ( l ) ΔH = ?

(

)

ΔH = ⎡ ΔH ( f )CO2 + 2 ΔH ( f ) H 2O ⎤ − ⎡⎣ ΔH f CH 4 + 2 ( ΔH f O2 ) ⎤⎦

⎡⎣ −393.5 + 2 ( −286.2 ) ⎤⎦ − ⎡⎣ −74.8 + 2 × ( 0 ) ⎤⎦
=

ΔH = −393.5 − 572.4 + 74.8
15.

= -891.1KJ
Which one of the following is an example of exothermic reaction

H + Cl2( g ) → 2 HCl( g ) ΔH = −184.6 KJ
1) 2( g )
N 2( g ) + O2( g ) → 2 NO( g ) ΔH = 180.8KJ

2)
3)

4)

C( graphite ) + H 2O( g ) → CO( g ) + H 2( g ) ΔH = +131.4 KJ
C( graphite ) + 2 S( s ) + 91.9 KJ → CS 2( l )

Ans :1
Sol:

Negative sign for

ΔH means exothermic reaction.

4

(2002 M )

16.

In the reaction

CH 2COOH aq + OH ( aq ) → CH 3COO − + H 2O( l ) ; ΔH = −55.2kJ .mol−1

dissociation (in kJ mol-1) of acetic acid? (2001 E)
1) +2.1
2) -57.3
3) -35.1

Thermodynamics
What is the heat of

4) -176.1

Ans : 3

CH 2COOH + OH − → CHCOO − + H 2O
Sol:

Date given

( aq )

( aq )

( aq )

(l )

ΔH = −55.2 KJ .mol −1
− ⎡⎣ H + ( aq ) + OH − ( aq ) → H 2O( l ) ΔH = −57.3KJ .mol −1 ]⎤⎦
Problem

CH 2COOH aq → CH 3COO − ( aq ) + H (+aq ) ΔH = ?
CH 2COOH ( aq ) + OH − ( aq ) → CH 3COO − ( aq ) + H 2O( l ) ΔH = −55.2kJ .mol −1
− H + + OH − ( aq ) → − H 2O( l ) ΔH = +57.3kJ .mol −1
-------------------------------------------------------------------

CH 3COOH ( aq ) → CH 3COO −( aq ) + H (+aq ) ΔH = 2.1KJmol −1
------------------------------------------------------------------17.

Ans : 3
Sol:

Heat of combustion of carbon is 96 Kcal. When some quantityt of carbon is burnt in oxygen, 48 K cal of heat is
liberated. What is the volume (in lit) of oxygen at STP reacted with this carbon
[2000 M]
1. 48
2. 22.4
3. 11.2
4. 1

C + O2 → CO2 + 96 K .Cal

1
1
1
C + O2 → CO2 + 48K .Cal
2
2
2
Half mole of O2 required i.e, 11.2 lit, at S.T.P.

DDD