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ELEMENTS OF VECTORS

PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS 1. Two persons A and B are located in X-Y plane at the points (0, 0) and (0, 10) respectively. (The distances are measured in M.K.S units). At a time t = 0, they start moving simultaneously with ˆ ms −1 respectively. The time after which A and B are at their jms −1 and vB = 2i velocities vA = 2ˆ closest distance is [EAMCET 2009 E] 10 s 1) 2.5 s 2) 4s 3) 1 s 4) 2 Ans: 1

2 2 VA + VB = 2 2ms −1

Sol: Resultant velocity =

2.

Resultant displacement = 10 2m The time after which both A and B are at their closest distance is 10 2 displacement time = = 2 = 2.5s velocity 2 2 ˆ ˆ ˆ i −ˆ j is [EAMCET 2008 E] The component of vector A = a x i + a y j + a z k along the direction of ˆ

1) a x − a y + a z 2) a x − a y 3)

ax − ay 2

4)

(a

x

+ ay + az )

**Ans: 3 ˆ along the direction of ˆ Sol: Component of a x ˆ i −ˆ j is i + a yˆ j + azk ˆ ) .( ˆ a ˆ i+a ˆ j+ a k i−ˆ j) a ( = =
**

x y z x

− ay

2 G G G G Formula : If A and B are two vectors then the (i) component of A a lo ng B is G G A.B A cos θ = G B G G G G A−B (ii) component of B along A is Bcos θ = G A 3. Velocity and acceleration vectors of charged particle moving perpendicular to the direction of a G ˆ ˆ G ˆ + cj ˆ and a magnetic field at a given time are v = 2i = 3i + 4 j respectively, then the value of ‘c’ is [EAMCET 2007 E] 1) 3 2) 1.5 3) – 1.5 4) –3 Ans: 3 Sol: In the problem it is given that acceleration and velocity are perpendicular. ∴ We know that dot product between two perpendicular vectors is zero. ∴ a.v = 0 ˆ + 4ˆ ˆ + cj ˆ =0 j . 2i ∴ 3i

(1) + ( −1)

2

2

(

)(

)

23

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Elements of Vectors

−6 = −1.5 4 4. When a man is standing, rain drops appear to him falling at 60° from the horizontal from his front side. When he is travelling at 5 km per hour on a horizontal road they appear to him falling at 30° , from the horizontal from his front side. The actual speed of the rain in (in km per hour) [EAMCET 2006E] 1) 3 2) 4 3) 5 4) 6 Ans: 3 Sol: From parallelogram law of vectors Q sin θ 1 VR sin 60° tan α = ⇒ = P + Q cos θ 3 Vm + VR cos 60° Where Vr is the velocity of rain and Vm is the velocity of man 3 VR × 1 2 ∴⇒ = 3 5+ V × 1 R 2 On solving VR = 4 kmph 5. At a given instant of time the position vector of a particle moving in a circle with a velocity ˆ − 4ˆ ˆ is ˆ ˆ . Its angular velocity at that time is [EAMCET 2005 E] 3i j + 5k i + 9ˆ j − 8k ˆ − 29ˆ ˆ ˆ − 29ˆ ˆ ˆ + 29ˆ ˆ ˆ + 29ˆ ˆ 13i j − 31k 13i j − 31k 13i j − 31k 13i j + 31k 2) 1) 3) 4) 146 146 146 146 Ans: 2 G G G Sol: From the relation v = ω× r G GG G GG G v should be perpendicular to ω and r . So check the condition v.ω = 0 , ω.r = 0 [since the dot product of any two perpendicular vectors is zero] On verifying the above conditions the answer is 2 option 6. At a given instant of time two particles are having the position vectors 4 i − 4 j + 7k metres and ∴ 6 + 4c = 0 ⇒ c =

(

) (

)

(

)

(

)

2 i + 2 j + 5k meters respectively. If the velocity of the first particle be 0.4 i ms −1 , the velocity of second particle in metre per second if they collide after 10 sec is [EAMCET 2004E ] 1 ⎞ 1 ⎞ 1 ⎞ 1 ⎞ ⎛ ⎛ ⎛ ⎛ 1) 6 ⎜ i − j + k ⎟ 2) 0.6 ⎜ i − j + k ⎟ 3) 6 ⎜ i + j + k ⎟ 4) 0.6 ⎜ i + j − k ⎟ 3 ⎠ 3 ⎠ 3 ⎠ 3 ⎠ ⎝ ⎝ ⎝ ⎝ Ans : 2 Sol: As both the particles are colliding the distances travelled are same G G G G s1 + u1t = s2 + u 2 t ˆ − 4ˆ ˆ + 0.4i ˆ = 2i ˆ + 2ˆ ˆ + u (10 ) ⇒ 4i j + 7k j + 5k

G ˆ − 4ˆ ˆ + 4i ˆ = 2i ˆ + 2ˆ ˆ + 10u ⇒ 4i j + 7k j + 5k 2 G ˆ ˆ ˆ ⇒ 6i − 6 j + 2k = 10u 2 ˆ⎞ ⎛ ˆ k G i − j+ ⎟ ⇒ u 2 = 0.6 ⎜ ˆ ⎜ 3⎟ ⎝ ⎠

(

) ( ) (

)

2

24

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7.

Elements of Vectors G G G G G G Two particles having position vectors r1 = 3i + 5 j metre and r2 = −5i − 3 j metres are moving G G G G G G with velocities r1 = 4i + 3 j m/s and r2 = ai + 7 j m/s. If they collide after 2 seconds. The value

(

)

( (

) )

(

)

of ‘a’ is 1) 2 2) 4 3) 6 4) 8 Ans: 4 Sol: If two particles collide after a time of ‘t’ then they travel equal distances G G G G ∴ r1 + v1t = r2 + v 2 t ˆ + 5j ˆ + 4i ˆ + 3j ˆ 2 = −5i ˆ + 3j ˆ + −ai ˆ + 4ˆ 3i j 2

[EAMCET 2003]

(

) (

) (

) (

)

8.

On solving a = 8 A proton of velocity ( 3 i + 2 j ) ms–1 enters a field of magnetic induction ( 2 j + 3k ) Tesla. The acceleration produced in the proton in ms–2 is (Specific charge of proton = 0.96 ×10−8 Ckg −1 ) [EAMCET 2002] 8 8 ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ 1) 0.96 ×10 6i + 4k + 9 j 2) 0.96 ×10 6i − 9 j − 4k

( ) ˆ) 3) 0.96 ×10 ( ˆ i −ˆ j− k

8

( ) ˆ − 9ˆ ˆ) 4) 0.96 ×10 ( 5i j − 4k

8

Ans: 2 Sol: From the relation

G G G F= q⎡ ⎣ V × B⎤ ⎦ G G ma = q ⎡ ⎣ V × B⎤ ⎦ q G G ⎡ V × B⎦ ⎤ ∴a = ⎣ m

ˆ ˆ i ˆ j k G G ˆ − 9ˆ ˆ ∴ V × B = 3 2 0 = 6i j − 4k 2 0 3

(

)

ˆ ˆ ˆ⎤ ∴ a = 0.96 × 108 ⎡ ⎣6i − 9 j − 4k ⎦ An electron moves with speed 2 x 105 m/s along the positive x-direction in the presence of a magnetic induction B = i + 4 j − 3k (in tesla). The magnitude of the force experienced by the [EAMCET 2001 E] electron in Newtons is (Charge on the electron = 1.6 ×10−19 C ) −13 −13 −13 1) 1.18 ×10 2) 1.28 ×10 3) 1.6 ×10 4) 1.72 ×10−13 Ans: 3 G G G ⎡ V × B⎦ ⎤ Sol: F = q ⎣ 9.

ˆ ⎤ F = 1.6 × 10−19 ⎡ 2 ×105 ˆ i × ˆ i + 4ˆ j − 3k ⎣ ⎦ ˆ + 6 × 105 ˆ = 1.6 ×10−19 ⎡ 8 ×105 k j⎤ ⎣ ⎦ G −19 6 −13 ∴ F = 1.6 ×10 ×10 = 1.6 ×10 N

( (

) (

)

)

10.

The displacement r of a charge Q in an electric field E = e1 i + e 2 j + e3 k is r = a i + b j . The work done is [EAMCET 2000 E] 1) Q ( ae1 + be 2 ) 2) Q

( ae1 ) + ( be2 )

2

2

3) Q ( e1 + e 2 ) a 2 + b 2 4) Q ( e1 + e 2 ) a 2 + b 2

25

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Elements of Vectors

Ans: 1 Sol: Work done = F.S = Eq.S = q ⎡ ⎣ E.S ⎤ ⎦ ˆ ˆ ˆ⎤ ˆ ˆ = Q⎡ ⎣e1i + e 2 j + e3 k ⎦ ai + bj = Q [ e1a + e2 b ] = Q [ ae1 + be 2 ]

(

)

MEDICAL

11. Two persons A and B are located in X-Y plane at the points (0, 0) and (0, 10) respectively. (The distances are measured in M.K.S units). At a time t = 0, they start moving simultaneously with ˆ ms −1 respectively. The time after which A and B are at their velocities vA = 2ˆ jms −1 and vB = 2i [EAMCET 2009 M] closest distance is 10 1) 2.5 s 2) 4s 3) 1 s 4) s 2 Ans: 1

2 2 VA + VB = 2 2ms −1

Sol: Resultant velocity =

Resultant displacement = 10 2m The time after which both A and B are at their closest distance is 10 2 displacement time = = 2 = 2.5s velocity 2 2 12.

G G G ˆ , B = 2i ˆ+ˆ ˆ and C acting on a body to keep it in equilibrium. Three forces A = ˆ i+ˆ j+ k j + 3k G [EAMCET 2008 M] Then C is ˆ + 3k ˆ ˆ + 4k ˆ ˆ + 3k ˆ ˆ + 4ˆ 1) − 3i 4) 2i 2) − 4i 3) 3i j

(

)

(

)

(

)

(

)

Ans: 1 G G G Sol: If three forces are acting on a body and keep it in equilibrium then F1 + F2 + F3 = 0 G G G ∴ A+B+C = 0 G ˆ + 4k ˆ On solving C = − 3i 13. ˆ and B = 4i ˆ − 2ˆ ˆ . The angel made by ( A + B ) with X-axis Given two vectors A = ˆ i + 2ˆ j − 3k j + 6k

(

)

[EAMCET 2007 M] is 1) 30° 2) 45° 3) 60° 4) 90° Ans: 2 G G ˆ + 3k ˆ and unit vector along x-axis is ˆ Sol: A + B = 3i i ˆ + 3k ˆ . ˆ 3i i 3 1 ∴ cos θ = = = = 45° 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 +3 1 14. Of the vectors given below, the parallel vectors are , G G G G ˆ + 8j ˆ , B = 210i ˆ + 280ˆ ˆ + 6.8j ˆ , D = 3.6 ˆ ˆ + 48k ˆ [EAMCET 2006 M] A = 6i j , C = 5.1i i + 8j G G G G G G G G 1) A and B 2) A and C 3) A and D 4) C and D Ans: 2

(

)( )

26

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G G G A Sol: Two vectors A and B are said to be parallel if G = constant B G G 17 17 ˆ + 6.8j ˆ= ˆ + 8j ˆ⎤ = ⎡6i A ∴ C = 5.1i ⎦ 20 20 ⎣ G G ∴A and C are parallel 15. Angle (in rad) made by the vector 3 ˆ i+ˆ j with the x-axis π π π 1) 2) 3) 6 4 3 Ans: 1 G Sol: Angle made by the vector A = A x ˆ i + A yˆ j with x- axis is

Elements of Vectors

( )

[EAMCET 2005 M]

4)

π 2

1 π ⇒α= Ax 6 3 16. Two vector Q which has a magnitude of 8 is added to the vector P which lies along the x-axis. The resultant of these two vectors is a third vector R which lies along the y-axis and has a [EAMCET 2004 M] magnitude twice that of P . The magnitude of P is 6 8 12 16 2) 3) 4) 1) 5 5 5 5 Ans: 2 Sol: In the problem Q = 8 units ………(1) G G …………...(2) R = 2P [ given ] G G Since P is along x-axis and R is along y-axis G G ∴ P and R are perpendicular vectors ……………(3) ∴ Q2 = P2 + R 2 8 Sub (1) and (2) in (3) P = 5 17. A stationary body of mass 3 kg explodes into three equal pieces. Two of the pieces fly off at right angles to each other, one with a velocity 2 im / s and the other with a velocity 3 jm / s . If the explosion takes place in 10–5 sec. The average force acting on the third piece in Newton is [EAMCET 2003 M] G G G G G G G −5 5 5 1) 2i + 3 j × 10 2) − 2i + 3 j × 10 3) 3 j + 2 i × 10 4) 2i + 3 j ×10−5 tan α = Ay =

(

)

(

)

(

)

(

)

Ans: 2 Sol: According to the law of conservation of momentum G G G G G G P1 + P2 + P3 = 0 ⇒ P3 = − P1 + P2

(

ˆ + 3j ˆ = − 2i dp ⎡ Newtons II nd law ⎤ ⎦ dt ⎣ ˆ + 3j ˆ − 2i ˆ + 3j ˆ × 105 = = − 2i −5 10 F=

(

)

)

(

)

(

)

27

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Elements of Vectors

A boat which has a speed of 13 kmph in still water crosses a river of width 1 km along the shortest possible path in 12 minutes. The velocity of the river water in kmph is [EAMCET 2002M] 1) 12 2) 10 3) 8 4) 6 Ans: 1 width of river Sol: Time taken to cross the river in shortest possible path is = 2 v2 b − vr 12 1 = ⇒ v r = 12 kmph 60 169 − v 2 r G G G G G G G G 19. The unit vector parallel to the resultant of the vectors A = 4i + 3 j + 6k and B = − i + 3 j − 8k is [EAMCET 2000 M] G G G G G G G G G 1 1 1 1 G G G ⎤ 2) ⎡3i + 6 j + 2k ⎤ ⎡3i + 6 j − 2k ⎤ ⎡3i + 6 j + 2k ⎤ 4) 3) 3i + 6 j − 2k 1) ⎡ ⎦ ⎦ ⎦ ⎦ 7⎣ 7⎣ 49 ⎣ 49 ⎣ ans: 1 ( A + B) Sol: The unit vectors parallel to the resultant of A and B is A+B G G G G Resultant of A and B = A + B G G ˆ + 6ˆ ˆ A + B = 3i j − 2k G G ˆ + 6ˆ ˆ 1 A + B 3i j − 2k ˆ + 6ˆ ˆ⎤ = ⎡3i ∴ Unit vector = G G = j − 2k ⎦ 7 7⎣ A+B 18.

DDD

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