com

POLAR COORDINATES
PREVIOUS EAMCET BITS 1. The eccentricity of the conic

5 = 2 + 3cos θ + 4sin θ is r 3)

[EAMCET 2009]

1)

1 2

2) 1

3 2

4)

5 2

Ans: 4 Sol.
2. 5 5 5 = 1 + cos ( θ + α ) ⇒ e = 2r 2 2 The radius of the circle with the polar equation r 2 − 8r 1) 8 Ans: 2 Sol. Given equation r 2 − 8r 2) 7 3) 6

(

3 cos θ + sin θ + 15 = 0 is [EAMCET 2008] 4) 5

)

(

3 cos θ + sin θ + 15 = 0

)

⎛ 3 ⎞ 1 ⇒ r 2 − 2r ( 8 ) ⎜ ⎜ 2 cos θ + 2 sin θ ⎟ = −15 ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ∴ a 2 − c 2 = −15 ⇒ a 2 − 64 = −15 ⇒ a 2 = 49 ⇒ a = 7 3. The area (in square units) of the triangle formed by the points with polar coordinates (1, 0), (2, π/3) and (3, 2π/3) [EAMCET 2007]
11 3 4 Ans: 2

1)

2)

5 3 4

3)

5 4

4)

11 4

Sol.

1 2

∑ r r sin ( θ
1 2

1

− θ2 ) =

5 3 4
[EAMCET 2006]

4.

⎛ π⎞ The polar equation of the circle with centre ⎜ 2, ⎟ and radius 3 units is ⎝ 2⎠
1) r 2 + 4r cos θ = 5 2) r 2 + 4r sin θ = 5 Ans: 3
1

3) r 2 − 4r sin θ = 5

4) r 2 − 4rco s θ = 5

Polar Coordinates

Sol. Polar equation of circle with centre( c, α) and r is r 2 + c 2 − 2rc cos ( θ − α ) = a 2 ⎛ π⎞ c ⎜ 2, ⎟ , a = 3 ⎝ 2⎠ π⎞ ⎛ r 2 + 4 − 4r cos ⎜ θ − ⎟ = 9 2⎠ ⎝
r 2 − 4r sin θ = 5 5. The cartesian form of the polar equation θ = tan −1 2 is 1) x = 2y Ans: 2 Sol. θ = tan −1 2 ⇒ tan θ = 2 ⇒ 6. 2) y = 2x 3) x = 4y 4) y = 4x

[EAMCET 2005]

y = 2 ⇒ y = 2x x
[EAMCET 2005]

Which of the following equations gives a circle? 1) r = 2sinθ Ans: 1 2) r 2 cos 2θ = 1

3) r ( 4 cos θ + 5sin θ ) = 3 4) 5 = r 1 + 2 cos θ

(

)

Sol. r 2 = 2r sin θ

x 2 + y 2 = 2y which is a circle equation. 7. The polar equation cos θ + 7 sin θ = 1) Circle Ans: 3 Sol. ---8. The centre of the circle r 2 − 4r ( cos θ + sin θ ) − 4 = 0 in cartesian coordinates is [EAMCET 2004] 1) (1, 1) Ans: 3 Sol. Cartesian equation of the circle is x 2 + y 2 − 4x − 4y − 4 = 0
∴ Centre = (2, 2)

1 represents a r
3) Straight line

[EAMCET 2004]

2) Parabola

4) Hyperbola

2) (–1, –1)

3) (2, 2)

4) (–2, –2)

Polar Coordinates
9. The radius of the circle r = 3 sin θ + cos θ is 1) 1 Ans: 1 Sol. radius = 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4

[EAMCET 2004]

3 1 + =1 4 4 3 sin θ + 2 cos θ = 4 is [EAMCET 2003] r

10.

π⎞ ⎛ The line passing through ⎜ −1, ⎟ and perpendicular to 2⎠ ⎝ 1) 2 = 3r cos θ − 2r sin θ 3) 2 = 3r cos θ + 2r sin θ Ans: 1

2) 5 = −2 3r cos θ + 4r sin θ 4) 5 = 2 3r sin θ + 4rcosθ

π⎞ 4 ⎛ Sol. equation of the line passing through ⎜ −1, ⎟ and ⊥ er to 3 sin θ + 2 cos θ = is r 2⎠ ⎝
3 cos θ − 2sin θ = K r

π⎞ k ⎛ It passes through ⎜ −1, ⎟ ⇒ 0 − 2 = ⇒k=2 −1 2⎠ ⎝
∴ 3 cos θ − 2sin θ =

2 r
[EAMCET 2002]
3) A hyperbola 4) A rectangular hyperbola

11.

The equation 1) A parabola Ans: 3

1 1 3 = + cos θ represents r 8 8 2) An ellipse

Sol.

r

= 1 + e cos θ ⇒

8 = 1 + 3cos θ r

e = 3 > 1 represents Hyperbola.

12.

The equation of curve in polar coordinates is 1) A straight line 2) A circle

r

= 2sin 2

θ . Then it represents: [EAMCET 2001] r 4) An ellipse

3) A parabola

Polar Coordinates
Ans: 3 Sol. 13. = 1 − cos θ ⇒ e = 1

r

The radius of the circle r 2 − 2 2r ( cos θ + sin θ ) − 5 = 0 is

[EAMCET 2000]
4) 2

1) 9 Ans: 3

2) 5

3) 3

π⎞ ⎛ Sol. r 2 − 4r cos ⎜ θ − ⎟ = 5 4⎠ ⎝

⇒ c = 2;a 2 − c 2 = 5 ⇒ a = 3